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October 16   - Day 289
* Gospel Study Indexes: Matthew, Mark, Luke, John
* Books to buy on Gospel, Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, Amazon.com
* Dictionary:     Moses     Law of Moses     Temple
* Map of Galilee
Commentary:
From Healing to Getting the Message
Mk 6:12-8:16

Local History: (The Roman Empire and Israel)

Scriptures: (99vs)
* Matthew 15:1-28 (28vs)   * Mark 7:1-30 (30vs)   * John 9:1-41 (41vs)  


  Jesus encountered a man blind from birth:   John 9:1-41 (41vs)

As he passed by, he saw a man blind from birth.

His disciples asked him,

"Rabbi, who sinned, this man or his parents, that he was born blind?"
Jesus answered,
"Neither did this man sin, nor his parents; but, that the works of God might be revealed in him.

I must work the works of him who sent me, while it is day. The night is coming, when no one can work.

While I am in the world, I am the light of the world."

When he had said this, he spat on the ground,
made mud with the saliva,
anointed the blind manís eyes with the mud,
and said to him,
"Go, wash in the pool of Siloam" (which means ďSentĒ).
So he went away, washed, and came back seeing.

The neighbors therefore, and those who saw that he was blind before, said,

"Isnít this he who sat and begged?"
Others were saying,
"It is he."
Still others were saying,
"He looks like him."
He said,
"I am he."
They therefore were asking him,
"How were your eyes opened?"
He answered,
"A man called Jesus made mud, anointed my eyes, and said to me,
'Go to the pool of Siloam, and wash.'
So I went away and washed, and I received sight."
Then they asked him,
"Where is he?"
He said,
"I donít know."
They brought him who had been blind to the Pharisees.

It was a Sabbath when Jesus made the mud and opened his eyes.

Again therefore the Pharisees also asked him how he received his sight.

He said to them,

"He put mud on my eyes, I washed, and I see."
Some therefore of the Pharisees said,
"This man is not from God, because he doesnít keep the Sabbath."
Others said,
"How can a man who is a sinner do such signs?"
There was division among them.

Therefore they asked the blind man again,

"What do you say about him, because he opened your eyes?"
He said,
"He is a prophet."
The Jews therefore did not believe concerning him,
that he had been blind, and had received his sight,
until they called the parents of him who had received his sight,
and asked them,
"Is this your son, who you say was born blind? How then does he now see?"
His parents answered them,
"We know that this is our son, and that he was born blind;
but how he now sees, we donít know;
or who opened his eyes, we donít know.
He is of age. Ask him.
He will speak for himself."
His parents said these things because they feared the Jews; for the Jews had already agreed that if any man would confess him as Christ, he would be put out of the synagogue.

Therefore his parents said,

"He is of age. Ask him."
So they called the man who was blind a second time, and said to him,
"Give glory to God. We know that this man is a sinner."
He therefore answered,
"I donít know if he is a sinner. One thing I do know: that though I was blind, now I see."
They said to him again,
"What did he do to you? How did he open your eyes?"
He answered them,
"I told you already, and you didnít listen. Why do you want to hear it again? You donít also want to become his disciples, do you?"
They insulted him and said,
"You are his disciple, but we are disciples of Moses.

We know that God has spoken to Moses. But as for this man, we donít know where he comes from."

The man answered them,
"How amazing! You donít know where he comes from, yet he opened my eyes.

We know that God doesnít listen to sinners, but if anyone is a worshipper of God, and does his will, he listens to him. *

Since the world began it has never been heard of that anyone opened the eyes of someone born blind.

If this man were not from God, he could do nothing."

They answered him,
"You were altogether born in sins, and do you teach us?"
They threw him out.

Jesus heard that they had thrown him out, and finding him, he said,

"Do you believe in the Son of God?"
He answered,
"Who is he, Lord, that I may believe in him?"
Jesus said to him,
"You have both seen him, and it is he who speaks with you."
He said,
"Lord, I believe!"
and he worshiped him.

Jesus said,

"I came into this world for judgment, that those who donít see may see; and that those who see may become blind."
Those of the Pharisees who were with him heard these things, and said to him,
"Are we also blind?"
Jesus said to them,
"If you were blind, you would have no sin; but now you say,
'We see.'
Therefore your sin remains.


  Why Jesus' disciples were called "unclean":   Matthew 15:1-9 (9vs)

Then Pharisees and scribes came to Jesus from Jerusalem, saying,

"Why do your disciples disobey the tradition of the elders? For they donít wash their hands when they eat bread."
He answered them,
"Why do you also disobey the commandment of God because of your tradition?

