Commentary: Jn 6-7:32
Invited To Eat HIS Words
: Local History (
The Roman Empire and Israel)
* Mark 14:34-36 (3vs) 13:54-58 (5vs) 6:53-56 (4vs)
The people loved seeing Jesus' healing signs: (11vs) John 6:16-26
When evening came, his disciples went down to the sea,
and they entered into the boat, and were going over the sea to Capernaum. It was now dark, and Jesus had not come to them.
The sea was tossed by a great wind blowing.
When therefore they had rowed about twenty-five or thirty stadia,
they saw Jesus walking on the sea, [ Job 9:8]
and drawing near to the boat; and they were afraid.
But he said to them,
"It is I. Donít be afraid."
They were willing therefore to receive him into the boat.
Immediately the boat was at the land where they were going.
On the next day,
[the morning after Jesus fed the 5000] the multitude that stood on the other side of the sea [on the east side, opposite Capernaum] saw that there was no other boat there, except the one in which his disciples had embarked, and that Jesus hadnít entered with his disciples into the boat, but his disciples had gone away alone.
However boats from Tiberias came near to the place where they ate the bread after the Lord had given thanks.
When the multitude therefore saw that Jesus wasnít there, nor his disciples,
they themselves got into the boats, and came to Capernaum, seeking Jesus.
When they found him on the other side of the sea, they asked him,
"Rabbi, when did you come here? "
Jesus answered them,
"Most certainly I tell you, you seek me, not because you saw signs, but because you ate of the loaves, and were filled."
When they had crossed over, they came to the land of Gennesaret.
When the people of that place recognized him,
they sent into all that surrounding region, and brought to him all who were sick,
and they begged him that they might just touch the fringe of his garment.
As many as touched it were made whole.
Landed at Gennesaret where people brought sick: (4vs) Mark 6:53-56
When they had crossed over, they came to land at Gennesaret,
and moored to the shore.
When they had come out of the boat, immediately the people recognized him,
and ran around that whole region, and began to bring those who were sick, on their mats, to where they heard he was.
Wherever he entered, into villages, or into cities, or into the country,
they laid the sick in the marketplaces, and begged him that they might touch just the fringe of his garment; and as many as touched him were made well.
Jesus had returned to Galilee, away from the Jews who wanted to kill him.
Hometown reception - Jesus' family just seemed ordinary: This was a typical response: Mk 6:1-6 (5vs) Matthew 13:54-58
Coming into his own country, he taught them in their synagogue, so that they were astonished, and said,
"Where did this man get this wisdom, and these mighty works?
Isnít this the carpenterís son? Isnít his mother called Mary, and his brothers, James, Joses, Simon, and Judas?
Arenít all of his sisters with us? Where then did this man get all of these things?"
They were offended by him.
But Jesus said to them,
"A prophet is not without honor, except in his own country, and in his own house."
He didnít do many mighty works there because of their unbelief.
What Jesus taught in his home town:
Don't work for bread; work the works of God: (5vs) John 6:27-31
Donít work for the food which perishes, but for the food which remains to eternal life,
which the Son of Man will give to you. For God the Father has sealed him."
They said therefore to him,
ďWhat must we do, that we may work the works of Jesus answered them, God?"
"This is the work of God, that you They said therefore to him, believe in him whom he has sent."
"What then do you do for a
sign, that we may see, and believe you? What work do you do?
Our fathers ate the manna in the wilderness.
As it is written,
'He gave them bread out of heaven to eat.'" [ Exo 16:4, Exo 16:15, Neh 9:15, Psa 78:24-25]
Sign - bread that doesn't perish; many misunderstand illustrations: (28vs) John 6:32-59
Jesus therefore said to them,
"Most certainly, I tell you, it wasnít They said therefore to him, Moses who gave you the bread out of heaven, but my Father gives you the true bread out of heaven.
For the bread of God is that which comes down out of heaven, and gives life to the world."
"Lord, always give us this bread."
Jesus said to them, "I am the bread of life. He who comes to me will not be hungry, and he who believes in me will never be thirsty.
