FIRE
Also see Burnt offering | Censer | Heaven | Incense | Strange fire

References:
Easton's Bible Dictionary | Smith's Bible Dictionary | International Standard Bible Encyclopedia | Thompson Chain Reference

FIRE mentioned in scriptures [BibleGateway Search] with more below - Thompson Chain Reference

Cross Reference Bible links
FIRE and HEAVEN Deuteronomy 4:11, 4:36 | 2 Kings 1:10, 12, 14, 2:11 | 1 Chronicles 21:26 | 2 Chronicles 7:1 | Jeremiah 7:18 | Joel 2:30 | Luke 9:54, 17:29 | Acts 2:19 | 2 Thessalonians 1:7 | 2 Peter 3:7, 3:10, 3:12 | Revelation 13:13, 20:9
FIRE from MOUTH 2 Samuel 22:9, Job 41:19, Psalm 18:8, Jeremiah 5:14, Revelation 9:17-18, Revelation 11:5
God is a devouring fire: Deuteronomy 4:24, Deuteronomy 9:3, Hebrews 12:29, more...
CONSUMING FIRE2Samuel 22:9, Psalm 18:8


FIRE [Easton Bible Dictionary]

# For sacred purposes.
The sacrifices were consumed by fire (Genesis 8:20). The ever-burning fire on the altar was first kindled from heaven (Leviticus 6:9,13; 9:24), and afterwards rekindled at the dedication of Solomon's temple (2 Chronicles 7:1,3). The expressions "fire from heaven" and "fire of the Lord" generally denote lightning, but sometimes also the fire of the altar was so called (Exodus 29:18; Leviticus 1:9; 2:3; 3:5,9).

Fire for a sacred purpose obtained otherwise than from the altar was called "strange fire" (Leviticus 10:1,2; Numbers 3:4).

The victims slain for sin offerings were afterwards consumed by fire outside the camp (Leviticus 4:12,21; 6:30; 16:27; Hebrews 13:11).

# For domestic purposes,

such as baking, cooking, warmth, etc. (Jeremiah 36:22; Mark 14:54; John 18:18). But on Sabbath no fire for any domestic purpose was to be kindled (Exodus 35:3; Numbers 15:32-36).

# Punishment of death by fire

was inflicted on such as were guilty of certain forms of unchastity and incest (Leviticus 20:14; 21:9). The burning of captives in war was not unknown among the Jews (2 Samuel 12:31; Jeremiah 29:22). The bodies of infamous persons who were executed were also sometimes burned (Joshua 7:25; 2Kings 23:16).

# In war,

fire was used in the destruction of cities, as Jericho (Joshua 6:24), Ai (8:19), Hazor (11:11), Laish (Judges 18:27), etc. The war-chariots of the Canaanites were burnt (Joshua 11:6,9,13). The Israelites burned the images (2 Kings 10:26; RSV, "pillars") of the house of Baal. These objects of worship seem to have been of the nature of obelisks, and were sometimes evidently made of wood.

Torches were sometimes carried by the soldiers in battle (Judges 7:16).

# Figuratively,

fire is a symbol of Jehovah's presence and the instrument of his power (Exodus 14:19; Numbers 11:1,3; Judges 13:20; 1 Kings 18:38; 2Kings 1:10,12; 2:11; Isaiah 6:4; Ezek. 1:4; Revelation 1:14, etc.).

God's word is also likened unto fire (Jeremiah 23:29). It is referred to as an emblem of severe trials or misfortunes (Zechariah 12:6; Luke 12:49; 1 Corinthians 3:13,15; 1 Peter 1:7), and of eternal punishment (Matthew 5:22; Mark 9:44; Revelation 14:10; 21:8).

The influence of the Holy Ghost is likened unto fire (Matthew 3:11). His descent was denoted by the appearance of tongues as of fire (Acts 2:3).


FIRE [Smith Bible Dictionary]

Is represented as the symbol of Jehovah’s presence and the instrument of his power, in the way either of approval or of destruction. (Exodus 3:2; 14:19) etc. There could not be a better symbol for Jehovah than this of fire, it being immaterial, mysterious, but visible, warming, cheering, comforting, but also terrible and consuming.

