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October 22   - Day 295
* Gospel Study Indexes: Matthew, Mark, Luke, John
* Books to buy on Gospel, Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, Amazon.com
* Dictionary:     Moses     Law of Moses     Temple
* Map of Galilee
Commentary:
Eye Witnesses And Further Training
Mk 8:17-10:31

Local History: (The Roman Empire and Israel)

Scriptures: (98vs)
* Matthew 17:24-27 (4vs), 18:15-35 (21vs), 19:1-15 (15vs)   * Mark 10:1-22 (22vs)   * Luke 9:51-62 (12vs)   10:1-24 (24vs)  


  Citizens of the Kingdom of Heaven - obey local laws
      On paying taxes:   Matthew 17:24-27 (4vs)

When they had come to Capernaum, those who collected the didrachma coins came to Peter, and said,

"Doesnít your teacher pay the didrachma?
He said,
"Yes."
When he came into the house, Jesus anticipated him, saying,
"What do you think, Simon?
From whom do the kings of the earth receive toll or tribute?
From their children, or from strangers?"
Peter said to him,
"From strangers."
Jesus said to him,
"Therefore the children are exempt.

But, lest we cause them to stumble,
go to the sea, cast a hook, and take up the first fish that comes up.
When you have opened its mouth, you will find a stater coin.
Take that, and give it to them for me and you."


  Unwelcome travelers on a mission from God
      Heading toward Jerusalem through Samaria:   Luke 9:51-56 (6vs)

It came to pass, when the days were near that he should be taken up,
he intently set his face to go to Jerusalem,
and sent messengers before his face.

They went, and entered into a village of the Samaritans, so as to prepare for him.

They didnít receive him, because he was traveling with his face set towards Jerusalem.

When his disciples, James and John, saw this, they said,

"Lord, do you want us to command fire to come down from the sky, and destroy them, just as Elijah did?"
But he turned and rebuked them,
"You donít know of what kind of spirit you are.
For the Son of Man didnít come to destroy menís lives,
but to save them."
They went to another village.


  Admission into the Kingdom of Heaven
      Requirements, cost to disciples:   Luke 9:57-62 (6vs)

As they went on the way, a certain man said to him,

"I want to follow you wherever you go, Lord."
Jesus said to him,
"The foxes have holes, and the birds of the sky have nests, but the Son of Man has no place to lay his head."
He said to another,
"Follow me!"
But he said,
"Lord, allow me first to go and bury my father."
But Jesus said to him,
"Leave the dead to bury their own dead,
but you go and announce the Kingdom of God."
Another also said,
"I want to follow you, Lord,
but first allow me to bid farewell to those who are at my house."
But Jesus said to him,
"No one, having put his hand to the plow, and looking back,
is fit for the Kingdom of God."


  Citizens of the Kingdom of Heaven - forgiveness
      Forgive a fellow believer who offends us:   Matthew 18:15-20 (6vs)
"If your brother sins against you, go,
show him his fault between you and him alone.
If he listens to you, you have gained back your brother.

But if he doesnít listen, take one or two more with you,
that at the mouth of two or three witnesses every word may be established. [Note: Deut 17:6, Deut 19:15]
If he refuses to listen to them, tell it to the assembly.
If he refuses to hear the assembly also, let him be to you as a Gentile or a tax collector.

Most certainly I tell you,
whatever things you bind on earth will have been bound in heaven,
and whatever things you release on earth will have been released in heaven.

Again, assuredly I tell you, that
if two of you will agree on earth concerning anything that they will ask,
it will be done for them by my Father who is in heaven.
For where two or three are gathered together in my name,
there I am in the midst of them."


      How often should I forgive another believer?   Matthew 18:21-22 (2vs)
Then Peter came and said to him,
"Lord, how often shall my brother sin against me, and I forgive him?
Until seven times?"
Jesus said to him,
"I donít tell you until seven times, but, until seventy times seven."


      Jesus' parable: the Unmerciful Servant
    Forgiveness in the Kingdom of Heaven
  Matthew 18:23-35 (13vs)
"Therefore the Kingdom of Heaven is like a certain king,
who wanted to reconcile accounts with his servants.

When he had begun to reconcile, one was brought to him who owed him ten thousand talents.

