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October 25   - Day 298
* More on the Gospels: Matthew, Mark, Luke, John
* Books to buy on Gospel, Matthew, Mark, Luke, John,
* Dictionary:     Jericho     Kingdom of God     Martha, Mary, Lazarus
* Map of Galilee
Reaching Out to the Lost
Lk 19-20

Local History: (The Roman Empire and Israel)

Scriptures below: (97vs)
* Matthew 21:1-11 (11vs)   * Mark 11:1-10 (10vs)   * John 11:1-57 (57vs)   12:1-19 (19vs)  

  Lazarus, Mary, and Martha of Bethany
  Faith overcomes danger and death - Lazarus of Bethany:   John 11:1-18 (18vs)

Now a certain man was sick, Lazarus from Bethany, of the village of Mary and her sister, Martha.

It was that Mary who had anointed the Lord with ointment, Luke 7:37
and wiped his feet with her hair, John 12:3
whose brother, Lazarus, was sick.

The sisters therefore sent to him, saying,

"Lord, behold, he for whom you have great affection is sick."
But when Jesus heard it, he said,
"This sickness is not to death, but for the glory of God, that God’s Son may be glorified by it."
Now Jesus loved Martha, and her sister, and Lazarus.

When therefore he heard that he was sick, he stayed two days in the place where he was.

Then after this he said to the disciples,

"Let’s go into Judea again.”
The disciples told him,
“Rabbi, the Jews were just trying to stone you, and are you going there again?"
Jesus answered,
"Aren’t there twelve hours of daylight?
If a man walks in the day, he doesn’t stumble, because he sees the light of this world. [Eccl 2:14]
But if a man walks in the night, he stumbles, because the light isn’t in him."
He said these things, and after that, he said to them,
"Our friend, Lazarus, has fallen asleep, but I am going so that I may awake him out of sleep."
The disciples therefore said,
"Lord, if he has fallen asleep, he will recover."
Now Jesus had spoken of his death, but they thought that he spoke of taking rest in sleep.

So Jesus said to them plainly then,

"Lazarus is dead.

I am glad for your sakes that I was not there, so that you may believe. Nevertheless, let’s go to him."

Thomas therefore, who is called Didymus, said to his fellow disciples,
“Let’s go also, that we may die with him.”
So when Jesus came, he found that he had been in the tomb four days already.

Now Bethany was near Jerusalem, about fifteen stadia away.

  Martha believed and came to Jesus while Mary continued mourning:   John 11:19-27 (9vs)

Many of the Jews had joined the women around Martha and Mary, to console them concerning their brother.

Then when Martha heard that Jesus was coming, she went and met him, but Mary stayed in the house.

Therefore Martha said to Jesus,

“Lord, if you would have been here, my brother wouldn’t have died.

Even now I know that, whatever you ask of God, God will give you.”

Jesus said to her,
“Your brother will rise again.”
Martha said to him,
“I know that he will rise again in the resurrection at the last day.”
Jesus said to her,
“I am the resurrection and the life. He who believes in me will still live, even if he dies.

Whoever lives and believes in me will never die.

Do you believe this?”

She said to him,
“Yes, Lord. I have come to believe that you are the Christ, God’s Son, he who comes into the world.”

  Martha went home to get Mary:   John 11:28-32 (5vs)

When she had said this, she went away, and called Mary, her sister, secretly, saying,

“The Teacher is here, and is calling you.”
When she heard this, she arose quickly, and went to him.

Now Jesus had not yet come into the village, but was in the place where Martha met him.

Then the Jews who were with her in the house, and were consoling her, when they saw Mary, that she rose up quickly and went out, followed her, saying,

“She is going to the tomb to weep there.”
Therefore when Mary came to where Jesus was, and saw him, she fell down at his feet, saying to him,
“Lord, if you would have been here, my brother wouldn’t have died.”
When Jesus therefore saw her weeping, and the Jews weeping who came with her, he groaned in the spirit, and was troubled,

and said,

“Where have you laid him?”
They told him,
“Lord, come and see.”

