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What the scriptures say about
LIFE
Quality of being alive, period during which anything exists, animation
See: Pilgrimage
References:
Easton's Bible Dictionary | Smith's Bible Dictionary | International Standard Bible Encyclopedia | Thompson Chain Reference

LIFE in scriptures [BibleGateway Search]   Site search: FreeFind

Select Cross Reference Bible links
Genesis 1:30 (breath of life)
Gen 2:7-9 (breath of life, and the man became a living being)
Gen 3:22-24 (tree of life)


LIFE [Easton's Bible Dictionary]

Generally of physical life (Genesis 2:7; Luke 16:25, etc.);
also used figuratively
(1) for immortality (Hebrews 7:16);
(2) conduct or manner of life (Romans 6:4);
(3) spiritual life or salvation (John 3:16,17,18,36);
(4) eternal life (Matthew 19:16,17; John 3:15);
of God and Christ as the absolute source and cause of all life (John 1:4; 5:26,39; 11:25; 12:50).


LIFE [Smith's Bible Dictionary] (none)


LIFE [International Standard Bible Encyclopedia]

lif (chayyim, nephesh, ruach, chayah; zoe, psuche, bios, pneuma):
I. THE TERMS
II. THE OLD TESTAMENT TEACHING
1. Popular Use of the Term
2. Complexity of the Idea
III. IN THE APOCRYPHA
IV. IN THE NEW TESTAMENT
1. In the Synoptic Gospels
2. In the Fourth Gospel
3. In the Acts of the Apostles
4. In the Writings of Paul
5. In the Writings of John
6. In the Other Books of the New Testament

LITERATURE

I. The Terms.
Of the Hebrew terms, chayah is the verb which means "to live," "to have life," or the vital principle, "to continue to live," or "to live prosperously." In the Piel it signifies "to give life, or preserve, or quicken and restore life." The Hiphil is much like the Piel. The noun hayyim generally used in the plural is an abstract noun meaning "life," i.e. the possession of the vital principle with its energies and activities. Nephesh often means "living being" or "creature." Sometimes it has the force of the reflexive "self." At other times it refers to the seat of the soul, the personality, the emotions, the appetites -- passions and even mental acts. Frequently it means "life," the "seat of life," and in this way it is used about 171 times in the Old Testament, referring to the principle of vitality in both men and animals. Ruach signifies "wind," "breath," principle or source of vitality, but is never used to signify life proper.
II. The Old Testament Teaching.
1. Popular Use of the Term:
The term "life" is used in the Old Testament in the popular sense. It meant life in the body, the existence and activity of the man in all his parts and energies. It is the person complete, conscious and active. There is no idea of the body being a fetter or prison to the soul; the body was essential to life and the writers had no desire to be separated from it. To them the physical sphere was a necessity, and a man was living when all his activities were performed in the light of God's face and favor. The secret and source of life to them was relationship with God. There was nothing good or desirable apart from this relation of fellowship. To overcome or be rid of sin was necessary to life. The real center of gravity in life was in the moral and religious part of man's nature. This must be in fellowship with God, the source of all life and activity.
2. Complexity of the Idea:
The conception of life is very complex. Several meanings are clearly indicated:
(1) Very frequently it refers to the vital principle itself, apart from its manifestations (Genesis 2:7). Here it is the breath of life, or the breath from God which contained and communicated the vital principle to man and made him a nephesh or living being (see also Genesis 1:30; 6:17; 7:22; 45:5, etc.).

(2) It is used to denote the period of one's actual existence, i.e. "lifetime" (Genesis 23:1; 25:7; 47:9; Exodus 6:16,18,20, etc.).

(3) The life is represented as a direct gift from God, and dependent absolutely upon Him for its continuance (Genesis 1:11-27; 2:7; Numbers 16:22).

(4) In a few cases it refers to the conception of children, denoting the time when conception was possible (Genesis 18:10,14 margin; 2 Kings 4:16-17 margin).

(5) In many cases it refers to the totality of man's relationships and activities, all of which make up life (Deuteronomy 32:47; 1 Samuel 25:29; Job 10:1, etc.).

(6) In a few instances it is used synonymously with the means of sustaining life (Deuteronomy 24:6; Proverbs 27:27).

(7) Many times it is used synonymously with happiness or well-being (Deuteronomy 30:15,19; Ezra 6:10; Psalms 16:11; 30:5; Proverbs 2:19, and frequently).

