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October 8   - Day 281 New Testament Day 9 of 99
* Gospel Study Indexes: Matthew, Mark, Luke, John
* Online Bible DICTIONARY Index
* BOOKS to buy about Gospel, Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, Amazon.com
* Map of Galilee
Commentary:
Watch Jesus Teach, Explain, and Heal
Mt 8-10:23

Local History: (The Roman Empire and Israel)

Scriptures: (100vs)
* John 4:5-54 (50vs),   * Matthew 12:1-21 (21vs)   * Mark 2:23-28, 3:1-12 (18vs)   * Luke 6:1-11 (11vs)  


  Encounter with the outcast Samaritan woman:   John 4:5-26 (22vs)

So he came to a city of Samaria, called Sychar,
near the parcel of ground that Jacob gave to his son, Joseph.
Jacobís well was there.

Jesus therefore, being tired from his journey, sat down by the well.
It was about the sixth hour.

A woman of Samaria came to draw water. Jesus said to her,

"Give me a drink."
For his disciples had gone away into the city to buy food.

The Samaritan woman therefore said to him,

"How is it that you, being a Jew, ask for a drink from me, a Samaritan woman?"
(For Jews have no dealings with Samaritans.)

Jesus answered her,

"If you knew the gift of God, and who it is who says to you,
'Give me a drink,'
you would have asked him, and he would have given you living water."
The woman said to him,
"Sir, you have nothing to draw with, and the well is deep. From where then have you that living water?

Are you greater than our father, Jacob, who gave us the well, and drank of it himself, as did his children, and his livestock?"

Jesus answered her,
"Everyone who drinks of this water will thirst again,
but whoever drinks of the water that I will give him will never thirst again;
but the water that I will give him will become in him
a well of water springing up to eternal life."
The woman said to him,
"Sir, give me this water, so that I donít get thirsty, neither come all the way here to draw."
Jesus said to her,
"Go, call your husband, and come here."
The woman answered,
"I have no husband."
Jesus said to her,
"You said well,
'I have no husband,'
for you have had five husbands;
and he whom you now have is not your husband.
This you have said truly."
The woman said to him,
"Sir, I perceive that you are a prophet.

Our fathers worshiped in this mountain,
and you Jews say that in Jerusalem is the place where people ought to worship."

Jesus said to her,
"Woman, believe me, the hour comes,
when neither in this mountain,
nor in Jerusalem,
will you worship the Father.

You worship that which you donít know.
We worship that which we know;
for salvation is from the Jews.

But the hour comes, and now is,
when the true worshippers will worship the Father in spirit and truth,
for the Father seeks such to be his worshippers.

God is spirit, and those who worship him must worship in spirit and truth."

The woman said to him,
"I know that Messiah comes,"
(he who is called Christ).
"When he has come, he will declare to us all things."
Jesus said to her,
"I am he, the one who speaks to you."


  Effects of encounter with Samaritan woman:   John 4:27-42 (16vs)

At this, his disciples came.
They marveled that he was speaking with a woman; yet no one said,

"What are you looking for?"
or,
"Why do you speak with her?"
So the woman left her water pot, and went away into the city,
and said to the people,
"Come, see a man who told me everything that I did.

Can this be the Christ?"

They went out of the city, and were coming to him.

In the meanwhile, the disciples urged him, saying,

"Rabbi, eat."
But he said to them,
"I have food to eat that you donít know about." *
The disciples therefore said one to another,
"Has anyone brought him something to eat?"
Jesus said to them,
"My food is to do the will of him who sent me, and to accomplish his work.

Donít you say,

'There are yet four months until the harvest?'
Behold, I tell you, lift up your eyes,
and look at the fields,
that they are white for harvest already.

He who reaps receives wages, and gathers fruit to eternal life;
that both he who sows and he who reaps may rejoice together.

For in this the saying is true,

'One sows, and another reaps.'
I sent you to reap that for which you havenít labored.
Others have labored, and you have entered into their labor."

From that city many of the Samaritans believed in him because of the word of the woman, who testified,

"He told me everything that I did."
So when the Samaritans came to him,
they begged him to stay with them. He stayed there two days.

Many more believed because of his word.

They said to the woman,

"Now we believe, not because of your speaking;
for we have heard for ourselves,
and know that this is indeed the Christ,
the Savior of the world."


  Back from Passover to Galilee:   John 4:43-45 (3vs)

After the two days he went out from there and went into Galilee.
For Jesus himself testified that a prophet has no honor in his own country.

So when he came into Galilee, the Galileans received him,
having seen all the things that he did in Jerusalem at the feast,
for they also went to the feast.


  Noble man's son in Capernaum healed from Cana:   John 4:46-54 (9vs)

Jesus came therefore again to Cana of Galilee,
where he made the water into wine.

There was a certain nobleman whose son was sick at Capernaum.

When he heard that Jesus had come out of Judea into Galilee,
he went to him, and begged him
that he would come down and heal his son,
for he was at the point of death.

Jesus therefore said to him,

"Unless you see signs and wonders,
you will in no way believe."
The nobleman said to him,
"Sir, come down before my child dies."
Jesus said to him,
"Go your way. Your son lives."
The man believed the word that Jesus spoke to him, and he went his way.

