What the scriptures say about
MAN
human being, first man: Adam
Also see: Son of Man
References:
Easton's Bible Dictionary | Smith's Bible Dictionary | International Standard Bible Encyclopedia | Thompson Chain Reference

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What is man?   Job 7:17   |   Ps 8:4   |   Ps 144:3   |   Hebrews 2:6  


MAN [Easton's Bible Dictionary]

# Heb. 'Adam, used as the proper name of the first man. The name is derived from a word meaning "to be red," and thus the first man was called Adam because he was formed from the red earth. It is also the generic name of the human race (Genesis 1:26,27; 5:2; 8:21; Deuteronomy 8:3). Its equivalents are the Latin homo and the Greek anthropos (Matthew 5:13,16). It denotes also man in opposition to woman (Genesis 3:12; Matthew 19:10).

# Heb. 'ish, like the Latin vir and Greek aner, denotes properly a man in opposition to a woman (1 Samuel 17:33; Matthew 14:21); a husband (Genesis 3:16; Hosea 2:16); man with reference to excellent mental qualities.

# Heb. 'enosh, man as mortal, transient, perishable (2 Chronicles 14:11; Isaiah 8:1; Job 15:14; Psalms 8:4; 9:19,20; 103:15). It is applied to women (Joshua 8:25).

# Heb. geber, man with reference to his strength, as distinguished from women (Deuteronomy 22:5) and from children (Exodus 12:37); a husband (Proverbs 6:34).

# Heb. methim, men as mortal (Isaiah 41:14), and as opposed to women and children (Deuteronomy 3:6; Job 11:3; Isaiah 3:25).

Man was created by the immediate hand of God, and is generically different from all other creatures (Genesis 1:26,27; 2:7). His complex nature is composed of two elements, two distinct substances, viz., body and soul (Genesis 2:7; Eccl 12:7; 2co 5:1-8).

The words translated "spirit" and "soul," in 1 Thessalonians 5:23, Hebrews 4:12, are habitually used interchangeably (Matthew 10:28; 16:26; 1 Peter 1:22). The "spirit" (Gr. pneuma) is the soul as rational; the "soul" (Gr. psuche) is the same, considered as the animating and vital principle of the body.

Man was created in the likeness of God as to the perfection of his nature, in knowledge (Colossians 3:10), righteousness, and holiness (Ephesians 4:24), and as having dominion over all the inferior creatures (Genesis 1:28). He had in his original state God's law written on his heart, and had power to obey it, and yet was capable of disobeying, being left to the freedom of his own will. He was created with holy dispositions, prompting him to holy actions; but he was fallible, and did fall from his integrity (3:1-6). (See FALL .)


MAN [Smith's Bible Dictionary]

Four Hebrew terms are rendered "man" in the Authorized Version:
1. Adam, the name of the man created in the image of God. It appears to be derived from adam , "he or it was red or ruddy," like Edom. This was the generic term for the human race.

2. Ish, "man," as distinguished from woman, husband.

3. Geber, "a man," from gabar , "to be strong," generally with reference to his strength.

4. Methim, "men," always masculine. Perhaps it may be derived from the root muth , "he died."


MAN [International Standard Bible Encyclopedia]

Anthroplogy


MAN [Thompson Chain Reference]
 # APPARENT INSIGNIFICANCE OF

    * A tenant in a house of clay
          o Job 4:19
          o Job 7:17
    * A worm
          o Job 25:6
    * An atom in the natural universe
          o Psalms 8:4
    * A grasshopper when compared to God
          o Isaiah 40:22
    * Yet under the watchful care of the Almighty
          o Isaiah 41:14
    * SEE Frailty of Man
    * SEE Grass, Man as

# EQUALITY OF

    * Proverbs 22:2
    * Matthew 23:8
    * Acts 10:28
    * Romans 10:12
    * Galatians 3:28
    * James 2:5
    * SEE Partiality
    * SEE Impartiality, Divine

# MADE IN THE DIVINE IMAGE

    * Genesis 1:26
    * Genesis 1:27
    * Genesis 5:1
    * Genesis 9:6
    * 1 Corinthians 11:7
    * James 3:9