The Jews therefore murmured concerning him, because he said,
But I told you that you have seen me, and yet you donít believe.
All those who the Father gives me will come to me. Him who comes to me I will in no way throw out.
For I have come down from heaven, not to do my own will, but the will of him who sent me.
This is the will of my Father who sent me, that of all he has given to me I should lose nothing, but should raise him up at the last day.
This is the will of the one who sent me, that everyone who sees the Son, and believes in him, should have eternal life; and I will raise him up at the last day."
"I am the bread which came down out of heaven."
They said, "Isnít this
Therefore Jesus answered them, Jesus, the son of Joseph, whose father and mother we know?
How then does he say,
'I have come down out of heaven?'"
"Donít murmur among yourselves.
The Jews therefore
No one can come to me unless the Father who sent me draws him,
and I will raise him up in the last day.
It is written in the prophets,
ĎThey will all be taught by God.' [ Therefore everyone who hears from the Father, and has learned, Isa 54:13] comes to me.
Not that anyone has seen the Father, except he who is from God.
He has seen the Father.
Most certainly, I tell you, he who believes in me has eternal life.
I am the bread of life.
Your fathers ate the manna in the wilderness,
and they died.
This is the bread which comes down out of heaven, that anyone may eat of it and not die.
I am the living bread which came down out of heaven. If anyone eats of this bread,
he will live forever. Yes, the bread which I will give for the life of the world is my flesh."
contended with one another, saying, "How can this man give us his flesh to eat?"
Jesus therefore said to them, "Most certainly I tell you, unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink his blood,
He said these things in the synagogue, as he taught in Capernaum.
you donít have life in yourselves.
He who eats my flesh and drinks my blood has eternal life, and I will raise him up at the last day.
For my flesh is food indeed, and my blood is drink indeed.
He who eats my flesh and drinks my blood lives in me, and I in him.
As the living Father sent me, and I live because of the Father; so he who feeds on me, he will also live because of me.
This is the bread which came down out of heaven ó not as our fathers ate the manna, and died. He who eats this bread will live forever."
Many didn't get it and didn't believe Jesus: (6vs) John 6:60-65
Therefore many of his disciples, when they heard this, said,
"This is a hard saying! Who can listen to it?"
But Jesus knowing in himself that his disciples murmured at this, said to them, "Does this cause you to stumble?
For Jesus knew from the beginning who they were who didnít believe,
Then what if you would see the Son of Man ascending to where he was before?
It is the spirit who gives life.
The flesh profits nothing. The words that I speak to you are spirit, and are life.
But there are some of you who donít believe."
and who it was who would betray him.
"For this cause have I said to you that no one can come to me, unless it is given to him by my Father."
At this, many of his disciples went back, and walked no more with him.
Jesus said therefore to the twelve,
"You donít also want to go away, do you?"
Simon Peter answered him, "Lord, to whom would we go?
Jesus answered them, You have the words of eternal life.
We have come to believe and know that you are the Christ, the Son of the living God."
"Didnít I Now he spoke of Judas, the son of Simon Iscariot, choose you, the twelve, and one of you is a devil?"
for it was he who would betray him, being one of the twelve.
Feast of Booths (Tabernacles) in Jerusalem:
How Jesus went to this feast in Jerusalem: (10vs) John 7:1-10
After these things,
Jesus was walking in Galilee, for he wouldnít walk in Judea, because the Jews sought to kill him.
Now the feast of the Jews, the Feast of Booths, was at hand.
brothers therefore said to him, "Depart from here, and go into Judea, that your disciples also may see your works which you do.
For even his
For no one does anything in secret, and himself seeks to be known openly.
If you do these things, reveal yourself to the world."
didnít brothers believe in him.
Jesus therefore said to them,
"My time has not yet come, but your time is always ready.
Having said these things to them, he stayed in Galilee.
The world canít hate you, but it hates me, because I testify about it, that its works are evil.
You go up to the feast. I am not yet going up to this feast, because my time is not yet
But when his brothers had gone up to the feast,
then he also went up, not publicly, but as it were in secret.
