Commentary: John 7:33-9:41
Words to Set You Free
: Local History (
The Roman Empire and Israel)
7:14-53 (40vs), 8:1-59 (59vs)
Jesus taught at the temple, answering questions: (26vs) John 7:14-39
But when it was now the midst of the feast [of Booths], Jesus went up into the temple and taught.
The Jews therefore marveled, saying,
"How does this man know letters, having never been educated?"
Jesus therefore answered them,
"My teaching is not mine, but his who sent me.
The multitude answered,
If anyone desires to do his will, he will know about the teaching,
whether it is from God, or if I am speaking from myself.
He who speaks from himself seeks his own glory,
but he who seeks the glory of him who sent him is true, and no unrighteousness is in him.
Didnít Moses give you the law, and yet none of you keeps the law?
Why do you seek to kill me?" "You have a demon!
Jesus answered them,
Who seeks to kill you?" "I did one work, and you all marvel because of it.
Therefore some of them of Jerusalem said,
Moses has given you circumcision (not that it is of Moses, but of the fathers), and on the Sabbath you circumcise a boy.
If a boy receives circumcision on the Sabbath, that the
law of Moses may not be broken, are you angry with me, because I made a man completely healthy on the Sabbath?
Donít judge according to appearance, but judge righteous judgment."
"Isnít this he whom they seek to kill?
Jesus therefore cried out in the temple, teaching and saying,
Behold, he speaks openly, and they say nothing to him. Can it be that the rulers indeed know that this is truly the Christ?
However we know where this man comes from, but when the Christ comes, no one will know where he comes from."
"You both know me, and know where I am from. I have not come of myself, but he who sent me is true, whom you donít know.
They sought therefore to take him; but no one laid a hand on him, because his hour had not yet come.
I know him, because I am from him, and he sent me."
But of the multitude, many believed in him.
"When the Christ comes, he wonít do more signs than those which this man has done, will he?"
The Pharisees heard the multitude murmuring these things concerning him, and the chief priests and the Pharisees sent officers to arrest him.
Then Jesus said,
"I will be with you a little while longer, then I go to him who sent me.
The Jews therefore said among themselves,
You will seek me, and wonít find me; and where I am, you canít come."
"Where will this man go that we wonít find him?
Now on the last and greatest day of the feast, Jesus stood and cried out,
Will he go to the Dispersion among the Greeks, and teach the Greeks?
What is this word that he said,
'You will seek me, and wonít find me; and where I am, you canít comeí?" "If anyone is thirsty, let him come to me and drink!
But he said this about the Spirit, which those believing in him were to receive.
He who believes in me, as the Scripture has said, from within him will flow rivers of living water."
For the Holy Spirit was not yet given, because Jesus wasnít yet glorified.
Controversy over scriptural requirements for Messiah, Christ: (4vs) John 7:40-43
Many of the multitude therefore, when they heard these words, said,
"This is truly the prophet."
"This is the Christ."
But some said,
"What, does the Christ come out of Galilee?
So there arose a division in the multitude because of him.
Hasnít the Scripture said that the Christ comes of the seed of David, *
and from Bethlehem,* the village where David was?"
Popularity with the crowd thwarted officers from arresting Jesus now: (9vs) John 7:44-52
Some of them would have arrested him, but no one laid hands on him.
The officers therefore came to the chief priests and Pharisees, and they said to them,
"Why didnít you bring him?"
The officers answered,
"No man ever spoke like this man!"
The Pharisees therefore answered them,
"You arenít also led astray, are you?
Nicodemus (he who came to him by night, being one of them) said to them,
Have any of the rulers believed in him, or of the Pharisees?
But this multitude that doesnít know the law is accursed."
"Does our law judge a man, unless it first hears from him personally and knows what he does?"
They answered him,
"Are you also from Galilee? Search, and see that no
prophet has arisen out of Galilee."
[ * Isa 9:1 * Matt 4:13]
The crowd went home and Jesus went to the Mount of Olives: (2vs) John 7:53 - John 8:1
Everyone went to his own house, but Jesus went to the Mount of Olives.
In Jerusalem, Jesus has debates with Pharisees and chief priests
A woman taken in adultry and casting stones: (10vs) John 8:2-11
Now very early in the morning, he came again into the temple, and all the people came to him. He sat down, and taught them.
The scribes and the Pharisees brought a woman taken in adultery. Having set her in the midst,
they told him,
"Teacher, we found this woman in adultery, in the very act.
They said this testing him, that they might have something to accuse him of.
Now in our
law, [ * Lev 20:10] Moses commanded us to stone such. [ * Deut 22:22]
What then do you say about her?"
