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October 13   - Day 286 New Testament Day 14 of 99
* Study Indexes on: Matthew, Mark, Luke, John
* Online Bible DICTIONARY - Gospel, Parables
* Introduction to the books of Matthew, Mark, Luke, John
* BOOKS to buy on Gospel, Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, Amazon.com
* MAPS * OUTLINE BIBLE * TIMELINES * Map of Galilee
Commentary:
Parable and Life Teachings
Mt 13:1-15:20

Local History: (The Roman Empire and Israel)

Scriptures: (95vs)
* Matthew 14:1-2,6-33 (30vs)   * Mark 6:14-52 (39vs)   * Luke 9:7-17 (11vs)   * John 6:1-15 (15vs)  


  Herod the Tetrarch had killed John the Baptist:   Mark 6:14-29 (16vs)

King Herod heard this, for his name had become known, and he said,

"John the Baptizer has risen from the dead, and therefore these powers are at work in him."
But others said,
"He is Elijah."
Others said,
"He is a prophet, or like one of the prophets."
But Herod, when he heard this, said,
"This is John, whom I beheaded. He has risen from the dead."
For Herod himself had sent out and arrested John, and bound him in prison for the sake of Herodias, his brother Philipís wife, for he had married her. For John said to Herod,
"It is not lawful for you to have your brotherís wife."
Herodias set herself against him, and desired to kill him, but she couldnít, for Herod feared John, knowing that he was a righteous and holy man, and kept him safe.

When he heard him, he did many things, and he heard him gladly.

Then a convenient day came, that Herod on his birthday made a supper for his nobles, the high officers, and the chief men of Galilee.

When the daughter of Herodias herself came in and danced, she pleased Herod and those sitting with him. The king said to the young lady,

"Ask me whatever you want, and I will give it to you."
He swore to her,
"Whatever you shall ask of me, I will give you, up to half of my kingdom."
She went out, and said to her mother,
"What shall I ask?"
She said,
"The head of John the Baptizer."
She came in immediately with haste to the king, and asked, "I want you to give me right now the head of John the Baptizer on a platter." The king was exceedingly sorry, but for the sake of his oaths, and of his dinner guests, he didnít wish to refuse her.

Immediately the king sent out a soldier of his guard, and commanded to bring Johnís head, and he went and beheaded him in the prison, and brought his head on a platter, and gave it to the young lady; and the young lady gave it to her mother.

When his disciples heard this, they came and took up his corpse, and laid it in a tomb.


  Herod the Tetrarch had killed John the Baptist:   Luke 9:7-9 (3vs)

Now Herod the tetrarch heard of all that was done by him; and he was very perplexed, because it was said by some that John had risen from the dead, and by some that Elijah had appeared, and by others that one of the old prophets had risen again.

Herod said,

"John I beheaded, but who is this, about whom I hear such things?"
He sought to see him.


  Herod the Tetrarch had killed John the Baptist:   Matthew 14:1-2, 6-12 (9vs)

At that time, Herod the tetrarch heard the report concerning Jesus, and said to his servants,

"This is John the Baptizer. He is risen from the dead. That is why these powers work in him." (1-2)

But when Herodís birthday came, the daughter of Herodias danced among them and pleased Herod.

Whereupon he promised with an oath to give her whatever she should ask.

She, being prompted by her mother, said,

"Give me here on a platter the head of John the Baptizer."
The king was grieved, but for the sake of his oaths, and of those who sat at the table with him, he commanded it to be given, and he sent and beheaded John in the prison.

His head was brought on a platter, and given to the young lady: and she brought it to her mother.

His disciples came, and took the body, and buried it; and they went and told Jesus.


  The apostles' report after mission:   Mark 6:30-34 (5vs)

The apostles gathered themselves together to Jesus, and they told him all things, whatever they had done, and whatever they had taught.

He said to them,

"You come apart into a deserted place, and rest awhile."
For there were many coming and going, and they had no leisure so much as to eat.

They went away in the boat to a deserted place by themselves.

They saw them going, and many recognized him and ran there on foot from all the cities. They arrived before them and came together to him.

Jesus came out, saw a great multitude, and he had compassion on them, because they were like sheep without a shepherd, and he began to teach them many things.


  Hearing about John the Baptist, Jesus withdrew - 5000:   Matthew 14:13-21 (9vs)

Now when Jesus heard this, he withdrew from there in a boat, to a deserted place apart. When the multitudes heard it, they followed him on foot from the cities.

Jesus went out, and he saw a great multitude. He had compassion on them, and healed their sick.

When evening had come, his disciples came to him, saying,

"This place is deserted, and the hour is already late. Send the multitudes away, that they may go into the villages, and buy themselves food."
But Jesus said to them,
"They donít need to go away. You give them something to eat."
They told him,
"We only have here five loaves and two fish."
He said,
"Bring them here to me."
He commanded the multitudes to sit down on the grass; and he took the five loaves and the two fish, and looking up to heaven, he blessed, broke and gave the loaves to the disciples, and the disciples gave to the multitudes. * 2Ki4:43 * Mt 15:35

They all ate, and were filled. They took up twelve baskets full of that which remained left over from the broken pieces.

