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What the scriptures say about
accumulated wealth, valued thing or person, cherished

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Exodus 19:5-6 - "Now if you obey me (the LORD) fully and keep my covenant, then out of all nations you will be my treasured possession. Although the whole earth is mine, you (Israel) will be for me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation. These are the words you are to speak to the Israelites. (Also Deuteronomy 7:6, 14:2, 26:18, Psalm 135:4)

1 Kings 14:25-26 - "In the fifth year of King Rehoboam, Shishak king of Egypt attacked Jerusalem. He carried off the treasures of the temple of the LORD and the treasures of the royal palace..."

2 Kings 20:13-15 (all of the treasure king Hezekiah showed the son of the king of Babylon - Also Isaiah 39:2-4)

Proverbs 2:3-5 - (look for insight, understanding God as you would search for hidden treasure)

Isaiah 45:3 - "I will give you hidden treasures, riches stored in secret places, so that you may know that I am the LORD, the God of Israel, who summons you by name."

Isaiah 45:3 - "I will give you hidden treasures, riches stored in secret places, so that you may know that I am the LORD, the God of Israel, who summons you by name."

Matthew 13:44-52 - "The kingdom of heaven is like treasure hidden in a field..."

Luke 2:19 - "But Mary treasured up all these things and pondered them in her heart."

TREASURE [Easton's Bible Dictionary]

Treasure cities
Store cities which the Israelites built for the Egyptians (Exodus 1:11). (See PITHOM .) Towns in which the treasures of the kings of Judah were kept were so designated (1 Chronicles 27:25).
Treasure houses
The houses or magazines built for the safe keeping of treasure and valuable articles of any kind (Ezra 5:17; 7:20; Nehemiah 10:38; Daniel 1:2).
(Matthew 27:6; Mark 12:41; John 8:20).
It does not appear that there was a separate building so called. The name was given to the thirteen brazen chests, called "trumpets," from the form of the opening into which the offerings of the temple worshippers were put. These stood in the outer "court of the women." "Nine chests were for the appointed money-tribute and for the sacrifice-tribute, i.e., money-gifts instead of the sacrifices; four chests for freewill-offerings for wood, incense, temple decoration, and burnt-offerings" (Lightfoot's Hor. Heb.).

TREASURY [Smith's Bible Dictionary]

(Mark 12:41; Luke 21:1)
a name given by the rabbins to thirteen chests in the temple, called trumpets from their shape. They stood in the court of the women. It would seem probable that this court was sometimes itself called "the treasury" because it contained these repositories.

TREASURE [International Standard Bible Encyclopedia]

TREASURE; TREASURER; TREASURY trezh'-ur, trezh'-ur-er, trezh'-ur-i (otsar, genaz, genez, ganzakh, chocen matmon, mickenah, mikhman, `athudh, saphan; gaza, thesauros):

I. In the Old Testament.

1. Treasure
The English word "treasure" has in the Old Testament at least five somewhat distinct meanings as expressed in the words: "treasure," genaz (Aramaic) or genez (Hebrew), usually meaning "the thing stored"; translated "treasures" in Ezra 6:1, but in Ezra 5:17 and Ezra 7:20 translated "treasure-house": "search made in the king's treasure-house." In Esther 3:9; 4:7 the Hebrew form is translated "treasury," as is ganzakh in 1 Chronicles 28:11.
2. Storehouse:
"Storehouse," not the thing stored but the place of storage; 'otsar means depository, cellar, garner, armory, store or treasure-house. In several places it ought to be translated by some of these words. It is the most frequent word for treasure. the English Revised Version and the American Standard Revised Version both translate in some instances by other words, e.g. 1 Kings 7:51, "treasuries of the house of Yahweh," so also 2 Chronicles 5:1; "treasury" in Nehemiah 7:70-71, "gave to the treasury a thousand darics of gold"; in Job 38:22, "treasuries of the snow" (compare Proverbs 8:21; Jeremiah 10:13; 51:16; Ezra 2:69).
3. Hidden Riches:
"Treasure" or something concealed. There are 3 Hebrew words with this meaning and all in the King James Version translated "treasure." (1) Matmon, which literally means "a secret storehouse" and so a secreted valuable, usually money buried, and so hidden riches of any kind, hid treasures: "treasure in your sacks" (Genesis 43:23); "dig for it more than for hid treasures" (Job 3:21); "search for her as for hid treasures" (Proverbs 2:4); "We have stores hidden in the field, of wheat," etc. (Jeremiah 41:8). (2) Mikhman, treasure as hidden, used only in Daniel 11:43: "have power over the treasures of gold and silver." (3) Saphan, meaning hidden treasure or valuables concealed: "hidden treasures of the sand" (Deuteronomy 33:19).
4. Strength:
Perhaps the strength of riches and so treasure, the Hebrew word being chocen, from a root meaning to hoard or lay up: "In the house of the righteous is much treasure" (Proverbs 15:6); "They take treasure and precious things" (Ezekiel 22:25).
5. Something Prepared:
"Something prepared," made ready, the Hebrew word being `athudh, meaning "prepared," "ready," therefore something of value and so treasure: "have robbed their treasures," fortifications or other things "made ready" (Isaiah 10:13).

