Understanding, meditation, reflection, intellectual nature, mental operations, occur to
Also see Deceived | Thoughts

MIND, MINDS in scriptures [BibleGateway Search]

Cross Reference Bible links
Deuteronomy 6:5, Matthew 22:37 - Love the Lord your God with all your heart, all your soul, all your mind
Deuteronomy 11:18 - bind God's words in your hearts and minds
1 Chronicles 28:11-13 - David gave Solomon the plans the Lord had put in his mind for building the temple of the Lord
Job 7:17 - what is man ... that you should set your mind on him
Job 38:36 - who endowed the heart with wisdom or gave understanding to the mind?
Psalm 7:9, 8:4 (think of), 26:2, 144:3 (think of)
Jeremiah 11:20, 17:10 - God searches, tests, tries, examines minds and hearts
Ecclesiastes 7:25 - Solomon turned his mind to understand, investigate, search out wisdom
Isaiah 26:3 - God keeps in perfect peace one whose mind is steadfast, trusting in God
Isaiah 32:6 - the fool speaks folly, his mind is busy with evil: he practices ungodliness and spreads error concerning the Lord; the hungry he leaves empty and from the thirsty he withholds water.
Isaiah 40:13 - Who has understood the mind of the Lord?
Isaiah 65:17 - in the new heavens and new earth, former things won't come to mind
Jeremiah 3:16 - when a remnant of Israel returns to Zion, the ark of the covenant of the Lord won't be missed or enter their minds.
Romans 1:28 - depraved mind
Romans 8:5 - setting your mind on desires
Hebrews 2:6 (think of)



mind (nous, dianoia, sunesis):

1. No Precision in the Terms Used:

We look in vain in the Old Testament and New Testament for anything like scientific precision in the employment of terms which are meant to indicate mental operations.

In the Old Testament lebh is made to stand for the various manifestations of our intellectual and emotional nature. We are often misled by the different renderings in the different versions, both early and late.

Sometimes nephesh or "soul" is rendered by "mind" (Deuteronomy 18:6 the King James Version, "desire of his soul" or "mind"); sometimes ruah or "spirit" (Genesis 26:35, "grief of mind," ruah). Here Luther renders the term Herzeleid ("grief of heart"), and the Vulgate (Jerome's Latin Bible, 390-405 A.D.) animum. Sometimes lebh is used, as in Isaiah 46:8, "bring it to mind" (literally, "heart"), or in Psalms 31:12, "I am forgotten as a dead man out of mind" (literally, "heart"), as in Septuagint, kardia, and in Vulgate, a corde, Luther, im Herzen, new Dutch translated, uit de gedachtenis (i.e. "memory"). In the Apocrypha this precision is equally lacking. Thus we read in The Wisdom of Solomon 9:15, "For the corruptible body (soma) presseth down the soul (psuche) and the earthly tabernacle weigheth down the mind (nous) that museth upon many things." But these distinctions are alien to the letter and spirit of revelation, a product of the Greek and not of the Hebrew mind.

In the New Testament the words nous and dianoia are used, but not with any precision of meaning.

Here too several terms are rendered by the same word. Thus the Hebrew ruach is rendered by nous in 1 Corinthians 2:16 ("mind of the Lord," with reference to Isaiah 40:13, where "ruach YHWH (spirit of Yahweh)" occurs). Nous evidently means here the organ of spiritual perception -- a word borrowed from the Septuagint, where it is sometimes made to stand for lebh (Job 7:17; Isaiah 41:22); sometimes for ruah (Isaiah 40:13). In Luke 24:45 -- the solitary text, where nous occurs in the Gospels -- it is rendered "understanding" in the King James Version, "mind" in the Revised Version (British and American).

2. Ethical Sense:

For a true solution we must turn to the Epistles of Paul, where the word frequently occurs in an ethical sense -- sometimes in connection with (sinful) flesh as in Colossians 2:18, "puffed up by his fleshly mind," sometimes in direct contrast to it, as in Romans 7:25, `with my mind I serve the law of God; with the flesh the law of sin.' In Titus 1:15 it is brought into parallelism with conscience ("Their mind and their conscience are defiled"). Phrases like "a reprobate mind," "corrupted in mind" occur elsewhere (Romans 1:28; 1 Timothy 6:5). From this state of "reprobation" and "corruption" man must be saved. Hence, the necessity of complete transformation and renewal of the inner man (Romans 12:2), "transformed by the renewing of your mind (nous)."

3. Dianoia and Nous:

Another word, with possibly a deeper meaning, is sometimes employed, namely, dianoia, which literally means "meditation," "reflection." It is found as synonymous with nous in a good sense, as e.g. in 1 John 5:20 (He "hath given us an understanding, that we know him that is true"). Evidently the sense here is the same as in Romans 12:2, a renovated mind capable of knowing Christ. It may also bear a bad sense, as in Ephesians 4:18, where the Gentiles are represented as having "a darkened understanding," or in parallelism with sarx: "the desires of the flesh and of the mind" (Ephesians 2:3), and with nous: `walking in vanity of mind (nous) and a darkened understanding (dianoia)' in Ephesians 4:18. At times also "heart" and "mind" are joined to indicate human depravity (Luke 1:51: "He hath scattered the proud in the imagination (dianoia) of their heart"). It is interesting also to know that the Great Commandment is rendered in Matthew 22:37 --
"Thou shall love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul (psuche), and with all thy understanding (dianoia) (English Versions of the Bible, "mind")"
-- though Mark has two renderings in one of which dianoia occurs, and in the other sunesis (Mark 12:30,33), though possibly without any psychological refinement of meaning, for the term sunesis occurs elsewhere in conjunction with pneumatikos ("spiritual understanding," Colossians 1:9). It also stands alone in the sense of an "understanding enlightened from above" (2 Timothy 2:7 King James Version: "The Lord give thee understanding (sunesis) in all things"). The history of these terms is interesting, but not of great theological significance.