Parallel with this application of fire and with its symbolical meaning are to be noted the similar use for sacrificial purposes and the respect paid to it, or to the heavenly bodies as symbols of deity, which prevailed among so many nations of antiquity, and of which the traces are not even now extinct; e.g. the Sabean and Magian systems of worship. (Isaiah 27:9)

Fire for sacred purposes obtained elsewhere than from the altar was called "strange fire," and for the use of such Nadab and Abihu were punished with death by fire from God. (Leviticus 10:1,2; Numbers 3:4; 26:61)


FIRE [ISBE]

fir ('esh; pur):

These are the common words for fire, occurring very frequently. 'Ur, "light" (Isaiah 24:15 the King James Version; compare the Revised Version (British and American); Isaiah 31:9, and see FIRES ), nur (Aramaic) (Daniel 3:22 ff) are found a few times, also 'eshshah (Jeremiah 6:29), and be`erah (Exodus 22:6), once each. Acts 28:2-3 has pura, "pyre," and Mark 14:54; Luke 22:56, phos, "light," the Revised Version (British and American) "in the light (of the fire)." "To set on fire," yatsath (2 Samuel 14:31), lahat (Deuteronomy 32:22, etc.), phlogizo (James 3:6).

Fire was regarded by primitive peoples as supernatural in origin and specially Divine. Molech, the fire-god, and other deities were worshipped by certain Canaanitish and other tribes with human sacrifices (Deuteronomy 12:31; 2 Kings 17:31; Psalms 1:1; 106:37), and, although this was specially forbidden to the Israelites (Leviticus 18:21; Deuteronomy 12:31; 18:10), they too often lapsed into the practice (2 Kings 16:3; 21:6; Jeremiah 7:31; Ezekiel 20:26,31).

See MOLECH; MOLOCH ; IDOLATRY .

1. Literal Usage:

Fire in the Old Testament is specially associated with the Divine presence, e.g. in the making of the Covenant with Abraham (Genesis 15:17), in the burning bush. (Exodus 3:2-4), in the pillar of fire (Exodus 13:21), on Sinai (Exodus 19:18), in the flame on the altar (Judges 13:20). Yahweh was "the God that answereth by fire" (1 Kings 18:24,38). In the Law, therefore, sacrifices and offerings (including incense) were to be made by fire (Exodus 12:8-9,10; Leviticus 1). Fire from Yahweh signified the acceptance of certain special and separate sacrifices (Judges 6:21; 1 Kings 18:38; 1 Chronicles 21:26). In Leviticus 9:24 the sacrificial fire "came forth from before Yahweh." The altar-fire was to be kept continually burning (Leviticus 6:12-13); offering by "strange fire" (other than the sacred altar-fire) was punished by "fire from before Yahweh" (Leviticus 10:1-2). Fire came from heaven also at the consecration of Solomon's Temple (2 Chronicles 7:1).

According to 2 Macc 1:19-22, at the time of the Captivity priests hid the sacred fire in a well, and Nehemiah found it again, in a miraculous way, for the second Temple. Later, Maccabeus is said to have restored the fire by "striking stones and taking fire out of them" (10:3).

Fire was a frequent instrument of the Divine primitive wrath (Genesis 19:24; Exodus 9:23 (lightning); Numbers 11:1; 16:35, etc.; Psalms 104:4, the American Standard Revised Version "Who maketh .... flames of fire his ministers"). Fire shall yet dissolve the world (2 Peter 3:12). It was frequently used by the Israelites as a means of destruction of idolatrous objects and the cities of their enemies (Deuteronomy 7:5,25; 12:3; 13:16; Joshua 6:24; Jgs, frequently); sometimes also of punishment (Leviticus 20:14; 21:9; Joshua 7:25; 2 Macc 7:5).

The domestic use of fire was, as among other peoples, for heating, cooking, lighting, etc., but according to the Law no fire could be kindled on the Sabbath day (Exodus 35:3). It was employed also for melting (Exodus 32:24), and refining (Numbers 31:23; 3:2-3, etc.).

For the sacrificial fire wood was used

  • as fuel (Genesis 22:3,1; Leviticus 6:12);

  • for ordinary purposes,

  • also charcoal (Proverbs 25:22; Isaiah 6:6, the Revised Version, margin "or hot stone"; Habakkuk 3:5, the Revised Version (British and American) "fiery bolts," margin "or burning coals"; John 21:9, "a fire of coals" the Revised Version, margin "Gr, a fire of charcoal"; Romans 12:20);

  • branches (Numbers 15:32; 1 Kings 17:12);

  • thorns (Psalms 58:9; 118:12; Ecclesiastes 7:6; Isaiah 33:12);

  • grass and other herbage (Matthew 6:30; Luke 12:28).