Those who ate were about five thousand men, besides women and children.


  Feeding the 5000:   Mark 6:35-44 (10vs)

When it was late in the day, his disciples came to him, and said,

"This place is deserted, and it is late in the day.

Send them away, that they may go into the surrounding country and villages, and buy themselves bread, for they have nothing to eat."

But he answered them,
"You give them something to eat."
They asked him,
"Shall we go and buy two hundred denarii worth of bread, and give them something to eat?"
He said to them,
"How many loaves do you have? Go see."
When they knew, they said,
"Five, and two fish."
He commanded them that everyone should sit down in groups on the green grass.

They sat down in ranks, by hundreds and by fifties.

He took the five loaves and the two fish, and looking up to heaven, he blessed and broke the loaves, and he gave to his disciples to set before them, and he divided the two fish among them all.

They all ate, and were filled.

They took up twelve baskets full of broken pieces and also of the fish.

Those who ate the loaves were five thousand men.


  Apostles returned and soon fed 5000:   Luke 9:10-17 (8vs)

The apostles, when they had returned, told him what things they had done. He took them, and withdrew apart to a deserted place of a city called Bethsaida.

But the multitudes, perceiving it, followed him. He welcomed them, and spoke to them of the Kingdom of God, and he cured those who needed healing.

The day began to wear away; and the twelve came, and said to him,

"Send the multitude away, that they may go into the surrounding villages and farms, and lodge, and get food, for we are here in a deserted place."
But he said to them,
"You give them something to eat."
They said,
"We have no more than five loaves and two fish, unless we should go and buy food for all these people."
For they were about five thousand men. He said to his disciples,
"Make them sit down in groups of about fifty each."
They did so, and made them all sit down.

He took the five loaves and the two fish, and looking up to the sky, he blessed them, and broke them, and gave them to the disciples to set before the multitude.

They ate, and were all filled. They gathered up twelve baskets of broken pieces that were left over.


  Feeding the 5000:   John 6:1-15 (15vs)

After these things, Jesus went away to the other side of the sea of Galilee, which is also called the Sea of Tiberias.

A great multitude followed him, because they saw his signs which he did on those who were sick.

Jesus went up into the mountain, and he sat there with his disciples.

Now the Passover, the feast of the Jews, was at hand.

Jesus therefore lifting up his eyes, and seeing that a great multitude was coming to him, said to Philip,

"Where are we to buy bread, that these may eat?"
This he said to test him, for he himself knew what he would do.

Philip answered him,

"Two hundred denarii worth of bread is not sufficient for them, that everyone of them may receive a little."
One of his disciples, Andrew, Simon Peterís brother, said to him,
"There is a boy here who has five barley loaves and two fish, but what are these among so many?"
Jesus said,
"Have the people sit down."
Now there was much grass in that place. So the men sat down, in number about five thousand.

Jesus took the loaves;
and having given thanks, he distributed to the disciples,
and the disciples to those who were sitting down;
likewise also of the fish as much as they desired.

When they were filled, he said to his disciples,

"Gather up the broken pieces which are left over, that nothing be lost."
So they gathered them up, and filled twelve baskets with broken pieces from the five barley loaves, which were left over by those who had eaten.

When therefore the people saw the sign which Jesus did, they said,

"This is truly the prophet who comes into the world."

Jesus therefore, perceiving that they were about to come and take him by force, to make him king, withdrew again to the mountain by himself.


  Jesus retreated to pray while disciples crossed the Sea to Bethsaida:   Mark 6:45-46 (2vs)

Immediately he made his disciples get into the boat, and to go ahead to the other side, to Bethsaida,
while he himself sent the multitude away. After he had taken leave of them, he went up the mountain to pray.


  Jesus sent disciples to Gennesaret; walked across Sea:   Matthew 14:22-33 (12vs)

Immediately Jesus made the disciples get into the boat, and to go ahead of him to the other side,
while he sent the multitudes away.

After he had sent the multitudes away, he went up into the mountain by himself to pray.

When evening had come, he was there alone.

But the boat was now in the middle of the sea, distressed by the waves, for the wind was contrary.

In the fourth watch of the night, Jesus came to them, walking on the sea.*

When the disciples saw him walking on the sea, they were troubled, saying,

"Itís a ghost!"
and they cried out for fear.

But immediately Jesus spoke to them, saying

"Cheer up! It is I! Donít be afraid."
Peter answered him and said,
"Lord, if it is you, command me to come to you on the waters."
He said,
"Come!"
Peter stepped down from the boat, and walked on the waters to come to Jesus.

But when he saw that the wind was strong, he was afraid, and beginning to sink, he cried out, saying,

"Lord, save me!"
Immediately Jesus stretched out his hand, took hold of him, and said to him,
"You of little faith, why did you doubt?"
When they got up into the boat, the wind ceased.