(8) It is always represented as a very precious gift, and offenses against life were to be severely punished (Genesis 9:4-5; Leviticus 17:14; 24:17).

Capital punishment is here specifically enjoined because of the value of the life that has been taken.

The lexicon talionis required life for life (Exodus 21:23; Deuteronomy 19:21); and this even applies to the beast (Leviticus 24:18).

The life was represented as abiding in the blood and therefore the blood must not be eaten, or lightly shed upon the ground (Leviticus 17:15; Deuteronomy 12:23).

The Decalogue forbids murder or the taking of human life wrongfully (Exodus 20:13; Deuteronomy 5:17).

Garments taken in pledge must not be kept over night, for thereby the owner's life might be endangered (Deuteronomy 24:6).

That life was considered precious appears in 2 Kings 10:24; Esther 7:7; Job 2:4; Proverbs 4:23; 6:26.

The essence of sacrifice consisted in the fact that the life (the nephesh) resided in the blood; thus when blood was shed, life was lost (Deuteronomy 12:23; Leviticus 17:11).

Oppression on the part of judges and rulers was severely condemned because oppression was detrimental to life.

(9) Long life was much desired and sought by the Israelites, and under certain conditions this was possible (Psalms 91:16). The longevity of the ante-diluvian patriarchs is a problem by itself (see ANTEDILUVIANS ). It was one of the greatest of calamities to be cut off in the midst of life (Isaiah 38:10-12; 53:8); that a good old age was longed for is shown by Exodus 20:12; Psalms 21:4; 34:12; 61:6, etc. This long life was possible to
the obedient to parents (Exodus 20:12; Deuteronomy 5:16),
and to those obedient to God (Deuteronomy 4:4; Proverbs 3:1-2; 10:27);
to the wise (Proverbs 3:16; 9:11);
to the pure in heart (Psalms 34:12-14; 91:1-10; Ecclesiastes 3:12-13);
to those who feared God (Proverbs 10:27; Isaiah 65:18-21; 38:2-5, etc.).
(10) The possibility of an immortal life is dimly hinted at in the earliest writing, and much more clearly taught in the later. The Tree of Life in the midst of the garden indicated a possible immortality for man upon earth (Genesis 2:9; 3:22,24) (see TREE OF LIFE ).
Failing to partake of this and falling into sin by partaking of the "tree of the knowledge of good and evil," they were driven forth from the garden lest they should eat of the tree of life and become immortal beings in their sinful condition. To deprive man of the possibility of making himself immortal while sinful was a blessing to the race; immortality without holiness is a curse rather than a blessing. The way to the tree of life was henceforth guarded by the cherubim and the flame of a sword, so that men could not partake of it in their condition of sin. This, however, did not exclude the possibility of a spiritual immortality in another sphere. Enoch's fellowship with God led to a bodily translation; so also Elijah, and several hundred years after their deaths, God called Himself the God of Abraham and Isaac and Jacob, implying that they were really alive then. In Isaiah 26:19 there is a clear prophecy of a resurrection, and an end of death. Daniel 12:2 asserts a resurrection of many of the dead, some to everlasting life and some to shame and everlasting contempt. Some of the psalmists firmly believed in the continuity of the life in fellowship with God (Psalms 16:10-11; 17:15; 23:6; 49:15; 73:24-25). The exact meaning of some of these statements is difficult to understand, yet this much is clear: there was a revolt against death in many pious minds, and a belief that the life of fellowship with God could not end or be broken even by death itself.

See IMMORTALITY .

