Commentary: Luke 2:25-3:38 Preparation of a Promise
: Local History (
The Roman Empire and Israel)
* Mark Matthew 7:1-29, 8:1-27 (56vs) 1:40-45, 4:35-41 (13vs)
5:12-16, 7:1-17, 8:22-25 (26vs)
The Sermon on the Mount continued
Donít judge, so that you wonít be judged.
For with whatever judgment you judge, you will be judged; and with whatever measure you measure, it will be measured to you.
Why do you see the speck that is in your brotherís eye,
but donít consider the beam that is in your own eye?
Or how will you tell your brother,
'Let me remove the speck from your eye;' and behold, the beam is in your own eye?
First remove the beam out of your own eye, and then you can see clearly to remove the speck out of your brotherís eye.
Donít give that which is
holy to the dogs, neither throw your pearls before the pigs, lest perhaps they trample them under their feet, and turn and tear you to pieces.
Ask, and it will be given you.
Seek, and you will find. Knock, and it will be opened for you.
For everyone who asks receives.
He who seeks finds. To him who knocks it will be opened.
Or who is there among you, who, if his son asks him for bread,
will give him a stone?
Or if he asks for a fish, who will give him a serpent?
If you then, being
evil, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more will your Father who is in heaven give good things to those who ask him!
Therefore whatever you desire for men to do to you, you shall also do to them;
for this is the law and the prophets. [ * Obad 1:15]
Enter in by the narrow gate;
for wide is the gate and broad is the way that leads to destruction, and many are those who enter in by it.
How narrow is the gate, and restricted is the way that leads to
life! Few are those who find it.
Beware of false prophets, who come to you in sheepís clothing, but inwardly are ravening wolves.
By their fruits you will know them. Do you gather grapes from thorns, or figs from thistles?
Even so, every good tree produces good fruit; but the corrupt tree produces evil fruit.
A good tree canít produce evil fruit, neither can a corrupt tree produce good fruit.
Every tree that doesnít grow good fruit is cut down, and thrown into the fire.
Therefore, by their fruits you will know them.
Come, hear, do
Find the real entrance to Heaven:
Told again: 10-09 (Luke 6:46) Matthew 7:21-23 (3 vs) Sermon on the Mount
Not everyone who says to me,
'Lord, Lord,' will enter into the Kingdom of Heaven; but he who does the will of my Father who is in heaven.
Many will tell me in that day,
'Lord, Lord, didnít we prophesy in your name, in your name cast out demons, and in your name do many mighty works?'
Then I will tell them,
'I never knew you. Depart from me, you who work iniquity.'
(Hear and do, don't just do) Build on a Rock
Told again: 10-09 (Luke 6:47-49) (4 vs) Matthew 7:24-27
Everyone therefore who hears these words of mine, and does them, I will liken him to a wise man, who built his house on a rock.
The rain came down, the floods came, and the winds blew, and beat on that house; and it didnít fall, for it was founded on the rock.
Everyone who hears these words of mine, and doesnít do them will be like a foolish man, who built his house on the sand.
The rain came down, the floods came, and the winds blew, and beat on that house; and it fell ó and great was its fall."
It happened, when Jesus had finished saying these things,
that the multitudes were astonished at his teaching,
for he taught them with authority, and not like the scribes.
When he came down from the mountain, great multitudes followed him.
Behold, a leper came to him and worshiped him, saying,
"Lord, if you want to, you can make me clean."
Jesus stretched out his hand, and touched him, saying,
"I want to. Be made clean." Immediately his leprosy was cleansed.
Jesus said to him,
"See that you tell nobody, but go, show yourself to the priest, and offer the gift that Moses commanded, as a testimony to them."
A leper came to him, begging him, kneeling down to him, and saying to him,
Healed leper disobeys Jesus and crowds gather: (6vs) Mark 1:40-45 "If you want to, you can make me clean."
Being moved with compassion, he stretched out his hand, and touched him, and said to him, "I want to. Be made clean."
When he had said this, immediately the leprosy departed from him, and he was made clean.
He strictly warned him, and immediately sent him out,
and said to him,
"See you say nothing to anybody, but go show yourself to the
priest, and offer for your cleansing the things which Moses commanded, for a testimony to them."
But he went out, and began to proclaim it much, and to spread about the matter,
so that Jesus could no more openly enter into a city, but was outside in desert places: and they came to him from everywhere.
It happened, while he was in one of the cities, behold, there was a man full of leprosy. When he saw Jesus, he fell on his face, and begged him, saying,
"Lord, if you want to, you can make me clean."
He stretched out his hand, and touched him, saying,
"I want to. Be made clean."
