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October 10   - Day 283 New Testament Day 11 of 99
* Study Indexes on: Matthew, Mark, Luke, John
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* Introduction to the books of Matthew, Mark, Luke, John
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Commentary:
Spreading His Message: Healing, Parables, and Hometown Disbelief
Mk 4-6:11

Local History: (The Roman Empire and Israel)

Scriptures: (110vs)
* Matthew 4:12 (1vs)   11:1-30 (30vs)   14:3-5 (3vs)   * Mark 6:7-13 (7vs)   1:14 (1vs)   * Luke 3:19-20 (2vs)   7:18-50 (33vs)   8:1-3 (3vs)   * John 5:1-30 (30vs)  


  Jesus sent the 12 out 2 by 2 with authority: continued   Mark 6:7-13 (7vs)

He called to himself the twelve, and began to send them out two by two; and he gave them authority over the unclean spirits.

He commanded them that they should take nothing for their journey,
except a staff only:
no bread, no wallet, no money in their purse,
but to wear sandals, and not put on two tunics.

He said to them,

"Wherever you enter into a house, stay there until you depart from there.

Whoever will not receive you nor hear you, as you depart from there,
shake off the dust that is under your feet for a testimony against them.

Assuredly, I tell you, it will be more tolerable for Sodom and Gomorrah in the day of judgment than for that city!"

They went out and preached that people should repent.

They cast out many demons, and anointed many with oil who were sick, and healed them.


  The 12 left to proclaim the kingdom; Jesus went through Galilee:   Matthew 11:1 (1vs)

It happened that when Jesus had finished directing his twelve disciples, he departed from there to teach and preach in their cities.


  Jesus heard that John the Baptist was jailed:   Matthew 4:12 (1vs)

Now when Jesus heard that John was delivered up, he withdrew into Galilee.


  John the Baptist, in jail for political criticism:   Mark 1:14 (1vs)

Now after John was taken into custody,
Jesus came into Galilee, preaching the Good News of the Kingdom of God,


  John the Baptist, in jail for political criticism:   Matthew 14:3-5 (3vs)

For Herod had laid hold of John, and bound him,
and put him in prison for the sake of Herodias, his brother Philipís wife.

For John said to him,

"It is not lawful for you to have her."
When he would have put him to death, he feared the multitude, because they counted him as a prophet.


  John the Baptist, in jail for political criticism:   Luke 3:19-20 (2vs)

but Herod the tetrarch, being reproved by him for Herodias, his brotherís wife,
and for all the evil things which Herod had done,
added this also to them all, that he shut up John in prison.


  Now in jail, John the Baptist wanted certainty:   Luke 7:18-23 (6vs)

The disciples of John told him about all these things.

John, calling to himself two of his disciples, sent them to Jesus, saying,

"Are you the one who is coming, or should we look for another?"

When the men had come to him, they said,

"John the Baptizer has sent us to you, saying,
'Are you he who comes, or should we look for another?'"

In that hour he cured many of diseases and plagues and evil spirits;
and to many who were blind he gave sight.

Jesus answered them,

"Go and tell John the things which you have seen and heard:
that the blind receive their sight,
the lame walk,
the lepers are cleansed,
the deaf hear,
the dead are raised up,
and the poor have good news preached to them. [Isa 29:18]

Blessed is he who is not offended by me."


  From jail, John the Baptist wanted more proof:   Matthew 11:2-15 (14vs)

Now when John heard in the prison the works of Christ,
he sent two of his disciples and said to him,

"Are you he who comes, or should we look for another?"
Jesus answered them,
"Go and tell John the things which you hear and see:
the blind receive their sight,
the lame walk,
the lepers are cleansed,
the deaf hear, [Isa 35:5]
the dead are raised up,
and the poor have good news preached to them. [Isa 61:1]

Blessed is he who finds no occasion for stumbling in me."

As these went their way, Jesus began to say to the multitudes concerning John,
"What did you go out into the wilderness to see?
A reed shaken by the wind?

But what did you go out to see?
A man in soft clothing? Behold, those who wear soft clothing are in kingís houses.

But why did you go out?
To see a prophet?
Yes, I tell you, and much more than a prophet.

For this is he, of whom it is written,

'Behold, I send my messenger before your face, who will prepare your way before you.' [Mal 3:1]
Most certainly I tell you, among those who are born of women
there has not arisen anyone greater than John the Baptizer;
yet he who is least in the Kingdom of Heaven is greater than he.