But because he couldnít pay, his lord commanded him to be sold,
with his wife, his children, and all that he had, and payment to be made.

The servant therefore fell down and kneeled before him, saying,

'Lord, have patience with me, and I will repay you all!'
The lord of that servant, being moved with compassion, released him,
and forgave him the debt.

ďBut that servant went out, and found one of his fellow servants,
who owed him one hundred denarii,
and he grabbed him, and took him by the throat, saying,

'Pay me what you owe!'
"So his fellow servant fell down at his feet and begged him, saying,
'Have patience with me, and I will repay you!'
He would not, but went and cast him into prison,
until he should pay back that which was due.

So when his fellow servants saw what was done,
they were exceedingly sorry, and came and told to their lord all that was done.

Then his lord called him in, and said to him,

'You wicked servant! I forgave you all that debt, because you begged me.
Shouldnít you also have had mercy on your fellow servant,
even as I had mercy on you?'
His lord was angry, and delivered him to the tormentors,
until he should pay all that was due to him.

So my heavenly Father will also do to you,
if you donít each forgive your brother from your hearts for his misdeeds."


  Kingdom of Heaven - work to be done on Earth
      70 disciples instructed to go ahead of Jesus:   Luke 10:1-12 (12vs)

Now after these things, the Lord also appointed seventy others,
and sent them two by two ahead of him
into every city and place where he was about to come.

Then he said to them,

"The harvest is indeed plentiful, but the laborers are few.

Pray therefore to the Lord of the harvest,
that he may send out laborers into his harvest.

Go your ways. Behold, I send you out as lambs among wolves.

Carry no purse, nor wallet, nor sandals.
Greet no one on the way.

Into whatever house you enter, first say,

'Peace be to this house.'
If a son of peace is there, your peace will rest on him;
but if not, it will return to you.

Remain in that same house,
eating and drinking the things they give,
for the laborer is worthy of his wages.

Donít go from house to house.

Into whatever city you enter, and they receive you,
eat the things that are set before you.

Heal the sick who are therein, and tell them,

'The Kingdom of God has come near to you.'
But into whatever city you enter,
and they donít receive you,
go out into its streets and say,
'Even the dust from your city that clings to us, we wipe off against you.

Nevertheless know this, that the Kingdom of God come near to you. '

I tell you, it will be more tolerable in that day for Sodom than for that city.


  How serious is it when miracles, signs don't cause repenting?   Luke 10:13-16 (4vs)

"Woe to you, Chorazin!
Woe to you, Bethsaida!
For if the mighty works had been done in Tyre and Sidon which were done in you, they would have repented long ago, sitting in sackcloth and ashes.

But it will be more tolerable for Tyre and Sidon in the judgment than for you.

You, Capernaum, who are exalted to heaven, will be brought down to Hades.

Whoever listens to you listens to me, and whoever rejects you rejects me. Whoever rejects me rejects him who sent me."


  The 70 return & give reports:   Luke 10:17-20 (4vs)

The seventy returned with joy, saying,

"Lord, even the demons are subject to us in your name!"
He said to them,
"I saw Satan having fallen like lightning from heaven. [* Isaiah 14:12]

Behold, I give you authority to tread on serpents and scorpions, and over all the power of the enemy. Nothing will in any way hurt you. [* Deut 8:15]

Nevertheless, donít rejoice in this, that the spirits are subject to you, but rejoice that your names are written in heaven."


  Who God hid truth from & revealed it to wasn't logical:   Luke 10:21-22 (2vs)

In that same hour Jesus rejoiced in the Holy Spirit, and said,

"I thank you, O Father, Lord of heaven and earth,
that you have hidden these things from the wise and understanding,
and revealed them to little children.
Yes, Father, for so it was well-pleasing in your sight."
Turning to the disciples, he said,
"All things have been delivered to me by my Father.
No one knows who the Son is, except the Father,
and who the Father is, except the Son,
and he to whomever the Son desires to reveal him."


  What a unique time:   Luke 10:23-24 (2vs)

Turning to the disciples, he said privately,

"Blessed are the eyes which see the things that you see,
for I tell you that many prophets and kings desired
to see the things which you see, and didnít see them,
and to hear the things which you hear, and didnít hear them."


