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October 24   - Day 297
* Gospel Study Indexes: Matthew, Mark, Luke, John
* Books to buy on Gospel, Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, Amazon.com
* Dictionary:     Moses     Law of Moses     Temple
* Map of Galilee
Commentary:
Resistance Levels and Reverse Order Truth
Mt 18:15-21:17

Local History: (The Roman Empire and Israel)

Scriptures: (95vs)
* Matthew 20:1-34 (34vs)   * Mark 10:32-52 (21vs)   * Luke 18:31-43 (13vs)   19:1-27 (27vs)  


  Following Jesus, heading to Jerusalem
  Mother of sons of Zebedee asked a favor:   Matthew 20:20-28 (9vs)

Then the mother of the sons of Zebedee came to him with her sons, kneeling and asking a certain thing of him.

He said to her,

"What do you want?"
She said to him,
"Command that these, my two sons, may sit,
one on your right hand, and one on your left hand,
in your Kingdom."
But Jesus answered,
"You don’t know what you are asking.
Are you able to drink the cup that I am about to drink,
and be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with?"
They said to him,
"We are able."
He said to them,
"You will indeed drink my cup, and be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with,
but to sit on my right hand and on my left hand is not mine to give;
but it is for whom it has been prepared by my Father."
When the ten heard it, they were indignant with the two brothers.

But Jesus summoned them, and said,

"You know that the rulers of the nations lord it over them,
and their great ones exercise authority over them.

It shall not be so among you,
but whoever desires to become great among you shall be your servant.

Whoever desires to be first among you shall be your bondservant,
even as the Son of Man came not to be served, but to serve,
and to give his life as a ransom for many."


  "Who is greater" question revisited by James and John:   Mark 10:35-45 (11vs)

James and John, the sons of Zebedee, came near to him, saying,

"Teacher, we want you to do for us whatever we will ask."
He said to them,
"What do you want me to do for you?"
They said to him,
"Grant to us that we may sit, one at your right hand, and one at your left hand, in your glory."
But Jesus said to them,
"You don’t know what you are asking.
Are you able to drink the cup that I drink,
and to be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with?"
They said to him,
"We are able."
Jesus said to them,
"You shall indeed drink the cup that I drink,
and you shall be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with;
but to sit at my right hand and at my left hand is not mine to give,
but for whom it has been prepared."
When the ten heard it,
they began to be indignant towards James and John.

Jesus summoned them, and said to them,

"You know that they who are recognized as rulers over the nations lord it over them, and their great ones exercise authority over them.

But it shall not be so among you, but whoever wants to become great among you shall be your servant.

Whoever of you wants to become first among you, shall be bondservant of all.

For the Son of Man also came not to be served, but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many."


  Jesus' parable: the Laborers in the Vineyard
    The Kingdom of Heaven is like.. (last, first; many, few)
  Matthew 20:1-16 (16vs)

"For the Kingdom of Heaven is like a man who was the master of a household,
who went out early in the morning to hire laborers for his vineyard.

When he had agreed with the laborers for a denarius a day, he sent them into his vineyard.

He went out about the third hour, and saw others standing idle in the marketplace.

To them he said,

'You also go into the vineyard, and whatever is right I will give you.'
So they went their way.

Again he went out about the sixth and the ninth hour, and did likewise.

About the eleventh hour he went out, and found others standing idle.

He said to them,

'Why do you stand here all day idle?'
They said to him,
'Because no one has hired us.'
He said to them,
'You also go into the vineyard, and you will receive whatever is right.'
When evening had come, the lord of the vineyard said to his manager,
'Call the laborers and pay them their wages, beginning from the last to the first.'
When those who were hired at about the eleventh hour came,
they each received a denarius.

When the first came, they supposed that they would receive more;
and they likewise each received a denarius.

When they received it, they murmured against the master of the household, saying,

'These last have spent one hour, and you have made them equal to us,
who have borne the burden of the day and the scorching heat!'
But he answered one of them,
'Friend, I am doing you no wrong.
Didn’t you agree with me for a denarius?

Take that which is yours, and go your way.
It is my desire to give to this last just as much as to you.

Isn’t it lawful for me to do what I want to with what I own?
Or is your eye evil, because I am good?'

So the last will be first, and the first last.

For many are called, but few are chosen."


  Saddened on way to Jerusalem:   Mark 10:32-34 (3vs)

They were on the way, going up to Jerusalem;
and Jesus was going in front of them, and they were amazed;
and those who followed were afraid.
He again took the twelve, and began to tell them the things that were going to happen to him.

"Behold, we are going up to Jerusalem.
The Son of Man will be delivered to the chief priests and the scribes.

They will condemn him to death, and will deliver him to the Gentiles.

They will mock him, spit on him, scourge him, and kill him. On the third day he will rise again."


  Jesus knew what was coming for him, but the 12 didn't understand   Luke 18:31-34 (4vs)

He took the twelve aside, and said to them,

"Behold, we are going up to Jerusalem,
and all the things that are written through the prophets
concerning the Son of Man will be completed.

