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October 3   - Day 276 New Testament Day 4 of 99
* Gospel Study Indexes: Matthew, Mark, Luke, John
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* Map of Galilee
Commentary:
Healing, Forgiveness, and Answering Questions
Mark 1-3

Local History: (The Roman Empire and Israel)

Scriptures: (104vs)
* Mark 1:15-39 (25vs)   * Luke 4:14-44 (31vs)   * Matthew 4:13-25 (13vs)   * John 1:29-51 (23vs),   2:1-12 (12vs)  

  NOTE: Instead of mentioning Jesus' 40 days alone in the wilderness of Judea after His baptism in the Jordan River, the book of John quotes John the Baptist talking about Jesus' baptism in the past tense, and reports 2 or 3 days that Jesus stayed by the river meeting and calling disciples from among John's disciples, before heading north toward Galilee through Samaria.


  1st day after Jesus returned where John the Baptist was baptizing:   John 1:29-34 (6vs)
The next day, he saw Jesus coming to him, and said,

"Behold, the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world! This is he of whom I said,
'After me comes a man who is preferred before me, for he was before me.'
I didnít know him, but for this reason I came baptizing in water: that he would be revealed to Israel."
John testified, saying,
"I have seen the Spirit descending like a dove out of heaven, and it remained on him.

I didnít recognize him, but he who sent me to baptize in water, he said to me,

'On whomever you will see the Spirit descending, and remaining on him,
the same is he who baptizes in the Holy Spirit.'
I have seen, and have testified that this is the Son of God."

  2nd day after Jesus returned; 1st disciples from John:   John 1:35-42 (8vs)
Again, the next day, John was standing with two of his disciples, and he looked at Jesus as he walked, and said,
"Behold, the Lamb of God!"
The two disciples heard him speak, and they followed Jesus. Jesus turned, and saw them following, and said to them,
"What are you looking for?"
They said to him,
"Rabbi"
(which is to say, being interpreted, Teacher),
"where are you staying?"

He said to them,

"Come, and see."
They came and saw where he was staying, and they stayed with him that day. It was about the tenth hour.

One of the two who heard John, and followed him, was Andrew, Simon Peterís brother.

He first found his own brother, Simon, and said to him,

"We have found the Messiah!"
(which is, being interpreted, Christ). He brought him to Jesus. Jesus looked at him, and said,
"You are Simon the son of Jonah. You shall be called Cephas"
(which is by interpretation, Peter).
  3rd day after Jesus returned; disciples of John's:   John 1:43-51 (9vs)

On the next day, he was determined to go out into Galilee, and he found Philip. Jesus said to him,

"Follow me."
Now Philip was from Bethsaida, of the city of Andrew and Peter. Philip found Nathanael, and said to him,
"We have found him, of whom Moses in the law, and the prophets, wrote:
Jesus of Nazareth, the son of Joseph."
Nathanael said to him,
"Can any good thing come out of Nazareth?"
Philip said to him,
"Come and see."
Jesus saw Nathanael coming to him, and said about him,
"Behold, an Israelite indeed, in whom is no deceit!"
Nathanael said to him,
"How do you know me?"
Jesus answered him,
"Before Philip called you, when you were under the fig tree, I saw you."
Nathanael answered him,
"Rabbi, you are the Son of God! You are King of Israel!"
Jesus answered him,
"Because I told you,
ĎI saw you underneath the fig tree,í
do you believe? You will see greater things than these!"
He said to him,
"Most certainly, I tell you, hereafter you will see heaven opened, and the angels of God ascending and descending on the Son of Man."

  Jesus left the Jordan River wilderness NW toward Galilee:   Luke 4:14 (1vs)
Jesus returned in the power of the Spirit into Galilee,
and news about him spread through all the surrounding area.
  Jesus moved from Nazareth to Capernaum:   Matthew 4:13-16 (4vs)
Leaving Nazareth, he came and lived in Capernaum, which is by the sea,
in the region of Zebulun and Naphtali,
that it might be fulfilled which was spoken through Isaiah the prophet, saying,
"The land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali, toward the sea,
beyond the Jordan, Galilee of the Gentiles,
the people who sat in darkness saw a great light,
to those who sat in the region and shadow of death,
to them light has dawned." [* Isa 9:2]

  Jesus's first disciples lived in Galilee:   Matthew 4:18-22 (5vs)
Walking by the sea of Galilee, he saw two brothers:
Simon, who is called Peter,
and Andrew, his brother,
casting a net into the sea; for they were fishermen.

