What the scriptures say about
KNOWLEDGE
Also: Good, Evil, Reveal, revelation
References:
Easton's Bible Dictionary | International Standard Bible Encyclopedia | Thompson Chain Reference

KNOW, KNOWLEDGE in scriptures [BibleGateway Search]

select Cross Reference Bible links
Genesis 3:22 - Yahweh God said, “Behold, the man has become like one of us, knowing good and evil. Now, lest he put forth his hand, and also take of the tree of life, and eat, and live forever...”
Gen 18:19 - God knew Abraham in such a way so that A could pass on to his children and household how to keep the way of Yahweh - with righteousness and justice - and so God could keep his promises to A.
Isaiah 5:13a - Therefore my people go into captivity for lack of knowledge.


FOREKNOWLEDGE of GOD [Easton Bible Dictionary]

Acts 2:23; Romans 8:29; 11:2; 1 Peter 1:2), one of those high attributes essentially appertaining to him the full import of which we cannot comprehend. In the most absolute sense his knowledge is infinite (1 Samuel 23:9-13; Jeremiah 38:17-23; 42:9-22, Matthew 11:21,23; Acts 15:18).


KNOW, KNOWLEDGE [International Standard Bible Encyclopedia]

KNOW; KNOWLEDGE

no, nol'-ej (in Hebrew chiefly yadha`, noun da`ath; in Greek ginosko, oida' "to know fully," epiginosko, noun gnosis epignosis):

Knowledge strictly is the apprehension by the mind of some fact or truth in accordance with its real nature; in a personal relation the intellectual act is necessarily conjoined with the element of affection and will (choice, love, favor, or, conversely, repugnance, dislike, etc.).

Knowledge is distinguished from "opinion" by its greater certainty.

The mind is constituted with the capacity for knowledge, and the desire to possess and increase it.

The character of knowledge varies with its object. The senses give knowledge of outward appearances; the intellect connects and reasons about these appearances, and arrives at general laws or truths; moral truth is apprehended through the power inherently possessed by men of distinguishing right and wrong in the light of moral principles; spiritual qualities require for their apprehension spiritual sympathy ("They are spiritually judged," 1 Corinthians 2:14).

The highest knowledge possible to man is the knowledge of God, and while there is that in God's infinity which transcends man's power of comprehension (Job 11:7,9), God is knowable in the measure in which He has revealed Himself in creation (Romans 1:19-20, "that which is known of God," etc.), and supremely in Jesus Christ, who alone perfectly knows the Father, and reveals Him to man (Matthew 11:27). This knowledge of God in Jesus Christ is "life eternal" (John 17:3).

Knowledge is affirmed of both God and man, but with the wide contrast that God's knowledge is absolute, unerring, complete, intuitive, embracing all things, past, present, and future, and searching the inmost thoughts of the heart (Psalms 139:1,23); whereas man's is partial, imperfect, relative, gradually acquired, and largely mixed with error ("Now we see in a mirror darkly .... in part," 1 Corinthians 13:12).

All these points about knowledge are amply brought out in the Scripture usage of the terms. A large part of the usage necessarily relates to natural knowledge (sometimes with a carnal connotation, as Genesis 4:1,17), but the greatest stress also is laid on the possession of moral and spiritual knowledge (e.g. Psalms 119:66; Proverbs 1:4,7,22,29; 8:10, etc.; Luke 1:77; Romans 15:14; 2 Peter 1:5-6).

The highest knowledge, as said, is the knowledge of God and Christ, and of God's will (Hosea 6:6; Romans 11:33; Ephesians 1:17; 4:13; Philippians 1:9; 3:8; Colossians 1:9-10, etc.). The moral conditions of spiritual knowledge are continually insisted on ("If any man willeth to do his will, he shall know of the teaching, whether it is of God," John 7:17).

On the other hand, the pride of intellectual knowledge is condemned; it must be joined with love ("Knowledge puffeth up, 1 Corinthians 8:1).

