ISRAEL
also known as JACOB (born 1653 BCE)
Kingdom and country from God's new name for JACOB after he struggled with God (Gen 32:28, Gen 35:10)
Also see: Children of Israel

Son of Isaac and Rebekah | Twin brother of Esau
Father (by wife Leah) of Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and Judah (Gen 29:16-35)
Father (by Rachel's maidservant, Bilhah) of Dan and Naphtali (Gen 30:1-8)
Father (by Leah's maidservant Zilpah) of Gad and Asher (Gen 30:9-13)
Father (again by wife Leah) of Issachar, Zebulun, and daughter Dinah (Gen 30:14-21)
Father (by wife Rachel) Joseph and Benjamin - (Gen 30:22-24 and Gen 35:16-18) (Gen 35:21-26)

Abraham ->
  86 yrs old- Ishmael
born
by Sarai's handmaid Hagar
100 yrs old- Isaac born
by Sarah (previously Sarai) at age 90
137+ yrs old- more sons by concubine Keturah
Isaac ->
60 yrs old
- fraternal twins
Esau and Jacob
by Rebekah
Jacob (Israel) ->
Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and Judah
by Leah
Dan, Naphtali
by Bilhah
Gad, Asher
by Zilpah
Issachar, Zebulun, (daughter Dinah)
by Leah
Joseph, Benjamin
by Rachel
    Joseph had two sons by his wife Asenath: Manasseh, Ephraim.
Beginning of the twelve tribes of Israel (Children of Israel)
See Psalm 105:06 ff

ISRAEL in scriptures [BibleGateway Search]

Cross Reference Bible links
JACOB (ISRAEL): Genesis 25, 27-35, 36:6, 1,2,34, 42, 45-50 | Exodus 1,5, | more about the God of Jacob

ISRAEL, NIV links


ISRAEL [Easton Bible Dictionary]

The name conferred on Jacob after the great prayer-struggle at Peniel (Genesis 32:28), because "as a prince he had power with God and prevailed." (See JACOB.) This is the common name given to Jacob's descendants. The whole people of the twelve tribes are called "Israelites," the "children of Israel" (Joshua 3:17; 7:25; Judges 8:27; Jeremiah 3:21), and the "house of Israel" (Exodus 16:31; 40:38).

This name Israel is sometimes used emphatically for the true Israel (Psalms 73:1: Isaiah 45:17; 49:3; John 1:47; Romans 9:6; 11:26).

After the death of Saul the ten tribes arrogated to themselves this name, as if they were the whole nation (2 Samuel 2:9,10,17,28; 3:10,17; 19:40-43), and the kings of the ten tribes were called "kings of Israel," while the kings of the two tribes were called "kings of Judah."

After the Exile the name Israel was assumed as designating the entire nation.


ISRAEL [Smith Bible Dictionary]

(the prince that prevails with God).
1. The name given, (Genesis 32:28) to Jacob after his wrestling with the angel, (Hosea 12:4) at Peniel. Gesenius interprets Israel "soldier of God."

2. It became the national name of the twelve tribes collectively. They are so called in (Exodus 3:16) and afterward.

3. It is used in a narrower sense, excluding Judah, in (1 Samuel 11:8; 2 Samuel 20:1; 1 Kings 12:16) Thenceforth it was assumed and accepted as the name of the northern kingdom.

4. After the Babylonian captivity, the returned exiles resumed the name Israel as the designation of their nation. The name Israel is also used to denote lay-men, as distinguished from priests, Levites and other ministers. (Ezra 6:16; 9:1; 10:25; Nehemiah 11:3) etc.


JACOB (ISRAEL) [ISBE]

(ya`aqobh; Iakob):

(1) The patriarch (see preceding article).

(2) The father of Joseph the husband of Mary (Matthew 1:15-16).

(3) Patronymic denoting the Israelites (Isaiah 10:21; 14:1; Jeremiah 10:16).


ISRAEL [Thompson Chain Reference]
# Name given to Jacob

    * Genesis 32:28
    * Genesis 35:10
    * 2 Kings 17:34
    
# Name given to God's Chosen People

    * Exodus 6:7
    * Numbers 23:9
    * Deuteronomy 4:37
    * 2 Samuel 7:23
    * Psalms 135:4
    * Isaiah 43:1
    * Isaiah 45:4
    
# A TYPE OF THE TRUE CHURCH when obedient

    * Called to Separation
          o SEE Separation

    * Exalted to a High Position
          o Deuteronomy 26:19
          o Deuteronomy 28:1
          o Deuteronomy 28:13
          o Deuteronomy 32:13
          o Deuteronomy 33:29
          o Isaiah 14:2
          o Isaiah 45:14
          o Isaiah 49:23
          o Isaiah 60:14
          
