Commentary: Lk 21-22
Betrayed and Disowned
: Local History (
The Roman Empire and Israel)
* Mark 24:1-35 (35vs) 13:1-31 (31vs)
* 21:5-33 (29vs) John
God's temple in Jerusalem: Jesus went out from the temple, and was going on his way. His disciples came to him to show him the buildings of the temple.
But he answered them,
see all of these things, donít you? Most certainly I tell you, there will not be left here one stone on another, that will not be thrown down."
As he went out of the temple, one of his disciples said to him,
"Teacher, see what kind of stones and what kind of buildings!"
Jesus said to him,
"Do you see these great buildings?
There will not be left here one stone on another, which will not be thrown down."
As some were talking about the temple and how it was decorated with beautiful stones and gifts, he said,
"As for these things which you see, the days will come, in which
there will not be left here one stone on another that will not be thrown down."
As he sat on the Mount of Olives, the disciples came to him privately, saying,
Signs of Christ's return: "Tell us, when will these things be?
Jesus answered them, What is the sign of your coming, and of the end of the age?" "Be careful that no one leads you astray.
For many will come in my name, saying, 'I am the and will lead many astray." Christ,'
As he sat on the Mount of Olives opposite the temple, Peter, James, John, and Andrew asked him privately,
"Tell us, when will these things be? What is the sign that these things are all about to be fulfilled?"
Jesus, answering, began to tell them, "Be careful that no one leads you astray.
For many will come in my name, saying, ĎI am he!í and will lead many astray.
When you hear of wars and rumors of wars, donít be troubled. For those
must happen, but the end is not yet.
nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. There will be earthquakes in various places. There will be famines and troubles. These things are the beginning of birth pains.
But watch yourselves, for they will deliver you up to councils.
You will be beaten in synagogues. You will stand before rulers and kings for my sake, for a testimony to them.
Good News must first be preached to all the nations.
When they lead you away and deliver you up,
donít be anxious beforehand, or premeditate what you will say, but say whatever will be given you in that hour. For it is not you who speak, but the Holy Spirit.
Brother will deliver up brother to death, and the father his child.
Children will rise up against parents, and cause them to be put to death.
You will be hated by all men for my
nameís sake, but he who endures to the end, the same will be saved."
They asked him,
"Teacher, so when will these things be?
What is the sign that these things are about to happen?Ē
"Watch out that you donít get led astray, for many will come in my
name, saying, ĎI am he,í and, ĎThe time is at hand.í Therefore donít follow them.
When you hear of wars and disturbances, donít be terrified, for these things must happen first,
but the end wonít come immediately."
Then he said to them,
Nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom.
There will be great earthquakes, famines, and plagues in various places.
There will be terrors and great signs from heaven.
But before all these things, they will lay their hands on you and will persecute you,
delivering you up to synagogues and prisons, bringing you before kings and governors for my nameís sake.
It will turn out as a testimony for you.
Settle it therefore in your
hearts not to meditate beforehand how to answer,
for I will give you a mouth and wisdom which all your adversaries will not be able to withstand or to contradict.
You will be handed over even by parents, brothers, relatives, and friends.
They will cause some of you to be put to death.
You will be hated by all men for my
And not a hair of your head will perish.
By your endurance you will win your lives."
"These things have I spoken to you, so that you wouldnít be caused to stumble.
They will put you out of the synagogues.
Yes, the time comes that whoever kills you will think that he offers service to God.
They will do these things because they have not known the Father, nor me.
But I have told you these things, so that when the time comes,
you may remember that I told you about them. I didnít tell you these things from the beginning, because I was with you."
" You will hear of wars and rumors of wars.
See that you arenít troubled, for all this must happen, but the end is not yet.
nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom; and there will be famines, plagues, and earthquakes in various places.
But all these things are the beginning of birth pains.
Then they will deliver you up to oppression, and will kill you.
You will be hated by all of the nations for my nameís sake.
Then many will stumble, and will deliver up one another, and will hate one another.
prophets will arise, and will lead many astray.
Because iniquity will be multiplied, the
love of many will grow cold.
But he who endures to the end, the same will be
Good News of the Kingdom will be preached in the whole world for a testimony to all the nations, and then the end will come."
