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October 23   - Day 296
* Gospel Study Indexes: Matthew, Mark, Luke, John
* Books to buy on Gospel, Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, Amazon.com
* Dictionary:     Moses     Law of Moses     Temple
* Map of Galilee
Commentary:
Words that Raise The Dead
Jo 10-11

Local History: (The Roman Empire and Israel)

Scriptures: (97vs)
* Matthew 19:16-30 (15vs)   * Mark 10:23-31 (9vs)   * Luke 10:25-42 (18vs)   18:18-30 (13vs)   * John 10:1-42 (42vs)  


  Following Jesus, heading toward Jerusalem
  Jesus answered questions about eternal life and money:
  How much does it cost? Can you buy your way into eternal life? Who can be saved?

  Rich ruler asked Jesus how to inherit eternal life:   Luke 18:18-27 (10vs)
A certain ruler asked him, saying,

"Good Teacher, what shall I do to inherit eternal life?"
Jesus asked him,
"Why do you call me good?
No one is good, except one — God.

You know the commandments:
‘Don’t commit adultery,’ ‘Don’t murder,’ ‘Don’t steal,’ ‘Don’t give false testimony,’ ‘Honor your father and your mother.'" [* Ex 20:12-16]
He said,
“I have observed all these things from my youth up."
When Jesus heard these things, he said to him,
"You still lack one thing. Sell all that you have, and distribute it to the poor. You will have treasure in heaven. Come, follow me."
But when he heard these things, he became very sad, for he was very rich.

Jesus, seeing that he became very sad, said,

"How hard it is for those who have riches to enter into the Kingdom of God!
For it is easier for a camel to enter in through a needle’s eye,
than for a rich man to enter into the Kingdom of God ."
Those who heard it said,
"Then who can be saved?"
But he said,
"The things which are impossible with men are possible with God."


  What good do I need to do to inherit eternal life?   Matthew 19:16-22 (7vs)

Behold, one came to him and said,

"Good teacher, what good thing shall I do, that I may have eternal life?"
He said to him,
"Why do you call me good? No one is good but one, that is, God.
But if you want to enter into life, keep the commandments."
He said to him,
"Which ones?"
Jesus said,
"‘You shall not murder.' [* Ex 20:13]
‘You shall not commit adultery.' [* Ex 20:14]
‘You shall not steal.' [* Ex 20:15]
‘You shall not offer false testimony.' [* Ex 20:16]
‘Honor your father and mother.' [* Ex 20:12] And,
‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’" [* Lev 19:18]
The young man said to him,
"All these things I have observed from my youth. What do I still lack?"
Jesus said to him,
"If you want to be perfect, go,
sell what you have, and give to the poor,
and you will have treasure in heaven;
and come, follow me."
But when the young man heard the saying, he went away sad, for he was one who had great possessions.


  What shall I do to inherit eternal life?   Luke 10:25-29 (5vs)
One who studied law for a living was given a parable to answer the law he quoted
Behold, a certain lawyer stood up and tested him, saying,
"Teacher, what shall I do to inherit eternal life?"
He said to him,
"What is written in the law? How do you read it?"
He answered,
"You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul,
with all your strength, and with all your mind; [Deut 6:5 with test]
and your neighbor as yourself." [Lev 19:18]
He said to him,
"You have answered correctly. Do this, and you will live."
But he, desiring to justify himself, asked Jesus,
"Who is my neighbor?"
  Jesus' parable: The Good Samaritan   Luke 10:30-37 (8 vs)

Jesus answered,

"A certain man was going down from Jerusalem to Jericho,
and he fell among robbers, who both stripped him and beat him,
and departed, leaving him half dead.

By chance a certain priest was going down that way.
When he saw him, he passed by on the other side.

In the same way a Levite also, when he came to the place,
and saw him, passed by on the other side.

But a certain Samaritan, as he traveled, came where he was.
When he saw him, he was moved with compassion,
came to him, and bound up his wounds, pouring on oil and wine.
He set him on his own animal, and brought him to an inn, and took care of him.

