What the scriptures say about
An Israelite, a Jew
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Easton's Bible Dictionary | Smith's Bible Dictionary | International Standard Bible Encyclopedia | Thompson Chain Reference

HEBREW in scriptures [BibleGateway Search]

select Cross Reference Bible links
  Genesis 14:13 (Abram)   |   Genesis 19:2   |   Genesis 39:14,17 (Joseph)   |   Genesis 40:15 (land of)   |   Genesis 43:32 (eating near)   |   Exodus 1:15-19 (midwives)  

HEBREW [Easton's Bible Dictionary]

A name applied to the Israelites in Scripture only by one who is a foreigner (Genesis 39:14,17; 41:12, etc.), or by the Israelites when they speak of themselves to foreigners (40:15; Exodus 1:19), or when spoken of an contrasted with other peoples (Genesis 43:32; Exodus 1:3,7,15; Deuteronomy 15:12). In the New Testament there is the same contrast between Hebrews and foreigners (Acts 6:1; Philippians 3:5).


# The name is derived, according to some, from Eber (Genesis 10:24), the ancestor of Abraham. The Hebrews are "sons of Eber" (10:21).

# Others trace the name of a Hebrew root-word signifying "to pass over," and hence regard it as meaning "the man who passed over," viz., the Euphrates; or to the Hebrew word meaning "the region" or "country beyond," viz., the land of Chaldea. This latter view is preferred. It is the more probable origin of the designation given to Abraham coming among the Canaanites as a man from beyond the Euphrates (Genesis 14:13).

# A third derivation of the word has been suggested, viz., that it is from the Hebrew word 'Abhar , "To pass over," whence 'Ebher , In the sense of a "sojourner" or "passer through" as distinct from a "settler" in the land, and thus applies to the condition of Abraham (Hebrews 11:13).

HEBREW [Smith's Bible Dictionary]

This word first occurs as given to Abram by the Canaanites, (Genesis 4:13) because he had crossed the Euphrates. The name is also derived from Eber, "beyond, on the other side," Abraham and his posterity being called Hebrews in order to express a distinction between the races east and west of the Euphrates. It may also be derived from Heber, one of the ancestors of Abraham. (Genesis 10:24) The term Israelite was used by the Jews of themselves among themselves; the term Hebrew was the name by which they were known to foreigners. The latter was accepted by the Jews in their external relations; and after the general substitution of the word Jew, it still found a place in that marked and special feature of national contradistinction, the language.

HEBREW, HEBREWESS [International Standard Bible Encyclopedia]

he'-broo, he'-broo-es (`ibhri, feminine `ibhriyah; Hebraios):
The earliest name for Abraham (Genesis 14:13) and his descendants (Joseph, Genesis 39:14,17; 40:15; 41:12; 43:32; Israelites in Egypt, Exodus 1:15; 2:6,11,13; 3:18; in laws, Exodus 21:2; Deuteronomy 15:12; in history, 1 Samuel 4:6,9; 13:7,19, etc.; later, Jeremiah 34:9, "Hebrewess," Jeremiah 34:14; Jonah 1:9; in the New Testament, Acts 6:1; 2 Corinthians 11:22; Philippians 3:5). The etymology of the word is disputed. It may be derived from Eber (Genesis 10:21,24-25, etc.), or, as some think, from the verb `abhar, "to cross over" (people from across the Euphrates; compare Joshua 24:2). A connection is sought by some with the apri or epri of the Egyptian monuments, and again with the Habiri of the Tell el-Amarna Letters. In Acts 6:1, the "Hebrews" are contrasted with "Hellenists," or Greek-speaking Jews. By the "Hebrew" tongue in the New Testament (Hebraisti, John 5:2; 19:13,17,20; 20:16) is meant ARAMAIC (which see), but also in Revelation 9:11; 16:16, Hebrew proper.
James Orr

HEBREW [Thompson Chain Reference]
     * (language)
    * 2 Kings 18:26
    * Nehemiah 13:24
    * John 5:2
    * John 19:20
    * Acts 21:40
    * Acts 22:2
    * Acts 26:14
    * Festivals
          o Exodus 23:14
          o Leviticus 23:2
          o Numbers 15:3
          o SEE Feasts
    * Feasts
          o Of the Passover, held on the 14th of the first month, Abib (April), to commemorate the Exodus from Egypt
                + Leviticus 23:6
                + Numbers 9:5
                + Joshua 5:10
                + 2 Kings 23:22
                + 2 Chronicles 35:1
                + Matthew 26:17
                + Luke 2:41
                + Luke 22:15
                + Hebrews 11:28
          o Of Pentecost, or Weeks, held at the end of Wheat Harvest, 6th of Sivan (June) to commemorate the giving of the Law
                + Exodus 23:16
                + Exodus 34:22
                + Leviticus 23:16
                + Numbers 28:26
                + Deuteronomy 16:10
                + Acts 2:1
          o Of Trumpets, held the first of the seventh month Ethanim (October)
                + Leviticus 23:24
                + Numbers 29:1
                + Nehemiah 8:2
          o Of Tabernacles, or Ingathering, held 15th to the 22nd of Ethanim (October), as a thanksgiving for the harvest
                + The people dwelt in booths to commemorate life in the wilderness
                + Leviticus 23:34
                + Leviticus 23:39
                + Numbers 29:12
                + Deuteronomy 16:13
                + 2 Chronicles 8:13
                + Ezra 3:4
                + Nehemiah 8:14
                + Zechariah 14:16
                + John 7:2
                + SEE Booths
          o Of Dedication, held the 25th of Chisleu (December), to commemorate the reconsecration of the temple after its pollution by the Syrians
                + John 10:22
          o Of Purim, held the 14th and 15th of Adar (March), to commemorate the deliverance of the Jews from Haman
                + Esther 9:17
                + Esther 9:22
                + Esther 9:26
          o of New Moons
                + SEE Moon
          o SEE Feasts; Jewish 

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