For he will be delivered up to the Gentiles,
will be mocked, treated shamefully, and spit on.
They will scourge and kill him.
On the third day, he will rise again."

They understood none of these things. This saying was hidden from them,
and they didn’t understand the things that were said.


  To be delivered, condemned, mocked, crucified, raised up:   Matthew 20:17-19 (3vs)

As Jesus was going up to Jerusalem, he took the twelve disciples aside,
and on the way he said to them,

"Behold, we are going up to Jerusalem,
and the Son of Man will be delivered to the chief priests and scribes,
and they will condemn him to death,
and will hand him over to the Gentiles to mock,
to scourge, and to crucify;
and the third day he will be raised up."


  Near Jericho, a blind man refused to be quiet   Luke 18:35-43 (9vs)

It happened, as he came near Jericho, a certain blind man sat by the road, begging.

Hearing a multitude going by, he asked what this meant.

They told him that Jesus of Nazareth was passing by.

He cried out,

"Jesus, you son of David, have mercy on me!"
Those who led the way rebuked him, that he should be quiet;
but he cried out all the more,
"You son of David, have mercy on me!"
Standing still, Jesus commanded him to be brought to him.
When he had come near, he asked him,
"What do you want me to do?"
He said,
"Lord, that I may see again."
Jesus said to him,
"Receive your sight. Your faith has healed you."
Immediately he received his sight, and followed him, glorifying God.
All the people, when they saw it, praised God.


  Jericho - Two blind men asked for sight:   Matthew 20:29-34 (6vs)

As they went out from Jericho, a great multitude followed him.

Behold, two blind men sitting by the road, when they heard that Jesus was passing by, cried out,

"Lord, have mercy on us, you son of David! "
The multitude rebuked them, telling them that they should be quiet, but they cried out even more,
"Lord, have mercy on us, you son of David!"
Jesus stood still, and called them, and asked,
"What do you want me to do for you?"
They told him,
"Lord, that our eyes may be opened."
Jesus, being moved with compassion, touched their eyes; and immediately their eyes received their sight, and they followed him.


  Jericho - healing blind Bartimaeus:   Mark 10:46-52 (11vs) | Area map

They came to Jericho. As he went out from Jericho, with his disciples and a great multitude, the son of Timaeus, Bartimaeus, a blind beggar, was sitting by the road.

When he heard that it was Jesus the Nazarene, he began to cry out, and say,

"Jesus, you son of David, have mercy on me!"
Many rebuked him, that he should be quiet, but he cried out much more,
“You son of David, have mercy on me!”
Jesus stood still, and said,
“Call him.”
They called the blind man, saying to him,
“Cheer up! Get up. He is calling you!”
He, casting away his cloak, sprang up, and came to Jesus.

Jesus asked him,

“What do you want me to do for you?”
The blind man said to him,
“Rabboni, that I may see again."
Jesus said to him,
“Go your way. Your faith has made you well.”
Immediately he received his sight, and followed Jesus in the way.


  Jericho - short tax collector Zacchaeus climbs to see Jesus   Luke 19:1-10 (10vs)

He entered and was passing through Jericho.

There was a man named Zacchaeus. He was a chief tax collector, and he was rich.

He was trying to see who Jesus was, and couldn’t because of the crowd, because he was short.

He ran on ahead, and climbed up into a sycamore tree to see him, for he was to pass that way.

When Jesus came to the place, he looked up and saw him, and said to him,

"Zacchaeus, hurry and come down, for today I must stay at your house. "
He hurried, came down, and received him joyfully.
When they saw it, they all murmured, saying,
"He has gone in to lodge with a man who is a sinner."
Zacchaeus stood and said to the Lord,
"Behold, Lord, half of my goods I give to the poor. If I have wrongfully exacted anything of anyone, I restore four times as much."
Jesus said to him,
"Today, salvation has come to this house, because he also is a son of Abraham.
For the Son of Man came to seek and to save that which was lost."


  Jesus' parable: The Pounds
    the Kingdom of God would not come immediately
    compare with 10 Talents
  Luke 19:11-27 (17vs)

As they heard these things, he went on and told a parable,
because he was near Jerusalem,
and they supposed that the Kingdom of God would be revealed immediately.

He said therefore,

"A certain nobleman went into a far country to receive for himself a kingdom, and to return.

He called ten servants of his, and gave them ten mina coins, and told them,

'Conduct business until I come.'
But his citizens hated him, and sent an envoy after him, saying,
'We don’t want this man to reign over us.'
It happened when he had come back again, having received the kingdom,
that he commanded these servants, to whom he had given the money,
to be called to him, that he might know what they had gained by conducting business.