But Jesus stooped down, and wrote on the ground with his finger. [ * Psa 8:3]
But when they continued asking him, he looked up and said to them,
"He who is without Again he stooped down, and with his finger wrote on the ground. [ sin among you, let him throw the first stone at her."
* Dan 5:5]
They, when they heard it, being convicted by their conscience, went out one by one, beginning from the oldest, even to the last. Jesus was left alone with the woman where she was, in the middle.
Jesus, standing up, saw her and said,
"Woman, where are your accusers? Did no one condemn you?"
She said, "No one, Lord."
Jesus said, "Neither do I condemn you. Go your way. From now on,
sin no more."
Pharisees debated what Jesus said about himself: (18vs) John 8:12-29
Again, therefore, Jesus spoke to them, saying,
"I am the light of the world. [
The Pharisees therefore said to him, * Isa 60:1]
He who follows me will not walk in the darkness, but will have the light of life." "You testify about yourself. Your testimony is not valid."
Jesus answered them, "Even if I testify about myself, my testimony is true, for I know where I came from, and where I am going; but you donít know where I came from, or where I am going.
They said therefore to him,
judge according to the flesh. I judge no one.
Even if I do judge, my judgment is true, for I am not alone, but I am with the
Father who sent me.
Itís also written in your law that the testimony of two people is valid. [
* Deut 17:6, * Deut 19:15]
I am one who testifies about myself, and the
Father who sent me testifies about me." "Where is your Father?"
Jesus answered, "You know neither me, nor my Father. If you knew me, you would know my Father also."
Jesus spoke these words in the treasury, as he taught in the temple. Yet no one arrested him, because his hour had not yet come.
Jesus said therefore again to them,
"I am going away, and you will
The Jews therefore said, seek me, and you will die in your sins. Where I go, you canít come." "Will he kill himself, that he says, He said to them, 'Where I am going, you canít come?'"
"You are from beneath.
They said therefore to him, I am from above. You are of this world. I am not of this world.
I said therefore to you that you will die in your sins;
for unless you believe that I am he, you will die in your sins." "Who are you?"
Jesus said to them, "Just what I have been saying to you from the beginning.
They didnít understand that he spoke to them about the Father.
I have many things to speak and to judge concerning you. However he who sent me is true; and the things which I heard from him, these I say to the world."
Jesus therefore said to them,
ďWhen you have lifted up the Son of Man, then you will know that I am he, and I do nothing of myself, but as my Father taught me, I say these things.
He who sent me is with me. The Father hasnít left me alone, for I always do the things that are pleasing to him."
Many on-lookers believed Jesus: (1vs) John 8:30
As he spoke these things, many believed in him.
A test for freedom - are you more like Abraham or the devil? (29vs) John 8:31-59
Jesus therefore said to those Jews who had believed him,
"If you remain in my word, then you are truly my disciples.
They answered him,
know the truth, and the truth will make you free." [ * Psa 146:5, * Isa 5:13]
Jesus answered them, Abrahamís seed, and have never been in bondage to anyone.
How do you say,
'You will be made free?'"
"Most certainly I tell you, everyone who commits
They answered him,
sin is the bondservant of sin.
A bondservant doesnít live in the house forever.
A son remains forever.
If therefore the Son makes you free, you will be free indeed.
I know that you are Abrahamís seed,
yet you seek to kill me, because my word finds no place in you.
I say the things which I have seen with my Father;
and you also do the things which you have seen with your father."
"Our father is Abraham."
Jesus said to them,
"If you were Abrahamís children, you would do the works of Abraham.
They said to him,
But now you seek to kill me, a man who has told you the truth, which I heard from God.
Abraham didnít do this.
You do the works of your father."
"We were not born of sexual immorality.
Therefore Jesus said to them,
We have one Father, God."
"If God were your father, you would love me, for I came out and have come from God. For I havenít come of myself, but he sent me.
Then the Jews answered him,
Why donít you understand my speech? Because you canít hear my word.
You are of your father, the devil, and you want to do the desires of your father.
He was a murderer from the beginning, and doesnít stand in the truth, because there is no truth in him.
When he speaks a lie, he speaks on his own; for he is a liar, and its father.
But because I tell the truth, you donít believe me.
Which of you convicts me of sin? If I tell the truth, why do you not believe me?
He who is of God hears the words of God. For this cause you donít hear, because you are not of God."
"Donít we say well that you are a Samaritan, and have a demon?"
"I donít have a demon, but I honor my Father, and you dishonor me.
Then the Jews said to him,
But I donít seek my own glory. There is one who seeks and judges.
Most certainly, I tell you, if a person keeps my word, he will never see death."
