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October 19   - Day 292
* Gospel Study Indexes: Matthew, Mark, Luke, John
* Books to buy on Gospel, Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, Amazon.com
* Dictionary:     Moses     Law of Moses     Temple
* Map of Galilee
Commentary:
Jesus Continues Teaching His Disciples
Lk 11:14-12:59

Local History: (The Roman Empire and Israel)

Scriptures: (97vs)
* Luke 11:1-13, 27-54 (41vs)   12:1-56 (56vs)


Example of Jesus' sermons, teachings, 1 on 1 answers
  Teach us to pray:   Luke 11:1-4 (4vs)

It happened, that when he finished praying in a certain place,
one of his disciples said to him,

"Lord, teach us to pray, just as John also taught his disciples."

He said to them,

“When you pray, say,
‘Our Father in heaven, may your name be kept holy.
May your Kingdom come.
May your will be done on Earth, as it is in heaven.
Give us day by day our daily bread.
Forgive us our sins,
for we ourselves also forgive everyone who is indebted to us.
Bring us not into temptation,
but deliver us from the evil one.’”
  Jesus' parable: Friend at Midnight   Luke 11:5-13 (9vs)
Persist! Keep asking, keep seeking, keep knocking

He said to them,

“Which of you, if you go to a friend at midnight, and tell him,
‘Friend, lend me three loaves of bread,
for a friend of mine has come to me from a journey, and I have nothing to set before him,’
and he from within will answer and say,
‘Don’t bother me. The door is now shut, and my children are with me in bed. I can’t get up and give it to you’?
I tell you, although he will not rise and give it to him because he is his friend, yet because of his persistence, he will get up and give him as many as he needs.

“I tell you, keep asking, and it will be given you. Keep seeking, and you will find. Keep knocking, and it will be opened to you.

For everyone who asks receives.
He who seeks finds.
To him who knocks it will be opened.

“Which of you fathers, if your son asks for bread, will give him a stone?
Or if he asks for a fish, he won’t give him a snake instead of a fish, will he?
Or if he asks for an egg, he won’t give him a scorpion, will he?

If you then, being evil, know how to give good gifts to your children,
how much more will your heavenly Father give the Holy Spirit to those who ask him?”


  Jesus' mother is blessed but not automatically
    (This was a continuing discussion about Jesus' family, from Luke 8:19-21)
  Luke 11:27-28 (2vs)

It came to pass, as he said these things, a certain woman out of the multitude lifted up her voice, and said to him,

"Blessed is the womb that bore you, and the breasts which nursed you!"
But he said,
“On the contrary, blessed are those who hear the word of God, and keep it.”

  Sign of Jonah:   Luke 11:29-32 (4vs)

When the multitudes were gathering together to him, he began to say,

“This is an evil generation.
It seeks after a sign.
No sign will be given to it but the sign of Jonah, the prophet.

For even as Jonah became a sign to the Ninevites,
so will also the Son of Man be to this generation.

The Queen of the South will rise up in the judgment
with the men of this generation, and will condemn them:
for she came from the ends of the earth
to hear the wisdom of Solomon;
and behold, one greater than Solomon is here.

The men of Nineveh will stand up in the judgment with this generation,
and will condemn it:
for they repented at the preaching of Jonah,
and behold, one greater than Jonah is here.


  Jesus' illustration - The Lamp:   Luke 11:33-36 (4vs)
“No one, when he has lit a lamp, puts it in a cellar or under a basket, but on a stand, that those who come in may see the light.

The lamp of the body is the eye.
Therefore when your eye is good,
your whole body is also full of light;
but when it is evil, your body also is full of darkness.

Therefore see whether the light that is in you isn’t darkness.

If therefore your whole body is full of light, having no part dark,
it will be wholly full of light,
as when the lamp with its bright shining gives you light.”


  Dinner provoking a Pharisee:   Luke 11:37-44 (8vs)

Now as he spoke, a certain Pharisee asked him to dine with him.
He went in, and sat at the table.

When the Pharisee saw it, he marveled that he had not first washed himself before dinner.

