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October 12   - Day 285 New Testament Day 13 of 99
* Study Indexes on: Matthew, Mark, Luke, John
* Online Bible DICTIONARY - Gospel, Parables
* Introduction to the books of Matthew, Mark, Luke, John
* BOOKS to buy on Gospel, Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, Amazon.com
* MAPS * OUTLINE BIBLE * TIMELINES * Map of Galilee
Commentary:
He did WHAT? He said WHAT?
Lk 8-9:27

Local History: (The Roman Empire and Israel)

Scriptures: (106vs)
* Matthew 13:1-53 (53vs)   * Mark 4:1-34 (34vs)   * Luke 8:4-18 (15vs)   13:18-21 (4vs)  


  Jesus told unbelievers about the Kingdom of God with parable stories:
    Jesus' parables: The Sower
        found in Matthew, Mark, Luke
  Luke 8:4-8 (5vs)

When a great multitude came together, and people from every city were coming to him, he spoke by a parable.

"The farmer went out to sow his seed.

As he sowed, some fell along the road, and it was trampled under foot, and the birds of the sky devoured it.

Other seed fell on the rock, and as soon as it grew, it withered away, because it had no moisture.

Other fell amid the thorns, and the thorns grew with it, and choked it.

Other fell into the good ground, and grew, and brought forth fruit one hundred times."

As he said these things, he called out,
"He who has ears to hear, let him hear!"

  Jesus' parables: The Sower
        found in Matthew, Mark, Luke
  Mark 4:1-9 (9vs)

Again he began to teach by the seaside.

A great multitude was gathered to him, so that he entered into a boat in the sea, and sat down.
All the multitude were on the land by the sea.

He taught them many things in parables, and told them in his teaching,

"Listen!
Behold, the farmer went out to sow,

and it happened, as he sowed, some seed fell by the road, and the birds* came and devoured it.

Others fell on the rocky ground, where it had little soil, and immediately it sprang up, because it had no depth of soil.

When the sun had risen, it was scorched; and because it had no root, it withered away.

Others fell among the thorns, and the thorns grew up, and choked it, and it yielded no fruit.

Others fell into the good ground, and yielded fruit, growing up and increasing.

Some brought forth thirty times, some sixty times, and some one hundred times as much."

He said,
"Whoever has ears to hear, let him hear."
  Jesus' parable - The Sower continued
    found in Matthew, Mark, Luke
  Matthew 13:1-9 (9vs)

On that day Jesus went out of the house, and sat by the seaside.

Great multitudes gathered to him, so that he entered into a boat, and sat, and all the multitude stood on the beach.

He spoke to them many things in parables, saying,

"Behold, a farmer went out to sow.

As he sowed, some seeds fell by the roadside,
and the birds came and devoured them.

Others fell on rocky ground, where they didnít have much soil,
and immediately they sprang up, because they had no depth of earth.
When the sun had risen, they were scorched.
Because they had no root, they withered away.

Others fell among thorns. The thorns grew up and choked them.

Others fell on good soil, and yielded fruit:
some one hundred times as much, some sixty, and some thirty.

He who has ears to hear, let him hear


  Jesus' parable - The Sower Explained
    found in Matthew, Mark, Luke
  Matthew 13:10-20 (11vs)

When he was alone, those who were around him with the twelve asked him about the parables.

He said to them,

"To you is given the mystery of the Kingdom of God,
but to those who are outside, all things are done in parables, that
'seeing they may see, and not perceive;
and hearing they may hear, and not understand;
lest perhaps they should turn again,
and their sins should be forgiven them.'" [Isa 6:9 note: against their will]

He said to them,

"Donít you understand this parable?
How will you understand all of the parables?

The farmer sows the word.

The ones by the road are the ones where the word is sown; and when they have heard, immediately Satan comes, and takes away the word which has been sown in them.

These in like manner are those who are sown on the rocky places, who, when they have heard the word, immediately receive it with joy.
They have no root in themselves, but are short-lived. When oppression or persecution arises because of the word, immediately they stumble.

Others are those who are sown among the thorns. These are those who have heard the word,
and the cares of this age,
and the deceitfulness of riches,
and the lusts of other things entering in
choke the word, and it becomes unfruitful.

Those which were sown on the good ground are those who hear the word,
and accept it, and bear fruit,
some thirty times, some sixty times, and some one hundred times."


  Jesus' parable - The Sower Explained
    found in Matthew, Mark, Luke
  Mark 4:10-20 (11vs)

When he was alone, those who were around him with the twelve asked him about the parables.

