Commentary: Mt 15:21-18:14
Teaching Through Conflict
: Local History (
The Roman Empire and Israel)
Scriptures: (95 vs)
* Mark 15:29-39 (11vs) 16:1-28 (28vs) 7:31-37 (7vs) 8:1-38 (38vs) 9:1 (1vs)
Again he departed from the borders of Tyre and Sidon, and came to the sea of Galilee, through the midst of the region of Decapolis.
They brought to him one who was deaf and had an impediment in his speech. They begged him to lay his hand on him.
He took him aside from the multitude, privately, and put his fingers into his ears, and he spat, and touched his tongue.
Looking up to heaven, he sighed, and said to him,
"Ephphatha!" that is, "Be opened!"
Immediately his ears were opened, and the impediment of his tongue was released, and he spoke clearly.
He commanded them that they should tell no one, but the more he commanded them, so much the more widely they proclaimed it.
They were astonished beyond measure, saying,
"He has done all things well.
He makes even the deaf hear, and the mute speak!"
Jesus departed there, and came near to the sea of Galilee; and he went up into the mountain, and sat there.
Great multitudes came to him, having with them the lame, blind, mute, maimed, and many others, and they put them down at his feet.
He healed them,
so that the multitude wondered when they saw the mute speaking, injured whole, lame walking, and blind seeing ó and they
glorified the God of Israel.
Jesus summoned his disciples and said,
"I have compassion on the multitude, because they continue with me now three days and have nothing to eat. I donít want to send them away fasting, or they might faint on the way. "
The disciples said to him,
"Where should we get so many loaves in a deserted place as to satisfy so great a multitude?"
Jesus said to them,
"How many loaves do you have?"
"Seven, and a few small fish."
He commanded the multitude to sit down on the ground; [ 2Ki 4:43 Mt 14:19]
and he took the seven loaves and the fish. He gave thanks and broke them, and gave to the disciples, and the disciples to the multitudes.
They all ate, and were filled.
They took up seven baskets full of the broken pieces that were left over.
Those who ate were four thousand men, besides women and children.
Then he sent away the multitudes, got into the boat,
and came into the borders of Magdala.
In those days, when there was a very great multitude, and they had nothing to eat, Jesus called his disciples to himself, and said to them,
"I have compassion on the multitude, because they have stayed with me now three days, and have nothing to eat.
His disciples answered him,
If I send them away fasting to their home, they will faint on the way, for some of them have come a long way."
"From where could one satisfy these people with bread here in a deserted place?"
He asked them, "How many loaves do you have?"
They said, "Seven."
He commanded the multitude to sit down on the ground, and he took the seven loaves.
Having given thanks, he broke them,
and gave them to his disciples to serve, and they served the multitude.
They had a few small fish. Having blessed them, he said to serve these also.
They ate, and were filled. They took up seven baskets of broken pieces that were left over.
Those who had eaten were about four thousand. Then he sent them away.
Pharisees and Sadduces wanted a sign from heaven: (4vs) Matthew 16:1-4
The Pharisees and Sadducees came, and
testing him, asked him to show them a sign from heaven.
But he answered them,
"When it is evening, you say,
He left them, and departed.
'It will be fair weather, for the sky is red.'
In the morning,
'It will be foul weather today, for the sky is red and threatening.'
Hypocrites! You know how to discern the appearance of the sky, but you canít discern the signs of the times!
An evil and adulterous generation seeks after a sign,
and there will be no sign given to it, except the sign of the prophet Jonah."
Pharisees in Dalmanutha wanted a sign from heaven: (4vs) Mark 8:10-13
Immediately he entered into the boat with his disciples, and came into the region of Dalmanutha.
The Pharisees came out and began to question him, seeking from him a sign from heaven, and
He sighed deeply in his spirit, and said,
"Why does this
He left them, and again entering into the boat, departed to the other side.
generation seek a sign?
Most certainly I tell you, no
sign will be given to this generation."
The disciples came to the other side and had forgotten to take bread.
Jesus said to them,
"Take heed and beware of the yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees."
They reasoned among themselves, saying,
"We brought no bread."
Jesus, perceiving it, said,
"Why do you reason among yourselves, you of little faith,
Then they understood that he didnít tell them to beware of the yeast of bread, but of the teaching of the Pharisees and Sadducees.
'because you have brought no bread?'
Donít you yet perceive, neither remember the five loaves for the five thousand, and how many baskets you took up?
Nor the seven loaves for the four thousand, and how many baskets you took up?
How is it that you donít perceive that I didnít speak to you concerning bread?
But beware of the yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees."
They forgot to take bread;
and they didnít have more than one loaf in the boat with them.