# PRE-EMINENCE OF, over other creatures

    * Genesis 1:28
    * Psalms 8:6
    * Psalms 82:6
    * Matthew 6:26
    * Matthew 12:12
    * Genesis 1:26
    * Genesis 9:2
    * Psalms 8:6
    * Hebrews 2:8
    * James 3:7

# A SPIRITUAL BEING

    * Job 32:8
    * Proverbs 20:27
    * Ecclesiastes 3:21
    * Ecclesiastes 12:7
    * Acts 7:59
    * 1 Corinthians 2:11
    * 1 Corinthians 6:20
    * 2 Corinthians 4:16
    * 1 Thessalonians 5:23
    * James 2:26
    * SEE Soul

# INFINITE VALUE OF, seen in the price paid for his redemption

    * John 3:16
    * 1 Corinthians 6:20
    * 1 Peter 1:18-19
    * Revelation 1:5
    * SEE Soul

# A Social Being

    * SEE Social Fellowship

# As Clay

    * (in the hands of God)
    * Isaiah 29:16
    * Isaiah 45:9
    * Isaiah 64:8
    * Jeremiah 18:6
    * Romans 9:21

# As Grass

    * (Man compared to Withering Grass)
    * Psalms 90:5
    * Psalms 90:6
    * Psalms 103:15
    * Psalms 103:16
    * Isaiah 37:27
    * Isaiah 40:6
    * Isaiah 40:7
    * Isaiah 51:12
    * James 1:10
    * 1 Peter 1:24
    * SEE Frailty of Man
    * SEE Death
    * SEE Glory
    * SEE Life 

# Creation of

    * Genesis 1:26
    * Genesis 2:7
    * Genesis 5:2
    * Deuteronomy 4:32
    * Job 33:4
    * Psalms 8:5
    * Psalms 100:3
    * Isaiah 51:13
    * Malachi 2:10
    * Acts 17:28

# Dominion of

    * (over the natural world)
    * Genesis 1:26
    * Genesis 9:2
    * Psalms 8:6
    * Hebrews 2:8
    * James 3:7

# Equality of

    * Proverbs 22:2
    * Matthew 23:8
    * Acts 10:28
    * Romans 10:12
    * Galatians 3:28
    * James 2:5
    * SEE Partiality
    * SEE Impartiality, Divine

# Extremity of

    * (of weakness, becomes God's opportunity to help,)
    * Examples of
          o The Psalmist
                + Psalms 116:6
          o The Disciples in the Storm
                + Mark 4:38
                + Mark 6:48
          o The Sick Woman
                + Mark 5:25
                + Mark 5:26
          o The Father of the Demoniac
                + Mark 9:17
                + Mark 9:18
                + John 5:7
          o The Disciples Facing a Hungry Multitude
                + John 6:9
          o Peter in Prison
                + Acts 12:6
          o Paul and his Companions on the Sea
                + Acts 27:20
          o SEE Deliverance 

# Frailty of

    * (general references to)
    * 1 Samuel 20:3
    * Psalms 38:10
    * Psalms 49:12
    * Psalms 78:39
    * Psalms 103:14
    * Psalms 141:7
    * Isaiah 2:22
    * Isaiah 40:6
    * Isaiah 64:6
    * 1 Peter 1:24
    * SEE Life
    * SEE Mortality
    * SEE Grass, Man as

# Glory of

    * (transient)
    * Psalms 49:17
    * Isaiah 5:14
    * Isaiah 21:16
    * Ezekiel 24:25
    * Hosea 4:7
    * Hosea 9:11
    * Zechariah 11:3
    * 1 Peter 1:24
    * SEE Life; Eternal
    * SEE Frailty of Man
    * SEE Man 

# Ignorance of

    * (general references to)
    * Brevity of Life Limits Knowledge
          o Job 8:9
          o Psalms 73:22
    * The Future Hidden
          o Ecclesiastes 8:7
    * Coming Evils Unforeseen
          o Ecclesiastes 9:12
    * Life Mysterious
          o Ecclesiastes 11:5
    * Nature And Grace Full of Mysteries
          o John 3:8
    * SEE Future, The
    * SEE Limitations, Human
    * SEE Secret Things
    * SEE No 