In the Old Testament the Hebrew word most often translated "treasure" is 'otsar. It occurs in the sing. as follows: Deuteronomy 28:12; 1 Chronicles 29:8; Nehemiah 10:38; Psalms 17:14; 135:4; Proverbs 15:16; 21:20; Ecclesiastes 2:8; Isaiah 33:6; Daniel 1:2; Hosea 13:15; in the pl.: Deuteronomy 32:34; 1 Kings 14:26; 15:18; 2 Kings 12:18; 14:14; 16:8; 18:15; 20:13,15; 24:13, etc.

The same word is in the King James Version translated "treasuries" in 1 Chronicles 9:26; 28:12; 2 Chronicles 32:27; Nehemiah 13:12-13; Psalms 135:7; and "treasury" in Joshua 6:19,24; Jeremiah 38:11.

II. In the New Testament.
1. Gaza:
There are two words translated "treasure":
Gaza is of Persian origin, meaning "treasure." Found only once in Acts 8:27 concerning the Ethiopian "who was over all her (Queen Candace's) treasure." In the compound gazophulakion, "guarding of gaza," the same word appears and the compound is translated "treasury" in Mark 12:41,43 parallel Luke 21:1; John 8:20.


2. Thesauros:
The word thesauros means literally, a "deposit," so wealth and treasure. Evidently throughout the New Testament it has a twofold usage as describing (1) material treasure, either money or other valuable material possession, and (2) spiritual treasure, e.g. "like unto treasure hid in a field" (Matthew 13:44); "good treasure of the heart" (Matthew 12:35). Other references to material treasure are Matthew 6:21; 13:52; Luke 12:21,34, etc. References to spiritual treasure are Matthew 19:21; Mark 10:21; Luke 6:45; 12:33; 18:22; plural Matthew 6:20; Colossians 2:3.

In Matthew 27:6 the word for "treasury" is korbanas; compare the Revised Version margin.


('atsar, gedhabhar, gizbar, cakhan; oikonomos):
(1) 'Atsar, meaning primarily "to store up," and hence, one who lays up in store, i.e. a "treasurer": "I made treasurers over the treasuries" (Nehemiah 13:13).

(2) Gedhabhar (Aramaic), used only in Daniel 3:2-3: "treasurers," named with judges and counselors as recognized officials.

(3) Gizbar, used in Ezra 7:21 (Aramaic) and equivalent in Ezra 1:8 (Hebrew): "treasurers beyond the river" and "Mithredath the treasurer."

(4) Cakhan, primarily meaning "one who ministers to," and hence, a keeper of treasure, treasurer: "Get thee unto this treasurer" (Isaiah 22:15). Perhaps the idea of steward is here intended.

(5) Oikonomos, by the King James Version translated "chamberlain," more properly in the American Standard Revised Version translated "treasurer": "Erastus the treasurer of the city saluteth you" (Romans 16:23).

