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October 18   - Day 291
* Gospel Study Indexes: Matthew, Mark, Luke, John
* Books to buy on Gospel, Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, Amazon.com
* Dictionary:     Moses     Law of Moses     Temple
* Map of Galilee
Commentary:
The Light and His Advance Men
Lk 9:28-11:13

Local History: (The Roman Empire and Israel)

Scriptures: (90vs)
* Matthew 17:1-23, 18:1-5 (28vs)   * Mark 9:2-40 (39vs)   * Luke 9:28-50 (23vs)  


  Peter, James, and John see Jesus transfigured:   Matthew 17:1-13 (13vs)

After six days, Jesus took with him Peter, James, and John his brother, and brought them up into a high mountain by themselves.

He was transfigured before them. His face shone like the sun, and his garments became as white as the light.

Behold, Moses and Elijah appeared to them talking with him.

Peter answered, and said to Jesus,

“Lord, it is good for us to be here.
If you want, let’s make three tents here: one for you, one for Moses, and one for Elijah.”

While he was still speaking, behold, a bright cloud overshadowed them.

Behold, a voice came out of the cloud, saying, *Deut 4:12

“This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.
Listen to him.”
When the disciples heard it, they fell on their faces, and were very afraid.

Jesus came and touched them and said,

“Get up, and don’t be afraid.”
Lifting up their eyes, they saw no one, except Jesus alone.

As they were coming down from the mountain, Jesus commanded them, saying,

“Don’t tell anyone what you saw, until the Son of Man has risen from the dead.”
His disciples asked him, saying,
“Then why do the scribes say that Elijah must come first?”

Jesus answered them,

“Elijah indeed comes first, and will restore all things,
but I tell you that Elijah has come already,
and they didn’t recognize him, but did to him whatever they wanted to.
Even so the Son of Man will also suffer by them.”

Then the disciples understood that he spoke to them of John the Baptizer.


  Jesus transfigured:   Luke 9:28-36 (9vs)

It happened about eight days after these sayings, that he took with him Peter, John, and James, and went up onto the mountain to pray.

As he was praying, the appearance of his face was altered, and his clothing became white and dazzling.

Behold, two men were talking with him, who were Moses and Elijah,
who appeared in glory,
and spoke of his departure, which he was about to accomplish at Jerusalem.

Now Peter and those who were with him were heavy with sleep, but when they were fully awake,
they saw his glory, and the two men who stood with him.

It happened, as they were parting from him, that Peter said to Jesus,

“Master, it is good for us to be here. Let’s make three tents: one for you, and one for Moses, and one for Elijah,”
not knowing what he said.

While he said these things, a cloud came and overshadowed them, and they were afraid as they entered into the cloud.

A voice came out of the cloud, saying,

“This is my beloved Son. Listen to him!”
When the voice came, Jesus was found alone.

They were silent, and told no one in those days any of the things which they had seen.


  Secrets of Jesus' transfiguration:   Mark 9:2-13 (12vs)

After six days Jesus took with him Peter, James, and John, and brought them up onto a high mountain privately by themselves, and he was changed into another form in front of them.

His clothing became glistening, exceedingly white, like snow, such as no launderer on earth can whiten them.

Elijah and Moses appeared to them, and they were talking with Jesus.

Peter answered Jesus,

"Rabbi, it is good for us to be here. Let’s make three tents: one for you, one for Moses, and one for Elijah."
For he didn’t know what to say, for they were very afraid.

A cloud came, overshadowing them, and a voice came out of the cloud,

"This is my beloved Son. Listen to him."
Suddenly looking around, they saw no one with them any more, except Jesus only.

As they were coming down from the mountain, he commanded them that they should tell no one what things they had seen, until after the Son of Man had risen from the dead.

They kept this saying to themselves, questioning what the “rising from the dead” meant. They asked him, saying,

"Why do the scribes say that Elijah must come first?"
He said to them,
"Elijah indeed comes first, and restores all things. How is it written about the Son of Man, that he should suffer many things and be despised?

But I tell you that Elijah has come, and they have also done to him whatever they wanted to, even as it is written about him."


  The healing Jesus' disciples couldn't do:   Matthew 17:14-21 (8vs)

When they came to the multitude, a man came to him, kneeling down to him, saying,

“Lord, have mercy on my son, for he is epileptic, and suffers grievously; for he often falls into the fire, and often into the water.

So I brought him to your disciples, and they could not cure him.”

Jesus answered,
“Faithless and perverse generation!
How long will I be with you?
How long will I bear with you?
Bring him here to me.”
Jesus rebuked him, the demon went out of him, and the boy was cured from that hour.

Then the disciples came to Jesus privately, and said,

“Why weren’t we able to cast it out?”
He said to them,
“Because of your unbelief. For most certainly I tell you, if you have faith as a grain of mustard seed, you will tell this mountain,
‘Move from here to there,’
and it will move; and nothing will be impossible for you.
But this kind doesn’t go out except by prayer and fasting.”