From the days of John the Baptizer until now, the Kingdom of Heaven suffers violence, and the violent take it by force.
For all the prophets and the law prophesied until John.

If you are willing to receive it, this is Elijah, who is to come.

He who has ears to hear, let him hear.


  John the Baptist - described:   Luke 7:24-30 (7vs)

When Johnís messengers had departed, he began to tell the multitudes about John,

ďWhat did you go out into the wilderness to see? A reed shaken by the wind?

But what did you go out to see?
A man clothed in soft clothing?
Behold, those who are gorgeously dressed, and live delicately, are in kingsí courts.

But what did you go out to see? A prophet?
Yes, I tell you, and much more than a prophet.

This is he of whom it is written,

'Behold, I send my messenger before your face,
who will prepare your way before you.' [Mal 3:1]

For I tell you, among those who are born of women there is not a greater prophet than John the Baptizer, yet he who is least in the Kingdom of God is greater than he."

When all the people and the tax collectors heard this, they declared God to be just, having been baptized with Johnís baptism.

But the Pharisees and the lawyers rejected the counsel of God, not being baptized by him themselves.


  John the Baptist - some people are never satisfied:   Matthew 11:16-19 (4vs)

"But to what shall I compare this generation?
It is like children sitting in the marketplaces,
who call to their companions and say,
'We played the flute for you, and you didnít dance.
We mourned for you, and you didnít lament.'
For John came neither eating nor drinking, and they say,
'He has a demon.'
The Son of Man came eating and drinking, and they say,
'Behold, a gluttonous man and a drunkard, a friend of tax collectors and sinners!'
But wisdom is justified by her children."


  John the Baptist - some people are never satisfied:   Luke 7:31-35 (5vs)

"To what then will I liken the people of this generation?

What are they like?

They are like children who sit in the marketplace, and call one to another, saying,

'We piped to you, and you didnít dance. We mourned, and you didnít weep.'
For John the Baptizer came neither eating bread nor drinking wine, and you say,
'He has a demon.'
The Son of Man has come eating and drinking, and you say,
'Behold, a gluttonous man, and a drunkard;
a friend of tax collectors and sinners!'

Wisdom is justified by all her children."


  Dinner at Simon the Pharisee's house:
    Also see Mary, who anointed the Lord in Bethany
  Luke 7:36-40 (5vs)

One of the Pharisees invited him to eat with him. He entered into the Phariseeís house, and sat at the table.

Behold, a woman in the city who was a sinner, when she knew that he was reclining in the Phariseeís house, she brought an alabaster jar of ointment.

Standing behind at his feet weeping, she began to wet his feet with her tears, and she wiped them with the hair of her head, kissed his feet, and anointed them with the ointment.

Now when the Pharisee who had invited him saw it, he said to himself,

"This man, if he were a prophet, would have perceived who and what kind of woman this is who touches him, that she is a sinner."

Jesus answered him,

"Simon, I have something to tell you."
He said,
"Teacher, say on."

  A parable on how an obvious blessing can be missed - lacking insight:
    Two Debtors
  Luke 7:41-43 (3vs)

"A certain lender had two debtors.
The one owed five hundred denarii, and the other fifty.

When they couldnít pay, he forgave them both.
Which of them therefore will love him most?"

Simon answered,

"He, I suppose, to whom he forgave the most."
He said to him,
ďYou have judged correctly."
  Dinner at Simon the Pharisee's house:
    Also see Mary, who anointed the Lord in Bethany
  Luke 7:44-50 (7vs)

Turning to the woman, he said to Simon,

"Do you see this woman?

I entered into your house, and you gave me no water for my feet,
but she has wet my feet with her tears,
and wiped them with the hair of her head.

You gave me no kiss,
but she, since the time I came in, has not ceased to kiss my feet.

You didnít anoint my head with oil,
but she has anointed my feet with ointment.

Therefore I tell you, her sins, which are many, are forgiven, for she loved much.

But to whom little is forgiven, the same loves little."

He said to her,

"Your sins are forgiven."

Those who sat at the table with him began to say to themselves,

"Who is this who even forgives sins?"

He said to the woman,

"Your faith has saved you. Go in peace."


  Women supported Jesus' ministry:   Luke 8:1-3 (3vs)

It happened soon afterwards, that he went about through cities and villages,
preaching and bringing the good news of the Kingdom of God.

With him were the twelve,
and certain women who had been healed of evil spirits and infirmities:

Mary who was called Magdalene, from whom seven demons had gone out;
and Joanna, the wife of Chuzas, Herodís steward;
Susanna;
and many others;
who served them from their possessions.