For God commanded,

'Honor your father and your mother,' [Exo 20:12; Deu 5:16]
and,
'He who speaks evil of father or mother, let him be put to death.' [Ex 21:17; Lev 20:9]
But you say,
'Whoever may tell his father or his mother,
"Whatever help you might otherwise have gotten from me is a gift devoted to God,"
he shall not honor his father or mother.'
You have made the commandment of God void because of your tradition. [Jer 23:36]

You hypocrites! Well did Isaiah prophesy of you, saying,

'These people draw near to me with their mouth,
and honor me with their lips;
but their heart is far from me.
And in vain do they worship me,
teaching as doctrine rules made by men.'" [Isa 29:13]


  Uncleanliness per traditions of Jewish elders:   Mark 7:1-16 (16vs)

Then the Pharisees, and some of the scribes gathered together to him, having come from Jerusalem.

Now when they saw some of his disciples eating bread with defiled, that is, unwashed, hands, they found fault.

(For the Pharisees, and all the Jews, donít eat unless they wash their hands and forearms, holding to the tradition of the elders.

They donít eat when they come from the marketplace, unless they bathe themselves, and there are many other things, which they have received to hold to:

washings of cups, pitchers, bronze vessels, and couches.)
The Pharisees and the scribes asked him,
"Why donít your disciples walk according to the tradition of the elders, but eat their bread with unwashed hands?"
He answered them,
"Well did Isaiah prophesy of you hypocrites, as it is written,
'This people honors me with their lips,
but their heart is far from me.
But in vain do they worship me,
teaching as doctrines the commandments of men.' [Isa 29:13]
"For you set aside the commandment of God, and hold tightly to the tradition of men
ó the washing of pitchers and cups, and you do many other such things."

He said to them,

"Full well do you reject the commandment of God, that you may keep your tradition.
For Moses said,
'Honor your father and your mother;' [Exo 20:12; Deut 5:16]
and,
'He who speaks evil of father or mother, let him be put to death.' [Exo 21:17; Lev 20:9]
But you say,
'If a man tells his father or his mother,
"Whatever profit you might have received from me is Corban,
that is to say, given to God;"'
then you no longer allow him to do anything for his father or his mother,
making void the word of God by your tradition, which you have handed down.

You do many things like this." [Hosea 4:6]
He called all the multitude to himself, and said to them,
" Hear me, all of you, and understand.

There is nothing from outside of the man, that going into him can defile him; but the things which proceed out of the man are those that defile the man.

If anyone has ears to hear, let him hear!"

When he had entered into a house away from the multitude, his disciples asked him about the parable.

He said to them,

"Are you thus without understanding also?
Donít you perceive that whatever goes into the man from outside canít defile him,
because it doesnít go into his heart, but into his stomach,
then into the latrine, thus purifying all foods?"


  The truth about defilement:   Matthew 15:10-11 (2vs)

He summoned the multitude, and said to them,

"Hear, and understand.

That which enters into the mouth doesnít defile the man; but that which proceeds out of the mouth, this defiles the man."


  Defiled:   Mark 7:17-23 (7vs)

When he had entered into a house away from the multitude, his disciples asked him about the parable.

He said to them,

"Are you thus without understanding also?
Donít you perceive that whatever goes into the man from outside canít defile him,
because it doesnít go into his heart,
but into his stomach, then into the latrine, thus purifying all foods?"
He said,
"That which proceeds out of the man, that defiles the man.

For from within, out of the hearts of men, proceed evil thoughts, adulteries, sexual sins, murders, thefts, covetings, wickedness, deceit, lustful desires, an evil eye, blasphemy, pride, and foolishness.

All these evil things come from within, and defile the man."


  Why Pharisees were defensive, offended:   Matthew 15:12-14 (3vs)

Then the disciples came, and said to him,

"Do you know that the Pharisees were offended, when they heard this saying?"
But he answered,
"Every plant which my heavenly Father didnít plant will be uprooted.

Leave them alone. They are blind guides of the blind.
If the blind guide the blind, both will fall into a pit."


  A parable about being defiled:   Matthew 15:15-20 (6vs)

Peter answered him,

"Explain the parable to us."
So Jesus said,
"Do you also still not understand?

Donít you understand that whatever goes into the mouth passes into the belly, and then out of the body?

But the things which proceed out of the mouth come out of the heart, and they defile the man.

For out of the heart come forth evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, sexual sins, thefts, false testimony, and blasphemies.

These are the things which defile the man; but to eat with unwashed hands doesnít defile the man."


  In Tyre & Sidon - even dogs eat the crumbs:   Matthew 15:21-28 (8vs)

Jesus went out from there, and withdrew into the region of Tyre and Sidon.

Behold, a Canaanite woman came out from those borders, and cried, saying,

"Have mercy on me, Lord, you son of David! My daughter is severely demonized!"
But he answered her not a word.
His disciples came and begged him, saying,
"Send her away; for she cries after us."
But he answered,
"I wasnít sent to anyone but the lost sheep of the house of Israel."
But she came and worshiped him, saying,
"Lord, help me."
But he answered,
"It is not appropriate to take the childrenís bread and throw it to the dogs."
But she said,
"Yes, Lord, but even the dogs eat the crumbs which fall from their mastersí table."
Then Jesus answered her,
"Woman, great is your faith!
Be it done to you even as you desire."
And her daughter was healed from that hour.


