What the scriptures say about
CHILDREN OF ISRAEL
Descendants of Jacob (later named Israel) | community of Israel | Children
References:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia | Thompson Chain Reference

CHILDREN OF ISRAEL in scriptures [BibleGateway Search NIV calls them "Israelite community"]   Site search: FreeFind search

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  Exodus 16:1   |   Numbers 1:2    


CHILDREN OF ISRAEL [International Standard Bible Encyclopedia]

iz'-ra-el (bene yisra'el):
A very common term in both the Old Testament and the New Testament, and it refers to the Israelites as the descendants of a common ancestor, Jacob, whose name was changed to Israel (see Genesis 32:24-32). It was customary to designate the members of the various tribes as the children of the one from whom the tribe originated (see Numbers 1:20-43; Ezra 2:3-61), and it was natural that the people who boasted of Israel as their ancestor should be designated as his children. The first reference to the descendants of Jacob is found in the account of the changing of Jacob's name to Israel, and the purpose is to connect them with the experience in Jacob's life which led to the change in his name: "Therefore the children of Israel eat not the sinew of the hip, which is upon the hollow of the thigh, unto this day: because he touched the hollow of Jacob's thigh in the sinew of the hip." At the time when this was written "the children of Israel" was a phrase that was commonly applied to the Israelites. In 2 Ki 17:34 they are called "the children of Jacob," and this occurs in connection with the account of the changing of Jacob's name to Israel and is intended to connect them closely with their father Jacob, who was favored of God.

After a time, it is quite likely that the phrase "children of Israel" lost its peculiar significance and was simply one of the popular terms designating the inhabitants of Palestine, but at first it was intended to connect these people with their ancestor Jacob whose name was changed to Israel. The Jews of the New Testament times connected themselves with Abraham rather than with Jacob (see John 8:39; Romans 9:7; Galatians 3:7, tekna, or, huioi Abraam).

A. W. Fortune


ISRAEL - The JEWS [Thompson Chain Reference]
 # Name given to Jacob

    * Genesis 32:28
    * Genesis 35:10
    * 2 Kings 17:34
    * SEE Jacob

# Name given to God's Chosen People

    * Exodus 6:7
    * Numbers 23:9
    * Deuteronomy 4:37
    * 2 Samuel 7:23
    * Psalms 135:4
    * Isaiah 43:1
    * Isaiah 45:4
    * SEE God's
    * SEE People, God's
    * SEE Spiritual; Adoption 

# A TYPE OF THE TRUE CHURCH when obedient

    * Called to Separation
          o SEE Separation
    * Exalted to a High Position
          o Deuteronomy 26:19
          o Deuteronomy 28:1
          o Deuteronomy 28:13
          o Deuteronomy 32:13
          o Deuteronomy 33:29
          o Isaiah 14:2
          o Isaiah 45:14
          o Isaiah 49:23
          o Isaiah 60:14
          o SEE God's
          o Under the Special protection of Jehovah
                + SEE Promises, Divine 
    * Victorious in Battle
          o Genesis 14:15
          o Exodus 14:30
          o Joshua 6:20
          o Joshua 10:11
          o Judges 7:21
          o 1 Samuel 7:10
          o 1 Samuel 11:11
          o 1 Samuel 17:51
          o 2 Samuel 10:18
          o 2 Samuel 23:10
          o 2 Chronicles 20:27
          o SEE Battles, God
    * Promised Special Immunity from Calamities
          o Exodus 8:22
          o Exodus 9:6
          o Exodus 9:26
          o Exodus 11:7
          o Exodus 12:13
          o Exodus 15:26
          o Psalms 91:7
          o Mark 16:18
          o SEE Divine
          o SEE Security
          o SEE Health Promised