  Seeing miracles didn't automatically bring change and repentance:   Matthew 11:20-24 (5vs)

Then he began to denounce the cities in which most of his mighty works had been done,
because they didnít repent.

"Woe to you, Chorazin! Woe to you, Bethsaida!
For if the mighty works had been done in Tyre and Sidon which were done in you,
they would have repented long ago in sackcloth and ashes.

But I tell you, it will be more tolerable for Tyre and Sidon on the day of judgment
than for you.

You, Capernaum, who are exalted to heaven, you will go down to Hades.
For if the mighty works had been done in Sodom which were done in you,
it would have remained until this day.

But I tell you that it will be more tolerable
for the land of Sodom, on the day of judgment, than for you."


  Jesus thanked God for those who got his word:   Matthew 11:25-30 (6vs)

At that time, Jesus answered,

"I thank you, Father, Lord of heaven and earth, that you hid these things from the wise and understanding, and revealed them to infants.

Yes, Father, for so it was well-pleasing in your sight.

All things have been delivered to me by my Father.
No one knows the Son, except the Father;
neither does anyone know the Father, except the Son,
and he to whom the Son desires to reveal him.

Come to me, all you who labor and are heavily burdened,
and I will give you rest.

Take my yoke upon you, and learn from me, for I am gentle and lowly in heart;
and you will find rest for your souls.

For my yoke is easy, and my burden is light."


  Jesus left Galilee regularly for the Jewish feasts:   John 5:1 (1vs) | map below

After these things, there was a feast of the Jews, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem.

Now in Jerusalem by the sheep gate, there is a pool, which is called in Hebrew, "Bethesda", having five porches.


  Jerusalem - one Sabbath he healed man at the Bethesda pool:   John 5:2-16 (15vs)

In these lay a great multitude of those who were sick, blind, lame, or paralyzed, waiting for the moving of the water;
for an angel of the Lord went down at certain times into the pool,
and stirred up the water.
Whoever stepped in first after the stirring of the water
was made whole of whatever disease he had.

A certain man was there, who had been sick for thirty-eight years.

When Jesus saw him lying there,
and knew that he had been sick for a long time, he asked him,

"Do you want to be made well?"
The sick man answered him,
"Sir, I have no one to put me into the pool when the water is stirred up,
but while Iím coming, another steps down before me."
Jesus said to him,
"Arise, take up your mat, and walk."
Immediately, the man was made well, and took up his mat and walked.

Now it was the Sabbath on that day.

So the Jews said to him who was cured,

"It is the Sabbath. It is not lawful for you to carry the mat."
He answered them,
"He who made me well, the same said to me,
'Take up your mat, and walk.'"
Then they asked him,
"Who is the man who said to you,
'Take up your mat, and walk'?"
But he who was healed didnít know who it was,
for Jesus had withdrawn, a crowd being in the place.

Afterward Jesus found him in the temple, and said to him,

"Behold, you are made well.
Sin no more, so that nothing worse happens to you."
The man went away, and told the Jews that it was Jesus who had made him well.

For this cause the Jews persecuted Jesus,
and sought to kill him, because he did these things on the Sabbath.


  Jerusalem - by explaining his assigned work and authority,
Jesus offended Jewish leaders, putting them on the defensive:
  John 5:17-30 (14vs)

But Jesus answered them,

"My Father is still working,
so I am working, too."
For this cause therefore the Jews sought all the more to kill him,
because he not only broke the Sabbath,
but also called God his own Father, making himself equal with God.

Jesus therefore answered them,

"Most certainly, I tell you,
the Son can do nothing of himself,
but what he sees the Father doing.
For whatever things he does, these the Son also does likewise.

For the Father has affection for the Son,
and shows him all things that he himself does.
He will show him greater works than these,
that you may marvel.

For as the Father raises the dead and gives them life,
even so the Son also gives life to whom he desires.

For the Father judges no one,
but he has given all judgment to the Son,
that all may honor the Son, even as they honor the Father.
He who doesnít honor the Son doesnít honor the Father who sent him.

Most certainly I tell you,
he who hears my word, and believes him who sent me, has eternal life,
and doesnít come into judgment, but has passed out of death into life.

Most certainly, I tell you,
the hour comes, and now is,
when the dead will hear the Son of Godís voice;
and those who hear will live.

For as the Father has life in himself,
even so he gave to the Son also to have life in himself.

He also gave him authority to execute judgment,
because he is a son of man.