  The healing Jesus' disciples couldn't do:   Luke 9:37-42 (6vs)

It happened on the next day, when they had come down from the mountain, that a great multitude met him.

Behold, a man from the crowd called out, saying,

“Teacher, I beg you to look at my son, for he is my only child.

Behold, a spirit takes him, he suddenly cries out, and it convulses him so that he foams, and it hardly departs from him, bruising him severely.

I begged your disciples to cast it out, and they couldn’t.”

Jesus answered,
“Faithless and perverse generation, how long shall I be with you and bear with you?
Bring your son here.”
While he was still coming, the demon threw him down and convulsed him violently.

But Jesus rebuked the unclean spirit, and healed the boy, and gave him back to his father.


  Healing Jesus' disciples couldn't do:   Mark 9:14-29 (16vs)

Coming to the disciples, he saw a great multitude around them, and scribes questioning them.

Immediately all the multitude, when they saw him, were greatly amazed, and running to him greeted him.

He asked the scribes,

"What are you asking them?"
One of the multitude answered,
"Teacher, I brought to you my son, who has a mute spirit;
and wherever it seizes him, it throws him down,
and he foams at the mouth, and grinds his teeth, and wastes away.
I asked your disciples to cast it out, and they weren’t able."
He answered him,
"Unbelieving generation,
how long shall I be with you?
How long shall I bear with you?
Bring him to me."
They brought him to him, and when he saw him,
immediately the spirit convulsed him, and he fell on the ground,
wallowing and foaming at the mouth.

He asked his father,

"How long has it been since this has come to him?"
He said,
"From childhood.
Often it has cast him both into the fire and into the water, to destroy him.
But if you can do anything, have compassion on us, and help us."
Jesus said to him,
"If you can believe, all things are possible to him who believes."
Immediately the father of the child cried out with tears,
"I believe. Help my unbelief!"
When Jesus saw that a multitude came running together,
he rebuked the unclean spirit, saying to him,
“You mute and deaf spirit, I command you, come out of him,
and never enter him again!"
Having cried out, and convulsed greatly, it came out of him.
The boy became like one dead; so much that most of them said,
"He is dead."
But Jesus took him by the hand, and raised him up; and he arose.

When he had come into the house, his disciples asked him privately,

"Why couldn’t we cast it out?"
He said to them,
“This kind can come out by nothing, except by prayer and fasting. "


  Disciples hear sad news again:   Matthew 17:22-23 (2vs)

While they were staying in Galilee, Jesus said to them,

“The Son of Man is about to be delivered up into the hands of men,
and they will kill him, and the third day he will be raised up.”
They were exceedingly sorry.


  What power! What sad news:   Luke 9:43-45 (3vs)

They were all astonished at the majesty of God.

But while all were marveling at all the things which Jesus did,
he said to his disciples,

“Let these words sink into your ears,
for the Son of Man will be delivered up into the hands of men.”
But they didn’t understand this saying.
It was concealed from them, that they should not perceive it,
and they were afraid to ask him about this saying.


  Incomprehensible news - Son of Man will die:   Mark 9:30-32 (3vs)

They went out from there, and passed through Galilee. He didn’t want anyone to know it.

For he was teaching his disciples, and said to them,

"The Son of Man is being handed over to the hands of men,
and they will kill him;
and when he is killed, on the third day he will rise again."
But they didn’t understand the saying, and were afraid to ask him.


  Disciples ask: Who is greater?   Matthew 18:1-5 (5vs)

In that hour the disciples came to Jesus, saying,

“Who then is greatest in the Kingdom of Heaven?”

Jesus called a little child to himself, and set him in the midst of them,
and said,

“Most certainly I tell you, unless you turn, and become as little children,
you will in no way enter into the Kingdom of Heaven.
Whoever therefore humbles himself as this little child,
the same is the greatest in the Kingdom of Heaven.
Whoever receives one such little child in my name receives me,   sentence continues...


  Disciple controversy - who is greater?   Mark 9:33-37 (5vs)

He came to Capernaum, and when he was in the house he asked them,

"What were you arguing among yourselves on the way?"
But they were silent, for they had disputed one with another on the way about who was the greatest.

He sat down, and called the twelve; and he said to them,

"If any man wants to be first, he shall be last of all, and servant of all."
He took a little child, and set him in the midst of them. Taking him in his arms, he said to them,
"Whoever receives one such little child in my name, receives me, and whoever receives me, doesn’t receive me, but him who sent me."


  Disciple controversy - who is greater?   Luke 9:46-48 (3vs)

There arose an argument among them about which of them was the greatest.

Jesus, perceiving the reasoning of their hearts,
took a little child, and set him by his side, and said to them,

"Whoever receives this little child in my name receives me.
Whoever receives me receives him who sent me.
For whoever is least among you all, this one will be great."