On the next day, when he departed, he took out two denarii,
and gave them to the host, and said to him,

'Take care of him. Whatever you spend beyond that, I will repay you when I return.'
Now which of these three do you think seemed to be a neighbor to him who fell among the robbers?"
He said,
"He who showed mercy on him."
Then Jesus said to him,
"Go and do likewise."


  Bethany - Martha and Mary:   Luke 10:38-42 (5vs)

It happened as they went on their way, he entered into a certain village,
and a certain woman named Martha received him into her house.

She had a sister called Mary, who also sat at Jesus’ feet, and heard his word.

But Martha was distracted with much serving,
and she came up to him, and said,

"Lord, don’t you care that my sister left me to serve alone?
Ask her therefore to help me."
Jesus answered her,
"Martha, Martha, you are anxious and troubled about many things,
but one thing is needed.

Mary has chosen the good part, which will not be taken away from her."


  Money, wealth doesn't buy eternal life:   Matthew 19:23-26 (4vs)

Jesus said to his disciples,

"Most certainly I say to you, a rich man will enter into the Kingdom of Heaven with difficulty.

Again I tell you, it is easier for a camel to go through a needle’s eye, than for a rich man to enter into the Kingdom of God."

When the disciples heard it, they were exceedingly astonished, saying,
"Who then can be saved?"
Looking at them, Jesus said,
"With men this is impossible, but with God all things are possible."


  Stumbling over riches:   Mark 10:23-27 (5vs)

Jesus looked around, and said to his disciples,

"How difficult it is for those who have riches to enter into the Kingdom of God!"
The disciples were amazed at his words. But Jesus answered again,
"Children, how hard is it for those who trust in riches to enter into the Kingdom of God!

It is easier for a camel to go through a needle’s eye than for a rich man to enter into the Kingdom of God."

They were exceedingly astonished, saying to him,
"Then who can be saved?"
Jesus, looking at them, said,
"With men it is impossible, but not with God, for all things are possible with God."


  What about those who have left everything to follow Jesus?   Luke 18:28-30 (3vs)
Peter said,
"Look, we have left everything, and followed you." [Luke 14:33]
He said to them,
"Most certainly I tell you, there is no one who has left
house, or wife, or brothers, or parents, or children,
for the Kingdom of God’s sake,
who will not receive many times more in this time,
and in the world to come, eternal life."


  Then who can be saved?   Mark 10:28-31 (4vs)

Peter began to tell him,

"Behold, we have left all, and have followed you."
Jesus said,
"Most certainly I tell you, there is no one
who has left house, or brothers, or sisters, or father, or mother, or wife, or children, or land,
for my sake, and for the sake of the Good News,

but he will receive one hundred times more
now in this time,
houses, brothers, sisters, mothers, children, and land,
with persecutions;
and in the age to come eternal life.

But many who are first will be last; and the last first."


  Will poverty gain eternal life?   Matthew 19:27-30 (4vs)

Then Peter answered,

"Behold, we have left everything, and followed you.
What then will we have?"
Jesus said to them,
"Most certainly I tell you that you who have followed me,
in the regeneration when the Son of Man will sit on the throne of his glory,
you also will sit on twelve thrones,
judging the twelve tribes of Israel.

Everyone who has left houses, or brothers, or sisters, or father,
or mother, or wife, or children, or lands, for my name’s sake,
will receive one hundred times, and will inherit eternal life.

But many will be last who are first; and first who are last. "


  Enter the Kingdom of Heaven through the Door of the Good Shepherd
    Jesus' parable, the door, the Good Shepherd:
    during the winter Feast of Dedication, in Jerusalem
  John 10:1-30 (30vs)

"Most certainly, I tell you, one who doesn’t enter by the door into the sheep fold,
but climbs up some other way, the same is a thief and a robber.

But one who enters in by the door is the shepherd of the sheep.

The gatekeeper opens the gate for him, and the sheep listen to his voice.
He calls his own sheep by name, and leads them out.