Signs of Christ's Return and the End of the Age:
"But when you see
Jerusalem surrounded by armies, then know that its desolation is at hand.
Then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains.
Let those who are in the midst of her depart. Let those who are in the country not enter therein.
For these are days of vengeance, that all things which are written may be
Woe to those who are pregnant and to those who nurse infants in those days!
For there will be great distress in the land, and wrath to this people.
They will fall by the edge of the sword, and will be led captive into all the nations.
Jerusalem will be trampled down by the Gentiles, until the times of the Gentiles are fulfilled."
"When, therefore, you see the abomination of desolation,
* which was spoken of through Daniel the prophet, standing in the holy place (let the reader understand),
then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains.
Let him who is on the housetop not go down to take out things that are in his house.
Let him who is in the field not return back to get his clothes.
But woe to those who are with child and to nursing mothers in those days!
Pray that your flight will not be in the winter, nor on a Sabbath,
for then there will be great oppression,
such as has not been from the beginning of the world until now, no, nor ever will be. *
days had been shortened, no flesh would have been saved. But for the sake of the chosen ones, those days will be shortened. "
"But when you see the
abomination of desolation, * spoken of by Daniel the prophet, standing where it ought not (let the reader understand), then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains,
and let him who is on the housetop not go down, nor enter in, to take anything out of his house.
Let him who is in the field not return back to take his cloak.
But woe to those who are with child and to those who nurse babies in those days!
Pray that your flight wonít be in the winter.
For in those days there will be oppression,
such as there has not been the like from the beginning of the creation which God created until now, and never will be.
Unless the Lord had shortened the days, no flesh would have been saved;
but for the sake of the chosen ones, whom he picked out, he shortened the days."
"Then if any
man tells you, 'Behold, here is the or, 'There,' donít Christ,í believe it.
For there will arise false christs, and false prophets,
and they will show great signs and wonders, so as to lead astray, if possible, even the chosen ones.
Behold, I have told you beforehand.
If therefore they tell you,
'Behold, he is in the wilderness,' donít go out; 'Behold, he is in the inner chambers,' donít believe it.
For as the lightning flashes from the east, and is seen even to the west, so will be the coming of the
Son of Man.
For wherever the carcass is, there is where the vultures gather together. [
"Then if anyone tells you,
ĎLook, here is the Christ!' or donít believe it.
For there will arise false christs and false prophets, and will show signs and wonders,
that they may lead astray, if possible, even the chosen ones.
But you watch.
Behold, I have told you all things
But immediately after the oppression of those
days, the sun will be darkened, the moon will not give its light, the stars will fall from the sky, and the powers of the heavens will be shaken; [ * Isa 13:10, * Isa 34:4]
and then the sign of the Son of Man will appear in the sky.
Then all the tribes of the earth will mourn,
and they will see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of the sky with power and great glory.
He will send out his
angels with a great sound of a trumpet, and they will gather together his chosen ones from the four winds, from one end of the sky to the other."
Watch astronomical signs in the sky - Messiah's return: (4vs) Mark 13:24-27
"But in those
days, after that oppression, the sun will be darkened, the moon will not give its light,
the stars will be falling from the sky, and the powers that are in the heavens will be shaken. * *
Then they will see the Son of Man coming in clouds with great power and glory.
Then he will send out his angels,
and will gather together his chosen ones from the four winds, from the ends of the earth to the ends of the sky."
Watch astronomical signs in the sky - Messiah's return: (4vs) Luke 21:25-28
"There will be
signs in the sun, moon, and stars; and on the earth anxiety of nations, in perplexity for the roaring of the sea and the waves;
men fainting for fear, and for expectation of the things which are coming on the world: for the powers of the heavens will be shaken. *
Then they will see the
Son of Man coming in a cloud with power and great glory.
But when these things begin to happen,
look up, and lift up your heads, because your redemption is near."
"Now from the fig tree learn this
parable. When its branch has now become tender, and puts forth its leaves, you know that the summer is near.
Even so you also, when you
see all these things, know that it is near, even at the doors."
"Now from the fig tree, learn this parable.
When the branch has now become tender, and puts forth its leaves, you know that the summer is near;
even so you also, when you see these things coming to pass, know that it is near, at the doors."
He told them a
"See the fig tree, and all the trees.