    * Victorious in Battle
          o Genesis 14:15
          o Exodus 14:30
          o Joshua 6:20
          o Joshua 10:11
          o Judges 7:21
          o 1 Samuel 7:10
          o 1 Samuel 11:11
          o 1 Samuel 17:51
          o 2 Samuel 10:18
          o 2 Samuel 23:10
          o 2 Chronicles 20:27
          
    * Promised Special Immunity from Calamities
          o Exodus 8:22
          o Exodus 9:6
          o Exodus 9:26
          o Exodus 11:7
          o Exodus 12:13
          o Exodus 15:26
          o Psalms 91:7
          o Mark 16:18
          
# A Type of the Apostate Church when Disobedient

    * Lost the Joy of Divine Favour
          o Isaiah 24:11
          o Jeremiah 7:34
          o Jeremiah 16:9
          o Jeremiah 25:10
          o Lamentations 5:15
          o Ezekiel 26:13
          o Hosea 2:11
          o Amos 8:10
          o Revelation 18:23

    * Compared to an Unfruitful Vine
          o Psalms 80:8
          o Isaiah 5:2
          o Jeremiah 2:21
          o Ezekiel 15:6
          o Ezekiel 17:6
          o Ezekiel 19:10
          o Hosea 10:1
          
    * Characterized as an Adulteress
          o Judges 2:17
          o Judges 8:27
          o 1 Chronicles 5:25
          o Psalms 106:39
          o Ezekiel 6:9
          o Ezekiel 20:30
          o Ezekiel 23:35
          o Hosea 4:12
          o Hosea 5:4
          o Hosea 9:1
          
    * Threatened with Reprobation
          o Leviticus 26:17
          o Deuteronomy 28:15
          o Deuteronomy 31:17
          o 1 Kings 14:16
          o Jeremiah 7:15
          o Jeremiah 15:1
          o Hosea 9:17
          o 2 Thessalonians 2:12
                    
    * Became a By-word to Neighbouring Nations
          o Deuteronomy 28:37
          o 1 Kings 9:7
          o Psalms 44:14
          o Jeremiah 24:9
          o Ezekiel 22:4

    * Defeated in Battle
          o Joshua 7:4
          o Judges 3:13
          o 1 Samuel 4:2
          o 1 Samuel 4:17
          o 1 Samuel 31:3
          o 2 Samuel 1:4
          o Psalms 44:10
          
    * Humbled into the Dust
          o Exodus 1:13
          o Leviticus 26:17
          o Deuteronomy 28:48
          o Judges 3:14
          o Judges 6:2
          o 1 Samuel 17:11
          o 2 Kings 17:20
          o Ezra 9:7
          o Nehemiah 9:28
          o Isaiah 3:4
          o Isaiah 51:23
          
    * Utterly Cut Off
          o Hosea 9:17
          o Matthew 21:43
          o Luke 14:24
          o Luke 20:16
          o Romans 11:17
          
    * Carried into Bondage
          o Exodus 1:11
          o Exodus 2:11
          o Exodus 2:23
          o Exodus 5:4
          o Numbers 20:15
          o Psalms 105:25
          o Acts 7:6
          
# Adultery of

    * Judges 2:17
    * Judges 8:27
    * 1 Chronicles 5:25
    * Psalms 106:39
    * Ezekiel 6:9
    * Ezekiel 20:30
    * Ezekiel 23:35
    * Hosea 4:12
    * Hosea 5:4
    * Hosea 9:1
    
# Bondage of

    * Exodus 1:11
    * Exodus 2:11
    * Exodus 2:23
    * Exodus 5:4
    * Numbers 20:15
    * Psalms 105:25
    * Acts 7:6
    
# Became a By-word to Neighbouring Nations

    * Deuteronomy 28:37
    * 1 Kings 9:7
    * Psalms 44:14
    * Jeremiah 24:9
    * Ezekiel 22:4

# Calamities of

    * 1 Kings 14:25
    * 2 Kings 14:13
    * 2 Kings 16:5
    * 2 Kings 24:10
    * 2 Chronicles 25:23
    * Psalms 79:1
    * Lamentations 1:1
    
# Captivity of

    * Foretold
          o Deuteronomy 28:36
          o 1 Kings 14:15
          o Isaiah 39:7
          o Jeremiah 13:19
          o Amos 7:11
          o Luke 21:24
         
    * Fulfilment of Prophecies Concerning
          o 2 Kings 15:29
          o 2 Kings 17:6
          o 2 Kings 18:11
          o 2 Kings 24:14
          o 2 Kings 25:11
          o 2 Chronicles 28:5
          
# Conquests of

    (of the heathen by Israel)
    * Joshua 6:20
    * Joshua 8:24
    * Joshua 10:28
    * Joshua 10:39
    * Joshua 11:8
    * Joshua 11:23
    * Joshua 12:7
    * Judges 1:8
    * Judges 3:30
    * Judges 4:16
    * Judges 8:28
    * Judges 9:45
    * Judges 11:33