(11) The fundamental fact in the possession of life was vital relationship with God. Men first lived because God breathed into them the breath of life (Genesis 2:7). Man's vital energies are the outflowing of the spirit or vital energies of God, and all activities are dependent upon the vitalizing power from God. When God sends forth His spirit, things are created, and live; when He withdraws that spirit they die (Psalms 104:30). "In his favor is life" (Psalms 30:5 the King James Version). He is the fountain of life (Psalms 36:9; 63:3). "All my fountains are in thee" (Psalms 87:7). The secret of Job's success and happiness was that the Almighty was with him (Job 29:2). This fellowship brought him health, friends, prosperity and all other blessings. The consciousness of the fellowship with God led men to revolt against the idea of going to Sheol where this fellowship must cease. They felt that such a relationship could not cease, and God would take them out of Sheol.
III. In the Apocrypha.
A similar conception of life appears here as in the Old Testament. Zoe and peuche are used and occur most frequently in the books of The Wisdom of Solomon and Ecclus. In 1 and 2 Esdras the word is little used; 2 Esdras 3:5; 16:61 are but a quotation from Genesis 2:7, and refer to the vital principle; 2 Esdras 14:30, Tobit, Judith, Ad Esther use it in the same sense also. Wisdom and Ecclesiasticus use it in several senses closely resembling the use in Proverbs (compare Ecclesiastes 4:12; Proverbs 3:18; 10:16). In general there is no additional meaning attached to the word. The Psalms of Solomon refer to everlasting life in Proverbs 3:16; 13:10; 14:2,6.
IV. In the New Testament.
Of the Greek terms bios is used at times as the equivalent of the Hebrew chayyim. It refers to life extensively, i.e. the period of one's existence, a lifetime; also to the means of sustaining life, such as wealth, etc. Psuche is also equivalent to chayyim at times, but very frequently to nephesh and sometimes to ruach. Thus, it means the vital principle, a living being, the immaterial part of man, the seat of the affections, desires and appetites, etc. The term zoe corresponds very closely to chayyim, and means the vital principle, the state of one who is animate, the fullness of activities and relationship both in the physical and spiritual realms.

The content of the word zoe is the chief theme of the New Testament. The life is mediated by Jesus Christ. In the Old Testament this life was through fellowship with God, in the New Testament it is through Jesus Christ the Mediator. The Old Testament idea is carried to its completion, its highest development of meaning, being enriched by the supreme teaching and revelation of Jesus Christ. In the New Testament as well as in the Old Testament, the center of gravity in human life is in the moral and religious nature of man.

1. In the Synoptic Gospels:

The teaching here regarding life naturally links itself with Old Testament ideas and the prevailing conceptions of Judaism. The word is used in the sense of

(1) the vital principle, that which gives actual physical existence (Matthew 2:20; Mark 10:45; Luke 12:22 f; Luke 14:26).

(2) It is also the period of one's existence, i.e. lifetime (Luke 1:75; 16:25).

(3) Once it may mean the totality of man's relationships and activities (Luke 12:15) which do not consist in abundance of material possessions.

(4) Generally it means the real life, the vital connection with the world and God, the sum total of man's highest interests. It is called "eternal life" (Matthew 19:29; 25:46). It is called "life" (Matthew 18:8-9; 19:17; Mark 9:43,45-46). In these passages Jesus seems to imply that it is almost equivalent to "laying up treasures in heaven," or to "entering the kingdom of God." The entering into life and entering the kingdom are practically the same, for the kingdom is that spiritual realm where God controls, where the principles, activities and relationships of heaven prevail, and hence, to enter into these is to enter into "life."

(5) The lower life of earthly relationship and activities must be subordinated to the higher and spiritual (Matthew 10:39; 16:25; Luke 9:24). These merely earthly interests may be very desirable and enjoyable, but whoever would cling to these and make them supreme is in danger of losing the higher. The spiritual being infinitely more valuable should be sought even if the other relationship should be lost entirely.

(6) Jesus also speaks of this life as something future, and to be realized at the consummation of the age (Matthew 19:29; Luke 18:30), or the world to come.

This in no wise contradicts the statement that eternal life can be entered upon in this life. As Jesus Himself was in vital relationship with the spiritual world and lived the eternal life, He sought to bring others into the same blessed state. This life was far from being perfect. The perfection could come only at the consummation when all was perfection and then they would enter into the perfect fellowship with God and connection with the spirit-world and its blessed experiences. There is no conflict in His teaching here, no real difficulty, only an illustration of Browning's statement, "Man never is but wholly hopes to be." Thus in the synoptists Jesus teaches the reality of the eternal life as a present possession as well as future fruition. The future is but the flowering out and perfection of the present. Without the present bud, there can be no future flower.

(7) The conditions which Jesus lays down for entering into this life are faith in Himself as the one Mediator of the life, and the following of Him in a life of obedience. He alone knows the Father and can reveal Him to others (Matthew 11:27). He alone can give true rest and can teach men how to live (Matthew 11:28 f). The sure way to this life is: "Follow me." His whole ministry was virtually a prolonged effort to win confidence in Himself as Son and Mediator, to win obedience, and hence, bring men unto these spiritual relationships and activities which constitute the true life.