Immediately the leprosy left him.
He commanded him to tell no one,
"But go your way, and show yourself to the priest, and offer for your cleansing according to what Moses commanded, for a testimony to them. "
But the report concerning him spread much more, and great multitudes came together to hear, and to be healed by him of their infirmities.
But he withdrew himself into the desert, and prayed.
When he came into Capernaum, a centurion came to him, asking him,
"Lord, my servant lies in the house paralyzed, grievously tormented."
Jesus said to him,
"I will come and heal him."
The centurion answered,
"Lord, Iím not worthy for you to come under my roof.
When Jesus heard it, he marveled, and said to those who followed,
Just say the word, and my servant will be healed.
For I am also a man under authority, having under myself soldiers. I tell this one, ĎGo,í and he goes; and tell another, ĎCome,í and he comes; and tell my servant, ĎDo this,í and he does it. " "Most certainly I tell you, I havenít found so great a
Jesus said to the centurion,
faith, not even in Israel.
I tell you that many will come from the east and the west,
and will sit down with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob in the Kingdom of Heaven,
but the children of the Kingdom will be thrown out into the outer darkness. There will be weeping and gnashing of teeth." "Go your way.
His servant was healed in that hour.
Let it be done for you as you have believed."
Capernaum - Centurion's servant healed: (10vs) Luke 7:1-10
After he had finished speaking in the hearing of the people, he entered into Capernaum.
A certain centurionís
servant, who was dear to him, was sick and at the point of death.
When he heard about
Jesus, he sent to him elders of the Jews, asking him to come and save his servant.
When they came to Jesus, they begged him earnestly, saying,
Jesus went with them. is worthy for you to do this for him,
for he loves our nation, and he built our synagogue for us."
When he was now not far from the house, the centurion sent friends to him, saying to him,
"Lord, donít trouble yourself, for I am
When Jesus heard these things, he marveled at him, and turned and said to the multitude who followed him, not worthy for you to come under my roof.
I didnít even think myself worthy to come to you;
but say the word, and my servant will be healed.
For I also am a man placed under authority, having under myself soldiers.
I tell this one,
'Go!' and he goes; and to another, 'Come!' and he comes; and to my servant, 'Do this,' and he does it." "I tell you, I have not found such great
Those who were sent, returning to the house, found that the faith, no, not in Israel." servant who had been sick was well.
It happened soon afterwards, that he went to a city called Nain.
Many of his disciples, along with a great multitude, went with him.
Now when he drew near to the gate of the city, behold,
one who was dead was carried out, the only son of his mother, and she was a widow.
Many people of the city were with her.
When the Lord saw her, he had compassion on her, and said to her,
He came near and touched the coffin, and the bearers stood still.
"Young man, I tell you, arise!"
He who was dead sat up, and began to speak.
And he gave him to his mother.
Fear took hold of all, and they glorified God, saying,
"A great prophet has arisen among us!"
and, "God has visited his people!"
This report went out concerning him in the whole of Judea, and in all the surrounding region.
When Jesus came into Peterís house, he saw his wifeís mother lying sick with a fever.
He touched her hand, and the fever left her. She got up and served him.
When evening came, they brought to him many possessed with demons.
He cast out the spirits with a word, and healed all who were sick;
that it might be fulfilled which was spoken through Isaiah the prophet, saying:
"He took our infirmities, and bore our diseases." [
* Isa 53:4]
Now when Jesus saw great multitudes around him, he gave the order to depart to the other side.
A scribe came, and said to him,
"Teacher, I will follow you wherever you go."
Jesus said to him,
"The foxes have holes, and the birds of the sky have nests, but the Son of Man has nowhere to lay his head."
Another of his disciples said to him,
"Lord, allow me first to go and bury my father."
But Jesus said to him,
"Follow me, and leave the dead to bury their own dead."
When he got into a boat, his disciples followed him.
Behold, a violent storm came up on the sea, so much that the boat was covered with the waves, but he was asleep.
They came to him, and woke him up, saying,
"Save us, Lord! We are dying!"
He said to them,
"Why are you fearful, O you of little faith?"
Then he got up, rebuked the wind and the sea, and there was a great calm.
The men marveled, saying,
"What kind of man is this, that even the wind and the sea obey him?"
On that day, when evening had come, he said to them,
"Letís go over to the other side." Leaving the multitude, they took him with them, even as he was, in the boat. Other small boats were also with him.
A big wind storm arose, and the waves beat into the boat, so much that the boat was already filled.
He himself was in the stern, asleep on the cushion, and they woke him up, and told him,
"Teacher, donít you care that we are dying?"