William Edward Raffety

trezh'-ur-i ('otsar, usually; ganzakh, 1 Chronicles 28:11; gazophulakion, korbanas):

1. Origin of the Treasury:

The need of a "treasury" in connection with the house of Yahweh would early be felt for the reception of the offerings of the people, of tithes, and of the spoils of war dedicated to Yahweh. Already in Joshua 6:19,24, therefore, we read of a "treasury of the house of Yahweh," into which "the silver and gold, and vessels of brass and iron," taken at Jericho, were brought. In the reign of David, and in his plans for the future temple, great prominence is given to the "treasuries." In 1 Ch 26:20 ff are given the names of those who were over "the treasures of the house of God," and over "the treasures of the dedicated things" ("the spoil won in battles," 26:27), the latter being applied "to repair the house of Yahweh."
2. The Solomonic Temple:
In David's plans for Solomon the "treasuries" (ganzakkim) are mentioned with the "porch," "the houses," the "upper rooms," the "inner chambers" of the Temple (1 Chronicles 28:11); and the same distinction is made of "the treasuries ('otsroth) of the house of God," and "the treasuries of the dedicated things" (1 Chronicles 28:12). In the accounts of the actual building of the Temple, "treasuries" are not mentioned, but subsequent notices give ample evidence of their existence. In the narratives of the repeated plunderings of the Temple (see TEMPLE, A1 ), constant allusion is made to the carrying away of "the treasures of the house of Yahweh" and "the treasures of the king's house" or palace (1 Kings 14:26; 15:15,18; 2 Kings 12:18; 14:14; 16:8; 18:15; 24:13). In the episode of Jehoash's repair of the Temple (2 Kings 12; 2 Chronicles 24), we have a refreshing glimpse of the presence and uses of the treasury; but this brighter gleam is soon swallowed up again in darkness. Of the larger store-chambers we get a glance in Jeremiah, where we are told that "the house of the king" was "under the treasury" (38:11), i.e. on a lower level under the south wall.
3. The Second Temple:
The Book of Neh introduces us to treasury-chambers in the second temple -- now used for the voluntary offerings (tithes) of the people -- grain, and wine, and oil (Nehemiah 13:4 ff; compare Malachi 3:10). A certain Meshullam had repaired the city wall "over against his chamber" (Nehemiah 3:30), and he, with other Levites, kept "the watch at the storehouses of the gates" (Nehemiah 12:25). These gates were probably gates of exit on the southern side, as in the Herodian temple.
4. Herod's Temple in the New Testament:
In Herod's temple the name "treasury" was specially given to the "court of the women" (see TEMPLE, A1 ,HEROD'S ), where were 13 trumpet-shaped boxes for the reception of the offerings of the worshippers. It was here that Jesus saw the poor widow cast in her two mites (Mark 12:41; Luke 21:1-4), and the court is expressly named the "treasury" in John 8:20: "These words spake he in the treasury, as he taught in the temple." It is a legitimate deduction that this court was the ordinary scene of the Lord's ministry when teaching in the temple.


W. Shaw Caldecott

TREASURE [Thompson Chain Reference]
Treasures, Earthly

    RICHES, EARTHLY (Select Readings)
        Luke 12:16-21
        Luke 16:19-31
    Are Deceptive
        Haggai 1:6
        Luke 12:21
        1 Timothy 6:7
        Hebrews 11:26
        Revelation 3:17
    The Perils of
        Incline to Forgetfulness of God
            Deuteronomy 8:13
            Deuteronomy 8:14
        Beget Avarice
            Psalms 62:10
        Endanger Integrity
            Proverbs 28:20
        Hinder Entrance into God's Kingdom
            Matthew 19:23
        Result in Barrenness of Life
            Mark 4:19
        Subject Men to Powerful Temptations
            1 Timothy 6:9
        SEE Prosperity
        SEE Worldliness
        SEE Covetousness
        SEE Riches, Earthly 
        SEE Accumulation of Wealth
    Men Entrusted with, by God
        Deuteronomy 8:18
        1 Chronicles 29:12
        Ecclesiastes 5:19
        Hosea 2:8
    Profit not in Time of Trial
        Proverbs 11:4
        Ecclesiastes 6:2
        Zephaniah 1:18
        Revelation 18:17

Treasures, Spiritual

        SEE Enduring, The
    Enrich the Life
        SEE Spiritual 
    How Secured
        Matthew 6:20
        Matthew 13:44
        Matthew 19:21
        Luke 12:23
        Philippians 3:8
        1 Timothy 6:19
        Revelation 3:18
        SEE Heritage
    The Inheritance of the Saints
        SEE Inheritance; Spiritual 


    1 Chronicles 9:26
    1 Chronicles 28:12
    Nehemiah 10:38
    Matthew 27:6
    Mark 12:41
    John 8:20