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Patristic Period
2nd to 4th Centuries

100 to c 300
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2nd Century Overview Links

APOSTOLIC AGE: 30-40 | 50 | 60 | 70 | 80 | 90 AD

Church Leaders and Rulers of the
Patristic Period
c 100-325

"This generation shall not pass away until all these things are fulfilled."
Mt 24:34, Mk 13:30, Lk 21:32
When it became obvious that the time frame of Jesus' return was longer than the generation of just the original apostles, early theologians began putting the verbal foundations of Christianity into writen books and letters. These early Christian writers after the Apostolic Age are called the Church Fathers, and the period is called the Patristic Period. (see Wikipedia)
Jesus explained the
difference between
Christian leaders
and worldly leaders.

But some forgot...

"But Jesus called them to Himself and said,
'You know that the rulers of the Gentiles
lord it over them, and those who are great
exercise authority over them.
26 Yet it shall not be so among you;
but whoever desires to become great among you,
let him be your servant. 27 And whoever desires
to be first among you, let him be your slave—
28 just as the Son of Man did not come to be served,
but to serve, and to give His life a ransom for many.”
Matthew 20:25-28

Church Council Meetings
to resolve spiritual and practical questions and problems of the faith

Patristic Period -     Pre-325 church councils

The first council was held in JUDEA, Jerusalem (Acts 15:1-29)
* 50 AD - Council of Jerusalem (aka Apostolic Decree, or Jerusalem Quadrilateral)

Some of the small pre-ecumenical councils
* 155 Rome
* 193 Rome
* 193 Ephesus
* 246-47 Arabia
* 251 Carthage below
* 258 Iconium
* 264 Antioch
* 306 Elvira SPAIN - newadvent.org
* 311 Carthage(2nd)
* c 314 Neo-Caesarea Synod
* 314 Ancyra
* 314 Arles

Ecumenical Councils in 325-787
    First 7 ecumenical councils
* 325 Nicaea (1st) TURKEY (1st assembly of all bishops)
* First Ecumenical Council of NICE (aka Nicaea). CCEL
    Emperor was Constantine. Pope was Silvester I (?-335) but he did not attend.
    history | Nicene Creed
* 381 Constantinople (1st) Heresy: Apollinarism

* 431 Ephesus
* 451 Chalcedon
* 553 Constantinople (2nd)
* 680-81 Constantinople (3rd)
* 787 Nicaea (2nd)

ALGERIA (African Synods newadvent.org)
* 251 - Synod of Carthage
* 256 - Synod of Carthage
* 345 - Synod of Carthage
* 397 - Synod of Carthage
* 411 - Conference of 411

ALGERIA, Carthage
* 393 - Synod of Hippo or Council of Carthage ALGERIA at Aurelius archbishop of Carthage
* 394 - Council of Carthage at Aurelius archbishop of Carthage
* 426 - Council of Carthage at Aurelius (d 429) archbishop of Carthage

2nd Century OVERVIEWS: links from various sites
ca 272 - Constantine the great was born. He died in 337.
Discipline for sins ie., penitances for various sins (newadvent.org)
Foxe's Book of Martyrs 67-303 AD.
Eusebius' Church History - chronological account from 1st to 4th centuries
Introduction to Historical Theology the Patristic Period, c 100-450
Patristics, Patrology
Ante-Nicene Fathers list of writings of the Fathers to AD 325, ccel.org
Early Church Fathers - Additional Texts ccel.org
Church History 101, 2nd century
Fathers of the Church - list of men and their writings, newadvent.org
*** Apostolic Constitutions, early church literature on moral conduct, liturgy, and church organization
* Requires subscription: earlychurchtexts.com

2nd century AD - SCRIPTURES, BIBLE CANON - written harmonies of Jesus' life

* Gospel
Histories of Gospel harmonys, synopsis. (wikipedia)
Parallel comparisons of the gospels for events in the life of Jesus.
* 160-175
Diatessaron was created by Tatian, a Christian of Syria.

2nd century AD - LEADERSHIP

bishop of
Clement, a leader of the church at Rome in the late 1st century - bishop of Rome according to Irenaeus and Tertullian. Clement wrote the First Epistle of Clement to the church at Corinth, after several presbyters who challenged being removed from their positions. This may be the earliest extant Christian documents outside of the canonical New Testament.

Mathetes - the epistle of Mathetes to Diognetus is an example of early Christian apologetics, defending Christianity.

Polycarp's letter (c 110-140) to the Philippians, by Polycarp (69-155) bishop of Smyrna. He was a disciple of the apostle John, according to Irenaeus. The Martyrdom of Polycarp was written about his death.

born c 35-108 AD
Ignatius of Antioch was an Apostolic Father, student of the apostle John, and bishop of Antioch. Before he was martyred in Rome, he wrote a series of letters about early Christian theology, such as ecclesiology, the sacraments, and the role of bishops. He coined the phrase, "catholic church".
newadvent.org links:
* Epistle to the Ephesians
* Epistle to the Magnesians
* Epistle to the Trallians
* Epistle to the Romans
* Epistle to the Philadelphians
* Epistle to the Smyrnaeans
* Epistle to the Polycarp
* Spurious Epistles of St. Ignatius of Antioch (Tarsians, Antiochians, Hero a deacon of Antioch, Philippians, Maria the proselyte to Ignatius, Mary at Neapolis near Zarbus, John the holy presbyter I & II, Christ-bearing Mary and her reply)
* The Martyrdom of Ignatius

born first half of 2nd century AD??

Irenaeus (early 2nd century - c 202 AD) - Bishop of Lugdunum in Gaul (France) . He wrote a book commonly called "Against Heresies" (gnosticism) in the 2nd century, about 180. From Smyrna, Irenaeus heard the preaching of Polycarp, who was a disciple of John the Apostle.

born first half of 2nd century AD

born first half of 2nd century AD

born first half of 2nd century AD
Justin Martyr

of Lyons
b first half of 2nd century AD
Irenaeus, Bishop of Lugdunum, now Lyons, France. He was born in Smyrna (Turkey) during the first half of 2nd century AD. He died in 202 AD. Books he wrote.

of Alexandria
Clement of Alexandria - .

Origen - .

Tertullian -

Montanism - new revelations

3rd Century
bishop of
Caesarea Maritima
c 314-340