Whenever he brings out his own sheep, he goes before them,
and the sheep follow him, for they know his voice.

They will by no means follow a stranger, but will flee from him;
for they don’t know the voice of strangers."

Jesus spoke this parable to them, but they didn’t understand what he was telling them.

Jesus therefore said to them again,

"Most certainly, I tell you, I am the sheep’s door.

All who came before me are thieves and robbers, but the sheep didn’t listen to them.

I am the door.
If anyone enters in by me, he will be saved, and will go in and go out, and will find pasture.

The thief only comes to steal, kill, and destroy.
I came that they may have life, and may have it abundantly.

I am the good shepherd.     [1Chr 11:1-3, Ps 23:1, Ps 80:1, Is 40:11, Ez 34:11-12,15,22-23]

The good shepherd lays down his life for the sheep. [Zech 13:7]

He who is a hired hand, and not a shepherd, who doesn’t own the sheep,
sees the wolf coming, leaves the sheep, and flees.
The wolf snatches the sheep, and scatters them.
The hired hand flees because he is a hired hand, and doesn’t care for the sheep.

I am the good shepherd. I know my own, and I’m known by my own;
even as the Father knows me, and I know the Father.
I lay down my life for the sheep.

I have other sheep, which are not of this fold. [Isa 56:8]
I must bring them also, and they will hear my voice.
They will become one flock with one shepherd.

Therefore the Father loves me, because I lay down my life, [Isa 53:7-8]
that I may take it again.

No one takes it away from me, but I lay it down by myself.
I have power to lay it down, and I have power to take it again.
I received this commandment from my Father."

Therefore a division arose again among the Jews because of these words.

Many of them said,

"He has a demon, and is insane!
Why do you listen to him?"

Others said,

"These are not the sayings of one possessed by a demon.
It isn’t possible for a demon to open the eyes of the blind, is it?" [Ex 4:11]

It was the Feast of the Dedication at Jerusalem.

It was winter, and Jesus was walking in the temple, in Solomon’s porch.

The Jews therefore came around him and said to him,

"How long will you hold us in suspense?
If you are the Christ, tell us plainly."

Jesus answered them,

"I told you, and you don’t believe.
The works that I do in my Father’s name, these testify about me.

But you don’t believe, because you are not of my sheep, as I told you.

My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me.

I give eternal life to them.
They will never perish, and no one will snatch them out of my hand.

My Father, who has given them to me, is greater than all.
No one is able to snatch them out of my Father’s hand.

I and the Father are one. "


  The Jews wanted to stone Jesus: during the winter Feast of Dedication, in Jerusalem   John 10:31-39 (9vs)

Therefore Jews took up stones again to stone him.

Jesus answered them,

"I have shown you many good works from my Father.
For which of those works do you stone me?"
The Jews answered him,
"We don’t stone you for a good work, but for blasphemy:
because you, being a man, make yourself God."
Jesus answered them,
"Isn’t it written in your law,
'I said, you are gods?’ [Ps 82:6]
If he called them gods, to whom the word of God came
(and the Scripture can’t be broken),
do you say of him whom the Father sanctified and sent into the world,
'You blaspheme,'
because I said,
'I am the Son of God?'
If I don’t do the works of my Father, don’t believe me.

But if I do them, though you don’t believe me,
believe the works;
that you may know and believe that the Father is in me, and I in the Father."

They sought again to seize him, and he went out of their hand. [Jer 36:26 (God hid them)]


  Jesus withdrew to where John the Baptist first baptised at the Jordan River   John 10:40-42 (3vs)

He went away again beyond the Jordan into the place where John was baptizing at first, and there he stayed.

Many came to him. They said,

"John indeed did no sign,
but everything that John said about this man is true."
Many believed in him there.


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Map of Palestine Israel during Jesus' life


Local HISTORY charts: Roman Empire and the Messiah in Israel
DATE: ca 51 BC - Quirinius, became governor of Syria
DATE: 44 BC - Julius Caesar was murdered; last Caesar of the Roman Republic. Civil war followed.