  In Tyre & Sidon - Greek woman's daughter healed:   Mark 7:24-30 (7vs)

From there he arose, and went away into the borders of Tyre and Sidon. He entered into a house, and didnít want anyone to know it, but he couldnít escape notice.

For a woman, whose little daughter had an unclean spirit, having heard of him, came and fell down at his feet.

Now the woman was a Greek, a Syrophoenician by race. She begged him that he would cast the demon out of her daughter.

But Jesus said to her,

"Let the children be filled first, for it is not appropriate to take the childrenís bread and throw it to the dogs."
But she answered him,
"Yes, Lord. Yet even the dogs under the table eat the childrenís crumbs."
He said to her,
"For this saying, go your way. The demon has gone out of your daughter."
She went away to her house, and found the child having been laid on the bed, with the demon gone out.


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Map of Palestine Israel during Jesus' life


Local HISTORY charts: Roman Empire and the Messiah in Israel
DATE: ca 51 BC - Quirinius, became governor of Syria
DATE: 44 BC - Julius Caesar was murdered; last Caesar of the Roman Republic. Civil war followed.

Harmony reading: 1 (Sept 30)

DATE: ca 37 (or 40) BC - Herod the Great began his reign in Judea, killing off the Hasmonean Dynasty and the Maccabees of the Kingdom of Israel (ca 140-37 BC). Map of the Kingdom of Herod.
DATE: ca 30 BC - Cleopatra of Egypt died
DATE: ca 30-27 BC - Caesar Augustus began ruling as first Emperor of the Roman Empire

Harmony reading: 2 (Oct 1)

DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Caesar Augustus, emperor of the Roman Empire, ordered a census of the entire empire; Luke 2:1.
DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Quirinius, governor of Syria ordered a census in Judea (Luke 2:2)
DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Jesus was born in Bethlehem
DATE: ca   4 BC - in Judea Herod the Great died. He had rebuilt the 2nd Temple in Jerusalem, calling it Herod's Temple.
DATE: ca 4 BC - Herod "Archelaus" replaced his father Herod as king of Judea until banished in 6 AD. (See Iudaea Province). (Matt 2:13-23)
DATE: ca 4 BC - Herod Antipas replaced his father Herod as the tetrarch of Roman province of Galilee and Perea
DATE: ca 4 BC - Philip the Tetrarch replaced his father Herod as Tetrarch of Ituraea and Trachonitis 4 BC Ė 34 AD
DATE: ca 6 BC - Herod "Archelaus" was exiled to Gaul and Augustus made Samaria, Judea, and Idumea a Roman province Iudaea.
DATE: ca 6 AD - Annas High Priest officially from 6-15 AD, but who lived until assasinated in 66 AD
DATE: ca 14 AD - Caesar Augustus, emperor of the Roman Empire, died.

Harmony reading: 3 (Oct 2)

DATE: ca 14 AD - Tiberius Caesar, Emperor of the Roman Empire, began his reign
DATE: ca 18 AD - Caiaphas High Priest from 18-36 AD (John 18:13 - son-in-law of Annas)
DATE: ca 21 AD - Quirinius, governor of Syria died
DATE: ca 26 AD - Pontius Pilate became the fifth Prefect of the Roman province of Judaea
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - Tiberius Caesar, Emperor of the Roman Empire is mentioned in his 15th year (Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 29 AD - Lysanias, tetrarch of Abilene (Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - John the Baptist began his ministry (Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - Jesus began his ministry around the age of 30, soon after John

Harmony reading: later (Oct ?)

DATE: ca ? AD - around the age of 33, Jesus was crucified after being tried by Pontius Pilate and High Priest Annas
DATE: ca 34 AD - Philip the Tetrarch of Ituraea and Trachonitis died
DATE: ca 36 AD - Pontius Pilate was exiled to Gaul, perhaps by the cruel and insane Caligula who ruled Rome from 37Ė41 AD
DATE: ca 37 AD - Tiberius, Emperor of the Roman Empire, died and was followed by Caligula (AD 37Ė41) who claimed divinity
DATE: ca 39 AD - Tetrarch Herod Antipas was exiled from Galilee and Perea by his nephew Agrippa I who took over Galilee and Perea

Next harmony chart

Persia and Judah - Persia (Persian Empire) aka Achaemenid Empire c 550-330 BC; with maps; included what had been Babylon, 539 BC

more before:
DATE: ca 430-420 BC - Some think late in the reign of Artaxerxes I Longimanus or early in the reign of Darius II (ca 423-404 BC), Malachi wrote warnings and promises from the LORD.

Persian Empire kings - links to Wikipedia for information on kings of the Persian Empire from 559-330 BC

Empires governing the Israel in the Middle East - from 746 BC to current; lists of empires

Assyria - Second Empire of ASSYRIA with maps; 746-609 BC

Babylonia - NEO BABYLONIAN Empire with maps; ca. 627-539 BC

Egypt & Judah - Egypt neighbored Israel to the southwest

Final prophets and kings of Judah

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