Also includes "Gittite"

OBED-EDOM [BibleGateway Search 1] OBED
2 Samuel 6:10-12 |
1 Chronicles 13:13-14, 15:18, 15:21, 24-25, 16:5, 16:38, 26:4-5, 7-8, 26:15 |
2 Chronicles 25:24

Ruth 4:21-22 |
1 Chronicles 2:34-38, 26:7 |
2 Chronicles 23:1

OBED-EDOM [Easton Bible Dictionary]

Servant of Edom.

# "The Gittite" (probably so called because he was a native of Gath-rimmon), a Levite of the family of the Korhites (1 Chronicles 26:1,4-8), to whom was specially intrusted the custody of the ark (1 Chronicles 15:18). When David was bringing up the ark "from the house of Abinadab, that was in Gibeah" (probably some hill or eminence near Kirjath-jearim), and had reached Nachon's threshing-floor, he became afraid because of the "breach upon Uzzah," and carried it aside into the house of Obededom (2 Samuel 6:1-12). There it remained for six months, and was to him and his house the occasion of great blessing. David then removed it with great rejoicing to Jerusalem, and set it in the midst of the tabernacle he had pitched for it.

# A Merarite Levite, a temple porter, who with his eight sons guarded the southern gate (1 Chronicles 15:18,21; 26:4,8,15).

# One who had charge of the temple treasures (2 Chronicles 25:24).

OBED [Easton Bible Dictionary]
Serving; worshipping.

# A son of Boaz and Ruth (Ruth 4:21,22), and the grandfather of David (Matthew 1:5).

# 1 Chronicles 2:34-38.

# 1 Chronicles 26:7.

# 2 Chronicles 23:1.

Gittites: [Easton's Bible Dictionary]

A native of the Philistine city of Gath (Joshua 13:3). Obed-edom, in whose house the ark was placed, is so designated (2 Samuel 6:10). Six hundred Gittites came with David from Gath into Israel (15:18,19).

OBED [Smith Bible Dictionary]

(serving ).

1. Son of Boaz and Ruth the Moabitess and father of Jesse. (Ruth 4:17) (B.C. 1360.) The circumstances of his birth which make up all that we know about him are given with much beauty in the book of Ruth. The name of Obed occurs only (Ruth 4:17) and in the four genealogies, (Ruth 4:21,22; 1 Chronicles 2:12; Matthew 1:5; Luke 3:32)

2. A descendant of Jarha, the Egyptian slave of Sheshan, in the line of Jerahmeel. (1 Chronicles 2:37,38) (B.C. after 1014.)

3. One of Davidís mighty men. (1 Chronicles 11:47) (B.C. 1046.)

4. One of the gate-keepers of the temple; son of Shemaiah the first-born of Obed-edom. (1 Chronicles 26:7) (B.C. 1017.)

5. Father of Azariah, one of the captains of hundreds who joined with Jehoiada in the revolution by which Athaliah fell. (2 Chronicles 23:1) (B.C. before 876.)

Gittites: [Smith Bible Dictionary]

(belonging to Gath),
the 600 men who followed David from Gath, under Ittai the Gittite, (2 Samuel 15:18,19) and who probably acted as a kind of body-guard. Obed-edom "the Gittite" may have been so named from the town of Gittaim in Benjamin, (2 Samuel 4:3; Nehemiah 11:33) or from Gath-rimmon.


o'-bed (`obhedh, "worshipper"; in the New Testament Iobed):

(1) Son of Boaz and Ruth and grandfather of David (Ruth 4:17,21-22; 1 Chronicles 2:12; Matthew 1:5; Luke 3:32).

(2) Son of Ephlal and descendant of Sheshan, the Jerahmeelite, through his daughter who was married to Jarha, an Egyptian servant of her father's (1 Chronicles 2:37-38).

(3) One of David's mighty men (1 Chronicles 11:47).

(4) A Korahite doorkeeper, son of Shemaiah, and grandson of Obed-edom (1 Chronicles 26:7).

(5) Father of Azariah, one of the centurions who took part with Jehoiada in deposing Queen Athaliah and crowning Joash (2 Chronicles 23:1; compare 2 Kings 11:1-16).

David Francis Roberts


o'-bed-e'-dom (`obhedh 'edhowm (2 Chronicles 25:24), `obhedd 'edhom (2 Samuel 6:10; 1 Chronicles 13:13-14; 15:25), but elsewhere without hyphen, "servant of (god) Edom"; so W. R. Smith, Religion of Semites (2), 42, and H. P. Smith, Samuel, 294 f, though others explain it as = "servant of man"):
In 2 Sam 6:10,11,12; 1 Chronicles 13:13-14 a Philistine of Gath and servant of David, who received the Ark of Yahweh into his house when David brought it into Jerusalem from Kiriath-jearim. Because of the sudden death of Uzzah, David was unwilling to proceed with the Ark to his citadel, and it remained three months in the house of Obed-edom, "and Yahweh blessed Obed-edom, and all his house" (2 Samuel 6:11). According to 1 Chronicles 13:14 the Ark had a special "house" of its own while there. He is probably the same as the Levite of 1 Chronicles 15:25. In 1 Ch 15:16-21 Obed-edom is a "singer," and in 1 Chronicles 15:24 a "doorkeeper," while according to 1 Chronicles 26:4-8,15 he is a Korahite doorkeeper, to whose house fell the overseership of the storehouse (1 Chronicles 26:15), while 1 Chronicles 16:5,38 names him as a "minister before the ark," a member of the house or perhaps guild of Jeduthun (see 2 Chronicles 25:24).

Obed-edom is an illustration of the service rendered to Hebrew religion by foreigners, reminding one of the Simon of Cyrene who bore the cross of Jesus (Matthew 27:32, etc.). The Chronicler naturally desired to think that only Levites could discharge such duties as Obed-edom performed, and hence, the references to him as a Levite.

David Francis Roberts

OBED [Thompson Chain Reference]
    * (the Gittite, blessed while keeping the ark)
    * 2 Samuel 6:10
    * 1 Chronicles 13:13
    * 1 Chronicles 15:18
    * 1 Chronicles 26:4