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October 30 - Day 303 - Watch and See!
- New Testament reading day 31 of 99
* Gospel Study Indexes: Matthew, Mark, Luke, John
* Introduction to the books of Matthew, Mark, Luke, John
* BOOKS on Gospel, Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, Amazon.com
* Dictionary:     Jerusalem     Resurrection     Authenticating signs
* Scriptural requirements of Messiah, MessiahRevealed.org
* MAPS * OUTLINE BIBLE * TIMELINES * Map of Galilee
Commentary:
Watching and Waiting to the End Mk 13-14

Local History: (The Roman Empire and Israel)

Scriptures: (97vs)
* Matthew 24:36-51 (16vs)   25:1-46 (46vs)   26:1-13 (13vs)   * Mark 13:32-37 (6vs)   14:1-9 (9vs)   * Luke 21:34-38 (19vs)   22:1-2 (2vs)  

  You won't find the date on your calendar - WATCH:   Matthew 24:36-42 (7vs)

"But no one knows of that day and hour, not even the angels of heaven, * but my Father only.

As the days of Noah were, so will be the coming of the Son of Man.
For as in those days which were before the flood
they were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage,
until the day that Noah entered into the ship,
and they didnít know until the flood came, and took them all away,
so will be the coming of the Son of Man.

Then two men will be in the field: one will be taken and one will be left;

two women grinding at the mill, one will be taken and one will be left.

Watch therefore, for you donít know in what hour your Lord comes."

  You won't find the date on your calendar - WATCH, PRAY:   Mark 13:32-33 (2vs)

"But of that day or that hour no one knows,
not even the angels in heaven,
nor the Son,
but only the Father.

Watch, keep alert, and pray; for you donít know when the time is."

  You won't find the date on your calendar - WATCH, PRAY:   Luke 21:34-36 (3vs)

"So be careful, or your hearts will be loaded down
with carousing, drunkenness, and cares of this life,
and that day will come on you suddenly.
For it will come like a snare
on all those who dwell on the surface of all the earth.

Therefore be watchful all the time,
praying that you may be counted worthy to escape
all these things that will happen,
and to stand before the Son of Man."


  Illustrations of Christ's absence and return:
  Illustration: master of house; wise servant:
    Also see Parable of the Watchful Servants
  Matthew 24:43-51 (9vs)

"But know this, that if the master of the house had known in what watch of the night the thief was coming,
he would have watched, and would not have allowed his house to be broken into.

Therefore also be ready, for in an hour that you donít expect, the Son of Man will come.

Who then is the faithful and wise servant, whom his lord has set over his household,
to give them their food in due season?

Blessed is that servant whom his lord finds doing so when he comes.

Most certainly I tell you that he will set him over all that he has.

But if that evil servant should say in his heart,

'My lord is delaying his coming,'
and begins to beat his fellow servants, and eat and drink with the drunkards,
the lord of that servant will come in a day when he doesnít expect it,
and in an hour when he doesnít know it,
and will cut him in pieces, and appoint his portion with the hypocrites.
There is where the weeping and grinding of teeth will be."

  Jesus' parable of the absent master (householder):   Mark 13:34-37 (4vs)

"It is like a man, traveling to another country,
having left his house, and given authority to his servants,
and to each one his work,
and also commanded the doorkeeper to keep watch.

Watch therefore, for you donít know when the lord of the house is coming,
whether at evening, or at midnight,
or when the rooster crows, or in the morning;
lest coming suddenly he might find you sleeping.

What I tell you, I tell all: WATCH."


  Passover - Jesus taught people at the temple daily:   Luke 21:37-38 (2vs)

Every day Jesus was teaching in the temple,
and every night he would go out and spend the night on the mountain that is called Olivet.

All the people came early in the morning to him in the temple to hear him.


  Parables of Christ's return: continued
  Jesus' parable - 10 Virgins:   Matthew 25:1-13 (13vs)

Then the Kingdom of Heaven will be like ten virgins,
who took their lamps, and went out to meet the bridegroom.

Five of them were foolish, and five were wise.

Those who were foolish, when they took their lamps, took no oil with them,
but the wise took oil in their vessels with their lamps.

Now while the bridegroom delayed, they all slumbered and slept.
But at midnight there was a cry,

'Behold! The bridegroom is coming! Come out to meet him!'
Then all those virgins arose, and trimmed their lamps.

The foolish said to the wise,

'Give us some of your oil, for our lamps are going out.'
But the wise answered, saying,
'What if there isnít enough for us and you?
You go rather to those who sell, and buy for yourselves.'
While they went away to buy, the bridegroom came,
and those who were ready went in with him to the marriage feast,
and the door was shut.

Afterward the other virgins also came, saying,

'Lord, Lord, open to us.'
But he answered,
'Most certainly I tell you, I donít know you.'
Watch therefore,
for you donít know the day nor the hour in which the Son of Man is coming."


  Parables of Christ's return: continued
  Jesus' parable - 10 Talents:   Matthew 25:14-30 (17vs)

For it is like a man, going into another country, who called his own servants, and entrusted his goods to them.

To one he gave five talents,
to another two,
to another one;
to each according to his own ability.
Then he went on his journey.

Immediately he who received the five talents went and traded with them,
and made another five talents.

In like manner he also who got the two gained another two.

But he who received the one went away and dug in the earth,
and hid his lordís money.

Now after a long time the lord of those servants came,
and reconciled accounts with them.

He who received the five talents came and brought another five talents, saying,

'Lord, you delivered to me five talents.
Behold, I have gained another five talents besides them.'
His lord said to him,
'Well done, good and faithful servant.
You have been faithful over a few things, I will set you over many things.
Enter into the joy of your lord.'
He also who got the two talents came and said,
'Lord, you delivered to me two talents.
Behold, I have gained another two talents besides them.'
His lord said to him,
'Well done, good and faithful servant.
You have been faithful over a few things, I will set you over many things.
Enter into the joy of your lord.'
He also who had received the one talent came and said,
'Lord, I knew you that you are a hard man,
reaping where you did not sow, and gathering where you did not scatter.

