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What the scriptures say about
world, planet on which we live, soil, dirt, ground
Easton's Bible Dictionary | Smith's Bible Dictionary | International Standard Bible Encyclopedia | Thompson Chain Reference

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EARTH in scriptures [BibleGateway Search]   Site search: FreeFind

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Genesis 1:1-2,15,17,20,22,28-30, 2:1,4-6, 4:12,14

EARTH [Easton's Bible Dictionary]

In the sense of soil or ground, the translation of the word Adamah'. In Genesis 9:20 "husbandman" is literally "man of the ground or earth." Altars were to be built of earth (Exodus 20:24). Naaman asked for two mules' burden of earth (2 Kings 5:17), under the superstitious notion that Jehovah, like the gods of the heathen, could be acceptably worshipped only on his own soil.

(2). As the rendering of 'Erets, it means

the whole world (Genesis 1:2);
the land as opposed to the sea (1:10).
Erets also denotes
a country (21:32);
a plot of ground (23:15);
the ground on which a man stands (33:3);
the inhabitants of the earth (6:1; 11:1);
all the world except Israel (2 Chronicles 13:9).
In the New Testament "the earth" denotes
the land of Judea (Matthew 23:35);
also things carnal in contrast with things heavenly (John 3:31; Colossians 3:1,2).

EARTH [Smith's Bible Dictionary]

The term is used in two widely-different senses:
(1) for the material of which the earth’s surface is composed;

(2) as the name of the planet on which man dwells.

The Hebrew language discriminates between these two by the use of separate terms,
adamah for the former,
erets for the latter.
Adamah is the earth in the sense of soil or ground, particularly as being susceptible of cultivation. (Genesis 2:7)

Erets is applied in a more or less extended sense--

(1) to the whole world, (Genesis 1:1)

(2) to land as opposed to sea, (Genesis 1:10)

(3) to a country, (Genesis 21:32)

(4) to a plot of ground, (Genesis 23:15) and

(5) to the ground on which a man stands. (Genesis 33:3)

The two former senses alone concern us, the fairest involving an inquiry into the opinions of the Hebrews on cosmogony, the second on geography.
Cosmogony. --
(1) The Hebrew cosmogony is based upon the leading principle that the universe exists, not independently of God, nor yet co-existent with God, nor yet in opposition to him as a hostile element, but dependently upon him, subsequently to him and in subjection to him.

(2) Creation was regarded as a progressive work -- a gradual development from the inferior to the superior orders of things.

Geography. --

There seems to be traces of the same ideas as prevailed among the Greeks, that the world was a disk, (Isaiah 40:22) bordered by the ocean, with Jerusalem as its centre, like Delphi as the navel, or, according to another view, the highest point of the world. As to the size of the earth, the Hebrews had but a very indefinite notion.

EARTH [International Standard Bible Encyclopedia]

urth ('adhamah, 'erets, 'aphar; ge, oikoumene):
In a hilly limestone country like Palestine, the small amount of iron oxide in the rocks tends to be oxidized, and thereby to give a prevailing reddish color to the soil. This is especially the case on relatively barren hills where there is little organic matter present to prevent reddening and give a more blackish tinge.

'Adhamah (compare 'adham, "a man," and Adam) is from 'adham, "to be red," and is used in the senses:

"earth" (Exodus 20:24),
"land" (Psalms 105:35),
a "land" or country (Isaiah 14:2),
"ground" (Genesis 4:11),
"the earth" (Genesis 7:4).
The word most in use is 'erets, undoubtedly from a most ancient root occurring in many languages,
as English "earth,"
German Erde,
Arabic 'ard.
It is used in most of the senses of 'adhamah, but less as "soil" and more as "the earth" as a part of the universe;

frequently with shamayim, "heavens," as in Genesis 1:1:

"In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth."

`Aphar and its root word and derivatives are closely paralleled in the Arabic, and refer mainly to "dust" or "dry earth" (compare Arabic

`afir, "to be of the color of dust";
`afar "dust";
ya`fur, "a gazelle"; Hebrew `opher, "a gazelle").
Genesis 2:7: "Yahweh God formed man of the dust of the ground";

Job 2:12: ".... sprinkled dust upon their heads";

Psalms 104:29: ".... they die, and return to their dust";

Genesis 18:27: "dust and ashes."

In the Septuagint and New Testament, ge is used in nearly all cases, oikoumene being used a few times for the "habitable earth," as in Luke 21:26 the King James Version.

Alfred Ely Day

EARTH, EARTHY [Thompson Chain Reference]
Facts concerning

    Genesis 1:1
    Genesis 8:22
    Genesis 10:25
    2 Samuel 22:8
    Job 26:7
    Psalms 24:1
    Isaiah 6:3

Destruction of

    (or consummation of the age)
    Matthew 13:39
    Matthew 13:49
    Matthew 24:3
    Matthew 28:20
    Hebrews 9:26
    SEE Day
    Destruction of
    SEE Earth 


            Psalms 37:11
            Psalms 37:22
            Isaiah 57:13
            Matthew 5:5
            Romans 4:13
        Of Priests
            SEE Land
            SEE Land 
        General References to
        Offered as a Bribe
            Numbers 22:17
            1 Chronicles 29:28
            2 Chronicles 17:5
            2 Chronicles 32:27
        A Tribute to Success or Wealth
            Job 29:8
            Psalms 49:12
        A King's Gift
            Daniel 2:6
        A Hindrance to Faith
            John 5:44
            JOY, EARTHLY
                General References to
                    Job 20:5
                    Proverbs 14:13
                    Ecclesiastes 2:10
                    Ecclesiastes 7:6
                    Isaiah 16:10
                    James 4:9
        Earthly, a Source of Temptation
            Numbers 22:7
            Numbers 22:17
            Deuteronomy 16:19
            1 Kings 13:7
            2 Kings 5:15
            Isaiah 1:23
            Daniel 5:17
            Micah 3:11
            Micah 7:3
            SEE Men of God
        For Obedience
            SEE Obedience 
            SEE Promises, Divine 
        Of the Wicked
            SEE Recompense
            SEE Temptation
            SEE Retribution
        EARTHLY (Select Readings)
            Luke 12:16-21
            Luke 16:19-31
        Are Deceptive Treasures
            Haggai 1:6
            Luke 12:21
            1 Timothy 6:7
            Hebrews 11:26
            Revelation 3:17
        A Source of Temptation
        To Eve
            Genesis 3:6
        To Lot
            Genesis 13:10
            Genesis 13:12
        To Achan
            Joshua 7:21
            Psalms 119:37
        To Christ
            Matthew 4:8
            1 John 2:16
        SEE Lust of the Eye