"Now we know that you have a demon. Abraham died, and the prophets; and you say,
'If a man keeps my word, he will never taste of death.'
Are you greater than our father, Abraham, who died? The prophets died. Who do you make yourself out to be?" "If I glorify myself, my glory is nothing. It is my Father who glorifies me, of whom you say that he is our God.
The Jews therefore said to him,
You have not known him, but I know him. If I said,
'I donít know him,'
I would be like you, a liar. But I know him, and keep his word.
Your father Abraham rejoiced to see my day. He saw it, and was glad."
"You are not yet fifty years old, and have you seen Abraham?"
Jesus said to them,
"Most certainly, I tell you, before Abraham came into existence, I AM."
Therefore they took up stones to throw at him, but Jesus was hidden, and went out of the temple, having gone through the midst of them, and so passed by.
Map of Palestine Israel during Jesus' life
Local HISTORY charts: Roman Empire and the Messiah in Israel
Harmony reading: 1 (Sept 30)
DATE: ca 37 (or 40) BC - Herod the Great began his reign in Judea, killing off the Hasmonean Dynasty and the Maccabees of the Kingdom of Israel (ca 140-37 BC). Map of the Kingdom of Herod.
DATE: ca 30 BC - Cleopatra of Egypt died
DATE: ca 30-27 BC - Caesar Augustus began ruling as first Emperor of the Roman Empire Harmony reading: 2 (Oct 1)
DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Caesar Augustus, emperor of the Roman Empire, ordered a census of the entire empire; Luke 2:1.
DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Quirinius, governor of Syria ordered a census in Judea ( Luke 2:2)
DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Jesus was born in Bethlehem
DATE: ca 4 BC - in Judea Herod the Great died. He had rebuilt the 2nd Temple in Jerusalem, calling it Herod's Temple.
DATE: ca 4 BC - Herod "Archelaus" replaced his father Herod as king of Judea until banished in 6 AD. (See Iudaea Province). (Matt 2:13-23)
DATE: ca 4 BC - Herod Antipas replaced his father Herod as the tetrarch of Roman province of Galilee and Perea
DATE: ca 4 BC - Philip the Tetrarch replaced his father Herod as
Tetrarch of Ituraea and Trachonitis
4 BC Ė 34 AD
DATE: ca 6 BC - Herod "Archelaus" was exiled to Gaul and Augustus made Samaria, Judea, and Idumea a Roman province Iudaea.
DATE: ca 6 AD - Annas High Priest officially from 6-15 AD, but who lived until assasinated in 66 AD
DATE: ca 14 AD - Caesar Augustus, emperor of the Roman Empire, died. Harmony reading: 3 (Oct 2)
DATE: ca 14 AD - Tiberius Caesar, Emperor of the Roman Empire, began his reign
DATE: ca 18 AD - Caiaphas High Priest from 18-36 AD (John 18:13 - son-in-law of Annas)
DATE: ca 21 AD - Quirinius, governor of Syria died
DATE: ca 26 AD - Pontius Pilate became the fifth Prefect of the Roman province of Judaea
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - Tiberius Caesar, Emperor of the Roman Empire is mentioned in his 15th year ( Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 29 AD - Lysanias, tetrarch of Abilene ( Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - John the Baptist began his ministry ( Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - Jesus began his ministry around the age of 30, soon after John
Harmony reading: later (Oct ?)
DATE: ca ? AD - around the age of 33, Jesus was crucified after being tried by Pontius Pilate and High Priest Annas
DATE: ca 34 AD - Philip the Tetrarch of Ituraea and Trachonitis died
DATE: ca 36 AD - Pontius Pilate was exiled to Gaul, perhaps by the cruel and insane Caligula who ruled Rome from 37Ė41 AD
DATE: ca 37 AD - Tiberius, Emperor of the Roman Empire, died and was followed by Caligula (AD 37Ė41) who claimed divinity
DATE: ca 39 AD - Tetrarch Herod Antipas was exiled from Galilee and Perea by his nephew Agrippa I who took over Galilee and Perea
Next harmony chart
- Persia and Judah Persia (Persian Empire) aka Achaemenid Empire c 550-330 BC; with maps; included what had been Babylon, 539 BC
- links to Wikipedia for information on kings of the Persian Empire from 559-330 BC
Persian Empire kings
- from 746 BC to current; lists of empires
Empires governing the Israel in the Middle East
- Second Empire of ASSYRIA with maps; 746-609 BC
- NEO BABYLONIAN Empire with maps; ca. 627-539 BC
- Egypt neighbored Israel to the southwest
Egypt & Judah
Final prophets and kings of Judah
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