He warned them, saying,
"Take heed: beware of the yeast of the Pharisees and the yeast of Herod."
They reasoned with one another, saying, "Itís because we have no bread."
Jesus, perceiving it, said to them, "Why do you reason that itís because you have no bread?
They told him, Donít you perceive yet, neither understand? Is your heart still hardened?
Having eyes, donít you see?
Having ears, donít you hear? Donít you remember?
When I broke the five loaves among the five thousand,
how many baskets full of broken pieces did you take up?" "Twelve."
They told him,
"When the seven loaves fed the four thousand,
how many baskets full of broken pieces did you take up?" "Seven."
He asked them, "Donít you understand, yet?"
He came to Bethsaida.
They brought a blind man to him, and begged him to touch him.
He took hold of the blind man by the hand, and brought him out of the village. When he had spit on his eyes, and laid his hands on him, he asked him if he saw anything.
He looked up, and said,
"I see men; for I see them like trees walking."
Then again he laid his hands on his eyes.
He looked intently, and was restored, and saw everyone clearly.
He sent him away to his house, saying,
"Donít enter into the village, nor tell anyone in the village."
Now when Jesus came into the parts of Caesarea Philippi, he asked his disciples, saying,
Who do men say that I, the " Son of Man, am? "Some say John the Baptizer,
some, Elijah, and others, Jeremiah, or one of the prophets."
Jesus went out, with his disciples, into the villages of Caesarea Philippi.
On the way he asked his disciples,
They told him, Who do men say that I am?" "John the Baptizer,
and others say Elijah, but others: one of the prophets."
It happened, as he was praying alone, that the disciples were with him, and he asked them,
Who do the multitudes say that I am?" "'John the Baptizer,'
but others say, 'Elijah,' and others, that one of the old prophets is risen again."
Who did his disciples think Jesus was? (1vs) Luke 9:20
He said to them,
But who do " you say that I am? Peter answered,
"The Christ of God."
He said to them,
But who do you say that I am? Peter answered, "
He commanded them that they should tell no one about him.
You are the Christ."
He said to them,
But who do " you say that I am? Simon Peter answered,
"You are the Christ, the Son of the living God."
Jesus answered him,
"Blessed are you, Simon Bar Jonah, for flesh and blood has not revealed this to you,
Then he commanded the disciples that they should tell no one that he was Jesus the Christ.
but my Father who is in heaven.
I also tell you that you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my assembly,
and the gates of Hades will not prevail against it.
I will give to you the keys of the
Kingdom of Heaven, and whatever you bind on earth will have been bound in heaven; and whatever you release on earth will have been released in heaven."
Jesus began revealing what awaited him soon in Jerusalem: (1vs) Matthew 16:21
From that time, Jesus began to show his disciples that he must go to Jerusalem
and suffer many things from the elders, chief priests, and scribes, and be killed, and the third day be raised up.
Jesus began revealing what awaited him soon in Jerusalem: (1vs) Mark 8:31
He began to teach them that the Son of Man must suffer many things,
and be rejected by the elders, the chief priests, and the scribes, and be killed, and after three days rise again.
He spoke to them openly.
Peter took him, and began to rebuke him.
But he, turning around, and seeing his disciples,
rebuked Peter, and said, "Get behind me,
Satan! For you have in mind not the things of God, but the things of men."
Peter took him aside, and began to rebuke him, saying, "Far be it from you, Lord!
But he turned, and said to Peter, This will never be done to you." "Get behind me,
Satan! You are a stumbling block to me, for you are not setting your mind on the things of God, but on the things of men."
Jesus' disciples didn't understand suffer, killed, raised up: (2vs) Luke 9:21-22
But he warned them, and commanded them to tell this to no one,
Son of Man must suffer many things, and be rejected by the elders, chief priests, and scribes, and be killed, and the third day be raised up."
Jesus' disciples didn't understand suffer, killed, raised up: (5vs) Matthew 16:24-28
Then Jesus said to his disciples,
"If anyone desires to come after me,
let him deny himself, and take up his cross, and follow me.
For whoever desires to save his life will lose it,
and whoever will lose his life for my sake will find it.
For what will it profit a man,
if he gains the whole world, and forfeits his life? Or what will a man give in exchange for his life?
For the Son of Man will come
in the glory of his Father with his angels, and then he will render to everyone according to his deeds.
Most certainly I tell you, there are some standing here who will in no way taste of death, until they see the Son of Man coming in his Kingdom."
He called the multitude to himself with his disciples, and said to them,
"Whoever wants to come after me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross, and follow me.
For whoever wants to save his life will lose it; and whoever will lose his life for my sake and the sake of the Good News will save it.
For what does it profit a man, to gain the whole world, and forfeit his life?