# A TYPE OF THE APOSTATE CHURCH when disobedient

    * Lost the Joy of Divine Favour
          o Isaiah 24:11
          o Jeremiah 7:34
          o Jeremiah 16:9
          o Jeremiah 25:10
          o Lamentations 5:15
          o Ezekiel 26:13
          o Hosea 2:11
          o Amos 8:10
          o Revelation 18:23
    * Compared to an Unfruitful Vine
          o Psalms 80:8
          o Isaiah 5:2
          o Jeremiah 2:21
          o Ezekiel 15:6
          o Ezekiel 17:6
          o Ezekiel 19:10
          o Hosea 10:1
          o SEE Unfruitfulness
    * Characterized as an Adulteress
          o Judges 2:17
          o Judges 8:27
          o 1 Chronicles 5:25
          o Psalms 106:39
          o Ezekiel 6:9
          o Ezekiel 20:30
          o Ezekiel 23:35
          o Hosea 4:12
          o Hosea 5:4
          o Hosea 9:1
          o SEE Forsaking God
          o SEE Backsliding
          o SEE Apostasy
    * Threatened with Reprobation
          o Leviticus 26:17
          o Deuteronomy 28:15
          o Deuteronomy 31:17
          o 1 Kings 14:16
          o Jeremiah 7:15
          o Jeremiah 15:1
          o Hosea 9:17
          o 2 Thessalonians 2:12
          o SEE Threatenings
          o SEE Divine
          o SEE God
          o SEE Castaways
          o SEE Separation
    * Became a By-word to Neighbouring Nations
          o Deuteronomy 28:37
          o 1 Kings 9:7
          o Psalms 44:14
          o Jeremiah 24:9
          o Ezekiel 22:4
    * Defeated in Battle
          o Joshua 7:4
          o Judges 3:13
          o 1 Samuel 4:2
          o 1 Samuel 4:17
          o 1 Samuel 31:3
          o 2 Samuel 1:4
          o Psalms 44:10
          o SEE Adversity
          o SEE Misery
    * Humbled into the Dust
          o Exodus 1:13
          o Leviticus 26:17
          o Deuteronomy 28:48
          o Judges 3:14
          o Judges 6:2
          o 1 Samuel 17:11
          o 2 Kings 17:20
          o Ezra 9:7
          o Nehemiah 9:28
          o Isaiah 3:4
          o Isaiah 51:23
          o SEE Degradation
    * Utterly Cut Off
          o Hosea 9:17
          o Matthew 21:43
          o Luke 14:24
          o Luke 20:16
          o Romans 11:17
          o SEE Wicked, The 
    * Carried into Bondage
          o Exodus 1:11
          o Exodus 2:11
          o Exodus 2:23
          o Exodus 5:4
          o Numbers 20:15
          o Psalms 105:25
          o Acts 7:6
          o SEE Captivity of Israel and Judah

# JUDGES OF ISRAEL

    * General References to
          o Exodus 18:13
          o Deuteronomy 1:16
          o Deuteronomy 16:18
          o Deuteronomy 25:1
          o 1 Samuel 2:25
          o 1 Samuel 7:16
          o 2 Chronicles 19:5
          o Matthew 5:25
          o Luke 18:2
    * Names of the Rulers before Saul was Anointed king
          o 1. Othniel
                + Judges 3:9
          o 2. Ehud
                + Judges 3:15
          o 3. Shamgar
                + Judges 3:31
          o 4. Deborah
                + Judges 4:5
          o 5. Gideon
                + Judges 6:36
          o 6. Abimelech
                + Judges 9:1
          o 7. Tola
                + Judges 10:1
          o 8. Jair
                + Judges 10:3
          o 9. Jephthah
                + Judges 11:11
          o 10. Ibzan
                + Judges 12:8
          o 11. Elon
                + Judges 12:11
          o 12. Abdon
                + Judges 12:13
          o 13. Samson
                + Judges 16:30
          o 14. Eli
                + SEE Eli
                + 1 Samuel 4:18
          o 15. Samuel
                + SEE Samuel
                + 1 Samuel 7:15
          o Kings before the Division of the Kingdom
                + SEE Saul of Tarsus
                + SEE David
                + SEE Solomon

