Historic Christian Church Congregations

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First Century Christian
Church Congregations:

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Christian Assemblies
of Jerusalem ca 30 AD | of Rome ca 57

History of Christianity with Timelines and
1st century Scriptures in the
Apostolic Age: 30-40 | 50 | 60 | 70 | 80 | 90 AD

Church meeting places:
* Jerusalem Upper Room * houses, Solomon's porch * Judea, Samaria, Ethiopia * Rome

1st Century - Christian Assembly of Jerusalem,
about 30 AD
- in the Upper Room
* Acts 1 - The group's first meeting place in Jerusalem was the upper room Acts 1:12-14 - 01:15-26
* Up to about 120 people assembled there for prayer and supplication (v Acts 1:14)
* Lead by the Holy Spirit, they remembered, read, or listened to scriptures (Acts 1:15-26)
* Peter applied scriptures from the Psalms (69:25 and 109:8) to the 12th apostle (witness, overseer) position, vacated by Judas
* Wikipedia: Cenacle, Upper Room
* Wikipedia: Jerusalem in Christianity
Peter preached the message: Acts 2:29-47
By the authority of the scriptures (OT),
what Jesus had said, and Holy Spirit guidance
* Some people accepted Peter's explanation
that verses from Psalms and Joel, especially,
had been fulfilled by Jesus in His life,
by His death by crucifixion, by His resurrection,
by His ascension, and by God sending
the Holy Spirit as Jesus had promised.
He thus was the Christ (Messiah).
* Such people who professed their belief in Jesus Christ
    were soon obediently baptized in water.
* Most of these had already been baptized in the Holy Spirit
    (Initial evidence: praising God in unknown languages).
* They steadfastly continued to learn the apostles' doctrine,
    and to fellowship, eat, and pray together. (Acts 2:42)
* All believers feared and respected the Lord God as they
    saw many wonders and signs done through the apostles. (Acts 2:43)
* All who believed continued meeting together
    and supplying the needs of other believers. (Acts 2:44-5)
* At first the believers met together daily
    in the Jewish temple (Acts 2:46) as well as later
    meeting in each other's houses, eating and
    praising God together. (Acts 2:47)
Other messangers with authority credentials
* John the Baptist: "Repent. The kingdom of heaven is at hand."
    By God's authority. (Matt 3:1-12)
* Jesus: He heals, preaches the gospel, does the work of Messiah (Luk 7:22-23)
    By the authority of God's word, i.e., the scriptures. (Luk 7:27, Mal 3:1)
* The 12 apostles: accepted power to preach the kingdom of God, and to heal the sick. Travel lite.
    By the authority of Jesus. (Luk 9:1-5)
* The two by two (70) disciples: "The kingdom of God has come near you." Travel lite, focus, heal.
    By the authority of Jesus. (Luk 10:1-17)
1st Century - Christian Assembly of Jerusalem,
30-35 AD
- Upper Room, houses, Solomon's Porch
* Acts 4:23-37 Acts 5- The small group church met together to pray about the treats to Peter and John by the high priest's council. Praying emboldened the apostles. All church members shared whatever they had with each other, or sold houses or land, if they wanted, to support the apostles and each other. They met publicly at Solomon's Porch, outside the Women's Court south of the Temple. People started bringing the sick there to be healed. The apostles obeyed God's instructions to preach Jesus and to heal in His name, and irritated the high priest and council, who told them to STOP speaking about Jesus. Gamaliel of the Sanhedrin reminded the council about Theudas, now a forgotten rebel, and Judas of Galilee, who claimed to be Messiah. Gamaliel recommended that if the Jesus people were not of God, they would similarly be defeated and forgotten. Having the apostles beaten, the council commanded them not to speak in Jesus' name. The apostles rejoiced to be counted worth to suffer for Jesus, and continued meeting publicly and privately.
* Acts 6 - The apostles called all the many disciples together with their solution to the problem of Gentile widows not getting fed daily like the Hebrew widows were. So the church chose 7 deacons to oversee the daily food distributions. The apostles would continue their work - prayer and ministry of the word - and they ordained the seven.