The first came before him, saying,

'Lord, your mina has made ten more minas.'
He said to him,
'Well done, you good servant!
Because you were found faithful with very little,
you shall have authority over ten cities.'
The second came, saying,
'Your mina, Lord, has made five minas.'
So he said to him,
'And you are to be over five cities.'
Another came, saying,
'Lord, behold, your mina, which I kept laid away in a handkerchief,
for I feared you, because you are an exacting man.
You take up that which you didn’t lay down,
and reap that which you didn’t sow.'
He said to him,
'Out of your own mouth will I judge you, you wicked servant!
You knew that I am an exacting man,
taking up that which I didn’t lay down,
and reaping that which I didn’t sow.

Then why didn’t you deposit my money in the bank,
and at my coming, I might have earned interest on it?'

He said to those who stood by,
'Take the mina away from him, and give it to him who has the ten minas.'
They said to him,
'Lord, he has ten minas!'
For I tell you that to everyone who has,
will more be given;
but from him who doesn’t have,
even that which he has will be taken away from him.

But bring those enemies of mine who didn’t want me to reign over them here,
and kill them before me.'"


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Map of Palestine Israel during Jesus' life


Local HISTORY charts: Roman Empire and the Messiah in Israel
DATE: ca 51 BC - Quirinius, became governor of Syria
DATE: 44 BC - Julius Caesar was murdered; last Caesar of the Roman Republic. Civil war followed.

Harmony reading: 1 (Sept 30)

DATE: ca 37 (or 40) BC - Herod the Great began his reign in Judea, killing off the Hasmonean Dynasty and the Maccabees of the Kingdom of Israel (ca 140-37 BC). Map of the Kingdom of Herod.
DATE: ca 30 BC - Cleopatra of Egypt died
DATE: ca 30-27 BC - Caesar Augustus began ruling as first Emperor of the Roman Empire

Harmony reading: 2 (Oct 1)

DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Caesar Augustus, emperor of the Roman Empire, ordered a census of the entire empire; Luke 2:1.
DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Quirinius, governor of Syria ordered a census in Judea (Luke 2:2)
DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Jesus was born in Bethlehem
DATE: ca   4 BC - in Judea Herod the Great died. He had rebuilt the 2nd Temple in Jerusalem, calling it Herod's Temple.
DATE: ca 4 BC - Herod "Archelaus" replaced his father Herod as king of Judea until banished in 6 AD. (See Iudaea Province). (Matt 2:13-23)
DATE: ca 4 BC - Herod Antipas replaced his father Herod as the tetrarch of Roman province of Galilee and Perea
DATE: ca 4 BC - Philip the Tetrarch replaced his father Herod as Tetrarch of Ituraea and Trachonitis 4 BC – 34 AD
DATE: ca 6 BC - Herod "Archelaus" was exiled to Gaul and Augustus made Samaria, Judea, and Idumea a Roman province Iudaea.
DATE: ca 6 AD - Annas High Priest officially from 6-15 AD, but who lived until assasinated in 66 AD
DATE: ca 14 AD - Caesar Augustus, emperor of the Roman Empire, died.

Harmony reading: 3 (Oct 2)

DATE: ca 14 AD - Tiberius Caesar, Emperor of the Roman Empire, began his reign
DATE: ca 18 AD - Caiaphas High Priest from 18-36 AD (John 18:13 - son-in-law of Annas)
DATE: ca 21 AD - Quirinius, governor of Syria died
DATE: ca 26 AD - Pontius Pilate became the fifth Prefect of the Roman province of Judaea
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - Tiberius Caesar, Emperor of the Roman Empire is mentioned in his 15th year (Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 29 AD - Lysanias, tetrarch of Abilene (Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - John the Baptist began his ministry (Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - Jesus began his ministry around the age of 30, soon after John

Harmony reading: later (Oct ?)

DATE: ca ? AD - around the age of 33, Jesus was crucified after being tried by Pontius Pilate and High Priest Annas
DATE: ca 34 AD - Philip the Tetrarch of Ituraea and Trachonitis died
DATE: ca 36 AD - Pontius Pilate was exiled to Gaul, perhaps by the cruel and insane Caligula who ruled Rome from 37–41 AD
DATE: ca 37 AD - Tiberius, Emperor of the Roman Empire, died and was followed by Caligula (AD 37–41) who claimed divinity
DATE: ca 39 AD - Tetrarch Herod Antipas was exiled from Galilee and Perea by his nephew Agrippa I who took over Galilee and Perea

Next harmony chart

Persia and Judah - Persia (Persian Empire) aka Achaemenid Empire c 550-330 BC; with maps; included what had been Babylon, 539 BC

more before:
DATE: ca 430-420 BC - Some think late in the reign of Artaxerxes I Longimanus or early in the reign of Darius II (ca 423-404 BC), Malachi wrote warnings and promises from the LORD.

Persian Empire kings - links to Wikipedia for information on kings of the Persian Empire from 559-330 BC

Empires governing the Israel in the Middle East - from 746 BC to current; lists of empires

Assyria - Second Empire of ASSYRIA with maps; 746-609 BC

Babylonia - NEO BABYLONIAN Empire with maps; ca. 627-539 BC

Egypt & Judah - Egypt neighbored Israel to the southwest

Final prophets and kings of Judah

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