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What the scriptures say about
verb: to express sharp, stern disapproval of; reprove; reprimand
noun: sharp, stern disapproval; reproof; reprimand.
also see: Repent, Repentance | correction, reproach, reprove
Easton's Bible Dictionary | Smith's Bible Dictionary | International Standard Bible Encyclopedia | King James Dictionary | Thompson Chain Reference

REBUKE in scriptures [BibleGateway Search]   Site search: FreeFind

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Leviticus 19:17 - "Do not hate a fellow Israelite in your heart. Rebuke your neighbor frankly so you will not share in their guilt."

REBUKE [Easton's Bible Dictionary]

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REBUKE [Smith's Bible Dictionary]

- no reference

REBUKE [International Standard Bible Encyclopedia]

As a verb "rebuke" is in the Old Testament the translation of ga`ar and yakhach; another word, ribh, in Nehemiah 5:7, is in the Revised Version (British and American) translated "contended with."

"Rebuke" (noun) is most frequently the translation of ge`arah; also in the King James Version of cherpah (Isaiah 25:8; Jeremiah 15:15, the Revised Version (British and American) "reproach"), and of a few other words signifying reproach, etc.

"Rebuker" (mucar, literally, "correction," "chastisement") in Hosea 5:2 has the Revised Version margin "Hebrew `rebuke.'"

In the New Testament "to rebuke" is most often the translation of epitimao (Matthew 8:26; 16:22; 17:18, etc.);
also in the King James Version of elegcho, always in the Revised Version (British and American) rendered "reprove" (1 Timothy 5:20; Titus 1:13; 2:15; Hebrews 12:5; Revelation 3:19).

Another word is epipletto (once, 1 Timothy 5:1);
"without rebuke" in Philippians 2:15 is in the Revised Version (British and American) "without blemish."

On the other hand, the Revised Version (British and American) has "rebuke" for several words in the King James Version, as for "reprove" (2 Kings 19:4; Isaiah 37:4),
"reproof" (Job 26:11; Proverbs 17:10), "charged" (Mark 10:48).

In Isaiah 2:4; Micah 4:3, the English Revised Version has "reprove" for "rebuke," and in the margin "decide concerning," which is text in the American Standard Revised Version.

In Ecclesiastes 11:7 we have the wise counsel: "Understand first, and then rebuke" (epitimao). [Bible source for this quote is not given. It is not English Revised nor New American Standard] Versions.

W. L. Walker

REBUKE [King James Dictionary]

REBU'KE, v.t. See Pack and Impeach.

    1. To chide; to reprove; to reprehend for a fault; to check by reproof. 

The proud he tam'd, the penitent he cheer'd, not to rebuke the rich offender fear'd.

Thou shalt in any wise rebuke thy neighbor. Lev. 19.

    2. To check or restrain. 

The Lord rebuke thee, O Satan. Zech. 3. Is. 17.

    3. To chasten; to punish; to afflict for correction. 

O Lord, rebuke me not in thine anger. Ps. 6.

    4. To check; to silence. 

Master, rebuke thy disciples. Luke 19.

    5. To check; to heal. 

And he stood over her and rebuked the fever. Luke 4.

    6. To restrain; to calm. 

He arose and rebuked the winds and the sea. Matt. 8.


    1. A chiding; reproof for faults; reprehension. 

Why bear you these rebukes and answer not?

    2. In Scripture, chastisement; punishment; affliction for the purpose of restraint and correction. Ezek. 5. Hos. 5. 

    3. In low language, any kind of check. 

To suffer rebuke, to endure the reproach and persecution of men. Jer. 15.

To be without rebuke, to live without giving cause of reproof or censure; to be blameless.

pp. Reproved; reprehended; checked; restrained; punished for faults.

, n. One (who) rebukes; a chider; one (who) chastises or restrains.

, ppr. Chiding; reproving; checking; punishing.

Compare with Correction

1. The act of correcting; the act of bringing back, from error or deviation, to a just standard, as to truth, rectitude, justice or propriety; as the correction of opinions or manners. All scripture is profitable for correction. 2 Timothy 3

Compare with Reproach

to censure with contempt, charge with a fault in severe language...

Compare with Reprove

to blame, censure, charge with a fault to the face, convince of a fault...

REBUKE [Thompson Chain Reference]
    Rebuke; Of Rulers"> Of Rulers
        Rebuked by the Prophets and Messengers of God
            1 Samuel 15:23
            2 Samuel 12:7
            1 Kings 14:7
            1 Kings 16:1
            1 Kings 18:18
            1 Kings 21:20
            2 Kings 3:13
            2 Chronicles 12:5
            2 Chronicles 16:9
            2 Chronicles 26:18
            Daniel 5:23
            Mark 6:18
            Acts 23:3
        Appointed by God
            SEE Exaltation
            SEE Bribery
        Judges of Israel
            SEE Israel
            SEE Man
            SEE Sin 
    Rebuke; Of Sin"> Of Sin
        (examples of)
            Genesis 3:17
        A Man of God Rebukes Eli
            1 Samuel 2:29
        Samuel Rebukes Saul
            1 Samuel 13:13
        Nathan Rebukes David
            2 Samuel 12:7
            2 Samuel 12:9
            1 Kings 18:18
        Elijah Rebukes Ahab
            1 Kings 21:20
        Zechariah Rebukes Judah
            2 Chronicles 24:20
        Ezra Rebukes the People
            Ezra 10:10
            Ezra 10:11
            Daniel 5:22
            Matthew 25:26
        The Dying Thief Rebukes his Companion
            Luke 23:39
            Luke 23:40
            SEE Rebuke
            SEE Man
            SEE Reproof
            SEE Woes

HOLY SPIRIT: Gives Men Courage to Rebuke Sin Micah 3:8
REPROOF Duty of Administering Proverbs 24:25 Luke 17:3 Ephesians 5:11 1 Timothy 5:20 2 Timothy 4:2 Titus 1:13 Titus 2:15 SEE Warn the Wicked The Value of Psalm 141:5 Proverbs 15:5 Proverbs 17:10 Proverbs 25:12 Proverbs 27:5 Proverbs 29:15 Ecclesiastes 7:5 Hebrews 12:5 Divine, General References to Psalm 9:5 Psalm 45:5 Psalm 50:21 Psalm 105:14 Psalm 119:21 Isaiah 17:13 Zechariah 3:2 Luke 9:55 2 Thessalonians 2:8 Revelation 2:16 Revelation 19:15 Despised Proverbs 1:25 Proverbs 5:12 Proverbs 10:17 Proverbs 12:1 Proverbs 15:10 Proverbs 29:1 Amos 5:10 John 7:7 SEE Despisers SEE Scorners Administered by Christ To Peter Mark 8:33 To the Eleven, disbelieving in his Resurrection Mark 16:14 To the Disciples Powerless to Heal the Demoniac Luke 9:41 Luke 24:25 To the Seekers after Loaves and Fishes John 6:26 To those who Criticised Mary John 12:7 Revelation 3:19 SEE Doubt Rebuked