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October 9   - Day 282 New Testament Day 10 of 99
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Commentary:
Practical Applications for a Godly Life
Luke 6:19-7:50

Local History: (The Roman Empire and Israel)

Scriptures: (93vs)
* Matthew 10:1-42 (42vs)   * Mark 3:13-19 (7vs)   * Luke 6:12-49 (38vs)   9:1-6 (6vs)  


  Jesus prayed, then chose 12 apostles from all his disciples:   Luke 6:12-16 (5vs)

It happened in these days, that he went out to the mountain to pray,
and he continued all night in prayer to God.

When it was day, he called his disciples,
and from them he chose twelve, whom he also named apostles:

Simon, whom he also named Peter;
Andrew, his brother;
James;
John;
Philip;
Bartholomew;
Matthew;
Thomas;
James, the son of Alphaeus;
Simon, who was called the Zealot;
Judas the son of James;
and Judas Iscariot, who also became a traitor.


  Jesus chose 12 apostles from all his disciples:   Mark 3:13-19 (7vs)

He went up into the mountain, and called to himself those whom he wanted, and they went to him.

He appointed twelve, that they might be with him,
and that he might send them out to preach,
and to have authority to heal sicknesses and to cast out demons:

Simon, to whom he gave the name Peter;
James the son of Zebedee;
John, the brother of James, and he surnamed them Boanerges, which means, Sons of Thunder;
Andrew;
Philip;
Bartholomew;
Matthew;
Thomas;
James, the son of Alphaeus;
Thaddaeus;
Simon the Zealot;
and Judas Iscariot, who also betrayed him.


  Of all his disciples, Jesus chose 12 apostles:   Matthew 10:1-4 (4vs)
He called to himself his twelve disciples, and gave them authority over unclean spirits, to cast them out, and to heal every disease and every sickness.

Now the names of the twelve apostles are these.

The first, Simon, who is called Peter;
Andrew, his brother;
James the son of Zebedee;
John, his brother;
Philip;
Bartholomew;
Thomas;
Matthew the tax collector;
James the son of Alphaeus;
Lebbaeus, whose surname was Thaddaeus;
Simon the Canaanite;
and Judas Iscariot, who also betrayed him.


  Apostles chosen, they all go down to the plain:   Luke 6:17-19 (3vs)

He came down with them, and stood on a level place, with a crowd of his disciples,
and a great number of the people from all Judea and Jerusalem,
and the sea coast of Tyre and Sidon,
who came to hear him and to be healed of their diseases;
as well as those who were troubled by unclean spirits, and they were being healed.

All the multitude sought to touch him, for power came out from him and healed them all.


  Jesus taught - blessed or not:   Luke 6:20-26 (7vs)

He lifted up his eyes to his disciples, and said,

"Blessed are you who are poor, for yours is the Kingdom of God.

Blessed are you who hunger now, for you will be filled.

Blessed are you who weep now, for you will laugh.

Blessed are you when men shall hate you, and when they shall exclude and mock you, and throw out your name as evil, for the Son of Manís sake.

Rejoice in that day, and leap for joy, for behold, your reward is great in heaven, for their fathers did the same thing to the prophets.

But woe to you who are rich! For you have received your consolation.

Woe to you, you who are full now, for you will be hungry.

Woe to you who laugh now, for you will mourn and weep.

Woe,* when* men speak well of you, for their fathers did the same thing to the false prophets.


  Jesus taught - unusual love:   Luke 6:27-36 (10vs)
"But I tell you who hear:
love your enemies,
do good to those who hate you,
bless those who curse you,
and pray for those who mistreat you.

To him who strikes you on the cheek, offer also the other; and from him who takes away your cloak, donít withhold your coat also.

Give to everyone who asks you, and donít ask him who takes away your goods to give them back again.

As you would like people to do to you, do exactly so to them.

If you love those who love you, what credit is that to you? For even sinners love those who love them.

If you do good to those who do good to you, what credit is that to you? For even sinners do the same.

If you lend to those from whom you hope to receive, what credit is that to you? Even sinners lend to sinners, to receive back as much.

But love your enemies, and do good,
and lend, expecting nothing back;

and your reward will be great,
and you will be children of the Most High;
for he is kind toward the unthankful and evil.

Therefore be merciful, even as your Father is also merciful.


  Jesus taught - judging instructions:   Luke 6:37-42 (6vs)
Donít judge, and you wonít be judged.
Donít condemn, and you wonít be condemned.
Set free, and you will be set free.

Give, and it will be given to you: good measure, pressed down, shaken together, and running over, will be given to you. For with the same measure you measure it will be measured back to you."

He spoke a parable to them.

Can the blind guide the blind? Wonít they both fall into a pit?

A disciple is not above his teacher, but everyone when he is fully trained will be like his teacher.

Why do you see the speck of chaff that is in your brotherís eye, but donít consider the beam that is in your own eye?

