What the scriptures say about
n. land, basis, support, dregs
Also see: Dust
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

GROUND in scriptures [BibleGateway Search]

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Genesis 1:9-10 - "dry land"
Genesis 1:24-30 - ground (and "earth") creeping beings
Genesis 2:5-9 - post-creation ground
Genesis 2:19 - God created living things from ground
Genesis 3:17-19 - ground is cursed with thorns & thistles; the living will return to the ground - dust to dust
Genesis 3:23 - expelled from Eden, man had to till the ground from which he was taken
Genesis 4:11-12 - Cain's ground
Genesis 5:29 - Lamech named Noah to help work the ground
Genesis 6:7,20 - Yahweh became sorry He made man from the surface of the ground
Genesis 8:21 - God would not again curse the ground any more for man's sake...
Genesis 9:2 - living things even of the ground become food for man after the great flood
Genesis 18:2 - bowed low to the ground
Exodus 3:5 - holy ground
Psalm 143:10 - (NIV - ground) land of uprightness
Psalm 146:4 - (NIV - ground) earth
Ecclesiastes 12:7 - (NIV - ground) dust, earth
Isaiah 2:10, 19 - (NIV - ground) dust, earth
Matthew 13:3-23 - rocky ground (parable of the sower) see Proverbs 24:30-31 (thorns)
Mark 4:26-27 - how does seed grow in the ground?
Luke 6:49 - (NIV - ground) earth
Luke 12:15-21 - The ground of a certain rich man brought forth abundantly.
Luke 19:44 - enemies will dash you and your children within you to the ground after time of visitation
Luke 22:44 - Jesus' sweat became like great drops of blood falling down on the ground.
John 8:7-8 - Jesus wrote on the ground
John 9:6 - Jesus spit on the ground for salve
John 12:24 - a kernel of wheat falls to the ground and dies

GROUND [International Standard Bible Encyclopedia]

ground, ground'-ed ('adhamah, 'erets; ge):
(1) "Ground" is in the King James Version the translation of 'adhamah, "the soil," the ground so called from its red color, frequently also translated "earth" and "land" (Genesis 2:5 f, etc.; Exodus 3:5; 8:21, etc.); it is more often the translation of 'erets, which means rather the earth, most often translated "earth" and "land" (Genesis 18:2; Psalms 74:7; Isaiah 3:26, etc.); other words are chelqah, "portion," "field" (2 Samuel 23:12, the Revised Version (British and American) "plot"); charish, "ploughing" (1 Samuel 8:12); sadheh, "a plain," "a field" (1 Chronicles 11:13, the Revised Version (British and American) "plot of ground"); for other special words see DRY ; FALLOW ; PARCHED .

(2) In the New Testament the common word for "ground" is ge, "earth," "soil," "land" (Matthew 13:8; Acts 7:33, "holy ground," etc.); other words are agros, "field" (Luke 14:18, "I have bought a piece of ground" the Revised Version (British and American) "field"); chorion, "spot," "place" (John 4:5, "parcel of ground").

(3) As past participle of "to grind," "ground" appears as the translation of riphoth, pounded grain (2 Samuel 17:19, the Revised Version (British and American) "bruised"); "ground" is also the translation of Tachan (Exodus 32:20; Numbers 11:8; Deuteronomy 9:21, the Revised Version (British and American) "grinding").

(4) "Ground," as the basis or foundation of anything, occurs in 1 Timothy 3:15 as the translation of hedraioma (from edaphos), "the pillar and ground of the truth," the Revised Version, margin "stay."

"Grounded" is used in the sense of founded, based, fixed in (Isaiah 30:32), "and in every place where the grounded staff shall pass, which the Lord shall lay upon him," the King James Version margin "Hebrew every passing of the rod founded," the Revised Version (British and American) "and every stroke (margin "Hebrew passing") of the appointed staff (margin "Or staff of doom (Hebrew foundation)"), which Yahweh shall lay upon him"; following, Isaiah 30:31, "with his rod will he (Yahweh) smite him"; Delitzsch, "every stroke of the rod of destiny which Yahweh causes to fall upon Asshur"; the word is mucadhah, from yacadh, "to place," "to found," "to appoint," "to ordain," hence, "appointed rod (of punishment)," seems the simplest rendering.

In Ephesians 3:17 we have "rooted and grounded in love," and in Colossians 1:23, "if ye continue in the faith, grounded and settled," the Revised Version (British and American) "steadfast," both themelioo, "to lay a foundation." In Ecclesiasticus 18:6 "ground" is used for the "bottom of things," but the Revised Version (British and American) has "to track them out" (exichneuo), "to trace out."

(5) Figurative uses of "ground" are as representing the heart in relation to its reception of words of truth and righteousness (Jeremiah 4:3; Hosea 10:12, "Break up your fallow ground"); to the word of the kingdom as preached by Christ (Matthew 13:8,23); dry, parched, thirsty ground stands for a poor condition (Psalms 107:33,15; Isaiah 35:7; 44:3; 53:2; Ezekiel 19:13).

W. L. Walker

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