4. The Great Commandment:

It seems to us that Godet's interpretation of the Great Commandment in Luke 10:27 is somewhat far-fetched. He considers the heart as "the central focus from which all rays of the moral life go forth, and that in their three principal directions: the powers of feeling, or the affections, nephesh (`soul') in the sense of feeling; the active powers, the impulsive aspirations, the might (`with all thy might'), the will; and in the intellectual powers, analytical or contemplative, dianoia (`with all thy mind'). The difference between the heart, which resembles the trunk and the three branches, feeling, will, understanding, is emphatically marked in the Alexandrian variation, by the substitution of the preposition en (`in') for ek (`with,' `from') in the three last members. Moral life proceeds from the heart and manifests itself without, in the three forms of activity. The impulse God-ward proceeds from the heart, and is realized in the life through the will, which consecrates itself actively to the accomplishment of His will; and through the mind, which pursues the track of His thought in all His works" (Godet, Commentary on the Gospel of Luke, II, 38, 39).

J. I. Marais

MIND, MINDS [Thompson Chain Reference] and MIND, Carnal-Spiritual
# Carnal, general references to

    * Romans 1:28
    * Romans 8:7
    * Ephesians 4:17
    * Colossians 1:21
    * Colossians 2:18
    * Titus 1:15
    * (Life)
    * (Evil; Heart)
    * (Carnality)

# Dominance of

    * (as a man thinketh, so is he)
    * Romans 14:14
    * Titus 1:15
    * (Heart; Centre of Life) 

# Of Christ

    * 1 Corinthians 2:16
    * Philippians 2:5
    * 1 Peter 4:1
    * (Spiritual; Mind)

# Spiritual

    * Romans 8:6
    * 1 Corinthians 2:16
    * Philippians 2:5
    * (Meditation)
    * (Renewed Heart) 


    * Deuteronomy 15:9
    * Psalms 64:6
    * Psalms 94:11
    * Proverbs 15:26
    * Proverbs 23:7
    * Proverbs 24:9
    * Isaiah 66:18
    * Jeremiah 4:14
    * Matthew 9:4
    * Matthew 15:19
    * SEE Evil; Heart 


    * Genesis 6:5
    * Genesis 8:21
    * Genesis 11:6
    * Deuteronomy 31:21
    * Psalms 38:12
    * Proverbs 6:18
    * Jeremiah 23:17
    * Ezekiel 8:12
    * Romans 1:21
    * SEE Evil; Heart
    * SEE Depravity


    * Psalms 92:6
    * Jeremiah 10:8
    * Jeremiah 51:17
    * Daniel 4:16
    * Matthew 13:15
    * Titus 1:12
    * 2 Peter 2:12
    * Jude 1:10
    * SEE No
    * SEE Carnality
    * SEE Appetites
    * SEE Dullness


    * Romans 8:6
    * 1 Corinthians 2:16
    * Philippians 2:5
    * SEE Meditation
    * SEE Renewed Heart


    * Psalms 48:9
    * Psalms 119:59
    * Proverbs 12:5
    * Proverbs 21:5
    * Romans 12:3
    * Philippians 4:8

# THEMES FOR CONSIDERATION, by the Spiritual Mind

    * The Purpose for Chastisement
          o Deuteronomy 8:5
    * The History of the Past
          o Deuteronomy 32:7
    * The End of Life
          o Deuteronomy 32:29
    * The Blessings of Providence
          o 1 Samuel 12:24
    * God's Wonderful Works
          o Job 37:14
    * The Marvel of the Divine Interest in Man
          o Psalms 8:3
          o Psalms 8:4
    * The Disappointment of the Worldly Life
          o Haggai 1:5
          o Haggai 1:6
    * The Lessons of Nature
          o Matthew 6:28
          o Matthew 6:29
    * The Matchless Life of Christ
          o Hebrews 12:3

# MEDITATION, a characteristic of the spiritual mind

    * The Call to
          o Joshua 1:8
          o Psalms 4:4
          o Psalms 19:14
          o 1 Timothy 4:15
          o SEE Quietness
    * The Righteous Delight in
          o Genesis 24:63
          o Psalms 1:2
          o Psalms 39:3
          o Psalms 63:6
          o Psalms 77:12
          o Psalms 104:34
          o Psalms 119:15
          o Psalms 119:99
          o Psalms 119:148
          o Psalms 143:5

MIND, MINDS [Easton Bible Dictionary]


MIND, MINDS [Smith Bible Dictionary]


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