  Jesus also wept and was criticized:   John 11:33-38 (6vs)

Jesus wept.

The Jews therefore said,

“See how much affection he had for him!”

Some of them said,

“Couldn’t this man, who opened the eyes of him who was blind, have also kept this man from dying?”
Jesus therefore, again groaning in himself, came to the tomb.

Now it was a cave, and a stone lay against it.

  Martha was practical and still believed:   John 11:39-40 (2vs)

Jesus said,

"Take away the stone."
Martha, the sister of him who was dead, said to him,
"Lord, by this time there is a stench, for he has been dead four days."
Jesus said to her,
“Didn’t I tell you that if you believed, you would see God’s glory?”

  Jesus resurrected Lazarus in view of witnesses:   John 11:41-44 (4vs)

So they took away the stone from the place where the dead man was lying. Jesus lifted up his eyes, and said,

“Father, I thank you that you listened to me.

I know that you always listen to me, but because of the multitude that stands around I said this, that they may believe that you sent me.”

When he had said this, he cried with a loud voice,
“Lazarus, come out!”
He who was dead came out, bound hand and foot with wrappings, and his face was wrapped around with a cloth.
Jesus said to them,
“Free him, and let him go.”

  With Lazarus resurrected, many Jews believed in Jesus as Messiah:   John 11:45-46 (2vs)

Therefore many of the Jews, who came to Mary and saw what Jesus did, believed in him.

But some of them went away to the Pharisees, and told them the things which Jesus had done.

  In fear of Rome and the crowds, the chief priests and Pharisees met:   John 11:47-48 (2vs)

The chief priests therefore and the Pharisees gathered a council, and said,

"What are we doing? For this man does many signs.

If we leave him alone like this, everyone will believe in him,
and the Romans will come and take away both our place and our nation."

  High priest Caiaphas' statement was actually a prophecy:   John 11:49-53 (5vs)
DATE: ca 18 AD - Caiaphas High Priest from 18-36 AD (John 18:13 - son-in-law of Annas)

But a certain one of them, Caiaphas, being high priest that year, said to them,

“You know nothing at all,
nor do you consider that it is advantageous for us
that one man should die for the people,
and that the whole nation not perish.” [1 Cor 2:8]
Now he didn’t say this of himself, but being high priest that year,
he prophesied that Jesus would die for the nation,
and not for the nation only,
but that he might also gather together into one
the children of God who are scattered abroad.

So from that day forward they took counsel that they might put him to death.

  After resurrecting Lazarus of Bethany
  Getting away from the crowds, Jesus stayed at Ephraim in the wilderness:   John 11:54 (1vs)

Jesus therefore walked no more openly among the Jews, but departed from there into the country near the wilderness, to a city called Ephraim. He stayed there with his disciples.

  Passover coming - would Jesus come?   John 11:55-57 (3vs)

Now the Passover of the Jews was at hand.

Many went up from the country to Jerusalem before the Passover, to purify themselves.

Then they sought for Jesus and spoke one with another, as they stood in the temple,

“What do you think — that he isn’t coming to the feast at all?"

Now the chief priests and the Pharisees had commanded that if anyone knew where he was, he should report it, that they might seize him.

  6 days before Passover
  Bethany:   John 12:1-11 (11vs)
Mary had done this earlier and might have done again in a few days

Then six days before the Passover, Jesus came to Bethany, where Lazarus was, who had been dead, whom he raised from the dead.

So they made him a supper there. Martha served, but Lazarus was one of those who sat at the table with him.

Mary, therefore, took a pound of ointment of pure nard, very precious,
and anointed the feet of Jesus, and wiped his feet with her hair.
The house was filled with the fragrance of the ointment. [Jo 11:2 Similar event, earlier]

Then Judas Iscariot, Simon’s son, one of his disciples, who would betray him, said,

"Why wasn’t this ointment sold for three hundred denarii, and given to the poor?”
Now he said this, not because he cared for the poor, but because he was a thief, and having the money box, used to steal what was put into it.

