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October 20   - Day 293
* Gospel Study Indexes: Matthew, Mark, Luke, John
* Books to buy on Gospel, Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, Amazon.com
* Dictionary:     Moses     Law of Moses     Temple
* Map of Galilee
Commentary:
More Demonstrations With Parables to Explain
Lk 13-15

Local History: (The Roman Empire and Israel)

Scriptures: (97vs)
* Luke 12:57-59 (3vs)   13:1-17, 22-35 (31vs)   14:1-35 (35vs)   15:1-24 (24vs)   * Matthew 18:11-14 (4vs)  


More on how Jesus preached, taught, and answered 1 on 1 questions
  Settle up with adversary before final judgment:   Luke 12:57-59 (3vs)

"Why donít you judge for yourselves what is right?
For when you are going with your adversary before the magistrate,
try diligently on the way to be released from him,
lest perhaps he drag you to the judge,
and the judge deliver you to the officer,
and the officer throw you into prison.

I tell you, you will by no means get out of there, until you have paid the very last penny."


  Recognizing what is God's judgment and what isn't:   Luke 13:1-5 (5vs)

Now there were some present at the same time who told him about the Galileans,
whose blood Pilate had mixed with their sacrifices.

Jesus answered them,

"Do you think that these Galileans were worse sinners
than all the other Galileans, because they suffered such things?

I tell you, no,
but unless you repent, you will all perish in the same way.

Or those eighteen, on whom the tower in Siloam fell, and killed them;
do you think that they were worse offenders than all the men who dwell in Jerusalem?

I tell you, no,
but, unless you repent, you will all perish in the same way."


  Jesus' parable: Barren Fig Tree
    God's patience for evidence of change:
  Luke 13:6-9 (4vs)

He spoke this parable.

"A certain man had a fig tree planted in his vineyard, and he came seeking fruit on it, and found none.

He said to the vine dresser,

'Behold, these three years I have come looking for fruit on this fig tree, and found none.

Cut it down. Why does it waste the soil?'

He answered,

'Lord, leave it alone this year also,
until I dig around it, and fertilize it.

If it bears fruit, fine;
but if not, after that, you can cut it down.'"


More on how Jesus healed the sick, even on the Sabbath in the synagogue
  Bent over woman healed and straightened up:   Luke 13:10-17 (8vs)

He was teaching in one of the synagogues on the Sabbath day.

Behold, there was a woman who had a spirit of infirmity eighteen years, and she was bent over, and could in no way straighten herself up.

When Jesus saw her, he called her, and said to her,

"Woman, you are freed from your infirmity."
He laid his hands on her, and immediately she stood up straight, and glorified God.

The ruler of the synagogue, being indignant because Jesus had healed on the Sabbath,
said to the multitude,

"There are six days in which men ought to work.
Therefore come on those days and be healed, and not on the Sabbath day!"
Therefore the Lord answered him,
"You hypocrites!
Doesnít each one of you free his ox or his donkey from the stall on the Sabbath,
and lead him away to water?

Ought not this woman, being a daughter of Abraham,
whom Satan had bound eighteen long years,
be freed from this bondage on the Sabbath day?"

As he said these things, all his adversaries were disappointed,
and all the multitude rejoiced for all the glorious things that were done by him.


  Sometimes Jesus answered with illustrations and parables:
    Jesus' illustration of the Narrow Door
  Luke 13:22-30 (9vs)

He went on his way through cities and villages, teaching, and traveling on to Jerusalem. One said to him,

"Lord, are they few who are saved?"
He said to them,
"Strive to enter in by the narrow door,
for many, I tell you, will seek to enter in, and will not be able.

When once the master of the house has risen up, and has shut the door,
and you begin to stand outside, and to knock at the door, saying,

'Lord, Lord, open to us!'
then he will answer and tell you,
'I donít know you or where you come from.'
Then you will begin to say,
'We ate and drank in your presence, and you taught in our streets.'
He will say,
'I tell you, I donít know where you come from.
Depart from me, all you workers of iniquity.'

There will be weeping and gnashing of teeth, when you see
Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and all the prophets,
in the Kingdom of God,
and yourselves being thrown outside.

They will come from the east, west, north, and south,
and will sit down in the Kingdom of God.

Behold, there are some who are last who will be first,
and there are some who are first who will be last."