As he was now going down, his servants met him and reported, saying

"Your child lives!"
So he inquired of them the hour when he began to get better.

They said therefore to him,

"Yesterday at the seventh hour, the fever left him."
So the father knew that it was at that hour in which Jesus said to him,
"Your son lives."
He believed, as did his whole house.

This is again the second sign that Jesus did, having come out of Judea into Galilee.


  Sabbath in Galilee - grain field offense:   Luke 6:1-5 (5vs)

Now it happened on the second Sabbath after the first, that he was going through the grain fields. His disciples plucked the heads of grain, and ate, rubbing them in their hands.

But some of the Pharisees said to them,

"Why do you do that which is not lawful to do on the Sabbath day?"
Jesus, answering them, said,
"Havenít you read what David did when he was hungry, he, and those who were with him;
how he entered into the house of God,
and took and ate the show bread,
and gave also to those who were with him,
which is not lawful to eat except for the priests alone?"
He said to them,
"The Son of Man is lord of the Sabbath."


  Sabbath in Galilee - grain field offense:   Matthew 12:1-8 (8vs)

At that time, Jesus went on the Sabbath day through the grain fields.

His disciples were hungry and began to pluck heads of grain and to eat.

But the Pharisees, when they saw it, said to him,

"Behold, your disciples do what is not lawful to do on the Sabbath."
But he said to them,
"Havenít you read what David did, when he was hungry, and those who were with him;
how he entered into the house of God,
and ate the show bread, which was not lawful for him to eat,
neither for those who were with him,
but only for the priests? *

Or have you not read in the law, that on the Sabbath day,
the priests in the temple profane the Sabbath,
and are guiltless? *

But I tell you that one greater than the temple is here.

But if you had known what this means,

'I desire mercy, and not sacrifice,' [* Hos 6:6]
you would not have condemned the guiltless.

For the Son of Man is Lord of the Sabbath."


  Sabbath in Galilee, grain field offense:   Mark 2:23-28 (6vs)

It happened that he was going on the Sabbath day through the grain fields,
and his disciples began, as they went,
to pluck the ears of grain.

The Pharisees said to him,

"Behold, why do they do that which is not lawful on the Sabbath day?"
He said to them,
"Did you never read what David did, when he had need, and was hungryóhe, and those who were with him?

How he entered into the house of God when Abiathar was high priest, and ate the show bread, which is not lawful to eat except for the priests, and gave also to those who were with him?"

He said to them,
"The Sabbath was made for man, not man for the Sabbath.

Therefore the Son of Man is lord even of the Sabbath."


  Withered hand Sabbath healing vs Law controversy:   Matthew 12:9-14 (6vs)

He departed there, and went into their synagogue.

And behold there was a man with a withered hand.

They asked him,

"Is it lawful to heal on the Sabbath day?"

He said to them,

"What man is there among you, who has one sheep,
and if this one falls into a pit on the Sabbath day,
wonít he grab on to it, and lift it out?

Of how much more value then is a man than a sheep! Therefore it is lawful to do good on the Sabbath day."

Then he told the man,
"Stretch out your hand."
He stretched it out; and it was restored whole, just like the other.

But the Pharisees went out, and conspired against him, how they might destroy him.


  Withered hand Sabbath healing vs Law controversy:   Mark 3:1-6 (6vs)

He entered again into the synagogue, and there was a man there who had his hand withered.

They watched him, whether he would heal him on the Sabbath day, that they might accuse him.

He said to the man who had his hand withered,

"Stand up."

He said to them,

"Is it lawful on the Sabbath day to do good, or to do harm?
To save a life, or to kill?"
But they were silent.

When he had looked around at them with anger, being grieved at the hardening of their hearts, he said to the man,

"Stretch out your hand."
He stretched it out, and his hand was restored as healthy as the other.

The Pharisees went out, and immediately conspired with the Herodians against him, how they might destroy him.


  Withered hand healing vs Law controversy:   Luke 6:6-11 (6vs)

It also happened on another Sabbath that he entered into the synagogue and taught.

There was a man there, and his right hand was withered.

The scribes and the Pharisees watched him,
to see whether he would heal on the Sabbath,
that they might find an accusation against him.

But he knew their thoughts;
and he said to the man who had the withered hand,

"Rise up, and stand in the middle."
He arose and stood.

Then Jesus said to them,

"I will ask you something:

Is it lawful on the Sabbath to do good, or to do harm?
To save a life, or to kill?"

He looked around at them all, and said to the man,
"Stretch out your hand."
He did, and his hand was restored as sound as the other.

But they were filled with rage,
and talked with one another about what they might do to Jesus.


  Jesus knew what others were thinking:   Matthew 12:15-21 (7vs)

Jesus, perceiving that, withdrew from there.

Great multitudes followed him; and he healed them all,
and commanded them that they should not make him known:
that it might be fulfilled which was spoken through Isaiah the prophet, saying,

"Behold, my servant whom I have chosen;
my beloved in whom my soul is well pleased:
I will put my Spirit on him.

