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August 3   - Day 215
* Scriptures below
* Introduction to the book of 2Kings
* BOOKS on 2Kings, Amazon.com
* Study Index: 2Kings
* BIBLE DICTIONARY - as Passover
* MAPS * OUTLINE BIBLE * TIMELINES
* Chart: Kings of Judah and Israel (also see below)
* Timeline: Some prophets of Judah and Israel

Commentary:
The Fall of Judah
2Kings 23-25

Scripture: (53vs)
* 2 Kings 23:1-30 (30vs)   - "..The king [Josiah] went up to the house of Yahweh, and all the men of Judah and all the inhabitants of Jerusalem with him, and the priests, and the prophets, and all the people, both small and great: and he read in their ears all the words of the book of the covenant which was found in the house of Yahweh."

* Psalm 44 (23vs)   - "We have heard with our ears, God; our fathers have told us, what work you did in their days, in the days of old.."

EVENT - 609 BC: on Pharaoh Necho's way to meet the Babylonians at Carchemish in Syria, Judah's King Josiah tried to stop Egypt from the intended battle. Josiah was killed at Megiddo and buried at Jerusalem.


Later prophets relay God's warnings, plans:
* Jeremiah prophesied from the reign of Josiah until after Jerusalem was destroyed
* Zephaniah prophesied during the reign of Josiah
* Habakkuk likely prophesied during the reign of Josiah

PROPHETS IN EXILE:
* Daniel born during Josiah; into exile from Judah to Babylon in Jehoiakim reign
* Ezekiel was probably exiled from Judah to Babylon with Jehoiachin

RESTORATION PROPHETS:
* Ezra followed Daniel and preceeded Nehemiah
* Nehemiah supplemented and completed Ezra's rebuilding history
* Malachi was probably contemporary with Nehemiah
* Haggai prophesied after Israel's return from the Babylonian captivity during 2nd temple
* Zechariah prophesied after Israel's return from the Babylonian captivity during 2nd temple

Chart of the Final KINGS of Judah
NOTE: The reasons the kings of Judah after Josiah were wicked are listed in 2Ch 36:12ff.
God required the land of Judah (Israel) to be cleansed by the people going to Babylon for 70 years
Josiah Jehoahaz Jehoiakim
Jehoiachin
Zedekiah
* Josiah born to Amon
(Josiah's son)
(Josiah's son)
(Jehoiakim's son)
(Josiah's son)
* age8- became King




* 14- son Jehoiakim born

* Jehoiakim born


* 16- son Jehoahaz born
* Jehoahaz born
* 2 years old


* 18- celebrated Passover
* 2 years old
* 4 years old


* 21- (13th yr of reign)
    Jeremiah, Habakkuk
    prophets
* 5 years old
* 7 years old


* 29- son Zedekiah born
* 13 years old
* 15 years old

* Zedekiah born
* 39 Josiah died

* 23- made king; 3 months * 25- made king; 11 yrs

* 10 years old
(buried in Judah)
(died in Egypt)
* 27- son
Jehoiachin born
* Jehoiachin born
* 12 years old


* 36- Jehoiakim died in Babylon
* 8- made king; 3 mo 10 da
* removed to Babylon
* 21- made king; 11 yrs


(Babylonia)
* 19- prison, Babylonia * 32- taken to Babylonia



* 45- released 2Ki 25:27 (Babylonia)

KINGS
of JUDAH around Jerusalem of ISRAEL (taken by Assyria) of neighbor countries
At Amon's assasination, his son Josiah began a 31yr reign
At Josiah's death, his younger son Jehoahaz (Shallum) began a 3 mo reign
Pharaoh Necho removed Jehoahaz (Shallum) to die in Egypt.
Egypt's Necho made Josiah's son Jehoiakim (Eliakim) king; 11 yr reign
    In Jehoiakim's 4th yr as king, Nebuchadnezzar began his reign of Babylon.
    Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon conquered Assyria as well as Egypt
Jehoiakim was exiled to Babylon; his 8yo son Jehoiachin (Jeconiah, Coniah) king 3 mos
Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon took 8yo Jehoiachin to jail him in Babylon; later released
Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon made Jehoiachin's uncle Zedekiah (Mattaniah) king, 11 yrs.

Zedekiah (Mattaniah) was the last king of Judah

Other Countries
DAMASCUS (Syria): Rezin king
SYRIA: Hazael followed by his son Ben-hadad
ASSYRIA: The ancient city NINEVEH on the Tigris River;
    Tiglath Pileser was king 745727 BC during reigns of Menehem and Uzziah
    Israel became part of Assyria's Second Empire
BABYLON
    Judah became part of Babylon's Empire under King Nebuchadnezzar

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