Some repented and received Jesus as Messiah, while others were offended by him.
  Report - Herod wanted to kill Jesus:   Luke 13:31-35 (5vs)

On that same day, some Pharisees came, saying to him,

"Get out of here, and go away, for Herod wants to kill you."
He said to them,
"Go and tell that fox,
'Behold, I cast out demons and perform cures today and tomorrow,
and the third day I complete my mission.
Nevertheless I must go on my way today and tomorrow and the next day,
for it canít be that a prophet perish outside of Jerusalem.'

Jerusalem, Jerusalem, that kills the prophets,
and stones those who are sent to her!
How often I wanted to gather your children together,
like a hen gathers her own brood under her wings, and you refused!

Behold, your house is left to you desolate.
I tell you, you will not see me, until you say,

'Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord!'" [Psa 118:26]


Jesus accepted dinner invitations from Pharisees.
  Jesus questioned Pharisees:   Luke 14:1-6 (6vs)

It happened, when he went into the house of one of the rulers of the Pharisees on a Sabbath to eat bread,
that they were watching him.

Behold, a certain man who had dropsy was in front of him.

Jesus, answering, spoke to the lawyers and Pharisees, saying,

"Is it lawful to heal on the Sabbath?"
But they were silent.

He took him, and healed him, and let him go.

He answered them,

"Which of you, if your son or an ox fell into a well,
wouldnít immediately pull him out on a Sabbath day?"
They couldnít answer him regarding these things.


Jesus turned what he observed into parables
  Jesus' parable on attitudes - Chief Seats:
    [Also see Luke 11:43, Luke 20:46]
  Luke 14:7-11 (5vs)

He spoke a parable to those who were invited, when he noticed how they chose the best seats, and said to them,

"When you are invited by anyone to a marriage feast, donít sit in the best seat,
since perhaps someone more honorable than you might be invited by him,
and he who invited both of you would come and tell you,
'Make room for this person.'
Then you would begin, with shame, to take the lowest place.

But when you are invited, go and sit in the lowest place,
so that when he who invited you comes, he may tell you,

'Friend, move up higher.'
Then you will be honored in the presence of all who sit at the table with you.

For everyone who exalts himself will be humbled,
and whoever humbles himself will be exalted."


How Blessings Can Be Missed:
  Making guest lists for your dinners:   Luke 14:12-14 (3vs)

He also said to the one who had invited him,

"When you make a dinner or a supper,
donít call your friends, nor your brothers, nor your kinsmen, nor rich neighbors,
or perhaps they might also return the favor, and pay you back.

But when you make a feast,
ask the poor, the maimed, the lame, or the blind;
and you will be blessed, because they donít have the resources to repay you.
For you will be repaid in the resurrection of the righteous."


  Jesus' parable - Great Supper   Luke 14:15-24 (10vs)
    A blessing can be missed by its coming at an inconvenient time for you

When one of those who sat at the table with him heard these things, he said to him,

"Blessed is he who will feast in the Kingdom of God!"

But he said to him,

"A certain man made a great supper, and he invited many people.
He sent out his servant at supper time to tell those who were invited,
'Come, for everything is ready now.'
They all as one began to make excuses.

The first said to him,

'I have bought a field, and I must go and see it. Please have me excused.'

Another said,

'I have bought five yoke of oxen, and I must go try them out. Please have me excused.'

Another said,

'I have married a wife, and therefore I canít come.'

That servant came, and told his lord these things.
Then the master of the house, being angry, said to his servant,

'Go out quickly into the streets and lanes of the city, and bring in the poor, maimed, blind, and lame.'
The servant said,
'Lord, it is done as you commanded, and there is still room.'
The lord said to the servant,
'Go out into the highways and hedges, and compel them to come in, that my house may be filled.
For I tell you that none of those men who were invited will taste of my supper.'"


How Blessings Can Be Missed:
  Do I have wrong priorities?   Luke 14:25-27 (3vs)

Now great multitudes were going with him. He turned and said to them,

"If anyone comes to me, and doesnít disregard his own father,
mother, wife, children, brothers, and sisters, yes, and his own life also,
he canít be my disciple.

Whoever doesnít bear his own cross, and come after me, canít be my disciple.

How Blessings Can Be Missed:
  Jesus' parable: Rash Builder
    No foresight
  Luke 14:28-30 (3vs)
For which of you, desiring to build a tower,
doesnít first sit down and count the cost, to see if he has enough to complete it?