# Immortality of

    * (General References to)
    * Luke 20:36
    * John 6:50
    * John 8:51
    * John 11:26
    * Romans 2:7
    * 1 Corinthians 15:53
    * 2 Corinthians 5:1
    * 1 Thessalonians 4:17
    * 2 Timothy 1:10
    * SEE Death
    * SEE Life; Eternal 

# Infinite Value of

    * (seen in the price paid for his redemption)
    * John 3:16
    * 1 Corinthians 6:20
    * 1 Peter 1:18-19
    * Revelation 1:5
    * SEE Soul

# Insignificance of

    * A tenant in a house of clay
          o Job 4:19
          o Job 7:17
    * A worm
          o Job 25:6
    * An atom in the natural universe
          o Psalms 8:4
    * A grasshopper when compared to God
          o Isaiah 40:22
    * Yet under the watchful care of the Almighty
          o Isaiah 41:14
    * SEE Frailty of Man
    * SEE Grass, Man as

# Jealousy of

    * (Examples of Human)
    * Joseph's Brethren
          o Genesis 37:4
    * The Men of Ephraim
          o Judges 8:1
    * King Saul
          o 1 Samuel 18:8
          o 2 Samuel 19:41
          o Proverbs 6:34
    * The Labourers in the Vineyard
          o Matthew 20:12
    * The Elder Brother
          o Luke 15:28
    * SEE Envy

# Limitations of

    * (Man Subject to)
    * Way hedged up
          o Job 3:23
    * Feet in the stocks
          o Job 13:27
          o Job 19:8
    * Time limited
          o Psalms 90:10
          o Ecclesiastes 8:8
    * Boundaries of life
          o Psalms 139:5
          o Lamentations 3:7
    * No power to change a hair
          o Matthew 5:36
    * No power to add a stature
          o Matthew 6:27
    * Knowledge Limited
          o SEE Knowledge 
    * SEE Future, The
    * Strength Limited
          o SEE Frailty of Man
    * SEE Human 

# Made in the Image of God

    * Genesis 1:26
    * Genesis 1:27
    * Genesis 5:1
    * Genesis 9:6
    * 1 Corinthians 11:7
    * James 3:9

# Man of God

    * (Prophets and other Spiritual Men so called)
    * Deuteronomy 33:1
    * Judges 13:6
    * 1 Samuel 2:27
    * 1 Kings 12:22
    * 1 Kings 17:18
    * 1 Kings 20:28
    * 2 Kings 1:9
    * 2 Kings 4:7
    * 2 Kings 5:14
    * 2 Kings 6:10
    * 2 Kings 7:2
    * 2 Chronicles 8:14
    * Jeremiah 35:4
    * 1 Timothy 6:11
    * 2 Timothy 3:17

# Man of Sorrows

    * (Christ)
    * Isaiah 53:3
    * Mark 7:34
    * Mark 8:12
    * Luke 19:41
    * John 11:33
    * John 11:35
    * John 12:27
    * John 13:21

# Mortality of

    * Universality of
          o 2 Samuel 14:14
          o Job 30:23
          o Psalms 49:10
          o Psalms 89:48
          o Ecclesiastes 3:19
          o Ecclesiastes 8:8
          o Romans 5:12
          o Hebrews 9:27
          o SEE Mortality
          o SEE Grass, Man as
          o SEE Frailty of Man
    * Compared to as Sleep
          o SEE Sleep
          o Deuteronomy 31:16
          o Job 7:21
          o Daniel 12:2
          o Mark 5:39
          o John 11:11
          o Acts 13:36
          o 1 Corinthians 15:6
          o 1 Thessalonians 4:13
          o Vanquished
                + SEE Death
    * Of the Righteous
          o Greatly Desired
                + Numbers 23:10
          o Fearless
                + Psalms 23:4
          o Precious
                + Psalms 116:15
          o Hopeful
                + Proverbs 14:32
          o Triumphant
                + Luke 16:22
          o Divine Element in
                + Romans 14:8
          o Great Gain
                + Philippians 1:21
          o Faith Illuminates
                + Hebrews 11:13
          o Blessing Pronounced upon
                + Revelation 14:13
          o Sought as a Relief from Trouble
          o SEE Death
          o Death Spiritual
          o SEE Death; Spiritual 
    * Of the Wicked
          o Psalms 37:36
          o Proverbs 5:23
          o Ecclesiastes 8:10
          o Isaiah 17:14
          o Jeremiah 16:4
          o Ezekiel 18:23
          o Luke 12:20
    * Of Christ
          o SEE Christ
          o SEE Penalty, Delayed
          o SEE Wicked, The
          o SEE Wicked, The 
    * Preparation for
          o 2 Kings 20:1
          o Ecclesiastes 9:10
          o Ecclesiastes 11:8
          o Matthew 24:44
          o Luke 12:35
          o John 9:4
          o 1 Peter 1:17
          o SEE Readiness
          o SEE Watchfulness

