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Isaiah 1

See commentary, Repentance-By Choice or Force?, Isaiah 1-5     |     See Bible Dictionary

Isaiah complains of Judah for her rebellion.

1:1 The vision of Isaiah the son of Amoz, which he saw
concerning Judah and Jerusalem,
in the days of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah.

1:2 Hear, heavens,
and listen, earth; for Yahweh has spoken:

“I have nourished and brought up children,
and they have rebelled against me.

1:3 The ox knows his owner,
and the donkey his master’s crib;
but Israel doesn’t know,
my people don’t consider.”

1:4 Ah sinful nation,
a people loaded with iniquity,
a seed of evildoers,
children who deal corruptly!
They have forsaken Yahweh.
They have despised the Holy One of Israel.
They are estranged and backward.

He laments her judgments.

1:5 Why should you be beaten more,
that you revolt more and more?
The whole head is sick,
and the whole heart faint.

1:6 From the sole of the foot even to the head
there is no soundness in it:
wounds, welts, and open sores.
They haven’t been closed, neither bandaged, neither soothed with oil.

1:7 Your country is desolate.
Your cities are burned with fire.
Strangers devour your land in your presence,
and it is desolate,
as overthrown by strangers.

1:8 The daughter of Zion is left like a shelter in a vineyard,
like a hut in a field of melons,
like a besieged city.

1:9 Unless Yahweh of Armies had left to us a very small remnant,
we would have been as Sodom;
we would have been like Gomorrah.

He upbraids their whole service.

1:10 Hear the word of Yahweh, you rulers of Sodom!
Listen to the law of our God, you people of Gomorrah!

1:11 “What are the multitude of your sacrifices to me?,”
says Yahweh.
“I have had enough of the burnt offerings of rams,
and the fat of fed animals.
I don’t delight in the blood of bulls,
or of lambs,
or of male goats.

1:12 When you come to appear before me,
who has required this at your hand, to trample my courts?

1:13 Bring no more vain offerings.
Incense is an abomination to me;
new moons, Sabbaths, and convocations:
I can’t bear with evil assemblies.

1:14 My soul hates your New Moons and your appointed feasts.
They are a burden to me.
I am weary of bearing them.

1:15 When you spread forth your hands, I will hide my eyes from you.
Yes, when you make many prayers, I will not hear.
Your hands are full of blood.

He exhorts to repentance, with promises and threatenings.

1:16 Wash yourselves, make yourself clean.
Put away the evil of your doings from before my eyes.
Cease to do evil.

1:17 Learn to do well.
Seek justice.
Relieve the oppressed.
Judge the fatherless.
Plead for the widow.”

1:18 “Come now, and let us reason together,”

says Yahweh:
“Though your sins be as scarlet, they shall be as white as snow.
Though they be red like crimson, they shall be as wool.

1:19 If you are willing and obedient,
you shall eat the good of the land;

1:20 but if you refuse and rebel, you shall be devoured with the sword;
for the mouth of Yahweh has spoken it.”

Bewailing their wickedness, he denounces God's judgments.

1:21 How the faithful city has become a prostitute!
She was full of justice; righteousness lodged in her,
but now murderers.

1:22 Your silver has become dross,
your wine mixed with water.

1:23 Your princes are rebellious, and companions of thieves.
Everyone loves bribes, and follows after rewards.
They don’t judge the fatherless,
neither does the cause of the widow come to them.

1:24 Therefore the Lord, Yahweh of Armies,
the Mighty One of Israel, says:
“Ah, I will get relief from my adversaries,
and avenge myself of my enemies;

He promises grace;

1:25 and I will turn my hand on you,
thoroughly purge away your dross,
and will take away all your tin.

1:26 I will restore your judges as at the first,
and your counselors as at the beginning.
Afterward you shall be called

‘The city of righteousness, a faithful town.’

1:27 Zion shall be redeemed with justice,
and her converts with righteousness.

and threatens destruction to the wicked.

1:28 But the destruction of transgressors and sinners shall be together,
and those who forsake Yahweh shall be consumed.

1:29 For they shall be ashamed of the oaks which you have desired,
and you shall be confounded for the gardens that you have chosen.

1:30 For you shall be as an oak whose leaf fades,
and as a garden that has no water.

1:31 The strong will be like tinder,
and his work like a spark.
They will both burn together,
and no one will quench them.”

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