He said to them,

"To you is given the mystery of the Kingdom of God,

but to those who are outside, all things are done in parables, that

Ďseeing they may see, and not perceive;
and hearing they may hear, and not understand;
lest perhaps they should turn again,
and their sins should be forgiven them.'" [Isa 6:9 note: against their will]

He said to them,

ďDonít you understand this parable? How will you understand all of the parables?

The farmer sows the word.

The ones by the road are the ones where the word is sown;
and when they have heard, immediately Satan comes,
and takes away the word which has been sown in them.

These in like manner are those who are sown on the rocky places, who,
when they have heard the word, immediately receive it with joy.
They have no root in themselves, but are short-lived.
When oppression or persecution arises because of the word,
immediately they stumble.

Others are those who are sown among the thorns.
These are those who have heard the word,
and the cares of this age,
and the deceitfulness of riches,
and the lusts of other things entering in
choke the word, and it becomes unfruitful.

Those which were sown on the good ground are those who hear the word,
and accept it, and bear fruit,
some thirty times, some sixty times, and some one hundred times."


  Jesus' parable - The Sower Explained
    found in Matthew, Mark, Luke
  Luke 8:9-15 (7vs)

Then his disciples asked him,

"What does this parable mean?"

He said,

"To you it is given to know the mysteries of the Kingdom of God,
but to the rest in parables; that
'seeing they may not see, and hearing they may not understand.' [Isa 6:9]

Now the parable is this:
The seed is the word of God.

Those along the road are those who hear, then the devil comes,
and takes away the word from their heart, that they may not believe and be saved.

Those on the rock are they who, when they hear, receive the word with joy;
but these have no root, who believe for a while, then fall away in time of temptation.

That which fell among the thorns, these are those who have heard,
and as they go on their way they are choked with cares, riches, and pleasures of life, and bring no fruit to maturity.

That in the good ground, these are such as in an honest and good heart,
having heard the word, hold it tightly, and bring forth fruit with patience."


  Jesus illustrates: The Lamp   Matthew 13:21-23 (3vs)

He said to them,

"Is the lamp brought to be put under a basket or under a bed?
Isnít it put on a stand?

For there is nothing hidden, except that it should be made known;
neither was anything made secret, but that it should come to light.

If any man has ears to hear, let him hear."


  Jesus illustrates: The Lamp   Mark 4:21-25 (5vs)

He said to them,

"Is the lamp brought to be put under a basket or under a bed?
Isnít it put on a stand?

For there is nothing hidden, except that it should be made known;
neither was anything made secret, but that it should come to light.

If any man has ears to hear, let him hear."

He said to them,

"Take heed what you hear.
With whatever measure you measure, it will be measured to you,
and more will be given to you who hear.

For whoever has, to him will more be given,
and he who doesnít have, even that which he has will be taken away from him."


  Jesus illustrates: The Lamp   Luke 8:16-18 (3vs)
"No one, when he has lit a lamp, covers it with a container,
or puts it under a bed; but puts it on a stand,
that those who enter in may see the light.

For nothing is hidden, that will not be revealed;
nor anything secret, that will not be known and come to light.

Be careful therefore how you hear.
For whoever has, to him will be given;
and whoever doesnít have, from him will be taken away
even that which he thinks he has."


  Jesus' parable: The Seed Growing in Secret
    This parable is unique to Mark
  Mark 4:26-29 (4vs)

He said,

"The Kingdom of God is as if
a man should cast seed on the earth,
and should sleep and rise night and day,
and the seed should spring up and grow,
he doesnít know how.
For the earth bears fruit:
first the blade,
then the ear,
then the full grain in the ear.
But when the fruit is ripe, immediately he puts forth the sickle, because the harvest has come."


  Jesus' Parable of the Tares (Weeds):
    This parable is unique to Matthew
  Matthew 13:24-30 (7vs)

He set another parable before them, saying,

"The Kingdom of Heaven is like a man who sowed good seed in his field,
but while people slept, his enemy came and sowed darnel weeds also
among the wheat, and went away.

But when the blade sprang up and brought forth fruit,
then the darnel weeds appeared also.

The servants of the householder came and said to him,

'Sir, didnít you sow good seed in your field?
Where did this darnel come from? '
"He said to them,
'An enemy has done this.'
"The servants asked him,
'Do you want us to go and gather them up?'
But he said,
'No, lest perhaps while you gather up the darnel weeds, you root up the wheat with them.