2. In the Fourth Gospel:
The fullest and richest teachings regarding life are found here. The greatest word of this Gospel is "life." The author says he wrote the Gospel in order that "ye may have life" (John 20:31). Most of the teachings recorded, circle around this great word "life." This teaching is in no way distinctive and different from that of the synoptists, but is supplementary, and completes the teaching of Jesus on the subject. The use of the word is not as varied, being concentrated on the one supreme subject.
(1) In a few cases it refers only to the vital principle which gives life or produces a lifetime (John 10:11,15-18; 13:37; 15:13).

(2) It represents Jesus the Loges as the origin and means of all life to the world. As the preincarnate Loges He was the source of life to the universe (John 1:4). As the incarnate Loges He said His life had been derived originally from the Father (John 5:26; 6:57; 10:18). He then was the means of life to men (John 3:15-16; 4:14; 5:21,39-40); and this was the purpose for which He came into the world (John 6:33-34,51; 10:10).

(3) The prevailing reference, however, is to those activities which are the expression of fellowship with God and Jesus Christ. These relationships are called "eternal life" (John 3:15-16,36; 4:14, etc.). The nearest approach to a definition of eternal life is found in John 17:3. Though not a scientific or metaphysical definition, it is nevertheless Jesus' own description of eternal life, and reveals His conception of it. It is thus more valuable than a formal definition. It is "to know God and Jesus Christ whom He hath sent."

This knowledge is vastly more than mere intellectual perception or understanding. It is moral knowledge, it is personal acquaintance, it is fellowship, a contact, if we may so speak, of personality with personality, an inner affinity and sympathy, an experience of similar thoughts, emotions, purposes, motives, desires, an interchange of the heart's deepest feelings and experiences. It is a bringing of the whole personality of man into right relationship with the personality of God. This relation is ethical, personal, binding the two together with ties which nothing can separate. It is into this experience that Jesus came to bring men. Such a life Jesus says is satisfying to all who hunger and thirst for it (John 4:14; 6:35); it is the source of light to all (John 1:4; 8:12); it is indestructible (John 6:58; 11:26); it is like a well of water in the soul (John 4:14); it is procured by personally partaking of those qualities which belong to Jesus (John 6:53).

(4) This life is a present possession and has also a glorious future fruition.

(a) To those who exercise faith in Jesus it is a present experience and possession (John 4:10; 5:24,40). Faith in Him as the Son of God is the psychological means by which persons are brought into this vital relationship with God. Those who exercised the faith immediately experienced this new power and fellowship and exercised the new activities.

(b) It has a glorious fruition in the future also (John 4:36; 5:29; 6:39,44,54). John does not give so much prominence to the eschatological phase of Jesus' teachings as to the present reality and actual possession of this blessed life.

(5) It has been objected that in speaking of the Loges as the source of life John is pursuing a metaphysical line, whereas the life which he so much emphasizes has an ethical basis, and he makes no attempt to reconcile the two. The objection may have force to one who has imbibed the Ritschlian idea of performing the impossible task of eliminating all metaphysics from theology. It will not appeal very strongly to the average Christian. It is a purely academic objection. The ordinary mind will think that if Jesus Christ is the source of ethical and eternal life it is because He possesses something of the essence and being of God, which makes His work for men possible. The metaphysical and the ethical may exist together, may run concurrently, the one being the source and seat of the other. There is no contradiction. Both metaphysics and ethics are a legitimate and necessary exercise of the human mind.
3. In the Acts of the Apostles:
In His intercessory prayer, John 17, Jesus said His mission was to give eternal life to as many as the Father had given Him (John 17:2). The record in Acts is the carrying out of that purpose. The word "life" is used in several senses:
(1) the vital principle or physical life (17:25; 20:10,24; 27:10,22);

(2) also the sum total of man's relationships and activities upon earth (5:20; 26:4);

(3) Jesus Christ is regarded as the source and principle of life, being called by Peter, "the Prince of life" (3:15). Also the life eternal or everlasting is spoken of with the same significance as in the Gospels (11:18; 13:46,48).

4. In the Writings of Paul:
Here also the words for "life" are used in various senses:
(1) the vital principle which gives physical vitality and existence (Romans 8:11,38; 11:15; 1 Corinthians 3:22; Philippians 1:20; 2:30);

(2) the sum total of man's relationships and activities (1 Corinthians 6:3-4; 1 Timothy 2:2; 4:8; 2 Timothy 1:1; 3:10 the King James Version);

(3) those relationships with God and with Christ in the spiritual realm, and the activities arising therefrom which constitute the real and eternal life.