When they are already budding, you see it and know by your own selves that the summer is already near.
Even so you also, when you see these things happening,
know that the Kingdom of God is near."
"Most certainly I tell you, this
generation will not pass away, until all these things are accomplished.
Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words will not pass away."
"Most certainly I say to you,
this generation will not pass away until all these things happen.
Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words will not pass away."
"Most certainly I tell you, this generation
will not pass away until all things are accomplished.
Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words will by no means pass away."
Map of Palestine Israel during Jesus' life
Local HISTORY charts: Roman Empire and the Messiah in Israel
Harmony reading: 1 (Sept 30)
DATE: ca 37 (or 40) BC - Herod the Great began his reign in Judea, killing off the Hasmonean Dynasty and the Maccabees of the Kingdom of Israel (ca 140-37 BC). Map of the Kingdom of Herod.
DATE: ca 30 BC - Cleopatra of Egypt died
DATE: ca 30-27 BC - Caesar Augustus began ruling as first Emperor of the Roman Empire Harmony reading: 2 (Oct 1)
DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Caesar Augustus, emperor of the Roman Empire, ordered a census of the entire empire; Luke 2:1.
DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Quirinius, governor of Syria ordered a census in Judea ( Luke 2:2)
DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Jesus was born in Bethlehem
DATE: ca 4 BC - in Judea Herod the Great died. He had rebuilt the 2nd Temple in Jerusalem, calling it Herod's Temple.
DATE: ca 4 BC - Herod "Archelaus" replaced his father Herod as king of Judea until banished in 6 AD. (See Iudaea Province). (Matt 2:13-23)
DATE: ca 4 BC - Herod Antipas replaced his father Herod as the tetrarch of Roman province of Galilee and Perea
DATE: ca 4 BC - Philip the Tetrarch replaced his father Herod as
Tetrarch of Ituraea and Trachonitis
4 BC Ė 34 AD
DATE: ca 6 BC - Herod "Archelaus" was exiled to Gaul and Augustus made Samaria, Judea, and Idumea a Roman province Iudaea.
DATE: ca 6 AD - Annas High Priest officially from 6-15 AD, but who lived until assasinated in 66 AD
DATE: ca 14 AD - Caesar Augustus, emperor of the Roman Empire, died. Harmony reading: 3 (Oct 2)
DATE: ca 14 AD - Tiberius Caesar, Emperor of the Roman Empire, began his reign
DATE: ca 18 AD - Caiaphas High Priest from 18-36 AD (John 18:13 - son-in-law of Annas)
DATE: ca 21 AD - Quirinius, governor of Syria died
DATE: ca 26 AD - Pontius Pilate became the fifth Prefect of the Roman province of Judaea
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - Tiberius Caesar, Emperor of the Roman Empire is mentioned in his 15th year ( Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 29 AD - Lysanias, tetrarch of Abilene ( Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - John the Baptist began his ministry ( Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - Jesus began his ministry around the age of 30, soon after John
Harmony reading: later (Oct ?)
DATE: ca ? AD - around the age of 33, Jesus was crucified after being tried by Pontius Pilate and High Priest Annas
DATE: ca 34 AD - Philip the Tetrarch of Ituraea and Trachonitis died
DATE: ca 36 AD - Pontius Pilate was exiled to Gaul, perhaps by the cruel and insane Caligula who ruled Rome from 37Ė41 AD
DATE: ca 37 AD - Tiberius, Emperor of the Roman Empire, died and was followed by Caligula (AD 37Ė41) who claimed divinity
DATE: ca 39 AD - Tetrarch Herod Antipas was exiled from Galilee and Perea by his nephew Agrippa I who took over Galilee and Perea
Next harmony chart
- Persia and Judah Persia (Persian Empire) aka Achaemenid Empire c 550-330 BC; with maps; included what had been Babylon, 539 BC
- links to Wikipedia for information on kings of the Persian Empire from 559-330 BC
Persian Empire kings
- from 746 BC to current; lists of empires
Empires governing the Israel in the Middle East
- Second Empire of ASSYRIA with maps; 746-609 BC
- NEO BABYLONIAN Empire with maps; ca. 627-539 BC
- Egypt neighbored Israel to the southwest
Egypt & Judah
Final prophets and kings of Judah
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