He said to them,

"Come after me, and I will make you fishers for men."
They immediately left their nets and followed him.

Going on from there, he saw two other brothers,
James the son of Zebedee,
and John his brother,
in the boat with Zebedee their father, mending their nets.

He called them. They immediately left the boat and their father, and followed him.


  Jesus called his first disciples:   Mark 1:16-20 (5vs)
Passing along by the sea of Galilee, he saw Simon
and Andrew the brother of Simon casting a net into the sea,
for they were fishermen.

Jesus said to them,

"Come after me, and I will make you into fishers for men."
Immediately they left their nets, and followed him.

Going on a little further from there, he saw James the son of Zebedee,
and John, his brother, who were also in the boat mending the nets.

Immediately he called them, and they left their father, Zebedee,
in the boat with the hired servants, and went after him.



Map
  Back in Galilee, Jesus returned to community life:   John 2:1-12 (12vs)
The third day, there was a marriage in Cana of Galilee.

Jesusí mother was there. Jesus also was invited, with his disciples, to the marriage.

When the wine ran out, Jesusí mother said to him,

"They have no wine."
Jesus said to her,
"Woman, what does that have to do with you and me? My hour has not yet come."
His mother said to the servants,
"Whatever he says to you, do it."
Now there were six water pots of stone set there after the Jewsí manner of purifying,
containing two or three metretes apiece.

Jesus said to them,

"Fill the water pots with water."
They filled them up to the brim.

He said to them,

"Now draw some out, and take it to the ruler of the feast."
So they took it.

When the ruler of the feast tasted the water now become wine,
and didnít know where it came from

(but the servants who had drawn the water knew),

the ruler of the feast called the bridegroom, and said to him,

"Everyone serves the good wine first, and when the guests have drunk freely,
then that which is worse.
You have kept the good wine until now!"

This beginning of his signs Jesus did in Cana of Galilee,
and revealed his glory; and his disciples believed in him.

After this, he went down to Capernaum, he, and his mother, his brothers, and his disciples; and they stayed there a few days.


  Jesus had begun his work, preaching:   Matthew 4:17 (1vs)

From that time, Jesus began to preach, and to say,
"Repent! For the Kingdom of Heaven is at hand."

  Jesus had begun His work, warning:   Mark 1:15 (1vs)

and saying,
"The time is fulfilled, and the Kingdom of God is at hand!

Repent, and believe in the Good News."


  Jesus had begun His work, teaching:   Luke 4:15-30 (16vs) | after Capernum, back to Nazareth

He taught in their synagogues, being glorified by all.

He came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up.

He entered, as was his custom, into the synagogue on the Sabbath day, and stood up to read.

The book of the prophet Isaiah was handed to him. He opened the book, and found the place where it was written,

"The Spirit of the Lord is on me,
because he has anointed me to preach good news to the poor.
He has sent me to heal the brokenhearted,
to proclaim release to the captives,
recovering of sight to the blind,
to deliver those who are crushed,
and to proclaim the acceptable year of the Lord." [* Isa 61:1]

He closed the book, gave it back to the attendant, and sat down. The eyes of all in the synagogue were fastened on him. He began to tell them,

"Today, this Scripture has been fulfilled in your hearing."

All testified about him, and wondered at the gracious words which proceeded out of his mouth, and they said,

"Isnít this Josephís son?"

He said to them,

"Doubtless you will tell me this parable,
'Physician, heal yourself! Whatever we have heard done at Capernaum, do also here in your hometown.'"

He said,

"Most certainly I tell you, no prophet is acceptable in his hometown.
But truly I tell you, there were many widows in Israel in the days of Elijah,
when the sky was shut up three years and six months,
when a great famine came over all the land.
Elijah was sent to none of them, except to Zarephath,
in the land of Sidon, to a woman who was a widow.
There were many lepers in Israel in the time of Elisha the prophet,
yet not one of them was cleansed, except Naaman, the Syrian."