The stronger term epignosis is used to denote the full and more perfect knowledge which is possessed in Christ, the conditions of which are humility and love. Of knowledge as connoting favor, choice, on the part of God, there are many examples

(Psalms 1:6, "Yahweh knoweth the way of the righteous";
Galatians 4:9, "know God, or rather to be known by God";
compare Romans 8:29, "whom he fore-knew").
[Intell]ectual knowledge as the Divine omnipotence is different from muscular strength. Consequently, the passage of this knowledge into a human intellect is impossible, and the problem of the incarnation should be stated:
What effect did Divine omniscience in the person have on the conscious intellect of the manhood?
There is so little help from the past to be gained in answering this question, that it must remain open at present -- if, indeed, it is ever capable of a full answer. But that ignorance in the intellect of the manhood is fully consistent with omniscience in the person seems to be not merely a safe answer to the question as stated, but an inevitable answer if the true humanity of Christ is to be maintained at all.

See FOREKNOWLEDGE .

James Orr


KNOW [Thompson Chain Reference]
 Knowledge

    * ( Select Reading, Proverbs 3:13-24)
          o Proverbs 3:13-24
    * May become a Hinderance instead of a Help to Men
          o Desire for, a Source of Temptation
                + Genesis 3:5
                + Genesis 3:6
          o Tends to Presumption
                + Genesis 3:22
                + Genesis 3:23
          o Adds to the Burden of Life
                + Ecclesiastes 1:18
          o Pursuit of, Exhausting
                + Ecclesiastes 12:12
          o Begets Pride
                + 1 Corinthians 8:1
          o SEE Conceit
    * Vanity of Human
          o Isaiah 44:25
          o 1 Corinthians 8:2
          o 1 Corinthians 13:8
          o SEE Wisdom, Worldly
          o SEE Philosophy
    * The Pursuit of Enjoined
          o Proverbs 2:3-5
          o Proverbs 3:13
          o Proverbs 4:5
          o Proverbs 15:14
          o Proverbs 23:23
          o 2 Peter 1:5
          o SEE Wisdom
          o SEE Instruction
    * Spiritual Knowledge, general references to
          o A Cause for Exultation
                + Jeremiah 9:24
                + Jeremiah 31:34
          o Obtained by Acquaintanceship with God
                + Hosea 6:3
          o Obedience, the Condition of Receiving
                + John 7:16
                + John 7:17
          o Liberates the Soul from all Error
                + John 8:31
                + John 8:32
          o Leads to Eternal Life
                + John 17:3
          o SEE Wisdom
          o SEE Understanding
          o SEE Assurance
    * Deeds Performed by the Lord that Men might Receive
          o Exodus 6:7
          o Exodus 8:10
          o Exodus 16:12
          o Joshua 3:10
          o 1 Kings 18:37
          o Isaiah 45:3
          o Joel 2:27
          o Zechariah 4:9
          o Matthew 9:6
          o John 10:38
          o John 14:31
          o John 17:23
          o SEE Wonders
          o SEE Instruction
          o SEE Aids to Faith
    * Seven Great Verities that May be Known by the Believer
          o Job 19:25
          o Isaiah 50:7
          o John 4:41
          o John 4:42
          o Romans 8:28
          o 2 Corinthians 5:1
          o 2 Timothy 1:12
          o 1 John 3:2
          o 1 John 3:14
          o 1 John 3:24
          o SEE Spiritual
          o SEE Understanding
          o SEE Wisdom
          o Knowledge of God is Infinite
          o SEE God 
    * General References to Intellectual
          o Proverbs 1:4
          o Proverbs 2:10
          o Proverbs 14:6
          o Proverbs 15:7
          o Proverbs 24:4
          o Daniel 1:4
          o Daniel 5:12
          o Daniel 12:4
          o SEE Learning
          o SEE Wisdom
          o Withheld from Man
          o SEE Knowledge 
    * Christ's Knowledge of the Father
          o Matthew 11:27
          o John 7:29
          o John 8:55
          o John 10:15
          o John 17:25
    * Learning, examples of Men Possessing
          o Daniel 1:17
          o Acts 7:22
          o Acts 22:3
          o SEE Wisdom
    * KNOWLEDGE, EXPERIMENTAL
          o General references to
                + Job 12:12
                + Job 32:7
                + Psalms 37:25
                + Ecclesiastes 1:16
          o Prepares Men for the Duties of Life
                + Fitted Israel to Sympathize with Strangers
                      # Exodus 23:9