Or perhaps, when he has laid a foundation,
and is not able to finish, everyone who sees begins to mock him, saying,

'This man began to build, and wasnít able to finish.'
How Blessings Can Be Missed:
  Jesus' parable: Rash King
    Poor strategy planning
  Luke 14:31-32 (2vs)
Or what king, as he goes to encounter another king in war,
will not sit down first and consider whether he is able with ten thousand
to meet him who comes against him with twenty thousand?

Or else, while the other is yet a great way off, he sends an envoy, and asks for conditions of peace.

How Blessings Can Be Missed:
  Renounce all you have (now before you lose it all in death)   Luke 14:33 (1vs)
So therefore whoever of you who doesnít renounce all that he has, he canít be my disciple.

  Seasoning salt:
    Jesus' illustration of salt
  Luke 14:34-35 (2vs)

Salt is good, but if the salt becomes flat and tasteless, with what do you season it? [Deu 29:23]

It is fit neither for the soil nor for the manure pile.
It is thrown out.

He who has ears to hear, let him hear."


Lost and Found:
  Jesus' parable - The Lost Sheep
    This parable is in Matthew and Luke
  Luke 15:1-7 (7vs)

Now all the tax collectors and sinners were coming close to him to hear him.

The Pharisees and the scribes murmured, saying,

"This man welcomes sinners, and eats with them."
He told them this parable.
"Which of you men, if you had one hundred sheep, and lost one of them,
wouldnít leave the ninety-nine in the wilderness, and go after the one that was lost,
until he found it?

When he has found it, he carries it on his shoulders, rejoicing.

When he comes home, he calls together his friends and his neighbors, saying to them,

'Rejoice with me, for I have found my sheep which was lost!'
I tell you that even so there will be more joy in heaven over one sinner who repents,
than over ninety-nine righteous people who need no repentance."

  Work of the Messiah Son of Man:   starting the process to un-condemn
  Jesus' parable - The Lost Sheep
    This parable is in Matthew and Luke
  Matthew 18:11-14 (4vs)

"For the Son of Man came to save that which was lost.

What do you think?
If a man has one hundred sheep, and one of them goes astray,
doesnít he leave the ninety-nine, go to the mountains,
and seek that which has gone astray?

If he finds it, most certainly I tell you,
he rejoices over it more than over the ninety-nine which have not gone astray.

Even so it is NOT the will of your Father who is in heaven
that one of these little ones should perish."


Lost and Found:
  Jesus' parable - The Lost Coin
  Luke 15:8-10 (3vs)

Or what woman, if she had ten drachma coins, if she lost one drachma coin,
wouldnít light a lamp, sweep the house,
and seek diligently until she found it?

When she has found it, she calls together her friends and neighbors, saying,

'Rejoice with me, for I have found the drachma which I had lost.'
Even so, I tell you, there is joy in the presence of the angels of God over one sinner repenting.


Lost and Found; How Blessings Can Be Missed:
  Jesus' parable - The Lost Son (Prodigal)
  Luke 15:11-24 (14vs)

He said,

"A certain man had two sons.

The younger of them said to his father,

' Father, give me my share of your property.'
He divided his livelihood between them.

Not many days after, the younger son gathered all of this together and traveled into a far country.

There he wasted his property with riotous living.

When he had spent all of it, there arose a severe famine in that country, and he began to be in need.

He went and joined himself to one of the citizens of that country, and he sent him into his fields to feed pigs.

He wanted to fill his belly with the husks that the pigs ate, but no one gave him any.

But when he came to himself he said,

'How many hired servants of my fatherís have bread enough to spare, and Iím dying with hunger!

I will get up and go to my father, and will tell him,

"Father, I have sinned against heaven, and in your sight.
I am no more worthy to be called your son.
Make me as one of your hired servants."'
He arose, and came to his father.

But while he was still far off, his father saw him, and was moved with compassion, and ran, and fell on his neck, and kissed him.

The son said to him,

'Father, I have sinned against heaven, and in your sight. I am no longer worthy to be called your son.'
But the father said to his servants,
'Bring out the best robe, and put it on him.
Put a ring on his hand, and shoes on his feet.
Bring the fattened calf, kill it, and let us eat, and celebrate;
for this, my son, was dead, and is alive again. He was lost, and is found.'
They began to celebrate. Story continues...