But Jesus said,

"Leave her alone. She has kept this for the day of my burial.

For you always have the poor with you, but you don’t always have me."

A large crowd therefore of the Jews learned that he was there, and they came, not for Jesus’ sake only,
but that they might see Lazarus also, whom he had raised from the dead.

But the chief priests conspired to put Lazarus to death also,
because on account of him many of the Jews went away and believed in Jesus.

  1st day of Passover: Jesus arrived in Jerusalem
  Multitudes were coming into Jerusalem for Passover:   John 12:17-19 (3vs)

The multitude therefore that was with him when he called Lazarus out of the tomb,
and raised him from the dead, was testifying about it.

For this cause also the multitude went and met him, because they heard that he had done this sign.

The Pharisees therefore said among themselves,

"See how you accomplish nothing. Behold, the world has gone after him."

  Triumphal entry into Jerusalem, 1st day of Passover:   John 12:12-16 (5vs)

On the next day a great multitude had come to the feast. When they heard that Jesus was coming to Jerusalem, they took the branches of the palm trees, and went out to meet him, and cried out,

"Hosanna! Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord, the King of Israel!" [Psa 118:26]
Jesus, having found a young donkey, sat on it. As it is written,
"Don’t be afraid, daughter of Zion.
Behold, your King comes, sitting on a donkey’s colt." [Zech 9:9]
His disciples didn’t understand these things at first, but when Jesus was glorified, then they remembered that these things were written about him, and that they had done these things to him.

  Triumphal entry into Jerusalem, 1st day of Passover:   Matthew 21:1-11 (11vs)

When they drew near to Jerusalem, and came to Bethsphage, to the Mount of Olives,
then Jesus sent two disciples, saying to them,

“Go into the village that is opposite you, and immediately you will find a donkey tied, and a colt with her.
Untie them, and bring them to me.
If anyone says anything to you, you shall say,
‘The Lord needs them,’
and immediately he will send them.”

All this was done, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken through the prophet, saying,

“Tell the daughter of Zion,
behold, your King comes to you,
humble, and riding on a donkey,
on a colt, the foal of a donkey.” [Zech 9:9]

The disciples went, and did just as Jesus commanded them,
and brought the donkey and the colt, and laid their clothes on them; and he sat on them.

A very great multitude spread their clothes on the road. Others cut branches from the trees, and spread them on the road.

The multitudes who went before him, and who followed kept shouting,

“Hosanna to the son of David!
Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord! [Psa 118:26]
Hosanna in the highest!”

When he had come into Jerusalem, all the city was stirred up, saying,

“Who is this?”

The multitudes said,

"This is the prophet, Jesus, from Nazareth of Galilee."

  Triumphal entry into Jerusalem, 1st day of Passover:   Mark 11:1-10 (10vs)

When they drew near to Jerusalem, to Bethsphage and Bethany, at the Mount of Olives, he sent two of his disciples, and said to them,

"Go your way into the village that is opposite you. Immediately as you enter into it, you will find a young donkey tied, on which no one has sat. Untie him, and bring him.

If anyone asks you, 'Why are you doing this?' say, 'The Lord needs him;' and immediately he will send him back here."

They went away, and found a young donkey tied at the door outside in the open street, and they untied him.

Some of those who stood there asked them,

“What are you doing, untying the young donkey?”
They said to them just as Jesus had said, and they let them go.

They brought the young donkey to Jesus, and threw their garments on it, and Jesus sat on it.

Many spread their garments on the way, and others were cutting down branches from the trees, and spreading them on the road.

Those who went in front, and those who followed, cried out,

“Hosanna! Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord! [Psa 118:26]

Blessed is the kingdom of our father David that is coming in the name of the Lord!
Hosanna in the highest!"

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Map of Palestine Israel during Jesus' life

Local HISTORY charts: Roman Empire and the Messiah in Israel
DATE: ca 51 BC - Quirinius, became governor of Syria
DATE: 44 BC - Julius Caesar was murdered; last Caesar of the Roman Republic. Civil war followed.