The Lord said to him,

“Now you Pharisees cleanse the outside of the cup and of the platter,
but your inward part is full of extortion and wickedness.

You foolish ones, didn’t he who made the outside
make the inside also?

But give for gifts to the needy those things which are within,
and behold, all things will be clean to you.

But woe to you Pharisees!
For you tithe mint and rue and every herb,
but you bypass justice and the love of God.
You ought to have done these, and not to have left the other undone.

Woe to you Pharisees!
For you love the best seats in the synagogues,
and the greetings in the marketplaces. [Luke 14:7-11]

Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites!
For you are like hidden graves,
and the men who walk over them don’t know it.”


  The problem with lawyers:   Luke 11:45-54 (10vs)

One of the lawyers answered him,

"Teacher, in saying this you insult us also."
He said,
“Woe to you lawyers also!
For you load men with burdens that are difficult to carry, and you yourselves won’t even lift one finger to help carry those burdens.

Woe to you!
For you build the tombs of the prophets, and your fathers killed them.

So you testify and consent to the works of your fathers. For they killed them, and you build their tombs.

Therefore also the wisdom of God said,

‘I will send to them prophets and apostles;
and some of them they will kill and persecute,
that the blood of all the prophets, which was shed from the foundation of the world,
may be required of this generation; [Neh 9:26]
from the blood of Abel to the blood of Zachariah,
who perished between the altar and the sanctuary.’
Yes, I tell you, it will be required of this generation.

Woe to you lawyers!
For you took away the key of knowledge.
You didn’t enter in yourselves,
and those who were entering in, you hindered.”

As he said these things to them, the scribes and the Pharisees began to be terribly angry,
and to draw many things out of him;
lying in wait for him,
and seeking to catch him in something he might say,
that they might accuse him.


  Example of how Jesus taught:   Luke 12:1-12 (12vs)

Meanwhile, when a multitude of many thousands had gathered together, so much so that they trampled on each other, he began to tell his disciples first of all,

“Beware of the yeast of the Pharisees, which is hypocrisy.
But there is nothing covered up, that will not be revealed, nor hidden, that will not be known.
Therefore whatever you have said in the darkness will be heard in the light.
What you have spoken in the ear in the inner chambers will be proclaimed on the housetops.

“I tell you, my friends, don’t be afraid of those who kill the body,
and after that have no more that they can do.
But I will warn you whom you should fear.
Fear him, who after he has killed, has power to cast into Gehenna.
Yes, I tell you, fear him.

“Aren’t five sparrows sold for two assaria coins?
Not one of them is forgotten by God.
But the very hairs of your head are all numbered.
Therefore don’t be afraid. You are of more value than many sparrows.

“I tell you, everyone who confesses me before men,
him will the Son of Man also confess before the angels of God;
but he who denies me in the presence of men
will be denied in the presence of the angels of God.

Everyone who speaks a word against the Son of Man will be forgiven,
but those who blaspheme against the Holy Spirit will not be forgiven.

When they bring you before the synagogues, the rulers, and the authorities,
don’t be anxious how or what you will answer,
or what you will say; [Psa 37:1]
for the Holy Spirit will teach you in that same hour what you must say.”


  1 on 1 request for money:   Luke 12:13-15 (3vs)

One of the multitude said to him,

"Teacher, tell my brother to divide the inheritance with me."
But he said to him,
“Man, who made me a judge or an arbitrator over you?”
He said to them,
“Beware! Keep yourselves from covetousness,
for a man’s life doesn’t consist of the abundance of the things which he possesses.”
  Jesus' parable: Rich Fool   Luke 12:16-21 (6vs)

He spoke a parable to them, saying,

“The ground of a certain rich man brought forth abundantly.
He reasoned within himself, saying,
‘What will I do, because I don’t have room to store my crops?’
He said,
‘This is what I will do. I will pull down my barns,
and build bigger ones, and there I will store all my grain and my goods.
I will tell my soul,
Soul, you have many goods laid up for many years.
Take your ease, eat, drink, be merry.”’
“But God said to him,
‘You foolish one, tonight your soul is required of you.
The things which you have prepared — whose will they be?’
So is he who lays up treasure for himself, and is not rich toward God.”