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Map of Palestine Israel during Jesus' life


Local HISTORY charts: Roman Empire and the Messiah in Israel
DATE: ca 51 BC - Quirinius, became governor of Syria
DATE: 44 BC - Julius Caesar was murdered; last Caesar of the Roman Republic. Civil war followed.

Harmony reading: 1 (Sept 30)

DATE: ca 37 (or 40) BC - Herod the Great began his reign in Judea, killing off the Hasmonean Dynasty and the Maccabees of the Kingdom of Israel (ca 140-37 BC). Map of the Kingdom of Herod.
DATE: ca 30 BC - Cleopatra of Egypt died
DATE: ca 30-27 BC - Caesar Augustus began ruling as first Emperor of the Roman Empire

Harmony reading: 2 (Oct 1)

DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Caesar Augustus, emperor of the Roman Empire, ordered a census of the entire empire; Luke 2:1.
DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Quirinius, governor of Syria ordered a census in Judea (Luke 2:2)
DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Jesus was born in Bethlehem
DATE: ca   4 BC - in Judea Herod the Great died. He had rebuilt the 2nd Temple in Jerusalem, calling it Herod's Temple.
DATE: ca 4 BC - Herod "Archelaus" replaced his father Herod as king of Judea until banished in 6 AD. (See Iudaea Province). (Matt 2:13-23)
DATE: ca 4 BC - Herod Antipas replaced his father Herod as the tetrarch of Roman province of Galilee and Perea
DATE: ca 4 BC - Philip the Tetrarch replaced his father Herod as Tetrarch of Ituraea and Trachonitis 4 BC Ė 34 AD
DATE: ca 6 BC - Herod "Archelaus" was exiled to Gaul and Augustus made Samaria, Judea, and Idumea a Roman province Iudaea.
DATE: ca 6 AD - Annas High Priest officially from 6-15 AD, but who lived until assasinated in 66 AD
DATE: ca 14 AD - Caesar Augustus, emperor of the Roman Empire, died.

Harmony reading: 3 (Oct 2)

DATE: ca 14 AD - Tiberius Caesar, Emperor of the Roman Empire, began his reign
DATE: ca 18 AD - Caiaphas High Priest from 18-36 AD (John 18:13 - son-in-law of Annas)
DATE: ca 21 AD - Quirinius, governor of Syria died
DATE: ca 26 AD - Pontius Pilate became the fifth Prefect of the Roman province of Judaea
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - Tiberius Caesar, Emperor of the Roman Empire is mentioned in his 15th year (Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 29 AD - Lysanias, tetrarch of Abilene (Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - John the Baptist began his ministry (Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - Jesus began his ministry around the age of 30, soon after John

Harmony reading: later (Oct ?)

DATE: ca ? AD - around the age of 33, Jesus was crucified after being tried by Pontius Pilate and High Priest Annas
DATE: ca 34 AD - Philip the Tetrarch of Ituraea and Trachonitis died
DATE: ca 36 AD - Pontius Pilate was exiled to Gaul, perhaps by the cruel and insane Caligula who ruled Rome from 37Ė41 AD
DATE: ca 37 AD - Tiberius, Emperor of the Roman Empire, died and was followed by Caligula (AD 37Ė41) who claimed divinity
DATE: ca 39 AD - Tetrarch Herod Antipas was exiled from Galilee and Perea by his nephew Agrippa I who took over Galilee and Perea

Next harmony chart

Persia and Judah - Persia (Persian Empire) aka Achaemenid Empire c 550-330 BC; with maps; included what had been Babylon, 539 BC

more before:
DATE: ca 430-420 BC - Some think late in the reign of Artaxerxes I Longimanus or early in the reign of Darius II (ca 423-404 BC), Malachi wrote warnings and promises from the LORD.

Persian Empire kings - links to Wikipedia for information on kings of the Persian Empire from 559-330 BC

Empires governing the Israel in the Middle East - from 746 BC to current; lists of empires

Assyria - Second Empire of ASSYRIA with maps; 746-609 BC

Babylonia - NEO BABYLONIAN Empire with maps; ca. 627-539 BC

Egypt & Judah - Egypt neighbored Israel to the southwest

Final prophets and kings of Judah

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