Donít marvel at this, for the hour comes,
in which all that are in the tombs will hear his voice,
and will come out;
those who have done good, to the resurrection of life;
and those who have done evil, to the resurrection of judgment.

I can of myself do nothing.
As I hear, I judge, and my judgment is righteous;
because I donít seek my own will,
but the will of my Father who sent me.


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Map of Palestine Israel during Jesus' life


Local HISTORY charts: Roman Empire and the Messiah in Israel
DATE: ca 51 BC - Quirinius, became governor of Syria
DATE: 44 BC - Julius Caesar was murdered; last Caesar of the Roman Republic. Civil war followed.

Harmony reading: 1 (Sept 30)

DATE: ca 37 (or 40) BC - Herod the Great began his reign in Judea, killing off the Hasmonean Dynasty and the Maccabees of the Kingdom of Israel (ca 140-37 BC). Map of the Kingdom of Herod.
DATE: ca 30 BC - Cleopatra of Egypt died
DATE: ca 30-27 BC - Caesar Augustus began ruling as first Emperor of the Roman Empire

Harmony reading: 2 (Oct 1)

DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Caesar Augustus, emperor of the Roman Empire, ordered a census of the entire empire; Luke 2:1.
DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Quirinius, governor of Syria ordered a census in Judea (Luke 2:2)
DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Jesus was born in Bethlehem
DATE: ca   4 BC - in Judea Herod the Great died. He had rebuilt the 2nd Temple in Jerusalem, calling it Herod's Temple.
DATE: ca 4 BC - Herod "Archelaus" replaced his father Herod as king of Judea until banished in 6 AD. (See Iudaea Province). (Matt 2:13-23)
DATE: ca 4 BC - Herod Antipas replaced his father Herod as the tetrarch of Roman province of Galilee and Perea
DATE: ca 4 BC - Philip the Tetrarch replaced his father Herod as Tetrarch of Ituraea and Trachonitis 4 BC Ė 34 AD
DATE: ca 6 BC - Herod "Archelaus" was exiled to Gaul and Augustus made Samaria, Judea, and Idumea a Roman province Iudaea.
DATE: ca 6 AD - Annas High Priest officially from 6-15 AD, but who lived until assasinated in 66 AD
DATE: ca 14 AD - Caesar Augustus, emperor of the Roman Empire, died.

Harmony reading: 3 (Oct 2)

DATE: ca 14 AD - Tiberius Caesar, Emperor of the Roman Empire, began his reign
DATE: ca 18 AD - Caiaphas High Priest from 18-36 AD (John 18:13 - son-in-law of Annas)
DATE: ca 21 AD - Quirinius, governor of Syria died
DATE: ca 26 AD - Pontius Pilate became the fifth Prefect of the Roman province of Judaea
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - Tiberius Caesar, Emperor of the Roman Empire is mentioned in his 15th year (Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 29 AD - Lysanias, tetrarch of Abilene (Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - John the Baptist began his ministry (Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - Jesus began his ministry around the age of 30, soon after John

Harmony reading: later (Oct ?)

DATE: ca ? AD - around the age of 33, Jesus was crucified after being tried by Pontius Pilate and High Priest Annas
DATE: ca 34 AD - Philip the Tetrarch of Ituraea and Trachonitis died
DATE: ca 36 AD - Pontius Pilate was exiled to Gaul, perhaps by the cruel and insane Caligula who ruled Rome from 37Ė41 AD
DATE: ca 37 AD - Tiberius, Emperor of the Roman Empire, died and was followed by Caligula (AD 37Ė41) who claimed divinity
DATE: ca 39 AD - Tetrarch Herod Antipas was exiled from Galilee and Perea by his nephew Agrippa I who took over Galilee and Perea

Next harmony chart

Persia and Judah - Persia (Persian Empire) aka Achaemenid Empire c 550-330 BC; with maps; included what had been Babylon, 539 BC

more before:
DATE: ca 430-420 BC - Some think late in the reign of Artaxerxes I Longimanus or early in the reign of Darius II (ca 423-404 BC), Malachi wrote warnings and promises from the LORD.

Persian Empire kings - links to Wikipedia for information on kings of the Persian Empire from 559-330 BC

Empires governing the Israel in the Middle East - from 746 BC to current; lists of empires

Assyria - Second Empire of ASSYRIA with maps; 746-609 BC

Babylonia - NEO BABYLONIAN Empire with maps; ca. 627-539 BC

Egypt & Judah - Egypt neighbored Israel to the southwest

Final prophets and kings of Judah

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