Cross Reference Bible

World English Bible

< Chapter 18 | 1 Samuel index | Chapter 20 >

1 Samuel 19

See commentary, King Saul, 1 Samuel 17-20    |     See Bible Dictionary

Jonathan discloses his father's purpose to kill David.

19:1 Saul spoke to Jonathan his son, and to all his servants, that they should kill David. But Jonathan, Saul’s son, delighted much in David.

19:2 Jonathan told David, saying,

“Saul my father seeks to kill you. Now therefore, please take care of yourself in the morning, and live in a secret place, and hide yourself.

19:3 I will go out and stand beside my father in the field where you are, and I will talk with my father about you; and if I see anything, I will tell you.”

He persuades his father to reconciliation.

19:4 Jonathan spoke good of David to Saul his father, and said to him,

“Don’t let the king sin against his servant, against David; because he has not sinned against you, and because his works have been very good toward you;

19:5 for he put his life in his hand, and struck the Philistine, and Yahweh worked a great victory for all Israel. You saw it, and rejoiced. Why then will you sin against innocent blood, to kill David without a cause?”

19:6 Saul listened to the voice of Jonathan: and Saul swore,

“As Yahweh lives, he shall not be put to death.”

19:7 Jonathan called David, and Jonathan showed him all those things. Jonathan brought David to Saul, and he was in his presence, as before.

By reason of David's good success in a new war, Saul's malicious rage breaks out against him.

19:8 There was war again. David went out, and fought with the Philistines, and killed them with a great slaughter; and they fled before him.

19:9 An evil spirit from Yahweh was on Saul, as he sat in his house with his spear in his hand; and David was playing with his hand.

19:10 Saul sought to pin David even to the wall with the spear; but he slipped away out of Saul’s presence, and he stuck the spear into the wall. David fled, and escaped that night.

19:11 Saul sent messengers to David’s house, to watch him, and to kill him in the morning. Michal, David’s wife, told him, saying,

“If you don’t save your life tonight, tomorrow you will be killed.”

Michal deceives her father with an image in David's bed.

19:12 So Michal let David down through the window. He went, fled, and escaped.

19:13 Michal took the teraphim, and laid it in the bed, and put a pillow of goats’ hair at its head, and covered it with the clothes.

19:14 When Saul sent messengers to take David, she said,

“He is sick.”

19:15 Saul sent the messengers to see David, saying,

“Bring him up to me in the bed, that I may kill him.”

19:16 When the messengers came in, behold, the teraphim was in the bed, with the pillow of goats’ hair at its head.

19:17 Saul said to Michal,

“Why have you deceived me thus, and let my enemy go, so that he is escaped?”
Michal answered Saul,
“He said to me, ‘Let me go! Why should I kill you?’”

chronological insert: Psalm 59

David comes to Samuel in Naioth.

19:18 Now David fled, and escaped, and came to Samuel to Ramah, and told him all that Saul had done to him.

He and Samuel went and lived in Naioth.

19:19 It was told Saul, saying,

“Behold, David is at Naioth in Ramah.”

Saul's messengers sent to take David,

19:20 Saul sent messengers to take David: and when they saw the company of the prophets prophesying, and Samuel standing as head over them, the Spirit of God came on the messengers of Saul, and they also prophesied.

19:21 When it was told Saul, he sent other messengers, and they also prophesied. Saul sent messengers again the third time, and they also prophesied.

and Saul himself, prophesy.

19:22 Then went he also to Ramah, and came to the great well that is in Secu: and he asked,

“Where are Samuel and David?”
One said,
“Behold, they are at Naioth in Ramah.”

19:23 He went there to Naioth in Ramah. Then the Spirit of God came on him also, and he went on, and prophesied, until he came to Naioth in Ramah.

19:24 He also stripped off his clothes, and he also prophesied before Samuel, and lay down naked all that day and all that night. Therefore they say,

“Is Saul also among the prophets?”

< 1 Samuel 18 | 1 Samuel index | Chapter 20 >