Or how can you tell your brother,

'Brother, let me remove the speck of chaff that is in your eye,'
when you yourself donít see the beam that is in your own eye?

You hypocrite!

First remove the beam from your own eye, and then you can see clearly to remove the speck of chaff that is in your brotherís eye.


  Jesus taught - recognize good from evil:   Luke 6:43-45 (3vs)
For there is no good tree that brings forth rotten fruit; nor again a rotten tree that brings forth good fruit.

For each tree is known by its own fruit.

For people donít gather figs from thorns, nor do they gather grapes from a bramble bush.

The good man out of the good treasure of his heart brings out that which is good,

and the evil man out of the evil treasure of his heart brings out that which is evil,

for out of the abundance of the heart, his mouth speaks.


  Jesus is Lord of those who put his teachings into practice:
    also see Sermon on the Mount Mt 7:24-25 - Build house upon a Rock
  Luke 6:46-49 (4vs)
Why do you call me,
'Lord, Lord,'
and donít do the things which I say?

Everyone who comes to me, and hears my words, and does them, I will show you who he is like.

He is like a man building a house, who dug and went deep,
and laid a foundation on the rock.
When a flood arose, the stream broke against that house,
and could not shake it,
because it was founded on the rock.

But he who hears, and doesnít do, [Deu 5:27]
is like a man who built a house on the earth without a foundation,
against which the stream broke,
and immediately it fell, and the ruin of that house was great.Ē


  Apostles sent to nearby towns with instructions:   Matthew 10:5-20 (16vs)

Jesus sent these twelve out, and commanded them, saying,

"Donít go among the Gentiles,
and donít enter into any city of the Samaritans.
Rather, go to the lost sheep of the house of Israel.

As you go, preach, saying,

'The Kingdom of Heaven is at hand!'

Heal the sick,
cleanse the lepers,
and cast out demons.
Freely you received, so freely give. *

Donít take any gold, nor silver, nor brass in your money belts.

Take no bag for your journey,
neither two coats, nor shoes, nor staff:
for the laborer is worthy of his food.

Into whatever city or village you enter,
find out who in it is worthy;
and stay there until you go on.

As you enter into the household, greet it.

If the household is worthy, let your peace come on it,
but if it isnít worthy, let your peace return to you.

Whoever doesnít receive you, nor hear your words,
as you go out of that house or that city,
shake off the dust from your feet.

Most certainly I tell you, it will be more tolerable
for the land of Sodom and Gomorrah in the day of judgment than for that city.

Behold, I send you out as sheep in the midst of wolves.
Therefore be wise as serpents, and harmless as doves.

But beware of men:
for they will deliver you up to councils,
and in their synagogues they will scourge you.

Yes, and you will be brought before governors and kings for my sake,
for a testimony to them and to the nations.

But when they deliver you up,
donít be anxious how or what you will say,
for it will be given you in that hour what you will say.

For it is not you who speak, but the Spirit of your Father who speaks in you."


  Further instructions to disciples - on family:   Matthew 10:21-37 (17vs)
"Brother will deliver up brother to death, and the father his child.
Children will rise up against parents, and cause them to be put to death.

You will be hated by all men for my nameís sake,
but he who endures to the end will be saved.

But when they persecute you in this city,
flee into the next, for most certainly I tell you,
you will not have gone through the cities of Israel,
until the Son of Man has come.

A disciple is not above his teacher, nor a servant above his lord.

It is enough for the disciple that he be like his teacher,
and the servant like his lord.
If they have called the master of the house Beelzebul,
how much more those of his household!

Therefore donít be afraid of them,
for there is nothing covered that will not be revealed; and hidden that will not be known.

What I tell you in the darkness, speak in the light;
and what you hear whispered in the ear, proclaim on the housetops.

Donít be afraid of those who kill the body,
but are not able to kill the soul. *

Rather, fear him who is able to destroy both soul and body in Gehenna.

Arenít two sparrows sold for an assarion coin?
Not one of them falls on the ground apart from your Fatherís will,
but the very hairs of your head are all numbered.

Therefore donít be afraid.
You are of more value than many sparrows.

Everyone therefore who confesses me before men,
him I will also confess before my Father who is in heaven.

But whoever denies me before men,
him I will also deny before my Father who is in heaven.

Donít think that I came to send peace on the earth. I didnít come to send peace, but a sword.

For I came to set a man at odds against his father,
and a daughter against her mother,
and a daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law.

A manís foes will be those of his own household.

He who loves father or mother more than me
is not worthy of me;
and he who loves son or daughter more than me
isnít worthy of me.


  Further instructions to disciples - what to expect:   Matthew 10:38-42 (5vs)

He who doesnít take his cross and follow after me,
isnít worthy of me.

He who seeks his life will lose it;
and he who loses his life for my sake will find it.

He who receives you receives me,
and he who receives me receives him who sent me.

He who receives a prophet in the name of a prophet will receive a prophetís reward.
He who receives a righteous man in the name of a righteous man will receive a righteous manís reward.