# Natural, the

    * (general references to man's carnal nature)
    * Romans 7:18
    * Romans 7:25
    * Romans 8:8
    * Romans 8:13
    * Galatians 5:17
    * Galatians 6:8
    * 1 John 2:16
    * SEE Mind, Carnal-Spiritual
    * SEE Appetites
    * SEE Mortify the Flesh

# New

    * The Believer as a
          o Psalms 40:3
          o Ezekiel 11:19
          o Romans 6:4
          o Romans 7:6
          o 2 Corinthians 5:17
          o Galatians 6:15
          o Ephesians 2:15
          o Ephesians 4:24
          o Colossians 3:10
          o SEE Conversion

# Preeminence of

    * (over other creatures)
    * Genesis 1:28
    * Psalms 8:6
    * Psalms 82:6
    * Matthew 6:26
    * Matthew 12:12

# Redemption of

    * God the Author of
          o Psalms 31:5
          o Psalms 119:9
          o Psalms 130:7
          o Isaiah 43:1
          o Luke 1:68
          o Luke 2:38
          o Ephesians 4:30
          o SEE Salvation
    * Through Christ
          o Romans 3:24
          o 1 Corinthians 1:30
          o Galatians 3:13
          o Colossians 1:14
          o Titus 2:14
          o Hebrews 9:12
          o 1 Peter 1:18
          o Revelation 5:9
          o SEE Blood
          o SEE Atonement
          o SEE Cross of Christ
          o SEE Salvation
          o SEE Death

# Sinfulness of

    * (Universality of)
    * Genesis 6:5
    * 1 Kings 8:46
    * Psalms 14:3
    * Psalms 53:3
    * Psalms 130:3
    * Proverbs 20:9
    * Ecclesiastes 7:20
    * Isaiah 53:6
    * Isaiah 64:6
    * Micah 7:2
    * Romans 3:23
    * Galatians 3:22
    * 1 John 1:8
    * 1 John 5:19
    * SEE Depravity
    * SEE Imagination, Evil

# Spirit of

    * (A spiritual being)
    * Job 32:8
    * Proverbs 20:27
    * Ecclesiastes 3:21
    * Ecclesiastes 12:7
    * Acts 7:59
    * 1 Corinthians 2:11
    * 1 Corinthians 6:20
    * 2 Corinthians 4:16
    * 1 Thessalonians 5:23
    * James 2:26
    * SEE Soul

# Trust in

    * (warnings concerning)
    * Psalms 118:9
    * Psalms 146:3
    * Isaiah 2:22
    * Isaiah 30:2
    * Isaiah 31:1
    * Isaiah 31:3
    * Isaiah 36:6
    * Jeremiah 17:5
    * Hosea 5:13
    * SEE Egypt
    * SEE Mercenaries

# Weakness of

    * (Manifested in All Men)
    * Numbers 11:14
    * Matthew 26:40
    * John 16:12
    * 1 Corinthians 3:2
    * SEE Frailty of Man

# Wrath of

    * (examples of)
    * Genesis 4:5
    * 1 Samuel 18:8
    * 2 Kings 5:12
    * 2 Chronicles 16:10
    * Esther 3:5
    * Amos 1:11
    * Luke 4:28
    * Luke 6:11
    * Acts 19:28
    * James 1:20
    * Of Kings
          o SEE Wrath; King's 

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