He awoke, and rebuked the wind, and said to the sea,
"Peace! Be still!"
The wind ceased, and there was a great calm.
He said to them,
"Why are you so
They were greatly afraid, and said to one another,
afraid? How is it that you have no faith?" "Who then is this, that even the wind and the sea obey him?"
Now it happened on one of those days, that he entered into a boat, himself and his disciples, and he said to them,
"Letís go over to the other side of the lake."
So they launched out.
But as they sailed, he fell asleep.
A wind storm came down on the lake, and they were taking on dangerous amounts of water.
They came to him, and awoke him, saying,
"Master, master, we are dying!"
He awoke, and rebuked the wind and the raging of the water, and they ceased, and it was calm. *
He said to them,
"Where is your
Being faith?" afraid they marveled, saying one to another,
is this, then, that he commands even the winds and the water, and they obey him?"
Map of Palestine Israel during Jesus' life
Local HISTORY charts: Roman Empire and the Messiah in Israel
Harmony reading: 1 (Sept 30)
DATE: ca 37 (or 40) BC - Herod the Great began his reign in Judea, killing off the Hasmonean Dynasty and the Maccabees of the Kingdom of Israel (ca 140-37 BC). Map of the Kingdom of Herod.
DATE: ca 30 BC - Cleopatra of Egypt died
DATE: ca 30-27 BC - Caesar Augustus began ruling as first Emperor of the Roman Empire Harmony reading: 2 (Oct 1)
DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Caesar Augustus, emperor of the Roman Empire, ordered a census of the entire empire; Luke 2:1.
DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Quirinius, governor of Syria ordered a census in Judea ( Luke 2:2)
DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Jesus was born in Bethlehem
DATE: ca 4 BC - in Judea Herod the Great died. He had rebuilt the 2nd Temple in Jerusalem, calling it Herod's Temple.
DATE: ca 4 BC - Herod "Archelaus" replaced his father Herod as king of Judea until banished in 6 AD. (See Iudaea Province). (Matt 2:13-23)
DATE: ca 4 BC - Herod Antipas replaced his father Herod as the tetrarch of Roman province of Galilee and Perea
DATE: ca 4 BC - Philip the Tetrarch replaced his father Herod as
Tetrarch of Ituraea and Trachonitis
4 BC Ė 34 AD
DATE: ca 6 BC - Herod "Archelaus" was exiled to Gaul and Augustus made Samaria, Judea, and Idumea a Roman province Iudaea.
DATE: ca 6 AD - Annas High Priest officially from 6-15 AD, but who lived until assasinated in 66 AD
DATE: ca 14 AD - Caesar Augustus, emperor of the Roman Empire, died. Harmony reading: 3 (Oct 2)
DATE: ca 14 AD - Tiberius Caesar, Emperor of the Roman Empire, began his reign
DATE: ca 18 AD - Caiaphas High Priest from 18-36 AD (John 18:13 - son-in-law of Annas)
DATE: ca 21 AD - Quirinius, governor of Syria died
DATE: ca 26 AD - Pontius Pilate became the fifth Prefect of the Roman province of Judaea
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - Tiberius Caesar, Emperor of the Roman Empire is mentioned in his 15th year ( Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 29 AD - Lysanias, tetrarch of Abilene ( Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - John the Baptist began his ministry ( Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - Jesus began his ministry around the age of 30, soon after John
Harmony reading: later (Oct ?)
DATE: ca ? AD - around the age of 33, Jesus was crucified after being tried by Pontius Pilate and High Priest Annas
DATE: ca 34 AD - Philip the Tetrarch of Ituraea and Trachonitis died
DATE: ca 36 AD - Pontius Pilate was exiled to Gaul, perhaps by the cruel and insane Caligula who ruled Rome from 37Ė41 AD
DATE: ca 37 AD - Tiberius, Emperor of the Roman Empire, died and was followed by Caligula (AD 37Ė41) who claimed divinity
DATE: ca 39 AD - Tetrarch Herod Antipas was exiled from Galilee and Perea by his nephew Agrippa I who took over Galilee and Perea
Next harmony chart
- Persia and Judah Persia (Persian Empire) aka Achaemenid Empire c 550-330 BC; with maps; included what had been Babylon, 539 BC
- links to Wikipedia for information on kings of the Persian Empire from 559-330 BC
Persian Empire kings
- from 746 BC to current; lists of empires
Empires governing the Israel in the Middle East
- Second Empire of ASSYRIA with maps; 746-609 BC
- NEO BABYLONIAN Empire with maps; ca. 627-539 BC
- Egypt neighbored Israel to the southwest
Egypt & Judah
Final prophets and kings of Judah
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