They were all filled with wrath in the synagogue, as they heard these things.
They rose up, threw him out of the city,
and led him to the brow of the hill that their city was built on,
that they might throw him off the cliff.
But he, passing through the midst of them, went his way.


  Jesus had begun his work, healing:   Matthew 4:23-25 (3vs)
Jesus went about in all Galilee,
    teaching in their synagogues,
    preaching the Good News of the Kingdom,
    and healing every disease and every sickness among the people.

The report about him went out into all Syria. They brought to him all who were sick, afflicted with various diseases and torments, possessed with demons, epileptics, and paralytics; and he healed them.

Great multitudes from Galilee, Decapolis, Jerusalem, Judea, and from beyond the Jordan followed him.


  Jesus had begun his work, over demons:   Mark 1:39 (1vs)

He went into their synagogues throughout all Galilee, preaching and casting out demons.


  Jesus had begun his work, with power:   Luke 4:31-37 (7vs)

He came down to Capernaum, a city of Galilee. He was teaching them on the Sabbath day, and they were astonished at his teaching, for his word was with authority.

In the synagogue there was a man who had a spirit of an unclean demon, and he cried out with a loud voice, saying,

"Ah! what have we to do with you, Jesus of Nazareth?
Have you come to destroy us?
I know you who you are: the Holy One of God!"
Jesus rebuked him, saying,
"Be silent, and come out of him!"
When the demon had thrown him down in their midst, he came out of him, having done him no harm.

Amazement came on all, and they spoke together, one with another, saying,

"What is this word? For with authority and power he commands the unclean spirits, and they come out!"

News about him went out into every place of the surrounding region.


  Jesus had begun his work, with authority:   Mark 1:21-27 (7vs)

They went into Capernaum, and immediately on the Sabbath day he entered into the synagogue and taught.

They were astonished at his teaching, for he taught them as having authority, and not as the scribes.

Immediately there was in their synagogue a man with an unclean spirit, and he cried out, saying,

"Ha! What do we have to do with you, Jesus, you Nazarene?
Have you come to destroy us?
I know you who you are: the Holy One of God!"
Jesus rebuked him, saying,
"Be quiet, and come out of him!"

The unclean spirit, convulsing him and crying with a loud voice, came out of him.

They were all amazed, so that they questioned among themselves, saying,

"What is this? A new teaching? For with authority he commands even the unclean spirits, and they obey him!"

The report of him went out immediately everywhere into all the region of Galilee and its surrounding area.

Immediately, when they had come out of the synagogue, they came into the house of Simon and Andrew, with James and John.


  Simon's mother-in-law healed:   Luke 4:38-41 (4vs) | other reference

He rose up from the synagogue, and entered into Simonís house. Simonís mother-in-law was afflicted with a great fever, and they begged him for her.

He stood over her, and rebuked the fever; and it left her. Immediately she rose up and served them.

When the sun was setting, all those who had any sick with various diseases brought them to him; and he laid his hands on every one of them, and healed them.

Demons also came out from many, crying out, and saying,

"You are the Christ, the Son of God!"
Rebuking them, he didnít allow them to speak, because they knew that he was the Christ.


  Jesus healed Simon's mother-in-law and more:   Mark 1:28-34 (7vs)

Now Simonís wifeís mother lay sick with a fever, and immediately they told him about her.
He came and took her by the hand, and raised her up.
The fever left her, and she served them.
At evening, when the sun had set, they brought to him all who were sick, and those who were possessed by demons. All the city was gathered together at the door. He healed many who were sick with various diseases, and cast out many demons. He didnít allow the demons to speak, because they knew him.


  Jesus had begun his work, with prayer:   Mark 1:35-38 (4vs)
Early in the morning, while it was still dark, he rose up and went out, and departed into a deserted place, and prayed there.
Simon and those who were with him followed after him; and they found him, and told him,
"Everyone is looking for you."
He said to them,
"Letís go elsewhere into the next towns, that I may preach there also, because I came out for this reason."


  Jesus had begun his work, with prayer:   Luke 4:42-44 (3vs)
When it was day, he departed and went into an uninhabited place, and the multitudes looked for him, and came to him, and held on to him, so that he wouldnít go away from them.

But he said to them,

ďI must preach the good news of the Kingdom of God to the other cities also. For this reason I have been sent.Ē

He was preaching in the synagogues of Galilee.