                + Prepared the Demoniac to Witness
                      # Mark 5:19
                + Christ's Message grounded in Experience
                      # John 3:10
                      # John 3:11
                + Qualified the Blind Man to Testify
                      # John 9:25
                + Fitted Paul for a Ministry of Comfort
                      # 2 Corinthians 1:4
                + Enabled the Apostles to Speak with Authority
                      # 2 Peter 1:16
    * KNOWLEDGE, DIVINE
          o General Reference to
                + 1 Samuel 2:3
                + Psalms 69:5
                + Psalms 139:2
                + Isaiah 40:28
                + Daniel 2:22
                + Matthew 6:8
                + 1 Corinthians 3:20
                + 1 John 3:20
                + SEE Divine; Vision
                + SEE Wisdom; God's
                + SEE Omniscience
                + SEE Secret Sins 
          o Men's Hearts Searched by Jehovah
                + 1 Chronicles 28:9
                + Psalms 44:21
                + Jeremiah 17:10
                + Jeremiah 23:24
                + Amos 9:3
                + Zephaniah 1:12
                + Romans 8:27
                + SEE Divine; Vision
                + SEE Secret Sins 
          o The Secrets of the Heart Read by Christ
                + Proverbs 15:11
                + Jeremiah 20:12
                + Matthew 12:25
                + Matthew 22:18
                + Mark 2:8
                + Luke 6:8
                + Luke 11:17
                + Luke 16:15
                + John 2:25
                + Acts 15:8
                + SEE Omniscience
                + SEE Secret Sins 
          o All the Ways of Men are Known to God
                + Job 34:21
                + Psalms 1:6
                + Psalms 119:168
                + Psalms 139:3
                + Psalms 142:3
                + Proverbs 5:21
                + Jeremiah 16:17
                + Jeremiah 32:19
          o God's Knowledge of the Saints
                + In Time of Trouble
                      # Nahum 1:7
                + At every day Tasks
                      # John 1:48
                + Their Individual Names
                      # John 10:3
                + Intimate Acquaintanceship
                      # John 10:14
                + True Love Recognized
                      # 1 Corinthians 8:3
                      # Galatians 4:9
                + The Sure Foundation of Christian Hope
                      # 2 Timothy 2:19
    * Danger of
          o (May become a Hinderance instead of a Help to Men)
          o Desire for, a Source of Temptation
                + Genesis 3:5
                + Genesis 3:6
          o Tends to Presumption
                + Genesis 3:22
                + Genesis 3:23
          o Adds to the Burden of Life
                + Ecclesiastes 1:18
          o Pursuit of, Exhausting
                + Ecclesiastes 12:12
          o Begets Pride
                + 1 Corinthians 8:1
          o SEE Conceit
    * Vanity of Human
          o Isaiah 44:25
          o 1 Corinthians 8:2
          o 1 Corinthians 13:8
          o SEE Wisdom, Worldly
          o SEE Philosophy
    * Pursuit of
          o Proverbs 2:3-5
          o Proverbs 3:13
          o Proverbs 4:5
          o Proverbs 15:14
          o Proverbs 23:23
          o 2 Peter 1:5
          o SEE Wisdom
          o SEE Instruction
    * Spiritual Knowledge, general references to
          o A Cause for Exultation
                + Jeremiah 9:24
                + Jeremiah 31:34
          o Obtained by Acquaintanceship with God
                + Hosea 6:3
          o Obedience, the Condition of Receiving
                + John 7:16
                + John 7:17
          o Liberates the Soul from all Error
                + John 8:31
                + John 8:32
          o Leads to Eternal Life
                + John 17:3
          o SEE Wisdom
          o SEE Understanding
          o SEE Assurance
    * Seven Great Verities that May be Known by the Believer
          o Job 19:25
          o Isaiah 50:7
          o John 4:41
          o John 4:42
          o Romans 8:28
          o 2 Corinthians 5:1
          o 2 Timothy 1:12
          o 1 John 3:2
          o 1 John 3:14
          o 1 John 3:24
          o SEE Spiritual
          o SEE Understanding
          o SEE Wisdom
          o Knowledge of God is Infinite
          o SEE God 
    * Deeds Performed by the Lord that Men Might Receive
          o Exodus 6:7
          o Exodus 8:10
          o Exodus 16:12