Harmony reading: 1 (Sept 30)

DATE: ca 37 (or 40) BC - Herod the Great began his reign in Judea, killing off the Hasmonean Dynasty and the Maccabees of the Kingdom of Israel (ca 140-37 BC). Map of the Kingdom of Herod.
DATE: ca 30 BC - Cleopatra of Egypt died
DATE: ca 30-27 BC - Caesar Augustus began ruling as first Emperor of the Roman Empire

Harmony reading: 2 (Oct 1)

DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Caesar Augustus, emperor of the Roman Empire, ordered a census of the entire empire; Luke 2:1.
DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Quirinius, governor of Syria ordered a census in Judea (Luke 2:2)
DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Jesus was born in Bethlehem
DATE: ca   4 BC - in Judea Herod the Great died. He had rebuilt the 2nd Temple in Jerusalem, calling it Herod's Temple.
DATE: ca 4 BC - Herod "Archelaus" replaced his father Herod as king of Judea until banished in 6 AD. (See Iudaea Province). (Matt 2:13-23)
DATE: ca 4 BC - Herod Antipas replaced his father Herod as the tetrarch of Roman province of Galilee and Perea
DATE: ca 4 BC - Philip the Tetrarch replaced his father Herod as Tetrarch of Ituraea and Trachonitis 4 BC – 34 AD
DATE: ca 6 BC - Herod "Archelaus" was exiled to Gaul and Augustus made Samaria, Judea, and Idumea a Roman province Iudaea.
DATE: ca 6 AD - Annas High Priest officially from 6-15 AD, but who lived until assasinated in 66 AD
DATE: ca 14 AD - Caesar Augustus, emperor of the Roman Empire, died.

Harmony reading: 3 (Oct 2)

DATE: ca 14 AD - Tiberius Caesar, Emperor of the Roman Empire, began his reign
DATE: ca 18 AD - Caiaphas High Priest from 18-36 AD (John 18:13 - son-in-law of Annas)
DATE: ca 21 AD - Quirinius, governor of Syria died
DATE: ca 26 AD - Pontius Pilate became the fifth Prefect of the Roman province of Judaea
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - Tiberius Caesar, Emperor of the Roman Empire is mentioned in his 15th year (Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 29 AD - Lysanias, tetrarch of Abilene (Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - John the Baptist began his ministry (Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - Jesus began his ministry around the age of 30, soon after John

Harmony reading: later (Oct ?)

DATE: ca ? AD - around the age of 33, Jesus was crucified after being tried by Pontius Pilate and High Priest Annas
DATE: ca 34 AD - Philip the Tetrarch of Ituraea and Trachonitis died
DATE: ca 36 AD - Pontius Pilate was exiled to Gaul, perhaps by the cruel and insane Caligula who ruled Rome from 37–41 AD
DATE: ca 37 AD - Tiberius, Emperor of the Roman Empire, died and was followed by Caligula (AD 37–41) who claimed divinity
DATE: ca 39 AD - Tetrarch Herod Antipas was exiled from Galilee and Perea by his nephew Agrippa I who took over Galilee and Perea

Next harmony chart

Persia and Judah - Persia (Persian Empire) aka Achaemenid Empire c 550-330 BC; with maps; included what had been Babylon, 539 BC

more before:
DATE: ca 430-420 BC - Some think late in the reign of Artaxerxes I Longimanus or early in the reign of Darius II (ca 423-404 BC), Malachi wrote warnings and promises from the LORD.

Persian Empire kings - links to Wikipedia for information on kings of the Persian Empire from 559-330 BC

Empires governing the Israel in the Middle East - from 746 BC to current; lists of empires

Assyria - Second Empire of ASSYRIA with maps; 746-609 BC

Babylonia - NEO BABYLONIAN Empire with maps; ca. 627-539 BC

Egypt & Judah - Egypt neighbored Israel to the southwest

Final prophets and kings of Judah

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