Let both grow together until the harvest, and in the harvest time I will tell the reapers,

"First, gather up the darnel weeds,
and bind them in bundles to burn them;
but gather the wheat into my barn."'"


  Jesus' Parable of the Tares (Darnel Weeds) explained:   Matthew 13:36-43 (8vs)

Then Jesus sent the multitudes away, and went into the house. His disciples came to him, saying,

"Explain to us the parable of the darnel weeds of the field."

He answered them,

"He who sows the good seed is the Son of Man,
the field is the world; and the good seed,
these are the children of the Kingdom;
and the darnel weeds are the children of the evil one.

The enemy who sowed them is the devil.
The harvest is the end of the age, and the reapers are angels.

As therefore the darnel weeds are gathered up and burned with fire;
so will it be at the end of this age.

The Son of Man will send out his angels,
and they will gather out of his Kingdom
all things that cause stumbling, and those who do iniquity,
and will cast them into the furnace of fire.
There will be weeping and the gnashing of teeth.

Then the righteous will shine forth like the sun
in the Kingdom of their Father.
He who has ears to hear, let him hear."


  Jesus' parable: The Mustard Seed
    This parable is in Matthew, Mark, and Luke
  Mark 4:30-34 (5vs)
He said,
"How will we liken the Kingdom of God?
Or with what parable will we illustrate it?

Itís like a grain of mustard seed, which,
when it is sown in the earth,
though it is less than all the seeds that are on the earth,
yet when it is sown, grows up,
and becomes greater than all the herbs,
and puts out great branches,
so that the birds of the sky can lodge under its shadow."

With many such parables he spoke the word to them,
as they were able to hear it.

Without a parable he didnít speak to them;
but privately to his own disciples he explained everything.


  Jesus' parable: The Mustard Seed
    This parable is in Matthew, Mark, and Luke
  Matthew 13:31-32 (2vs)

He set another parable before them, saying,

"The Kingdom of Heaven is like
a grain of mustard seed, which a man took, and sowed in his field;
which indeed is smaller than all seeds.
But when it is grown, it is greater than the herbs,
and becomes a tree, so that the birds of the air come and lodge in its branches."


  Jesus' parable: The Mustard Seed
    This parable is in Matthew, Mark, and Luke
  Luke 13:18-19 (2vs)

He said,

"What is the Kingdom of God like?
To what shall I compare it?

It is like a grain of mustard seed, which a man took, and put in his own garden.
It grew, and became a large tree,
and the birds of the sky lodged in its branches."


  Jesus' parable: the Leaven (Yeast):
    Also see yeast (teaching) of the Pharisees
  Luke 13:20-21 (2vs)

Again he said,

"To what shall I compare the Kingdom of God?
It is like yeast, which a woman took and hid in three measures of flour, until it was all leavened."


  Jesus' Parable of Yeast (Leaven):
    Also see yeast (teaching) of the Pharisees
  Matthew 13:33 (1vs)

He spoke another parable to them.

"The Kingdom of Heaven is like yeast, which a woman took, and hid
in three measures of meal, until it was all leavened."


  Jesus' parables fulfilled scriptures:   Matthew 13:34-35 (2vs)

Jesus spoke all these things in parables to the multitudes;
and without a parable, he didnít speak to them,
that it might be fulfilled which was spoken through the prophet, saying,

"I will open my mouth in parables;
I will utter things hidden from the foundation of the world." [Psa 78:2-7]


  Jesus' parable of Hidden Treasure:
    This parable is unique to Matthew
  Matthew 13:44 (1vs)

"Again, the Kingdom of Heaven is like
a treasure hidden in the field, which a man found, and hid.
In his joy, he goes and sells all that he has,
and buys that field."


  Jesus' Parable of Pearl of Great Price:
    This parable is unique to Matthew
  Matthew 13:45-46 (2vs)

"Again, the Kingdom of Heaven is like a man who is a merchant
seeking fine pearls,
who having found one pearl of great price,
he went and sold all that he had, and bought it."


  Jesus' Parable of a Drawnet (Dragnet):
    This parable is unique to Matthew
  Matthew 13:47-53 (7vs)

"Again, the Kingdom of Heaven is like a dragnet, that was cast into the sea,
and gathered some fish of every kind, which, when it was filled, they drew up on the beach.
They sat down, and gathered the good into containers, but the bad they threw away.

So will it be in the end of the world.
The angels will come forth, and separate
the wicked from among the righteous,
and will cast them into the furnace of fire.
There will be the weeping and the gnashing of teeth."