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Map of Palestine Israel during Jesus' life


Local HISTORY charts: Roman Empire and the Messiah in Israel
DATE: ca 51 BC - Quirinius, became governor of Syria
DATE: 44 BC - Julius Caesar was murdered; last Caesar of the Roman Republic. Civil war followed.

Harmony reading: 1 (Sept 30)

DATE: ca 37 (or 40) BC - Herod the Great began his reign in Judea, killing off the Hasmonean Dynasty and the Maccabees of the Kingdom of Israel (ca 140-37 BC). Map of the Kingdom of Herod.
DATE: ca 30 BC - Cleopatra of Egypt died
DATE: ca 30-27 BC - Caesar Augustus began ruling as first Emperor of the Roman Empire

Harmony reading: 2 (Oct 1)

DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Caesar Augustus, emperor of the Roman Empire, ordered a census of the entire empire; Luke 2:1.
DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Quirinius, governor of Syria ordered a census in Judea (Luke 2:2)
DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Jesus was born in Bethlehem
DATE: ca   4 BC - in Judea Herod the Great died. He had rebuilt the 2nd Temple in Jerusalem, calling it Herod's Temple.
DATE: ca 4 BC - Herod "Archelaus" replaced his father Herod as king of Judea until banished in 6 AD. (See Iudaea Province). (Matt 2:13-23)
DATE: ca 4 BC - Herod Antipas replaced his father Herod as the tetrarch of Roman province of Galilee and Perea
DATE: ca 4 BC - Philip the Tetrarch replaced his father Herod as Tetrarch of Ituraea and Trachonitis 4 BC Ė 34 AD
DATE: ca 6 BC - Herod "Archelaus" was exiled to Gaul and Augustus made Samaria, Judea, and Idumea a Roman province Iudaea.
DATE: ca 6 AD - Annas High Priest officially from 6-15 AD, but who lived until assasinated in 66 AD
DATE: ca 14 AD - Caesar Augustus, emperor of the Roman Empire, died.

Harmony reading: 3 (Oct 2)

DATE: ca 14 AD - Tiberius Caesar, Emperor of the Roman Empire, began his reign
DATE: ca 18 AD - Caiaphas High Priest from 18-36 AD (John 18:13 - son-in-law of Annas)
DATE: ca 21 AD - Quirinius, governor of Syria died
DATE: ca 26 AD - Pontius Pilate became the fifth Prefect of the Roman province of Judaea
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - Tiberius Caesar, Emperor of the Roman Empire is mentioned in his 15th year (Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 29 AD - Lysanias, tetrarch of Abilene (Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - John the Baptist began his ministry (Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - Jesus began his ministry around the age of 30, soon after John

Harmony reading: later (Oct ?)

DATE: ca ? AD - around the age of 33, Jesus was crucified after being tried by Pontius Pilate and High Priest Annas
DATE: ca 34 AD - Philip the Tetrarch of Ituraea and Trachonitis died
DATE: ca 36 AD - Pontius Pilate was exiled to Gaul, perhaps by the cruel and insane Caligula who ruled Rome from 37Ė41 AD
DATE: ca 37 AD - Tiberius, Emperor of the Roman Empire, died and was followed by Caligula (AD 37Ė41) who claimed divinity
DATE: ca 39 AD - Tetrarch Herod Antipas was exiled from Galilee and Perea by his nephew Agrippa I who took over Galilee and Perea

Next harmony chart

Persia and Judah - Persia (Persian Empire) aka Achaemenid Empire c 550-330 BC; with maps; included what had been Babylon, 539 BC

more before:
DATE: ca 430-420 BC - Some think late in the reign of Artaxerxes I Longimanus or early in the reign of Darius II (ca 423-404 BC), Malachi wrote warnings and promises from the LORD.

Persian Empire kings - links to Wikipedia for information on kings of the Persian Empire from 559-330 BC

Empires governing the Israel in the Middle East - from 746 BC to current; lists of empires

Assyria - Second Empire of ASSYRIA with maps; 746-609 BC

Babylonia - NEO BABYLONIAN Empire with maps; ca. 627-539 BC

Egypt & Judah - Egypt neighbored Israel to the southwest

Final prophets and kings of Judah

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