The Jews therefore sought him at the feast, and said,
"Where is he?"
There was much murmuring among the multitudes concerning him. Some said,
"He is a good man."
"Not so, but he leads the multitude astray."
Yet no one spoke openly of him for fear of the Jews.
Map of Palestine Israel during Jesus' life
Local HISTORY charts: Roman Empire and the Messiah in Israel
Harmony reading: 1 (Sept 30)
DATE: ca 37 (or 40) BC - Herod the Great began his reign in Judea, killing off the Hasmonean Dynasty and the Maccabees of the Kingdom of Israel (ca 140-37 BC). Map of the Kingdom of Herod.
DATE: ca 30 BC - Cleopatra of Egypt died
DATE: ca 30-27 BC - Caesar Augustus began ruling as first Emperor of the Roman Empire Harmony reading: 2 (Oct 1)
DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Caesar Augustus, emperor of the Roman Empire, ordered a census of the entire empire; Luke 2:1.
DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Quirinius, governor of Syria ordered a census in Judea ( Luke 2:2)
DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Jesus was born in Bethlehem
DATE: ca 4 BC - in Judea Herod the Great died. He had rebuilt the 2nd Temple in Jerusalem, calling it Herod's Temple.
DATE: ca 4 BC - Herod "Archelaus" replaced his father Herod as king of Judea until banished in 6 AD. (See Iudaea Province). (Matt 2:13-23)
DATE: ca 4 BC - Herod Antipas replaced his father Herod as the tetrarch of Roman province of Galilee and Perea
DATE: ca 4 BC - Philip the Tetrarch replaced his father Herod as
Tetrarch of Ituraea and Trachonitis
4 BC Ė 34 AD
DATE: ca 6 BC - Herod "Archelaus" was exiled to Gaul and Augustus made Samaria, Judea, and Idumea a Roman province Iudaea.
DATE: ca 6 AD - Annas High Priest officially from 6-15 AD, but who lived until assasinated in 66 AD
DATE: ca 14 AD - Caesar Augustus, emperor of the Roman Empire, died. Harmony reading: 3 (Oct 2)
DATE: ca 14 AD - Tiberius Caesar, Emperor of the Roman Empire, began his reign
DATE: ca 18 AD - Caiaphas High Priest from 18-36 AD (John 18:13 - son-in-law of Annas)
DATE: ca 21 AD - Quirinius, governor of Syria died
DATE: ca 26 AD - Pontius Pilate became the fifth Prefect of the Roman province of Judaea
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - Tiberius Caesar, Emperor of the Roman Empire is mentioned in his 15th year ( Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 29 AD - Lysanias, tetrarch of Abilene ( Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - John the Baptist began his ministry ( Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - Jesus began his ministry around the age of 30, soon after John
Harmony reading: later (Oct ?)
DATE: ca ? AD - around the age of 33, Jesus was crucified after being tried by Pontius Pilate and High Priest Annas
DATE: ca 34 AD - Philip the Tetrarch of Ituraea and Trachonitis died
DATE: ca 36 AD - Pontius Pilate was exiled to Gaul, perhaps by the cruel and insane Caligula who ruled Rome from 37Ė41 AD
DATE: ca 37 AD - Tiberius, Emperor of the Roman Empire, died and was followed by Caligula (AD 37Ė41) who claimed divinity
DATE: ca 39 AD - Tetrarch Herod Antipas was exiled from Galilee and Perea by his nephew Agrippa I who took over Galilee and Perea
Next harmony chart
- Persia and Judah Persia (Persian Empire) aka Achaemenid Empire c 550-330 BC; with maps; included what had been Babylon, 539 BC
- links to Wikipedia for information on kings of the Persian Empire from 559-330 BC
Persian Empire kings
- from 746 BC to current; lists of empires
Empires governing the Israel in the Middle East
- Second Empire of ASSYRIA with maps; 746-609 BC
- NEO BABYLONIAN Empire with maps; ca. 627-539 BC
- Egypt neighbored Israel to the southwest
Egypt & Judah
Final prophets and kings of Judah
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