Harmony reading: 1 (Sept 30)

DATE: ca 37 (or 40) BC - Herod the Great began his reign in Judea, killing off the Hasmonean Dynasty and the Maccabees of the Kingdom of Israel (ca 140-37 BC). Map of the Kingdom of Herod.
DATE: ca 30 BC - Cleopatra of Egypt died
DATE: ca 30-27 BC - Caesar Augustus began ruling as first Emperor of the Roman Empire

Harmony reading: 2 (Oct 1)

DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Caesar Augustus, emperor of the Roman Empire, ordered a census of the entire empire; Luke 2:1.
DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Quirinius, governor of Syria ordered a census in Judea (Luke 2:2)
DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Jesus was born in Bethlehem
DATE: ca   4 BC - in Judea Herod the Great died. He had rebuilt the 2nd Temple in Jerusalem, calling it Herod's Temple.
DATE: ca 4 BC - Herod "Archelaus" replaced his father Herod as king of Judea until banished in 6 AD. (See Iudaea Province). (Matt 2:13-23)
DATE: ca 4 BC - Herod Antipas replaced his father Herod as the tetrarch of Roman province of Galilee and Perea
DATE: ca 4 BC - Philip the Tetrarch replaced his father Herod as Tetrarch of Ituraea and Trachonitis 4 BC – 34 AD
DATE: ca 6 BC - Herod "Archelaus" was exiled to Gaul and Augustus made Samaria, Judea, and Idumea a Roman province Iudaea.
DATE: ca 6 AD - Annas High Priest officially from 6-15 AD, but who lived until assasinated in 66 AD
DATE: ca 14 AD - Caesar Augustus, emperor of the Roman Empire, died.

Harmony reading: 3 (Oct 2)

DATE: ca 14 AD - Tiberius Caesar, Emperor of the Roman Empire, began his reign
DATE: ca 18 AD - Caiaphas High Priest from 18-36 AD (John 18:13 - son-in-law of Annas)
DATE: ca 21 AD - Quirinius, governor of Syria died
DATE: ca 26 AD - Pontius Pilate became the fifth Prefect of the Roman province of Judaea
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - Tiberius Caesar, Emperor of the Roman Empire is mentioned in his 15th year (Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 29 AD - Lysanias, tetrarch of Abilene (Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - John the Baptist began his ministry (Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - Jesus began his ministry around the age of 30, soon after John

Harmony reading: later (Oct ?)

DATE: ca ? AD - around the age of 33, Jesus was crucified after being tried by Pontius Pilate and High Priest Annas
DATE: ca 34 AD - Philip the Tetrarch of Ituraea and Trachonitis died
DATE: ca 36 AD - Pontius Pilate was exiled to Gaul, perhaps by the cruel and insane Caligula who ruled Rome from 37–41 AD
DATE: ca 37 AD - Tiberius, Emperor of the Roman Empire, died and was followed by Caligula (AD 37–41) who claimed divinity
DATE: ca 39 AD - Tetrarch Herod Antipas was exiled from Galilee and Perea by his nephew Agrippa I who took over Galilee and Perea

Next harmony chart

Persia and Judah - Persia (Persian Empire) aka Achaemenid Empire c 550-330 BC; with maps; included what had been Babylon, 539 BC

more before:
DATE: ca 430-420 BC - Some think late in the reign of Artaxerxes I Longimanus or early in the reign of Darius II (ca 423-404 BC), Malachi wrote warnings and promises from the LORD.

Persian Empire kings - links to Wikipedia for information on kings of the Persian Empire from 559-330 BC

Empires governing the Israel in the Middle East - from 746 BC to current; lists of empires

Assyria - Second Empire of ASSYRIA with maps; 746-609 BC

Babylonia - NEO BABYLONIAN Empire with maps; ca. 627-539 BC

Egypt & Judah - Egypt neighbored Israel to the southwest

Final prophets and kings of Judah

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