1st Century - Many Christians leave Jerusalem,
about 35-40 AD
- to Judea, Samaria, Ethiopia, beyond

* Acts 8 - The murder of the deacon Stephen (Acts 7) began serious persecution against the church in Jerusalem, about the early 40s AD. The apostles stayed, but many of the church scattered to Judea and Samaria. A young Jewish man, Saul, prided himself in finding Jesus disciples in their homes and meeting places and emprisoning them. The church members talked all the more about Jesus as they moved into new areas. Philip established a church in Samaria, and baptized them in Jesus' name. Peter and John came down from Jerusalem to pray for them, since they had not yet received the baptism of the Holy Spirit. One new church member, Simon, thought he could buy the ability to lay his hands on people so they receive the Holy Spirit. Peter discerned Simon's heart was not right with God, and disciplined his wickedness. After the 2 apostles returned to Jerusalem, an angel gave the evangelist Philip his next assignment, south to Gaza and an Ethiopian who had been to Jerusalem. The word spread through contacts with groups and individuals.

1st Century - Christians and Jerusalem,
about 40-45 AD
- Damascus

* Acts 9 - disciples of the Lord

The murder of the deacon Stephen (Acts 7) began serious persecution against the church in Jerusalem, about the early 40s AD. The apostles stayed, but many of the church

1st Century - Christian Church of Rome,
about 57 AD
* Romans 16 - Paul mentions various names of people who were church assembly members in Rome. This letter was written about 57 AD, probably from Corinth, Greece. More on Romans and Romans 16. The apostle Peter was thought to be in Rome until his death in about 67 AD, but is not mentioned here by Paul. Wikipedia lists people in the Pauline epistles, as well as apostle Paul and women.

Tabletalk magazine for November 8, 2015 says "Writing materials, including scrolls and sheets of papyrus, were expensive, and it was important to make the most of whatever space you had when you wrote to others. Paul fills the valuable space of Romans 16 with more than just names; he also notes and praises much of what these men and women did for the church. Frequently, he mentions that the people he greets were hard workers in the Lord (vv 3,9,12), thereby holding them up as examples to the rest of the church in Rome. ...By honoring those who had served the church well, the Apostle meant to encourage others to do the same.

We also find in this list of greetings a reminder of how the church is to function. The Apostles were key figures in laying the foundation for the church, but they did not labor alone. From day one, the work of Christ's church has been done only through the contributions of all its members. No one person, not even an Apostle, can do all that is necessary for the church to function well. In fact, Paul's greetings show us how the Apostle relied on the hospitality and labor of others to get his job done. Christians form one body that is healthy only when all members use their gifts to serve the Lord and one another ( 1Cor 12)."

Phoebe (v 1-2). She seems to have had the gift of helps, also called assistance (see 1Cor 12:28 and footnote f). She had carried the letter to Rome from Cenchrea (a village in Corinth) where she was a deacon and helper.
Priscilla and Aquila (v 3-5) An assembly met in their house in Rome, as they had in Corinth and Ephesus. The married couple had worked with Paul and other apostles, in tentmaking and in spreading the gospel. Aquila became one of the first bishops of Asia Minor. More
Epaenetus (v 5 )
of Achaia, Greece, living in Rome.
Mary (v 6) did a lot for Paul's group
Andronicus and Junia (v 7)
had become Christian apostles before Paul
Amplias/Ampliatus (v 8)
One of the 70 disciples, perhaps.
Urbanus (v 9) fellow worker in Christ
Stachys (v 9)
Apelles (v 10)
Herodion (v 11)
From Patras; a relative of Paul. May have been one of the 70 disciples.
The household of Narcissus (v 11)
Tryphaena and Tryphosa (v 12)
Persis (v 12)
Rufus and his mother (v 13) and Paul mentions his own mother
Asyncritus, Phlegon, Hermes, Patrobas, Hermas, and the brothers with them (v 14)
apparently other male believers met together with them
Philologus and Julia and all saints with them (v 15)
apparently other believers, saints, met with them at their house
Nereus and his sister and all saints with them (v 15)
apparently other believers, saints, met with them at his house
Olympas and all saints with him (v 15)
apparently other believers, saints, met with him at his house

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