This is mediated by Christ (Romans 5:10).
It is in Christ (Romans 6:11).
It is the free gift of God (Romans 6:23).
It is also mediated or imparted to us through the Spirit (Romans 8:2,6,9-10; 2 Corinthians 2:16; 3:6; Galatians 6:8).
It comes through obedience to the word (Romans 7:10; Philippians 2:16); and through faith (1 Timothy 1:16).
It may be apprehended in this life (1 Timothy 6:12,19).
It is brought to light through the gospel (2 Timothy 1:10).
It is a reward to those who by patience in well-doing seek it (Romans 2:7).
It gives conquering power over sin and death (Romans 5:17-18,21).
It is the end or reward of a sanctified life (Romans 6:22).
It is a present possession and a hope (Titus 1:2; 3:7).
It will be received in all its fullness hereafter (Romans 2:7; 2 Corinthians 5:4).
Thus Paul's use of the word substantially agrees with the teaching in the Gospels, and no doubt was largely based upon it.
5. In the Writings of John:
In the Johannine Epistles and Revelation, the contents of the term "life" are the same as those in the Fourth Gospel. Life in certain passages (1 John 3:16; Revelation 8:9; 11:11; 12:11) is mere physical vitality and existence upon earth. The source of life is Christ Himself (1 John 1:1 f; 1 John 5:11 f,16). The blessed eternal life in Christ is a present possession to all those who are in fellowship with the Father and the Son (1 John 5:11-12). Here is an echo of the words of Jesus (John 17:3) where John describes the life, the eternal life which was with the Father and was manifested unto us. It is virtually fellowship with the Father and with the Son (1 John 1:2,4). Life is promised to those who are faithful (Revelation 2:7); and the crown of life is promised to those who are faithful unto death (Revelation 2:10). The crown of life doubtless refers to the realization of all the glorious possibilities that come through fellowship with God and the Son. The thirsty are invited to come and drink of the water of life freely (Revelation 21:6; 22:17). The river of life flows through the streets of the New Jerusalem (Revelation 22:1), and the tree of life blooms on its banks, bearing twelve manner of fruit (Revelation 22:2,14).

See TREE OF LIFE.

6. In the Other Books of the New Testament:
The Epistle to the Hebrews speaks of our lifetime or periods of existence upon earth (2:15; 7:3), likewise of the power of an indissoluble life (7:16); James promises the crown of life to the faithful (1:12). This reward is the fullness of life's possibilities hereafter. Our lifetime is mentioned in 4:14 and represented as brief as a vapor. Peter in 1 Peter 3:7 speaks of man and wife as joint-heirs of the grace of life, and of loving life (1 Peter 3:10), referring to the totality of relationships and activities. The "all things that pertain unto life and godliness" (2 Peter 1:3) constitute the whole Christian life involving the life eternal.
LITERATURE.
Articles on "Life" in HDB, DCG, Jewish Encyclopedia;
on "Soul," "Spirit," etc., ibid, and in Encyclopedia Brit, EB, Kitto, Smith, Standard, etc.;
Laidlaw, Bible Doctrine of Man;
Delitzsch, A System of Biblical Psychology;
comms. on the various passages;
Davidson, Old Testament Theology;
Oehler and Schultz, Old Testament Theology;
Stevens, Johannine Theology and Pauline Theology;
Holtzmann, New Testament Theology, I, 293 ff;
G. Dalman, Words of Jesus;
Phillips Brooks, More Abundant Life;
B.F. Westcott, Historic Faith;
F.J.A. Hort, The Way, the Truth, the Life;
J.G. Hoare, Life in John's Gospels;
E. White, Life and Christ;
Salmond, The Christian Doctrine of Immortality;
R.J. Knowling, Witness of the Epistles and The Testimony of Paul to Christ;
commentaries on the various passages;
McPherson, "The New Testament View of Life," The Expositor, I, set. v, 72 ff;
Massie, "Two New Testament Words Denoting Life," The Expositor, II, series iv, 380 ff;
Schrenk, Die Johannistische Anschauung yom Leben.
J. J. Reeve