          o Joshua 3:10
          o 1 Kings 18:37
          o Isaiah 45:3
          o Joel 2:27
          o Zechariah 4:9
          o Matthew 9:6
          o John 10:38
          o John 14:31
          o John 17:23
          o SEE Wonders
          o SEE Instruction
          o SEE Aids to Faith
    * God's
          o General Reference to
                + 1 Samuel 2:3
                + Psalms 69:5
                + Psalms 139:2
                + Isaiah 40:28
                + Daniel 2:22
                + Matthew 6:8
                + 1 Corinthians 3:20
                + 1 John 3:20
                + SEE Divine; Vision
                + SEE Wisdom; God's
                + SEE Omniscience
                + SEE Secret Sins 
          o Men's Hearts Searched by Jehovah
                + 1 Chronicles 28:9
                + Psalms 44:21
                + Jeremiah 17:10
                + Jeremiah 23:24
                + Amos 9:3
                + Zephaniah 1:12
                + Romans 8:27
                + SEE Divine; Vision
                + SEE Secret Sins 
          o The Secrets of the Heart Read by Christ
                + Proverbs 15:11
                + Jeremiah 20:12
                + Matthew 12:25
                + Matthew 22:18
                + Mark 2:8
                + Luke 6:8
                + Luke 11:17
                + Luke 16:15
                + John 2:25
                + Acts 15:8
                + SEE Omniscience
                + SEE Secret Sins 
          o All the Ways of Men are Known to God
                + Job 34:21
                + Psalms 1:6
                + Psalms 119:168
                + Psalms 139:3
                + Psalms 142:3
                + Proverbs 5:21
                + Jeremiah 16:17
                + Jeremiah 32:19
          o God's Knowledge of the Saints
                + In Time of Trouble
                      # Nahum 1:7
                + At every day Tasks
                      # John 1:48
                + Their Individual Names
                      # John 10:3
                + Intimate Acquaintanceship
                      # John 10:14
                + True Love Recognized
                      # 1 Corinthians 8:3
                      # Galatians 4:9
                + The Sure Foundation of Christian Hope
                      # 2 Timothy 2:19
    * Intellectual
          o (General References to)
          o Proverbs 1:4
          o Proverbs 2:10
          o Proverbs 14:6
          o Proverbs 15:7
          o Proverbs 24:4
          o Daniel 1:4
          o Daniel 5:12
          o Daniel 12:4
          o SEE Learning
          o SEE Wisdom
          o Withheld from Man
          o SEE Knowledge 
    * Withheld
          o Reasons for Withholding
                + Because Perilous
                      # Genesis 2:17
                      # Deuteronomy 29:29
                + Inability to Apprehend Truth
                      # John 13:7
                + Human Weakness Necessitates
                      # John 16:12
                + Earthly Limitations Fetter
                      # 1 Corinthians 13:12
                + Gradual Revelation, the Divine Plan
                      # Ephesians 3:5
                + To give Opportunity for Faith
                      # 1 John 3:2
                + SEE Man 
          o Ignorance in reference to the Future
                + Proverbs 27:1
                + Ecclesiastes 3:22
                + Ecclesiastes 6:12
                + Ecclesiastes 8:7
                + Ecclesiastes 9:12
                + Ecclesiastes 10:14
                + Ecclesiastes 11:2
                + Matthew 24:43
                + Acts 20:22
                + James 4:14
          o Secret Things belong to God
                + Deuteronomy 29:29
                + Proverbs 25:2
                + Daniel 12:9
                + Mark 13:32
                + Revelation 5:3
                + Revelation 10:4
                + SEE Limitations, Human
                + SEE Man 
    * Christ's Knowledge of the Father
          o Matthew 11:27
          o John 7:29
          o John 8:55
          o John 10:15
          o John 17:25
    * Called Learning
          o (Learning, examples of Men Possessing)
          o Daniel 1:17
          o Acts 7:22
          o Acts 22:3
          o SEE Wisdom
    * Responsibility according to
          o Matthew 11:22
          o Mark 6:11
          o Luke 12:48
          o John 3:19
          o John 9:41
          o John 15:22
          o Romans 2:12
          o SEE Responsibility
          o SEE Stewardship

Home | Keyword Index