2. Figurative Use:

Fire was an emblem
  • (1) of Yahweh in His glory (Daniel 7:9);

  • (2) in His holiness (Isaiah 6:4);

  • (3) in His jealousy for His sole worship (Deuteronomy 4:24; Hebrews 12:29; Psalms 79:5; perhaps also Isaiah 33:14);

  • (4) of His protection of His people (2 Kings 6:17; Zechariah 2:5);

  • (5) of His righteous judgment and purification (Zechariah 13:9; Malachi 3:2-3; 1 Corinthians 3:13,15);

  • (6) of His wrath against sin and punishment of the wicked (Deuteronomy 9:3; Psalms 18:8; 89:46; Isaiah 5:24; 30:33, "a Topheth is prepared of old"; Matthew 3:10-12; 5:22, the Revised Version (British and American) "the hell of fire," margin "Greek, Gehenna of fire"; see Isaiah 30:33; Jeremiah 7:31; Matthew 13:40,42; 25:41, "eternal fire"; Mark 9:45-49; see Isaiah 66:24; 2 Thessalonians 1:7; Hebrews 10:27; Jude 1:7);

  • (7) of the word of God in its power (Jeremiah 5:14; 23:29);

  • (8) of Divine truth (Psalms 39:3; Jeremiah 20:9; Luke 12:49);

  • (9) of that which guides men (Isaiah 50:10-11);

  • (10) of the Holy Spirit (Acts 2:3);

  • (11) of the glorified Christ (Revelation 1:14);

  • (12) of kindness in its melting power (Romans 12:20);

  • (13) of trial and suffering (Psalms 66:12; Isaiah 43:2; 1 Pet 17; Isaiah 4:6);

  • (14) of evil (Proverbs 6:27; 16:27; Isaiah 9:18; 65:5); lust or desire (Hosea 7:6; Sirach 23:16; 1 Corinthians 7:9); greed (Proverbs 30:16);

  • (15) of the tongue in its evil aspects (James 3:5-6);

  • (16) of heaven in its purity and glory (Revelation 15:2; see also Revelation 21:22-23).

W. L. Walker


FIRE [Thompson Chain Reference] with links to the Cross Reference Bible

# Eternal

# Answers by

# As an Instrument of Divine Judgment

# As a Purifier

* Isaiah 33:14
* Isaiah 66:24
* Matthew 3:12
* Matthew 13:42
* Matthew 18:8
* Matthew 25:41
* Mark 9:44
* Revelation 14:10
* Revelation 20:10
* Revelation 20:15
* Revelation 21:8
* Leviticus 9:24
* 1 Kings 18:38
* 1 Chronicles 21:26
* 2 Chronicles 7:1
* Genesis 19:24
* Leviticus 10:2
* Numbers 11:1
* Numbers 16:35
* 2 Kings 1:10
* 2 Thessalonians 1:8
* 2 Peter 3:10
* Numbers 31:23
* Ezekiel 22:20
* Zechariah 13:9
* Malachi 3:2
* 1 Corinthians 3:13
* 1 Peter 1:7
* Spiritual
# As a Symbol of the
Divine Presence and Power

# Everlasting: Future
state of the wicked

# Inward

# Pillar of Cloud and Fire

* Deuteronomy 4:36
* 1 Kings 19:12
* Psalms 50:3
* Psalms 97:3
* Isaiah 66:15
* Acts 2:3
* Acts 7:30
* Hebrews 12:29
* Isaiah 33:14
* Isaiah 66:24
* Matthew 3:12
* Matthew 13:42
* Matthew 18:8
* Matthew 25:41
* Mark 9:44
* Revelation 14:10
* Revelation 20:10
* Revelation 20:15
* Revelation 21:8
* Fate of the Wicked
* Torment
* Kindled by Meditation
    Psalms 39:3
* Makes the Message Inevitable
    Jeremiah 20:9
* Christ came to Ignite
    Luke 12:49
* Divine Fellowship Lights
    Luke 24:32
* Exodus 13:21
* Exodus 14:19
* Exodus 16:10
* Exodus 33:9
* Exodus 40:36
* Numbers 9:17
* Numbers 10:11
* Numbers 12:5
* Numbers 16:42
* Deuteronomy 1:33
* Deuteronomy 31:15
* Nehemiah 9:12
* Psalms 78:14
* Psalms 105:39
* Isaiah 4:5


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