What the scriptures say about
will, free will, and freewill
WILL
n. Choice; Wish; Determination;
Legal disposition of a person's property
Will of God | Will of man - free will, determinism, or both?
References below: Smith's Bible Dictionary
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia | Thompson Chain Reference

WILL in scriptures [BibleGateway Search]
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1 Corinthians 1:1 - Paul, called to be an apostle of Jesus Christ through the will of God...

FREEWILL in scriptures [BibleGateway Search]
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Ezra 7:13 - I make a decree, that all those of the people of Israel, and their priests and the Levites, in my realm, who are minded of their own free will to go to Jerusalem, go with you.
Bible verses about free will KJV


FREE WILL references
* KJV Dictionary:
      1. The power of directing our own actions without restraint by necessity or fate.
      2. Voluntariness; spontaneousness.
* Wikipedia: "the ability to choose between different possible courses of action."
* Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy: a philosophical term ... "to choose a course of action from among various alternatives".
* Dictionary.com:
      1. free and independent choice; voluntary decision (You took on the responsibility of your own free will.)
      2. Philosophy. the doctrine that the conduct of human beings expresses personal choice and is not simply determined by physical or divine forces.
* What is Free Will? Ligonier, Sproul -
      “For I do not do the good I want, but the evil I do not want is what I keep on doing” (Rom. 7:19)
* Free will in theology Wikipedia includes Free will in the Bible -
      "The biblical ground for free will lies in the ”Fall” into sin by Adam and Eve that occurred in their “willfully chosen” disobedience to God."
      “Freedom” and ‘free will” can be treated as one because the two terms are commonly used as synonyms..."


WILLS [Smith's Bible Dictionary]

Under a system of close inheritance like that of the Jews, the scope forbid bequest in respect of land was limited by the right of redemption and general re-entry in the jubilee year; but the law does not forbid bequests by will of such limited interest in land as was consistent with those rights.

The case of houses in walled towns was different, and there can be no doubt that they must, in fact, have frequently been bequeathed by will, (Leviticus 25:30) Two instances are recorded in the Old Testament under the law of the testamentary disposition,

(1) effected in the case of Ahithophel, (2 Samuel 17:23)

(2) recommended in the case of Hezekiah. (2 Kings 20:1; (Isaiah 38:1)

[HEIR]


WILL, VOLITION [International Standard Bible Encyclopedia]

vo-lish'-un ('abhah, ratson; thelo) boulomai, thelema:
Will" as noun and verb, transitive and intrans, carries in it the idea of "wish," "purpose," "volition." "Will" is also used as an auxiliary of the future tense of other words, but the independent verb is frequent, and it is often important to distinguish between it and the mere auxiliary, especially in the New Testament.

In the Old Testament the word chiefly rendered "to will" is 'abhah, "to breathe after," "to long for." With the exception of Job 39:9; Isaiah 1:19, it is accompanied by a negation, and is used of both man and God. Several other words are employed, but only sparsely. "Will" as noun is the translation chiefly of ratson, "good-will," "willfulness" (Genesis 49:6), with emphasis on the voluntariness of action (Leviticus 1:3; 19:5; 22:19,29, etc.); also of nephesh, and a few other words.

In the New Testament "will" is chiefly the translation of thelo and boulomai, the difference between the two being that thelo expresses an active choice or purpose, boulomai, "passive inclination or willingness, or the inward predisposition from which the active choice proceeds" (compare Mark 15:9,12 with Mark 15:15).

"Will," noun, is thelema. With the exception of a few passages, it is used of the will of God

(over all, Matthew 18:14;

in all things to be done, Matthew 6:10; 26:42 parallel, etc.;

ordering all things, Ephesians 1:11, etc.);

human will, however, may oppose itself to the will of God (Luke 23:25; John 1:13; Romans 7:18; here the capacity to will is distinguished from the power to do, etc.).

Boulema is properly counsel or purpose. While it is possible to oppose the will of God, His counsel or purpose cannot be frustrated (Acts 2:23; 4:28; Romans 9:19; Ephesians 1:11; Hebrews 6:17); it may, however, be resisted for a time (Luke 7:30).

In Apocrypha, for "will" we have thelema (1 Esdras 9:9 (of God); Ecclesiasticus 43:16; 1 Macc 3:60; Ecclesiastes 8:15, "his own will"); boule (The Wisdom of Solomon 9:13, the Revised Version (British and American) "counsel); boulema (2 Macc 15:5, "wicked will," the Revised Version (British and American) "cruel purpose"); "willful" (Ecclesiasticus 30:8) is proales, the Revised Version (British and American) "headstrong"; "willing" (The Wisdom of Solomon 14:19), boulomai, the Revised Version (British and American) "wishing"; thelo (Ecclesiastes 6:12); "wilt" (The Wisdom of Solomon 12:18), thelo, the Revised Version (British and American) "hast the will" (compare 2 Macc 7:16).

The Revised Version (British and American) has many changes, several of them of note as bringing out the distinction between the auxiliary and the independent verb. Thus, Matthew 11:27, "willeth to"; John 7:17, "if any man willeth to do his will"; 1 Timothy 6:9, the American Standard Revised Version "they that are minded to be rich," the English Revised Version "desire," etc.

The words employed and passages cited show clearly that man is always regarded as a responsible being, free to will in harmony with the divine will or contrary to it. This is further shown by the various words denoting refusal. "Ye will not come to me, that ye may have life" (John 5:40). So with respect to temptation. We may even choose and act deliberately in opposition to the will of God. Yet God's counsel, His will in its completeness, ever prevails, and man, in resisting it, deprives himself of the good it seeks to confer upon him.

In modern psychology the tendency is to make will primary and distinctive of personality.

W. L. Walker


WILL [Thompson Chain Reference]
# God's, submission to

    * The Result of Inward Law
          o Psalms 40:8
    * Prayer Essential to
          o Psalms 143:10
          o Matthew 6:10
    * Establishes a Divine Relationship
          o Matthew 12:50
    * Christ the Perfect Example of
          o Matthew 26:42
          o John 5:30
    * Tends to Spiritual Knowledge
          o John 7:17
          o Acts 21:14
          o Romans 12:2
    * Whole-hearted Required
          o Ephesians 6:6
          o Hebrews 13:21
    * The Rule of Every-day Life
          o James 4:15
          o 1 John 2:17
    * SEE God 

# Man's Enslaved

    * SEE Spiritual 

# Man's Free

    * SEE Choose, Exhortations to 
    * Decision
    * Exhortations

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