For what will a man give in exchange for his life?
For whoever will be
ashamed of me and of my words in this adulterous and sinful generation, the Son of Man also will be ashamed of him, when he comes in the glory of his Father with the holy angels."
He said to all,
"If anyone desires to come after me, let him deny himself, take up his cross,* and follow me.
For whoever desires to save his life will lose it, but whoever will lose his life for my sake, the same will save it.
For what does it profit a man if he gains the whole world, and loses or forfeits his own self?
For whoever will be ashamed of me and of my words, of him will the Son of Man be ashamed, when he comes in his glory, and the glory of the Father, and of the holy angels.
But I tell you the truth:
There are some of those who stand here, who will in no way taste of death, until they see the Kingdom of God."
What Jesus revealed to his disciples: (1
vs) Mark 9:1
He said to them,
"Most certainly I tell you, there are some standing here who will in no way taste
death until they see the Kingdom of God come with power."
Map of Palestine Israel during Jesus' life
Local HISTORY charts: Roman Empire and the Messiah in Israel
Harmony reading: 1 (Sept 30)
DATE: ca 37 (or 40) BC - Herod the Great began his reign in Judea, killing off the Hasmonean Dynasty and the Maccabees of the Kingdom of Israel (ca 140-37 BC). Map of the Kingdom of Herod.
DATE: ca 30 BC - Cleopatra of Egypt died
DATE: ca 30-27 BC - Caesar Augustus began ruling as first Emperor of the Roman Empire Harmony reading: 2 (Oct 1)
DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Caesar Augustus, emperor of the Roman Empire, ordered a census of the entire empire; Luke 2:1.
DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Quirinius, governor of Syria ordered a census in Judea ( Luke 2:2)
DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Jesus was born in Bethlehem
DATE: ca 4 BC - in Judea Herod the Great died. He had rebuilt the 2nd Temple in Jerusalem, calling it Herod's Temple.
DATE: ca 4 BC - Herod "Archelaus" replaced his father Herod as king of Judea until banished in 6 AD. (See Iudaea Province). (Matt 2:13-23)
DATE: ca 4 BC - Herod Antipas replaced his father Herod as the tetrarch of Roman province of Galilee and Perea
DATE: ca 4 BC - Philip the Tetrarch replaced his father Herod as
Tetrarch of Ituraea and Trachonitis
4 BC Ė 34 AD
DATE: ca 6 BC - Herod "Archelaus" was exiled to Gaul and Augustus made Samaria, Judea, and Idumea a Roman province Iudaea.
DATE: ca 6 AD - Annas High Priest officially from 6-15 AD, but who lived until assasinated in 66 AD
DATE: ca 14 AD - Caesar Augustus, emperor of the Roman Empire, died. Harmony reading: 3 (Oct 2)
DATE: ca 14 AD - Tiberius Caesar, Emperor of the Roman Empire, began his reign
DATE: ca 18 AD - Caiaphas High Priest from 18-36 AD (John 18:13 - son-in-law of Annas)
DATE: ca 21 AD - Quirinius, governor of Syria died
DATE: ca 26 AD - Pontius Pilate became the fifth Prefect of the Roman province of Judaea
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - Tiberius Caesar, Emperor of the Roman Empire is mentioned in his 15th year ( Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 29 AD - Lysanias, tetrarch of Abilene ( Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - John the Baptist began his ministry ( Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - Jesus began his ministry around the age of 30, soon after John
Harmony reading: later (Oct ?)
DATE: ca ? AD - around the age of 33, Jesus was crucified after being tried by Pontius Pilate and High Priest Annas
DATE: ca 34 AD - Philip the Tetrarch of Ituraea and Trachonitis died
DATE: ca 36 AD - Pontius Pilate was exiled to Gaul, perhaps by the cruel and insane Caligula who ruled Rome from 37Ė41 AD
DATE: ca 37 AD - Tiberius, Emperor of the Roman Empire, died and was followed by Caligula (AD 37Ė41) who claimed divinity
DATE: ca 39 AD - Tetrarch Herod Antipas was exiled from Galilee and Perea by his nephew Agrippa I who took over Galilee and Perea
Next harmony chart
- Persia and Judah Persia (Persian Empire) aka Achaemenid Empire c 550-330 BC; with maps; included what had been Babylon, 539 BC
- links to Wikipedia for information on kings of the Persian Empire from 559-330 BC
Persian Empire kings
- from 746 BC to current; lists of empires
Empires governing the Israel in the Middle East
- Second Empire of ASSYRIA with maps; 746-609 BC
- NEO BABYLONIAN Empire with maps; ca. 627-539 BC
- Egypt neighbored Israel to the southwest
Egypt & Judah
Final prophets and kings of Judah
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