Those who were in the boat came and worshiped him, saying,

"You are truly the Son of God!"


  Jesus walked across the water:   Mark 6:47-52 (6vs)

When evening had come, the boat was in the midst of the sea, and he was alone on the land.

Seeing them distressed in rowing, for the wind was contrary to them, about the fourth watch of the night he came to them,
walking on the sea, *
and he would have passed by them,
but they, when they saw him walking on the sea,
supposed that it was a ghost, and cried out;
for they all saw him, and were troubled.

But he immediately spoke with them, and said to them,

"Cheer up! It is I! Donít be afraid."
He got into the boat with them; and the wind ceased,
and they were very amazed among themselves, and marveled;
for they hadnít understood about the loaves, but their hearts were hardened.


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Map of Palestine Israel during Jesus' life


Local HISTORY charts: Roman Empire and the Messiah in Israel
DATE: ca 51 BC - Quirinius, became governor of Syria
DATE: 44 BC - Julius Caesar was murdered; last Caesar of the Roman Republic. Civil war followed.

Harmony reading: 1 (Sept 30)

DATE: ca 37 (or 40) BC - Herod the Great began his reign in Judea, killing off the Hasmonean Dynasty and the Maccabees of the Kingdom of Israel (ca 140-37 BC). Map of the Kingdom of Herod.
DATE: ca 30 BC - Cleopatra of Egypt died
DATE: ca 30-27 BC - Caesar Augustus began ruling as first Emperor of the Roman Empire

Harmony reading: 2 (Oct 1)

DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Caesar Augustus, emperor of the Roman Empire, ordered a census of the entire empire; Luke 2:1.
DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Quirinius, governor of Syria ordered a census in Judea (Luke 2:2)
DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Jesus was born in Bethlehem
DATE: ca   4 BC - in Judea Herod the Great died. He had rebuilt the 2nd Temple in Jerusalem, calling it Herod's Temple.
DATE: ca 4 BC - Herod "Archelaus" replaced his father Herod as king of Judea until banished in 6 AD. (See Iudaea Province). (Matt 2:13-23)
DATE: ca 4 BC - Herod Antipas replaced his father Herod as the tetrarch of Roman province of Galilee and Perea
DATE: ca 4 BC - Philip the Tetrarch replaced his father Herod as Tetrarch of Ituraea and Trachonitis 4 BC Ė 34 AD
DATE: ca 6 BC - Herod "Archelaus" was exiled to Gaul and Augustus made Samaria, Judea, and Idumea a Roman province Iudaea.
DATE: ca 6 AD - Annas High Priest officially from 6-15 AD, but who lived until assasinated in 66 AD
DATE: ca 14 AD - Caesar Augustus, emperor of the Roman Empire, died.

Harmony reading: 3 (Oct 2)

DATE: ca 14 AD - Tiberius Caesar, Emperor of the Roman Empire, began his reign
DATE: ca 18 AD - Caiaphas High Priest from 18-36 AD (John 18:13 - son-in-law of Annas)
DATE: ca 21 AD - Quirinius, governor of Syria died
DATE: ca 26 AD - Pontius Pilate became the fifth Prefect of the Roman province of Judaea
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - Tiberius Caesar, Emperor of the Roman Empire is mentioned in his 15th year (Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 29 AD - Lysanias, tetrarch of Abilene (Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - John the Baptist began his ministry (Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - Jesus began his ministry around the age of 30, soon after John

Harmony reading: later (Oct ?)

DATE: ca ? AD - around the age of 33, Jesus was crucified after being tried by Pontius Pilate and High Priest Annas
DATE: ca 34 AD - Philip the Tetrarch of Ituraea and Trachonitis died
DATE: ca 36 AD - Pontius Pilate was exiled to Gaul, perhaps by the cruel and insane Caligula who ruled Rome from 37Ė41 AD
DATE: ca 37 AD - Tiberius, Emperor of the Roman Empire, died and was followed by Caligula (AD 37Ė41) who claimed divinity
DATE: ca 39 AD - Tetrarch Herod Antipas was exiled from Galilee and Perea by his nephew Agrippa I who took over Galilee and Perea

Next harmony chart

Persia and Judah - Persia (Persian Empire) aka Achaemenid Empire c 550-330 BC; with maps; included what had been Babylon, 539 BC

more before:
DATE: ca 430-420 BC - Some think late in the reign of Artaxerxes I Longimanus or early in the reign of Darius II (ca 423-404 BC), Malachi wrote warnings and promises from the LORD.

Persian Empire kings - links to Wikipedia for information on kings of the Persian Empire from 559-330 BC

Empires governing the Israel in the Middle East - from 746 BC to current; lists of empires

Assyria - Second Empire of ASSYRIA with maps; 746-609 BC

Babylonia - NEO BABYLONIAN Empire with maps; ca. 627-539 BC

Egypt & Judah - Egypt neighbored Israel to the southwest

Final prophets and kings of Judah

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