What the scriptures say about
STONE
n. hard concretion of mineral matter | v. throw stones at
Also see: Rock | Stoning (punishment)

References:
Easton's Bible Dictionary | Smith's Bible Dictionary | International Standard Bible Encyclopedia | Thompson Chain Reference (precious)

STONE in scriptures [BibleGateway Search]

select Cross Reference Bible links
Genesis 11:3, 28:11,18,22, 29:2-10


STONE [Easton Bible Dictionary]

Stones were commonly used for buildings, also as memorials of important events (Genesis 28:18; Joshua 24:26,27; 1 Samuel 7:12, etc.). They were gathered out of cultivated fields (Isaiah 5:2; Compare 2 Kings 3:19). This word is also used figuratively of believers (1 Peter 2:4,5), and of the Messiah (Psalms 118:22; Isaiah 28:16; Matthew 21:42; Acts 4:11, etc.). In Daniel 2:45 it refers also to the Messiah. He is there described as "cut out of the mountain." (See ROCK.)

A "heart of stone" denotes great insensibility (1 Samuel 25:37).

Stones were set up to commemorate remarkable events, as by Jacob at Bethel (Genesis 28:18), at Padan-aram (35:4), and on the occasion of parting with Laban (31:45-47); by Joshua at the place on the banks of the Jordan where the people first "lodged" after crossing the river (Joshua 6:8), and also in "the midst of Jordan," where he erected another set of twelve stones (4:1-9); and by Samuel at "Ebenezer" (1 Samuel 7:12).


STONING [Easton Bible Dictionary]
A form of punishment (Leviticus 20:2; 24:14; Deuteronomy 13:10; 17:5; 22:21) prescribed for certain offences. Of Achan (Joshua 7:25), Naboth (1 Kings 21), Stephen (Acts 7:59), Paul (Acts 14:19; 2co 11:25).


STONES [Smith Bible Dictionary]

Besides the ordinary uses to which stones were applied, we may mention that large stones were set up to commemorate any remarkable event. (Genesis 28:18; 35:14; 31:45; Joshua 4:9; 1 Samuel 7:12) Such stones were occasionally consecrated By anointing. (Genesis 28:18) Heaps of stones were piled up on various occasions, as in token of a treaty, (Genesis 31:47) or over the grave of some notorious offender. (Joshua 7:26; 8:29; 2 Samuel 18:17) The "white stone" noticed in (Revelation 2:17) has been variously regarded as referring to the pebble of acquittal used in the Greek courts; to the lot cast in elections in Greece to both these combined; to the stones in the high priestís breastplate; to the tickets presented to the victor at the public games; or, lastly, to the custom of writing on stones. The notice in (Zechariah 12:3) of the "burdensome stone" is referred by Jerome to the custom of lifting stones as an exercise of strength, comp. Ecclus. 6:21; but it may equally well be explained of a large corner-stone as a symbol of strength. (Isaiah 28:16) Stones are used metaphorically to denote hardness or insensibility, (1 Samuel 25:37; Ezekiel 11:19; 36:26) as well as firmness or strength. (Genesis 49:24) The members of the Church are called "living stones," as contributing to rear that living temple in which Christ, himself "a living stone," is the chief or head of the corner. (Ephesians 2:20-22; 1 Peter 2:4-8)


STONE [ISBE]

ston, stonz:

1. Hebrew and Greek Words:

(1) Chiefly 'ebhen, and lithos; but also, occurring rarely, 'eshekh (Leviticus 21:20); tsur (Job 22:24), usually "rock"; tseror (2 Samuel 17:13); petros (John 1:42); psephos (Revelation 2:17). For cela`, usually "cliff," "crag," "rock," the King James Version, in Psalms 137:9; 141:6, has "stone," but the Revised Version (British and American) "rock." For the King James Version "stones," cheres (Job 41:30), the Revised Version (British and American) has "potsherds."

See SELA .

2. Literal Usage:
The word is used of great stones (Genesis 29:2); of small stones (1 Samuel 17:40); of stones set up as memorials (1 Samuel 7:12, "Eben-ezer," "stone of help"); of precious stones (Exodus 35:9, etc.); of hailstones (Joshua 10:11).
3. Figurative Usage:
Of hardness: "I will take the stony heart out of their flesh" (Ezekiel 11:19);
of one smitten: "(Nabal's) heart died within him, and became as a stone" (1 Samuel 25:37);
of weight: "A stone is heavy, and the sand weighty" (Proverbs 27:3);
of dumbness: "Woe unto him that saith to the wood, Awake; to the dumb stone, Arise!" (Habakkuk 2:19);
of Jerusalem: "I will make Jerusalem a burdensome stone for all the peoples" (Zechariah 12:3);
of the corner-stone as a figure of high position:
"The stone which the builders rejected
Is become the head of the corner" (Psalms 118:22).
See FLINT ; ROCK .

(2) Used also anatomically of the testicles (Leviticus 21:20; Deuteronomy 23:1; Job 40:17, pachadh, the Revised Version (British and American) "thighs").

Alfred Ely Day


STONES, Precious [Thompson Chain Reference]
    * General References to
          o 1 Kings 10:2
          o 1 Chronicles 20:2
          o 1 Chronicles 29:2
          o Proverbs 17:8
          o Daniel 11:38
          o 1 Corinthians 3:12
          o Revelation 18:12
          o Revelation 21:11
    * Names of
          o Agate
                + Exodus 28:19
                + Isaiah 54:12
                + Ezekiel 27:16
          o Amethyst
                + Exodus 28:19
                + Exodus 39:12
                + Revelation 21:20
          o Beryl
                + Exodus 28:20
                + Exodus 39:13
                + Song of Solomon 5:14
                + Ezekiel 1:16
                + Ezekiel 10:9
                + Revelation 21:20
          o Carbuncle
                + Exodus 28:17
                + Exodus 39:10
          o Chalcedony
                + Revelation 21:19
          o Chrysolite
                + Revelation 21:20
          o Chrysoprasus
                + Revelation 21:20
          o SEE Coral
          o Crystal
                + Job 28:17
                + Ezekiel 1:22
                + Revelation 21:11
          o Diamonds
                + Exodus 28:18
                + Jeremiah 17:1
                + Ezekiel 28:13
          o Emeralds
                + Exodus 28:18
                + Exodus 39:11
                + Ezekiel 27:16
                + Ezekiel 28:13
                + Revelation 4:3
                + Revelation 21:19
          o Jacinth
                + Revelation 21:20
          o Jasper
                + Exodus 28:20
                + Exodus 39:13
                + Ezekiel 28:13
                + Revelation 4:3
                + Revelation 21:11
          o Onyx
                + Genesis 2:12
                + Exodus 25:7
                + Exodus 28:20
                + Exodus 39:13
                + 1Chronicles 29:2
                + Job 28:16
                + Ezekiel 28:13
          o Pearls
          o SEE Pearls
          o Rubies
                + Job 28:18
                + Proverbs 3:15
                + Proverbs 8:11
                + Proverbs 31:10
          o Sapphire
                + Exodus 24:10
                + Exodus 28:18
                + Job 28:16
                + Ezekiel 1:26
                + Ezekiel 10:1
                + Ezekiel 28:13
                + Revelation 21:19
          o Sardius
                + Exodus 28:17
                + Exodus 39:10
                + Ezekiel 28:13
                + Revelation 4:3
                + Revelation 21:20
          o Topaz
                + Exodus 28:17
                + Job 28:19
                + Ezekiel 28:13
                + Revelation 21:20

Home | Keyword Index