LIFE [Thompson Chain Reference]
Of Man from God

    Genesis 2:7
    1 Samuel 2:6
    Job 27:3
    Psalms 104:30
    Acts 17:25
    SEE Creator

Brief

    Life Brief, Figurative Allusions to the Brevity of
        Genesis 47:9
    Like a Shadow
        1 Chronicles 29:15
    Like a Flying Shuttle
        Job 7:6
        Job 8:9
    Like Hurrying Messengers
        Job 9:25
        Job 14:2
    Only a Handbreadth in Extent
        Psalms 39:5
        Psalms 89:47
        Psalms 90:9
        Psalms 102:11
        Ecclesiastes 6:12
    Like a Weaver's Web
        Isaiah 38:12
    Like a Vanishing Vapour
        James 4:14
    Of the Spirit
        SEE Spiritual; Life
        SEE Glory
        SEE Grass, Man as
        SEE Frailty of Man
        SEE Pilgrimage
        SEE Universal; Death 

Spiritual

    Sustained by the Word of God
        Deuteronomy 8:3
        Isaiah 55:3
    Secured through Faith
        John 5:24
        John 20:31
        Romans 6:11
        Romans 8:10
    Necessitates Death to Sin and Self
        2 Corinthians 4:11
        2 Corinthians 5:15
        Galatians 2:20
    Christ the Supreme Object of
        Philippians 1:21
        1 Peter 4:6
    Love the Demonstration of
        1 John 3:14

Righteousness Tendeth to

    Deuteronomy 32:47
    Proverbs 4:22
    Proverbs 11:19
    Proverbs 12:28
    Proverbs 19:23
    Ezekiel 20:11
    Ezekiel 33:19
    Luke 10:27
    Luke 10:28
    Romans 10:5
    Galatians 3:12
    SEE Long Life

Christ, the

    Radiant Life
        John 1:4
        John 5:26
    Abundant Life
        John 10:10
    Life for the Dead
        John 11:25
    The Way, The Truth, The Life
        John 14:6
    Life Everlasting
        Romans 5:21
    Death Abolished
        2 Timothy 1:10
        1 John 1:2
    The Only Source of Life
        1 John 5:12

Consistent Life

    Philippians 1:27
    1 Thessalonians 4:12
    1 Timothy 3:7
    James 3:13
    2 Peter 3:11
    SEE Conduct, Christian

Conspicuous

    Matthew 5:14
    Luke 11:33
    1 Corinthians 4:9

Continuous

    Mark 9:4
    Mark 12:27
    Luke 23:43
    John 8:51
    John 11:26
    2 Timothy 1:10
    SEE Immortality

Deeper

    Psalms 1:2
    Daniel 2:22
    Luke 6:48
    Luke 10:39
    1 Corinthians 2:10
    Ephesians 3:18
    Ephesians 3:19
    Philippians 4:8
    Colossians 3:3

Eternal

    General References to
        Daniel 12:2
        Matthew 25:46
        John 6:27
        John 10:28
        Romans 2:7
        Romans 6:22
        1 Timothy 6:19
        Titus 1:2
        1 John 2:25
        Jude 1:21
        SEE Immortality
        SEE Resurrection
        SEE Reward
        SEE Soul 
    Conditions of Receiving
        Renunciation of the World
            Luke 18:28-30
        Faith in Christ
            John 3:14
            John 3:15
            John 3:36
            John 4:14
        Spiritual Service
            John 4:35
            John 4:36
            John 5:24
            John 6:40
        Self-sacrifice
            John 12:25
        Knowledge of God
            John 17:3
        Sowing in the Spirit
            Galatians 6:8
        SEE Salvation

Everlasting

    General References to
        Daniel 12:2
        Matthew 25:46
        John 6:27
        John 10:28
        Romans 2:7
        Romans 6:22
        1 Timothy 6:19
        Titus 1:2
        1 John 2:25
        Jude 1:21
        SEE Immortality
        SEE Resurrection
        SEE Reward
        SEE Soul 
    Conditions of Receiving
        Renunciation of the World
            Luke 18:28-30
        Faith in Christ
            John 3:14
            John 3:15
            John 3:36
            John 4:14
        Spiritual Service
            John 4:35
            John 4:36
            John 5:24
            John 6:40
        Self-sacrifice
            John 12:25
        Knowledge of God
            John 17:3
        Sowing in the Spirit
            Galatians 6:8
        SEE Salvation