# Cut off

    * Hosea 9:17
    * Matthew 21:43
    * Luke 14:24
    * Luke 20:16
    * Romans 11:17
    
# Defeats of

    * Joshua 7:4
    * Judges 3:13
    * 1 Samuel 4:2
    * 1 Samuel 4:17
    * 1 Samuel 31:3
    * 2 Samuel 1:4
    * Psalms 44:10
    
# Defence of in battle

    * Promised to Believers
          o 2 Chronicles 16:9
          o Psalms 34:7
          o Psalms 41:2
          o Psalms 91:4
          o Psalms 125:2
          o Zechariah 2:5
          o Luke 21:18
          
    * Examples of
          o Genesis 35:5
          o Exodus 14:20
          o 2 Kings 6:17
          o Ezra 8:31
          o Daniel 6:22
          o Revelation 7:3
          
# Dispersion of

    * Leviticus 26:33
    * Nehemiah 1:8
    * Esther 3:8
    * Psalms 44:11
    * Ezekiel 6:8
    * Ezekiel 36:19
    * John 7:35
    * James 1:1
    
# Exalted

    * Deuteronomy 26:19
    * Deuteronomy 28:1
    * Deuteronomy 28:13
    * Deuteronomy 32:13
    * Deuteronomy 33:29
    * Isaiah 14:2
    * Isaiah 45:14
    * Isaiah 49:23
    * Isaiah 60:14
    
# Humbled

    Humbled into the Dust
          o Exodus 1:13
          o Leviticus 26:17
          o Deuteronomy 28:48
          o Judges 3:14
          o Judges 6:2
          o 1 Samuel 17:11
          o 2 Kings 17:20
          o Ezra 9:7
          o Nehemiah 9:28
          o Isaiah 3:4
          o Isaiah 51:23
          
# Inheritance of

    * Leviticus 20:24
    * Deuteronomy 1:38
    * Joshua 1:6
    * Joshua 12:6
    * Joshua 13:6
    * Joshua 14:2
    * Joshua 24:28
    
# Joy of, Departed

    * Isaiah 24:11
    * Jeremiah 7:34
    * Jeremiah 16:9
    * Jeremiah 25:10
    * Lamentations 5:15
    * Ezekiel 26:13
    * Hosea 2:11
    * Amos 8:10
    * Revelation 18:23

# Judges of

    * General References to
          o Exodus 18:13
          o Deuteronomy 1:16
          o Deuteronomy 16:18
          o Deuteronomy 25:1
          o 1 Samuel 2:25
          o 1 Samuel 7:16
          o 2 Chronicles 19:5
          o Matthew 5:25
          o Luke 18:2

    * Names of the Rulers before Saul was Anointed king
          o 1. Othniel
                + Judges 3:9
          o 2. Ehud
                + Judges 3:15
          o 3. Shamgar
                + Judges 3:31
          o 4. Deborah
                + Judges 4:5
          o 5. Gideon
                + Judges 6:36
          o 6. Abimelech
                + Judges 9:1
          o 7. Tola
                + Judges 10:1
          o 8. Jair
                + Judges 10:3
          o 9. Jephthah
                + Judges 11:11
          o 10. Ibzan
                + Judges 12:8
          o 11. Elon
                + Judges 12:11
          o 12. Abdon
                + Judges 12:13
          o 13. Samson
                + Judges 16:30
          o 14. Eli
                + SEE Eli
                + 1 Samuel 4:18
          o 15. Samuel
                + SEE Samuel
                + 1 Samuel 7:15
          o Kings before the Division of the Kingdom
                + SEE Saul of Tarsus
                + SEE David
                + SEE Solomon

# Kings of

    * 1. Jeroboam (1)
          o 1 Kings 11:28
    * 2. Nadab
          o 1 Kings 14:20
    * 3. Baasha
          o 1 Kings 15:16
    * 4. Elah
          o 1 Kings 16:8
    * 5. Zimri
          o 1 Kings 16:15
    * 6. Omri
          o 1 Kings 16:16
    * 7. Ahab
          o 1 Kings 16:29
    * 8. Ahaziah (b)
          o 1 Kings 22:40
    * 9. Jehoram (b), or Joram
          o 2 Kings 1:17
    * 10. Jehu
          o 1 Kings 19:16
    * 11. Jehoahaz (a)
          o 2 Kings 10:35
    * 12. Jehoash (b)
          o 2 Kings 13:10
    * 13. Jeroboam (2)
          o 2 Kings 14:23
    * 14. Zachariah
          o 2 Kings 14:29
    * 15. Shallum (a)
          o 2 Kings 15:10
    * 16. Menahem
          o 2 Kings 15:14
    * 17. Pekahiah
          o 2 Kings 15:23
    * 18. Pekah
          o 2 Kings 15:25
    * 19. Hoshea
          o 2 Kings 15:30