Jesus said to them,
"Have you understood all these things?"
They answered him, "Yes, Lord." He said to them,
"Therefore, every scribe who has been made a disciple in the Kingdom of Heaven
is like a man who is a householder,
who brings out of his treasure new and old things."
It happened that when Jesus had finished these parables, he departed from there.


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Map of Palestine Israel during Jesus' life


Local HISTORY charts: Roman Empire and the Messiah in Israel
DATE: ca 51 BC - Quirinius, became governor of Syria
DATE: 44 BC - Julius Caesar was murdered; last Caesar of the Roman Republic. Civil war followed.

Harmony reading: 1 (Sept 30)

DATE: ca 37 (or 40) BC - Herod the Great began his reign in Judea, killing off the Hasmonean Dynasty and the Maccabees of the Kingdom of Israel (ca 140-37 BC). Map of the Kingdom of Herod.
DATE: ca 30 BC - Cleopatra of Egypt died
DATE: ca 30-27 BC - Caesar Augustus began ruling as first Emperor of the Roman Empire

Harmony reading: 2 (Oct 1)

DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Caesar Augustus, emperor of the Roman Empire, ordered a census of the entire empire; Luke 2:1.
DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Quirinius, governor of Syria ordered a census in Judea (Luke 2:2)
DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Jesus was born in Bethlehem
DATE: ca   4 BC - in Judea Herod the Great died. He had rebuilt the 2nd Temple in Jerusalem, calling it Herod's Temple.
DATE: ca 4 BC - Herod "Archelaus" replaced his father Herod as king of Judea until banished in 6 AD. (See Iudaea Province). (Matt 2:13-23)
DATE: ca 4 BC - Herod Antipas replaced his father Herod as the tetrarch of Roman province of Galilee and Perea
DATE: ca 4 BC - Philip the Tetrarch replaced his father Herod as Tetrarch of Ituraea and Trachonitis 4 BC Ė 34 AD
DATE: ca 6 BC - Herod "Archelaus" was exiled to Gaul and Augustus made Samaria, Judea, and Idumea a Roman province Iudaea.
DATE: ca 6 AD - Annas High Priest officially from 6-15 AD, but who lived until assasinated in 66 AD
DATE: ca 14 AD - Caesar Augustus, emperor of the Roman Empire, died.

Harmony reading: 3 (Oct 2)

DATE: ca 14 AD - Tiberius Caesar, Emperor of the Roman Empire, began his reign
DATE: ca 18 AD - Caiaphas High Priest from 18-36 AD (John 18:13 - son-in-law of Annas)
DATE: ca 21 AD - Quirinius, governor of Syria died
DATE: ca 26 AD - Pontius Pilate became the fifth Prefect of the Roman province of Judaea
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - Tiberius Caesar, Emperor of the Roman Empire is mentioned in his 15th year (Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 29 AD - Lysanias, tetrarch of Abilene (Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - John the Baptist began his ministry (Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - Jesus began his ministry around the age of 30, soon after John

Harmony reading: later (Oct ?)

DATE: ca ? AD - around the age of 33, Jesus was crucified after being tried by Pontius Pilate and High Priest Annas
DATE: ca 34 AD - Philip the Tetrarch of Ituraea and Trachonitis died
DATE: ca 36 AD - Pontius Pilate was exiled to Gaul, perhaps by the cruel and insane Caligula who ruled Rome from 37Ė41 AD
DATE: ca 37 AD - Tiberius, Emperor of the Roman Empire, died and was followed by Caligula (AD 37Ė41) who claimed divinity
DATE: ca 39 AD - Tetrarch Herod Antipas was exiled from Galilee and Perea by his nephew Agrippa I who took over Galilee and Perea

Next harmony chart

Persia and Judah - Persia (Persian Empire) aka Achaemenid Empire c 550-330 BC; with maps; included what had been Babylon, 539 BC

more before:
DATE: ca 430-420 BC - Some think late in the reign of Artaxerxes I Longimanus or early in the reign of Darius II (ca 423-404 BC), Malachi wrote warnings and promises from the LORD.

Persian Empire kings - links to Wikipedia for information on kings of the Persian Empire from 559-330 BC

Empires governing the Israel in the Middle East - from 746 BC to current; lists of empires

Assyria - Second Empire of ASSYRIA with maps; 746-609 BC

Babylonia - NEO BABYLONIAN Empire with maps; ca. 627-539 BC

Egypt & Judah - Egypt neighbored Israel to the southwest

Final prophets and kings of Judah

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