Hated

    Job 7:16
    Ecclesiastes 2:17
    SEE Death
    SEE Life 

Lessons of

    Learned in the School of Affliction
        Psalms 119:71
    Practical, Every Day
        Isaiah 1:16
        Isaiah 1:17
    The Great Teacher of says
        Matthew 11:29
    All lead to Christ
        John 6:45
    Truly learned, Purify the Soul
        Ephesians 4:20-23
    Result in Perfect Contentment
        Philippians 4:11
        1 Timothy 5:4

Old, The

    (of sin)
    Romans 6:6
    Ephesians 4:22
    Colossians 3:9
    1 Peter 4:3
    2 Peter 1:9
    SEE Sinful; Walk 

Manifested

    Matthew 7:20
    Luke 8:17
    John 2:11
    2 Timothy 3:9
    1 John 3:10

Out of Death

    Luke 9:24
    John 12:24
    Romans 6:4
    1 Corinthians 15:36
    2 Corinthians 4:11
    2 Corinthians 4:12
    Galatians 2:20
    Colossians 3:3
    Colossians 3:4
    Revelation 1:18

Pilgrimage, a

    (life as a)
    Genesis 47:9
    Exodus 6:4
    1 Chronicles 29:15
    Psalms 39:12
    Psalms 119:19
    Hebrews 11:13
    Hebrews 13:14
    1 Peter 2:11
    SEE Life

Precious, regarded by Christ as

    Matthew 6:25
    Matthew 10:31
    Matthew 16:26
    Luke 9:25

Probation, a

    (man's earthly life a)
    Genesis 2:17
    Genesis 15:16
    Deuteronomy 8:2
    Judges 3:1
    1 Kings 3:14
    Luke 13:8
    Luke 19:13
    John 6:6
    1 Timothy 3:10
    SEE Tested
    SEE Stewardship
    SEE Spiritual 

Spiritual

    Sustained by the Word of God
        Deuteronomy 8:3
        Isaiah 55:3
    Secured through Faith
        John 5:24
        John 20:31
        Romans 6:11
        Romans 8:10
    Necessitates Death to Sin and Self
        2 Corinthians 4:11
        2 Corinthians 5:15
        Galatians 2:20
    Christ the Supreme Object of
        Philippians 1:21
        1 Peter 4:6
    Love the Demonstration of
        1 John 3:14

Spotless, general references to

    Job 11:15
    Song of Solomon 4:7
    Ephesians 5:27
    James 1:27
    2 Peter 3:14
    SEE Holiness
    SEE Blamelessness

Tested, by the Lord

    The Inward Life Tried
        Psalms 17:3
    The Refining Process
        Zechariah 13:9
        Malachi 3:3
    The Test of the Storm
        Luke 6:48
    The Final Test
        1 Corinthians 3:13
        James 1:12
    SEE Afflictions
    SEE Chastisement
    SEE Spiritual
    SEE Tests, Spiritual

Tree of

    Genesis 2:9
    Genesis 3:22
    Proverbs 3:18
    Proverbs 11:30
    Ezekiel 47:7
    Ezekiel 47:12
    Revelation 2:7
    Revelation 22:2

Uncertainty of physical

    Life Brief, Figurative Allusions to the Brevity of
        Genesis 47:9
    Like a Shadow
        1 Chronicles 29:15
    Like a Flying Shuttle
        Job 7:6
        Job 8:9
    Like Hurrying Messengers
        Job 9:25
        Job 14:2
    Only a Handbreadth in Extent
        Psalms 39:5
        Psalms 89:47
        Psalms 90:9
        Psalms 102:11
        Ecclesiastes 6:12
    Like a Weaver's Web
        Isaiah 38:12
    Like a Vanishing Vapour
        James 4:14
    Of the Spirit
        SEE Spiritual; Life
        SEE Glory
        SEE Grass, Man as
        SEE Frailty of Man
        SEE Pilgrimage
        SEE Universal; Death 

Unfading, of the righteous

    Psalms 1:3
    Psalms 92:14
    Psalms 103:5
    Jeremiah 17:8
    Ezekiel 47:12
    Hosea 14:8
    SEE Trees

Weariness of

    Genesis 27:46
    Job 3:20
    Job 6:11
    Job 7:6
    Job 10:1
    Ecclesiastes 2:17
    Ecclesiastes 4:1
    Ecclesiastes 4:2
    Jnh 4:8
    SEE Life