He will proclaim justice to the nations.
He will not strive, nor shout;
neither will anyone hear his voice in the streets.

He wonít break a bruised reed.
He wonít quench a smoking flax,
until he leads justice to victory.

In his name, the nations will hope." [* Isa 42:1-4]


  Crowds followed Jesus:   Mark 3:7-12 (6vs)

Jesus withdrew to the sea with his disciples,
and a great multitude followed him from Galilee, from Judea,
from Jerusalem, from Idumaea, beyond the Jordan, and those from around Tyre and Sidon.

A great multitude, hearing what great things he did, came to him.

He spoke to his disciples that a little boat should stay near him because of the crowd, so that they wouldnít press on him.

For he had healed many, so that as many as had diseases pressed on him that they might touch him.

The unclean spirits, whenever they saw him, fell down before him, and cried,

"You are the Son of God!"
He sternly warned them that they should not make him known.


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Map of Palestine Israel during Jesus' life


Local HISTORY charts: Roman Empire and the Messiah in Israel
DATE: ca 51 BC - Quirinius, became governor of Syria
DATE: 44 BC - Julius Caesar was murdered; last Caesar of the Roman Republic. Civil war followed.

Harmony reading: 1 (Sept 30)

DATE: ca 37 (or 40) BC - Herod the Great began his reign in Judea, killing off the Hasmonean Dynasty and the Maccabees of the Kingdom of Israel (ca 140-37 BC). Map of the Kingdom of Herod.
DATE: ca 30 BC - Cleopatra of Egypt died
DATE: ca 30-27 BC - Caesar Augustus began ruling as first Emperor of the Roman Empire

Harmony reading: 2 (Oct 1)

DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Caesar Augustus, emperor of the Roman Empire, ordered a census of the entire empire; Luke 2:1.
DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Quirinius, governor of Syria ordered a census in Judea (Luke 2:2)
DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Jesus was born in Bethlehem
DATE: ca   4 BC - in Judea Herod the Great died. He had rebuilt the 2nd Temple in Jerusalem, calling it Herod's Temple.
DATE: ca 4 BC - Herod "Archelaus" replaced his father Herod as king of Judea until banished in 6 AD. (See Iudaea Province). (Matt 2:13-23)
DATE: ca 4 BC - Herod Antipas replaced his father Herod as the tetrarch of Roman province of Galilee and Perea
DATE: ca 4 BC - Philip the Tetrarch replaced his father Herod as Tetrarch of Ituraea and Trachonitis 4 BC Ė 34 AD
DATE: ca 6 BC - Herod "Archelaus" was exiled to Gaul and Augustus made Samaria, Judea, and Idumea a Roman province Iudaea.
DATE: ca 6 AD - Annas High Priest officially from 6-15 AD, but who lived until assasinated in 66 AD
DATE: ca 14 AD - Caesar Augustus, emperor of the Roman Empire, died.

Harmony reading: 3 (Oct 2)

DATE: ca 14 AD - Tiberius Caesar, Emperor of the Roman Empire, began his reign
DATE: ca 18 AD - Caiaphas High Priest from 18-36 AD (John 18:13 - son-in-law of Annas)
DATE: ca 21 AD - Quirinius, governor of Syria died
DATE: ca 26 AD - Pontius Pilate became the fifth Prefect of the Roman province of Judaea
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - Tiberius Caesar, Emperor of the Roman Empire is mentioned in his 15th year (Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 29 AD - Lysanias, tetrarch of Abilene (Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - John the Baptist began his ministry (Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - Jesus began his ministry around the age of 30, soon after John

Harmony reading: later (Oct ?)

DATE: ca ? AD - around the age of 33, Jesus was crucified after being tried by Pontius Pilate and High Priest Annas
DATE: ca 34 AD - Philip the Tetrarch of Ituraea and Trachonitis died
DATE: ca 36 AD - Pontius Pilate was exiled to Gaul, perhaps by the cruel and insane Caligula who ruled Rome from 37Ė41 AD
DATE: ca 37 AD - Tiberius, Emperor of the Roman Empire, died and was followed by Caligula (AD 37Ė41) who claimed divinity
DATE: ca 39 AD - Tetrarch Herod Antipas was exiled from Galilee and Perea by his nephew Agrippa I who took over Galilee and Perea

Next harmony chart

Persia and Judah - Persia (Persian Empire) aka Achaemenid Empire c 550-330 BC; with maps; included what had been Babylon, 539 BC

more before:
DATE: ca 430-420 BC - Some think late in the reign of Artaxerxes I Longimanus or early in the reign of Darius II (ca 423-404 BC), Malachi wrote warnings and promises from the LORD.

Persian Empire kings - links to Wikipedia for information on kings of the Persian Empire from 559-330 BC

Empires governing the Israel in the Middle East - from 746 BC to current; lists of empires

Assyria - Second Empire of ASSYRIA with maps; 746-609 BC

Babylonia - NEO BABYLONIAN Empire with maps; ca. 627-539 BC

Egypt & Judah - Egypt neighbored Israel to the southwest

Final prophets and kings of Judah

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