  Treasure on earth or in heaven:   Luke 12:22-30 (9vs)

He said to his disciples,

“Therefore I tell you, don’t be anxious for your life,
what you will eat, nor yet for your body, what you will wear.
Life is more than food, and the body is more than clothing.
Consider the ravens: they don’t sow, they don’t reap,
they have no warehouse or barn, and God feeds them.
How much more valuable are you than birds!

Which of you by being anxious can add a cubit to his height?

If then you aren’t able to do even the least things, why are you anxious about the rest?

Consider the lilies, how they grow. They don’t toil, neither do they spin; yet I tell you, even Solomon in all his glory was not arrayed like one of these.

But if this is how God clothes the grass in the field, which today exists, and tomorrow is cast into the oven, how much more will he clothe you, O you of little faith?

Don’t seek what you will eat or what you will drink; neither be anxious. [Eccl 2:24]
For the nations of the world seek after all of these things, but your Father knows that you need these things.


  How to seek the Kingdom of God:   Luke 12:31-34 (4vs)
But seek God’s Kingdom, and all these things will be added to you. [Deut 4:29]

Don’t be afraid, little flock,
for it is your Father’s good pleasure to give you the Kingdom.
Sell that which you have, and give gifts to the needy.

Make for yourselves purses which don’t grow old,
a treasure in the heavens that doesn’t fail,
where no thief approaches, neither moth destroys.
For where your treasure is, there will your heart be also.


  Jesus' parable: Watchful Servants
    How to live in the meantime, before Christ returns
  Luke 12:35-40 (6vs)
“Let your waist be girded [See "full armor of God"]
and your lamps burning. [Luke 11:33-36]

Be like men watching for their lord, when he returns from the marriage feast;
that, when he comes and knocks, they may immediately open to him.

Blessed are those servants, whom the lord will find watching when he comes.
Most certainly I tell you, that he will dress himself,
and make them recline, and will come and serve them.

They will be blessed if he comes in the second or third watch, and finds them so.

But know this, that if the master of the house had known in what hour the thief was coming,
he would have watched, and not allowed his house to be broken into.

Therefore be ready also, for the Son of Man is coming
in an hour that you don’t expect him.”


  Peter's question about waiting and doing:
    Parable: Faithful and wise steward of the returning Lord
  Luke 12:41-53 (13vs)

Peter said to him,

"Lord, are you telling this parable to us, or to everybody?"
The Lord said,
“Who then is the faithful and wise steward, whom his lord will set over his household,
to give them their portion of food at the right times?

Blessed is that servant whom his lord will find doing so when he comes.

Truly I tell you, that he will set him over all that he has.

But if that servant says in his heart,

‘My lord delays his coming,’
and begins to beat the menservants and the maidservants,
and to eat and drink, and to be drunken,
then the lord of that servant will come in a day when he isn’t expecting him,
and in an hour that he doesn’t know, and will cut him in two,
and place his portion with the unfaithful.

That servant, who knew his lord’s will,
and didn’t prepare, nor do what he wanted,
will be beaten with many stripes,
but he who didn’t know, and did things worthy of stripes,
will be beaten with few stripes.

To whoever much is given, of him will much be required;
and to whom much was entrusted, of him more will be asked.

“I came to throw fire on the earth. I wish it were already kindled.
But I have a baptism to be baptized with,
and how distressed I am until it is accomplished!

Do you think that I have come to give peace in the earth?
I tell you, no, but rather division.

For from now on, there will be five in one house divided, three against two, and two against three.

They will be divided, father against son, and son against father;
mother against daughter, and daughter against her mother;
mother-in-law against her daughter-in-law, and daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law.”


  Signs about the weather:   Luke 12:54-56 (3vs)

He said to the multitudes also,

"When you see a cloud rising from the west, immediately you say,
'A shower is coming,'
and so it happens.

When a south wind blows, you say,

'There will be a scorching heat,'
and it happens.

You hypocrites! You know how to interpret the appearance of the earth and the sky, but how is it that you don’t interpret this time?