# KINGS OF JUDAH

    * 1. Rehoboam
          o 1 Kings 11:43
    * 2. Abijam, or Abijah
          o 1 Kings 14:31
    * 3. Asa
          o 1 Kings 15:8
    * 4. Jehoshaphat
          o 1 Kings 15:24
    * 5. Jehoram (a)
          o 2 Chronicles 21:1
    * 6. Ahaziah (a)
          o 2 Kings 8:25
    * 7. Athaliah (Queen)
          o 2 Kings 8:26
    * 8. Joash, or Jehoash (a)
          o 2 Kings 11:2
    * 9. Amaziah
          o 2 Kings 14:1
    * 10. Uzziah, or Azariah
          o 2 Kings 14:21
    * 11. Jotham
          o 2 Kings 15:5
    * 12. Ahaz
          o 2 Kings 15:38
    * 13. Hezekiah
          o 2 Kings 16:20
    * 14. Manasseh
          o 2 Kings 21:1
    * 15. Amon
          o 2 Kings 21:19
    * 16. Josiah
          o 1 Kings 13:2
    * 17. Jehoahaz (c), or Shallum
          o 2 Kings 23:30
    * 18. Jehoiakim
          o 2 Kings 23:34
    * 19. Jehoiachin, or Jeconiah
          o 2 Kings 24:6
    * 20. Zedekiah, or Mattaniah
          o 2 Kings 24:17

# Murmurings of

    * Exodus 14:11
    * Exodus 15:24
    * Exodus 16:2
    * Exodus 17:3
    * Numbers 11:1
    * Numbers 14:27
    * Numbers 20:3
    * Numbers 21:5
    * Psalms 77:3
    * Jude 1:16
# Persecution of

    * 2 Kings 16:6
    * Esther 3:13
    * Psalms 74:8
    * Psalms 83:4
    * Daniel 3:8
    * Acts 16:20
    * Acts 18:2

# Promises to

  (Promised Special Immunity from Calamities)
    * Exodus 8:22
    * Exodus 9:6
    * Exodus 9:26
    * Exodus 11:7
    * Exodus 12:13
    * Exodus 15:26
    * Psalms 91:7
    * Mark 16:18
    
# Remnant of

    * Isaiah 1:9
    * Isaiah 4:3
    * Isaiah 11:16
    * Isaiah 37:4
    * Jeremiah 6:9
    * Jeremiah 23:3
    * Jeremiah 31:7
    * Ezekiel 14:22
    * Micah 2:12
    * Zephaniah 2:9
    * Romans 9:27
    * Romans 11:5

# Reprobation of

    * Leviticus 26:17
    * Deuteronomy 28:15
    * Deuteronomy 31:17
    * 1 Kings 14:16
    * Jeremiah 7:15
    * Jeremiah 15:1
    * Hosea 9:17
    * 2 Thessalonians 2:12
    
# Restoration of

    * Isaiah 1:26
    * Isaiah 11:12
    * Isaiah 27:13
    * Isaiah 33:20
    * Isaiah 40:2
    * Isaiah 49:22
    * Isaiah 60:10
    * Ezekiel 20:40
    * Ezekiel 36:8
    * Zechariah 1:17
    * Zechariah 10:6
    * Zechariah 14:11
    * Malachi 3:4
    
# Return of

    * Deuteronomy 30:3
    * Isaiah 11:11
    * Jeremiah 16:15
    * Jeremiah 23:3
    * Zephaniah 3:20
    * Zechariah 10:10
    
# Separation of Israel

    from the heathen, enjoined
    * Exodus 33:16
    * Leviticus 20:26
    * Numbers 23:9
    * Deuteronomy 7:2
    * Joshua 23:7
    * Judges 2:2
    * Ezra 9:12
    * Ezra 10:11
    * Jeremiah 15:19
    
# Theocracy of

    * Exodus 19:8
    * Numbers 9:18
    * Deuteronomy 29:12
    * Judges 8:23
    * 1 Samuel 8:7
    * 1 Samuel 12:12

# Victories of

    * Genesis 14:15
    * Exodus 14:30
    * Joshua 6:20
    * Joshua 10:11
    * Judges 7:21
    * 1 Samuel 7:10
    * 1 Samuel 11:11
    * 1 Samuel 17:51
    * 2 Samuel 10:18
    * 2 Samuel 23:10
    * 2 Chronicles 20:27
    
# Vine, a

    * Psalms 80:8
    * Isaiah 5:2
    * Jeremiah 2:21
    * Ezekiel 15:6
    * Ezekiel 17:6
    * Ezekiel 19:10
    * Hosea 10:1

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