What the scriptures say about
stem, descendants, Messiah
Easton's Bible Dictionary | Smith's Bible Dictionary | International Standard Bible Encyclopedia | Thompson Chain Reference

ROOT of JESSE, of DAVID in scriptures [BibleGateway Search]

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2 Kings 19:30 - The remnant that has escaped of the house of Judah shall again take root downward, and bear fruit upward.

["stem or stock of Jesse" is the family of David]
Isaiah 11:1 - A shoot will come out of the stock of Jesse, and a branch out of his roots will bear fruit.

["root of Jesse" or "root of David" refers to the Messiah]
Isaiah 11:10 - It will happen in that day that the nations will seek the root of Jesse, who stands as a banner of the peoples; and his resting place will be glorious.
Revelation 5:5 - ... “Don’t weep. Behold, the Lion who is of the tribe of Judah, the Root of David, has overcome; he who opens the book and its seven seals.”
Revelation 22:16 - "I, Jesus, have sent my angel to testify these things to you for the assemblies. I am the root and the offspring of David; the Bright and Morning Star.”

JESSE - Stem of Jesse, Root of Jesse [Easton's Bible Dictionary]

Firm, or a gift, a son of Obed, the son of Boaz and Ruth (Ruth 4:17,22; Matthew 1:5,6; Luke 3:32). He was the father of eight sons, the youngest of whom was David (1 Samuel 17:12).

The phrase "stem of Jesse" is used for the family of David (Isaiah 11:1), and "root of Jesse" for the Messiah (Isaiah 11:10; Revelation 5:5).

Jesse was a man apparently of wealth and position at Bethlehem (1 Samuel 17:17,18,20; Psalms 78:71). The last reference to him is of David's procuring for him an asylum with the king of Moab (1 Samuel 22:3).

JESSE [Smith's Bible Dictionary]

(wealthy ), the father of David, was the son of Obed, who again was the fruit of the union of Boaz and the Moabitess Ruth. His great-grandmother was Rahab the Canaanite, of Jericho. (Matthew 1:5) Jesse’s genealogy is twice given in full in the Old Testament, viz., (Ruth 4:18-22) and 1Chr 2:5-12

He is commonly designated as "Jesse the Bethlehemite," (1 Samuel 16:1,18; 17:58) but his full title is "the Ephrathite of Bethlehem Judah." ch. (1 Samuel 17:12) He is an "old man" when we first meet with him, (1 Samuel 17:12) with eight sons, ch. (1 Samuel 16:10; 17:12) residing at Bethlehem. ch (1 Samuel 16:4,5) Jesse’s wealth seems to have consisted of a flock of sheep and goats, which were under the care of David. ch. (1 Samuel 16:11; 17:34,35) After David’s rupture with Saul he took his father and his mother into the country of Moab and deposited them with the king, and there they disappear from our view in the records of Scripture. (B.C. 1068-61.) Who the wife of Jesse was we are not told.

ROOT OF JESSE [International Standard Bible Encyclopedia]

(shoresh yishay (Isaiah 11:10);
rhiza tou Iessai (Romans 15:12)):
The Hebrew and Greek words are practically the same in meaning. "Root" means descendant, branch of the family or stock. The Messianic king was to be of the family of Jesse the father of David. In Romans 15:12 Paul quotes the Septuagint of Isaiah 11:10. Jesus is a branch or descendant of the family of Jesse, as well as of David.

See also DAVID, ROOT OF.

DAVID, ROOT OF [International Standard Bible Encyclopedia]

root (he rhiza Daueid, Revelation 5:5; 22:16):

Root here means stock, family, descendant, hence, "the Root of David" is that which descended from David, not that from which David descended. Jesus Christ in His human nature and family connections was a descendant of David, a member of his family.

JESSE [Thompson Chain Reference]
    * (father of David)
    * Ruth 4:17
    * 1 Samuel 16:1
    * 1 Samuel 17:13
    * 1 Samuel 22:3
    * 1 Chronicles 2:13
    * Matthew 1:5 

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