  Jesus left Galilee to heal people by the Jordan River:   Matthew 19:1-2 (2vs)

It happened when Jesus had finished these words, he departed from Galilee,
and came into the borders of Judea beyond the Jordan.
Great multitudes followed him, and he healed them there.


  Into Judea, beyond the Jordan, Jesus taught and answered question on divorce:   Mark 10:1-12 (12vs)

He arose from there and came into the borders of Judea and beyond the Jordan.

Multitudes came together to him again.
As he usually did, he was again teaching them.

Pharisees came to him testing him, and asked him,

"Is it lawful for a man to divorce his wife?"
He answered,
"What did Moses command you?"
They said,
"Moses allowed a certificate of divorce to be written, and to divorce her."
But Jesus said to them,
"For your hardness of heart, he wrote you this commandment.

But from the beginning of the creation, God made them male and female. Gen 1:27 and Gen 2:21

For this cause a man will leave his father and mother, and will join to his wife,
and the two will become one flesh, Gen 2:24
so that they are no longer two, but one flesh.

What therefore God has joined together, let no man separate." In the house, his disciples asked him again about the same matter.

He said to them,

"Whoever divorces his wife, and marries another, commits adultery against her.

If a woman herself divorces her husband, and marries another, she commits adultery."


  Questions about divorce:   Matthew 19:3-9 (7vs)

Pharisees came to him, testing him, and saying,

"Is it lawful for a man to divorce his wife for any reason?"
He answered,
"Havenít you read that he who made them from the beginning made them male and female, Gen 2:21
and said,
'For this cause a man shall leave his father and mother, and shall join to his wife;
and the two shall become one flesh?' Gen 2:23
So that they are no more two, but one flesh.
What therefore God has joined together, donít let man tear apart."
They asked him,
"Why then did Moses command us to give her a bill of divorce, and divorce her?"
He said to them,
"Moses, because of the hardness of your hearts,
allowed you to divorce your wives, but from the beginning it has not been so.

I tell you that whoever divorces his wife, except for sexual immorality,
and marries another, commits adultery;
and he who marries her when she is divorced commits adultery."


  Is it better not to marry?   Matthew 19:10-12 (3vs)

His disciples said to him,

"If this is the case of the man with his wife, it is not expedient to marry."
But he said to them,
"Not all men can receive this saying, but those to whom it is given.
For there are eunuchs who were born that way from their motherís womb,
and there are eunuchs who were made eunuchs by men;
and there are eunuchs who made themselves eunuchs for the Kingdom of Heavenís sake.
He who is able to receive it, let him receive it."


  Parents brought their children to Jesus:   Matthew 19:13-15 (3vs)

Then little children were brought to him, that he should lay his hands on them and pray;
and the disciples rebuked them.
But Jesus said,

"Allow the little children, and donít forbid them to come to me;
for the Kingdom of Heaven belongs to ones like these."
He laid his hands on them, and departed from there.


  Again disciples told parents not to bring children:
    Similar, earlier: Lk 18:15-17
  Mark 10:13-16 (4vs)

They were bringing to him little children, that he should touch them,
but the disciples rebuked those who were bringing them.

But when Jesus saw it, he was moved with indignation, and said to them,

"Allow the little children to come to me!
Donít forbid them, for the Kingdom of God belongs to such as these.
Most certainly I tell you,
whoever will not receive the Kingdom of God like a little child,
he will in no way enter into it."
He took them in his arms, and blessed them, laying his hands on them.


  What shall I do to inherit eternal life?   Mark 10:17-22 (6vs)
As he was going out into the way, one ran to him, knelt before him, and asked him,
"Good Teacher, what shall I do that I may inherit eternal life?"
Jesus said to him,
"Why do you call me good? No one is good except one ó God.
You know the commandments: [* Ex 20:12-17, Deut 5:16-21]
'Do not murder,' [* Ex 20:13]
'Do not commit adultery,' [* Ex 20:14]
'Do not steal,' [* Ex 20:15]
'Do not give false testimony,' [* Ex 20:16]
'Do not defraud,' [* Ex 20:17 (covet)]
'Honor your father and mother.'" [* Ex 20:12]
He said to him,
"Teacher, I have observed all these things from my youth."
Jesus looking at him loved him, and said to him,
"One thing you lack. Go, sell whatever you have, and give to the poor,
and you will have treasure in heaven; and come, follow me, taking up the cross."
But his face fell at that saying, and he went away sorrowful,
for he was one who had great possessions.