# KINGS OF ISRAEL

    * 1. Jeroboam (1)
          o 1 Kings 11:28
    * 2. Nadab
          o 1 Kings 14:20
    * 3. Baasha
          o 1 Kings 15:16
    * 4. Elah
          o 1 Kings 16:8
    * 5. Zimri
          o 1 Kings 16:15
    * 6. Omri
          o 1 Kings 16:16
    * 7. Ahab
          o 1 Kings 16:29
    * 8. Ahaziah (b)
          o 1 Kings 22:40
    * 9. Jehoram (b), or Joram
          o 2 Kings 1:17
    * 10. Jehu
          o 1 Kings 19:16
    * 11. Jehoahaz (a)
          o 2 Kings 10:35
    * 12. Jehoash (b)
          o 2 Kings 13:10
    * 13. Jeroboam (2)
          o 2 Kings 14:23
    * 14. Zachariah
          o 2 Kings 14:29
    * 15. Shallum (a)
          o 2 Kings 15:10
    * 16. Menahem
          o 2 Kings 15:14
    * 17. Pekahiah
          o 2 Kings 15:23
    * 18. Pekah
          o 2 Kings 15:25
    * 19. Hoshea
          o 2 Kings 15:30

# KINGS OF JUDAH

    * 1. Rehoboam
          o 1 Kings 11:43
    * 2. Abijam, or Abijah
          o 1 Kings 14:31
    * 3. Asa
          o 1 Kings 15:8
    * 4. Jehoshaphat
          o 1 Kings 15:24
    * 5. Jehoram (a)
          o 2 Chronicles 21:1
    * 6. Ahaziah (a)
          o 2 Kings 8:25
    * 7. Athaliah (Queen)
          o 2 Kings 8:26
    * 8. Joash, or Jehoash (a)
          o 2 Kings 11:2
    * 9. Amaziah
          o 2 Kings 14:1
    * 10. Uzziah, or Azariah
          o 2 Kings 14:21
    * 11. Jotham
          o 2 Kings 15:5
    * 12. Ahaz
          o 2 Kings 15:38
    * 13. Hezekiah
          o 2 Kings 16:20
    * 14. Manasseh
          o 2 Kings 21:1
    * 15. Amon
          o 2 Kings 21:19
    * 16. Josiah
          o 1 Kings 13:2
    * 17. Jehoahaz (c), or Shallum
          o 2 Kings 23:30
    * 18. Jehoiakim
          o 2 Kings 23:34
    * 19. Jehoiachin, or Jeconiah
          o 2 Kings 24:6
    * 20. Zedekiah, or Mattaniah
          o 2 Kings 24:17

# CAPTIVITY OF

    * Foretold
          o Deuteronomy 28:36
          o 1 Kings 14:15
          o Isaiah 39:7
          o Jeremiah 13:19
          o Amos 7:11
          o Luke 21:24
          o SEE Dispersion
    * Fulfilment of Prophecies Concerning
          o 2 Kings 15:29
          o 2 Kings 17:6
          o 2 Kings 18:11
          o 2 Kings 24:14
          o 2 Kings 25:11
          o 2 Chronicles 28:5
          o SEE Jerusalem
    * Return from
          o Deuteronomy 30:3
          o Isaiah 11:11
          o Jeremiah 16:15
          o Jeremiah 23:3
          o Zephaniah 3:20
          o Zechariah 10:10
          o SEE Restoration

# REMNANT of, will remain

    * Isaiah 1:9
    * Isaiah 4:3
    * Isaiah 11:16
    * Isaiah 37:4
    * Jeremiah 6:9
    * Jeremiah 23:3
    * Jeremiah 31:7
    * Ezekiel 14:22
    * Micah 2:12
    * Zephaniah 2:9
    * Romans 9:27
    * Romans 11:5

# PERSECUTION OF

    * 2 Kings 16:6
    * Esther 3:13
    * Psalms 74:8
    * Psalms 83:4
    * Daniel 3:8
    * Acts 16:20
    * Acts 18:2

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