Whoever gives one of these little ones just a cup of cold water to drink in the name of a disciple,
most certainly I tell you he will in no way lose his reward."


  Jesus gave the 12 authority, sent them to heal and preach:   Luke 9:1-6 (6vs)
He called the twelve together, and gave them power and authority over all demons, and to cure diseases.

He sent them forth to preach the Kingdom of God

He said to them,

"Take nothing for your journeyóneither staffs, nor wallet, nor bread, nor money; neither have two coats apiece.

Into whatever house you enter, stay there, and depart from there.

As many as donít receive you, when you depart from that city, shake off even the dust from your feet for a testimony against them."

They departed, and went throughout the villages, preaching the Good News, and healing everywhere.


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Map of Palestine Israel during Jesus' life


Local HISTORY charts: Roman Empire and the Messiah in Israel
DATE: ca 51 BC - Quirinius, became governor of Syria
DATE: 44 BC - Julius Caesar was murdered; last Caesar of the Roman Republic. Civil war followed.

Harmony reading: 1 (Sept 30)

DATE: ca 37 (or 40) BC - Herod the Great began his reign in Judea, killing off the Hasmonean Dynasty and the Maccabees of the Kingdom of Israel (ca 140-37 BC). Map of the Kingdom of Herod.
DATE: ca 30 BC - Cleopatra of Egypt died
DATE: ca 30-27 BC - Caesar Augustus began ruling as first Emperor of the Roman Empire

Harmony reading: 2 (Oct 1)

DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Caesar Augustus, emperor of the Roman Empire, ordered a census of the entire empire; Luke 2:1.
DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Quirinius, governor of Syria ordered a census in Judea (Luke 2:2)
DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Jesus was born in Bethlehem
DATE: ca   4 BC - in Judea Herod the Great died. He had rebuilt the 2nd Temple in Jerusalem, calling it Herod's Temple.
DATE: ca 4 BC - Herod "Archelaus" replaced his father Herod as king of Judea until banished in 6 AD. (See Iudaea Province). (Matt 2:13-23)
DATE: ca 4 BC - Herod Antipas replaced his father Herod as the tetrarch of Roman province of Galilee and Perea
DATE: ca 4 BC - Philip the Tetrarch replaced his father Herod as Tetrarch of Ituraea and Trachonitis 4 BC Ė 34 AD
DATE: ca 6 BC - Herod "Archelaus" was exiled to Gaul and Augustus made Samaria, Judea, and Idumea a Roman province Iudaea.
DATE: ca 6 AD - Annas High Priest officially from 6-15 AD, but who lived until assasinated in 66 AD
DATE: ca 14 AD - Caesar Augustus, emperor of the Roman Empire, died.

Harmony reading: 3 (Oct 2)

DATE: ca 14 AD - Tiberius Caesar, Emperor of the Roman Empire, began his reign
DATE: ca 18 AD - Caiaphas High Priest from 18-36 AD (John 18:13 - son-in-law of Annas)
DATE: ca 21 AD - Quirinius, governor of Syria died
DATE: ca 26 AD - Pontius Pilate became the fifth Prefect of the Roman province of Judaea
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - Tiberius Caesar, Emperor of the Roman Empire is mentioned in his 15th year (Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 29 AD - Lysanias, tetrarch of Abilene (Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - John the Baptist began his ministry (Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - Jesus began his ministry around the age of 30, soon after John

Harmony reading: later (Oct ?)

DATE: ca ? AD - around the age of 33, Jesus was crucified after being tried by Pontius Pilate and High Priest Annas
DATE: ca 34 AD - Philip the Tetrarch of Ituraea and Trachonitis died
DATE: ca 36 AD - Pontius Pilate was exiled to Gaul, perhaps by the cruel and insane Caligula who ruled Rome from 37Ė41 AD
DATE: ca 37 AD - Tiberius, Emperor of the Roman Empire, died and was followed by Caligula (AD 37Ė41) who claimed divinity
DATE: ca 39 AD - Tetrarch Herod Antipas was exiled from Galilee and Perea by his nephew Agrippa I who took over Galilee and Perea

Next harmony chart

Persia and Judah - Persia (Persian Empire) aka Achaemenid Empire c 550-330 BC; with maps; included what had been Babylon, 539 BC

more before:
DATE: ca 430-420 BC - Some think late in the reign of Artaxerxes I Longimanus or early in the reign of Darius II (ca 423-404 BC), Malachi wrote warnings and promises from the LORD.

Persian Empire kings - links to Wikipedia for information on kings of the Persian Empire from 559-330 BC

Empires governing the Israel in the Middle East - from 746 BC to current; lists of empires

Assyria - Second Empire of ASSYRIA with maps; 746-609 BC

Babylonia - NEO BABYLONIAN Empire with maps; ca. 627-539 BC

Egypt & Judah - Egypt neighbored Israel to the southwest

Final prophets and kings of Judah

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