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Map of Palestine Israel during Jesus' life


Local HISTORY charts: Roman Empire and the Messiah in Israel
DATE: ca 51 BC - Quirinius, became governor of Syria
DATE: 44 BC - Julius Caesar was murdered; last Caesar of the Roman Republic. Civil war followed.

Harmony reading: 1 (Sept 30)

DATE: ca 37 (or 40) BC - Herod the Great began his reign in Judea, killing off the Hasmonean Dynasty and the Maccabees of the Kingdom of Israel (ca 140-37 BC). Map of the Kingdom of Herod.
DATE: ca 30 BC - Cleopatra of Egypt died
DATE: ca 30-27 BC - Caesar Augustus began ruling as first Emperor of the Roman Empire

Harmony reading: 2 (Oct 1)

DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Caesar Augustus, emperor of the Roman Empire, ordered a census of the entire empire; Luke 2:1.
DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Quirinius, governor of Syria ordered a census in Judea (Luke 2:2)
DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Jesus was born in Bethlehem
DATE: ca   4 BC - in Judea Herod the Great died. He had rebuilt the 2nd Temple in Jerusalem, calling it Herod's Temple.
DATE: ca 4 BC - Herod "Archelaus" replaced his father Herod as king of Judea until banished in 6 AD. (See Iudaea Province). (Matt 2:13-23)
DATE: ca 4 BC - Herod Antipas replaced his father Herod as the tetrarch of Roman province of Galilee and Perea
DATE: ca 4 BC - Philip the Tetrarch replaced his father Herod as Tetrarch of Ituraea and Trachonitis 4 BC Ė 34 AD
DATE: ca 6 BC - Herod "Archelaus" was exiled to Gaul and Augustus made Samaria, Judea, and Idumea a Roman province Iudaea.
DATE: ca 6 AD - Annas High Priest officially from 6-15 AD, but who lived until assasinated in 66 AD
DATE: ca 14 AD - Caesar Augustus, emperor of the Roman Empire, died.

Harmony reading: 3 (Oct 2)

DATE: ca 14 AD - Tiberius Caesar, Emperor of the Roman Empire, began his reign
DATE: ca 18 AD - Caiaphas High Priest from 18-36 AD (John 18:13 - son-in-law of Annas)
DATE: ca 21 AD - Quirinius, governor of Syria died
DATE: ca 26 AD - Pontius Pilate became the fifth Prefect of the Roman province of Judaea
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - Tiberius Caesar, Emperor of the Roman Empire is mentioned in his 15th year (Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 29 AD - Lysanias, tetrarch of Abilene (Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - John the Baptist began his ministry (Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - Jesus began his ministry around the age of 30, soon after John

Harmony reading: later (Oct ?)

DATE: ca ? AD - around the age of 33, Jesus was crucified after being tried by Pontius Pilate and High Priest Annas
DATE: ca 34 AD - Philip the Tetrarch of Ituraea and Trachonitis died
DATE: ca 36 AD - Pontius Pilate was exiled to Gaul, perhaps by the cruel and insane Caligula who ruled Rome from 37Ė41 AD
DATE: ca 37 AD - Tiberius, Emperor of the Roman Empire, died and was followed by Caligula (AD 37Ė41) who claimed divinity
DATE: ca 39 AD - Tetrarch Herod Antipas was exiled from Galilee and Perea by his nephew Agrippa I who took over Galilee and Perea

Next harmony chart

Persia and Judah - Persia (Persian Empire) aka Achaemenid Empire c 550-330 BC; with maps; included what had been Babylon, 539 BC

more before:
DATE: ca 430-420 BC - Some think late in the reign of Artaxerxes I Longimanus or early in the reign of Darius II (ca 423-404 BC), Malachi wrote warnings and promises from the LORD.

Persian Empire kings - links to Wikipedia for information on kings of the Persian Empire from 559-330 BC

Empires governing the Israel in the Middle East - from 746 BC to current; lists of empires

Assyria - Second Empire of ASSYRIA with maps; 746-609 BC

Babylonia - NEO BABYLONIAN Empire with maps; ca. 627-539 BC

Egypt & Judah - Egypt neighbored Israel to the southwest

Final prophets and kings of Judah

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