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Map of Palestine Israel during Jesus' life


Local HISTORY charts: Roman Empire and the Messiah in Israel
DATE: ca 51 BC - Quirinius, became governor of Syria
DATE: 44 BC - Julius Caesar was murdered; last Caesar of the Roman Republic. Civil war followed.

Harmony reading: 1 (Sept 30)

DATE: ca 37 (or 40) BC - Herod the Great began his reign in Judea, killing off the Hasmonean Dynasty and the Maccabees of the Kingdom of Israel (ca 140-37 BC). Map of the Kingdom of Herod.
DATE: ca 30 BC - Cleopatra of Egypt died
DATE: ca 30-27 BC - Caesar Augustus began ruling as first Emperor of the Roman Empire

Harmony reading: 2 (Oct 1)

DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Caesar Augustus, emperor of the Roman Empire, ordered a census of the entire empire; Luke 2:1.
DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Quirinius, governor of Syria ordered a census in Judea (Luke 2:2)
DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Jesus was born in Bethlehem
DATE: ca   4 BC - in Judea Herod the Great died. He had rebuilt the 2nd Temple in Jerusalem, calling it Herod's Temple.
DATE: ca 4 BC - Herod "Archelaus" replaced his father Herod as king of Judea until banished in 6 AD. (See Iudaea Province). (Matt 2:13-23)
DATE: ca 4 BC - Herod Antipas replaced his father Herod as the tetrarch of Roman province of Galilee and Perea
DATE: ca 4 BC - Philip the Tetrarch replaced his father Herod as Tetrarch of Ituraea and Trachonitis 4 BC – 34 AD
DATE: ca 6 BC - Herod "Archelaus" was exiled to Gaul and Augustus made Samaria, Judea, and Idumea a Roman province Iudaea.
DATE: ca 6 AD - Annas High Priest officially from 6-15 AD, but who lived until assasinated in 66 AD
DATE: ca 14 AD - Caesar Augustus, emperor of the Roman Empire, died.

Harmony reading: 3 (Oct 2)

DATE: ca 14 AD - Tiberius Caesar, Emperor of the Roman Empire, began his reign
DATE: ca 18 AD - Caiaphas High Priest from 18-36 AD (John 18:13 - son-in-law of Annas)
DATE: ca 21 AD - Quirinius, governor of Syria died
DATE: ca 26 AD - Pontius Pilate became the fifth Prefect of the Roman province of Judaea
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - Tiberius Caesar, Emperor of the Roman Empire is mentioned in his 15th year (Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 29 AD - Lysanias, tetrarch of Abilene (Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - John the Baptist began his ministry (Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - Jesus began his ministry around the age of 30, soon after John

Harmony reading: later (Oct ?)

DATE: ca ? AD - around the age of 33, Jesus was crucified after being tried by Pontius Pilate and High Priest Annas
DATE: ca 34 AD - Philip the Tetrarch of Ituraea and Trachonitis died
DATE: ca 36 AD - Pontius Pilate was exiled to Gaul, perhaps by the cruel and insane Caligula who ruled Rome from 37–41 AD
DATE: ca 37 AD - Tiberius, Emperor of the Roman Empire, died and was followed by Caligula (AD 37–41) who claimed divinity
DATE: ca 39 AD - Tetrarch Herod Antipas was exiled from Galilee and Perea by his nephew Agrippa I who took over Galilee and Perea

Next harmony chart

Persia and Judah - Persia (Persian Empire) aka Achaemenid Empire c 550-330 BC; with maps; included what had been Babylon, 539 BC

more before:
DATE: ca 430-420 BC - Some think late in the reign of Artaxerxes I Longimanus or early in the reign of Darius II (ca 423-404 BC), Malachi wrote warnings and promises from the LORD.

Persian Empire kings - links to Wikipedia for information on kings of the Persian Empire from 559-330 BC

Empires governing the Israel in the Middle East - from 746 BC to current; lists of empires

Assyria - Second Empire of ASSYRIA with maps; 746-609 BC

Babylonia - NEO BABYLONIAN Empire with maps; ca. 627-539 BC

Egypt & Judah - Egypt neighbored Israel to the southwest

Final prophets and kings of Judah

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