  Disciple controversy - who can use Jesus' name to heal?   Luke 9:49-50 (2vs)

John answered,

"Master, we saw someone casting out demons in your name,
and we forbade him, because he doesn’t follow with us."
Jesus said to him,
"Don’t forbid him, for he who is not against us is for us."


  Disciple controversy - who can use Jesus' name to heal?   Mark 9:38-40 (3vs)

John said to him,

"Teacher, we saw someone who doesn’t follow us casting out demons in your name; and we forbade him, because he doesn’t follow us."
But Jesus said,
"Don’t forbid him, for there is no one who will do a mighty work in my name, and be able quickly to speak evil of me.

For whoever is not against us is on our side."


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Maps of Palestine Israel during Jesus' life



Local HISTORY charts: Roman Empire and the Messiah in Israel
DATE: ca 51 BC - Quirinius, became governor of Syria
DATE: 44 BC - Julius Caesar was murdered; last Caesar of the Roman Republic. Civil war followed.

Harmony reading: 1 (Sept 30)

DATE: ca 37 (or 40) BC - Herod the Great began his reign in Judea, killing off the Hasmonean Dynasty and the Maccabees of the Kingdom of Israel (ca 140-37 BC). Map of the Kingdom of Herod.
DATE: ca 30 BC - Cleopatra of Egypt died
DATE: ca 30-27 BC - Caesar Augustus began ruling as first Emperor of the Roman Empire

Harmony reading: 2 (Oct 1)

DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Caesar Augustus, emperor of the Roman Empire, ordered a census of the entire empire; Luke 2:1.
DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Quirinius, governor of Syria ordered a census in Judea (Luke 2:2)
DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Jesus was born in Bethlehem
DATE: ca   4 BC - in Judea Herod the Great died. He had rebuilt the 2nd Temple in Jerusalem, calling it Herod's Temple.
DATE: ca 4 BC - Herod "Archelaus" replaced his father Herod as king of Judea until banished in 6 AD. (See Iudaea Province). (Matt 2:13-23)
DATE: ca 4 BC - Herod Antipas replaced his father Herod as the tetrarch of Roman province of Galilee and Perea
DATE: ca 4 BC - Philip the Tetrarch replaced his father Herod as Tetrarch of Ituraea and Trachonitis 4 BC – 34 AD
DATE: ca 6 BC - Herod "Archelaus" was exiled to Gaul and Augustus made Samaria, Judea, and Idumea a Roman province Iudaea.
DATE: ca 6 AD - Annas High Priest officially from 6-15 AD, but who lived until assasinated in 66 AD
DATE: ca 14 AD - Caesar Augustus, emperor of the Roman Empire, died.

Harmony reading: 3 (Oct 2)

DATE: ca 14 AD - Tiberius Caesar, Emperor of the Roman Empire, began his reign
DATE: ca 18 AD - Caiaphas High Priest from 18-36 AD (John 18:13 - son-in-law of Annas)
DATE: ca 21 AD - Quirinius, governor of Syria died
DATE: ca 26 AD - Pontius Pilate became the fifth Prefect of the Roman province of Judaea
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - Tiberius Caesar, Emperor of the Roman Empire is mentioned in his 15th year (Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 29 AD - Lysanias, tetrarch of Abilene (Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - John the Baptist began his ministry (Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - Jesus began his ministry around the age of 30, soon after John

Harmony reading: later (Oct ?)

DATE: ca ? AD - around the age of 33, Jesus was crucified after being tried by Pontius Pilate and High Priest Annas
DATE: ca 34 AD - Philip the Tetrarch of Ituraea and Trachonitis died
DATE: ca 36 AD - Pontius Pilate was exiled to Gaul, perhaps by the cruel and insane Caligula who ruled Rome from 37–41 AD
DATE: ca 37 AD - Tiberius, Emperor of the Roman Empire, died and was followed by Caligula (AD 37–41) who claimed divinity
DATE: ca 39 AD - Tetrarch Herod Antipas was exiled from Galilee and Perea by his nephew Agrippa I who took over Galilee and Perea

Next harmony chart

Persia and Judah - Persia (Persian Empire) aka Achaemenid Empire c 550-330 BC; with maps; included what had been Babylon, 539 BC

more before:
DATE: ca 430-420 BC - Some think late in the reign of Artaxerxes I Longimanus or early in the reign of Darius II (ca 423-404 BC), Malachi wrote warnings and promises from the LORD.

Persian Empire kings - links to Wikipedia for information on kings of the Persian Empire from 559-330 BC

Empires governing the Israel in the Middle East - from 746 BC to current; lists of empires

Assyria - Second Empire of ASSYRIA with maps; 746-609 BC

Babylonia - NEO BABYLONIAN Empire with maps; ca. 627-539 BC

Egypt & Judah - Egypt neighbored Israel to the southwest

Final prophets and kings of Judah

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