I was afraid, and went away and hid your talent in the earth.
Behold, you have what is yours.'

But his lord answered him,
'You wicked and slothful servant.
You knew that I reap where I didnít sow, and gather where I didnít scatter.
You ought therefore to have deposited my money with the bankers,
and at my coming I should have received back my own with interest.

Take away therefore the talent from him, and give it to him who has the ten talents.

For to everyone who has will be given, and he will have abundance,
but from him who doesnít have, even that which he has will be taken away.

Throw out the unprofitable servant into the outer darkness,
where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.'"

Today's Bible   Jesus' parable -
  Sheep and Goats:

  treatment of Jews, friends, enemies
  Matthew 25:31-46 (16vs)

But when the Son of Man comes in his glory, and all the holy angels with him,
then he will sit on the throne of his glory.

Before him all the nations will be gathered,
and he will separate them one from another,
as a shepherd separates the sheep from the goats.

He will set the sheep on his right hand,
but the goats on the left.

Then the King will tell those on his right hand,

'Come, blessed of my Father,
inherit the Kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world;
for I was hungry, and you gave me food to eat.
I was thirsty, and you gave me drink.
I was a stranger, and you took me in.
I was naked, and you clothed me.
I was sick, and you visited me.
I was in prison, and you came to me.'
Then the righteous will answer him, saying,
'Lord, when did we see you hungry, and feed you;
or thirsty, and give you a drink?
When did we see you as a stranger, and take you in;
or naked, and clothe you?
When did we see you sick, or in prison, and come to you?'
The King will answer them,
'Most certainly I tell you,
inasmuch as you did it to one of the least of these my brothers,
you did it to me.'
Then he will say also to those on the left hand,
'Depart from me, you cursed, into the eternal fire
which is prepared for the devil and his angels;
for I was hungry, and you didnít give me food to eat;
I was thirsty, and you gave me no drink;
I was a stranger, and you didnít take me in;
naked, and you didnít clothe me;
sick, and in prison, and you didnít visit me.'
Then they will also answer, saying,
'Lord, when did we see you hungry, or thirsty, or a stranger,
or naked, or sick, or in prison, and didnít help you?'
Then he will answer them, saying,
'Most certainly I tell you,
inasmuch as you didnít do it to one of the least of these,
you didnít do it to me.'
These will go away into eternal punishment,
but the righteous into eternal life."


  Jewish leaders plotted against Jesus
  to unknowingly fulfill Psalm 41:5
  Passover 2 days away; Jewish leaders planned a "final Jesus solution":   Matthew 26:1-5 (5vs)

It happened, when Jesus had finished all these words,
that he said to his disciples,

"You know that after two days the Passover is coming,
and the Son of Man will be delivered up to be crucified."
Then the chief priests, the scribes, and the elders of the people were gathered together in the court of the high priest, who was called Caiaphas.

They took counsel together that they might take Jesus by deceit, and kill him. [Psa 41:5]

But they said,

"Not during the feast, lest a riot occur among the people."

  Passover 2 days away; Jewish leaders planned a "final Jesus solution":   Mark 14:1-2 (2vs)

It was now two days before the feast of the Passover and the unleavened bread,
and the chief priests and the scribes sought how they might seize him by deception,
and kill him. [Psa 41:5]
For they said,

"Not during the feast, because there might be a riot of the people."

  Passover 2 days away; Jewish leaders planned a "final Jesus solution":   Luke 22:1-2 (2vs)

Now the feast of unleavened bread, which is called the Passover, drew near.

The chief priests and the scribes sought how they might put him to death,
for they feared the people.

  A woman of Bethany anointed Jesus' head:
    Mary of Bethany had previously anointed Jesus' feet: 10-10 and 10-25:
  Mark 14:3-9 (7vs)

While he was at Bethany, in the house of Simon the leper, as he sat at the table, a woman came having an alabaster jar of ointment of pure nard ó very costly. She broke the jar, and poured it over his head.

14:4 But there were some who were indignant among themselves, saying, ďWhy has this ointment been wasted?

14:5 For this might have been sold for more than three hundred denarii, and given to the poor.Ē They grumbled against her.

14:6 But Jesus said, ďLeave her alone. Why do you trouble her? She has done a good work for me.

14:7 For you always have the poor with you, and whenever you want to, you can do them good; but you will not always have me.

14:8 She has done what she could. She has anointed my body beforehand for the burying.

14:9 Most certainly I tell you, wherever this Good News may be preached throughout the whole world, that which this woman has done will also be spoken of for a memorial of her.Ē

  A woman of Bethany anointed Jesus' head:
    Mary of Bethany had previously anointed Jesus' feet: 10-10 and 10-25:
  Matthew 26:6-13 (8vs)

Now when Jesus was in Bethany, in the house of Simon the leper, [Simon, a Pharisee]
a woman came to him having an alabaster jar of very expensive ointment,
and she poured it on his head as he sat at the table.

But when his disciples saw this, they were indignant, saying,

ďWhy this waste?
For this ointment might have been sold for much, and given to the poor.Ē
However, knowing this, Jesus said to them,
ďWhy do you trouble the woman? Because she has done a good work for me.
For you always have the poor with you; but you donít always have me.
For in pouring this ointment on my body, she did it to prepare me for burial.
Most certainly I tell you, wherever this Good News is preached in the whole world,
what this woman has done will also be spoken of as a memorial of her.Ē


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Map of Palestine Israel during Jesus' life


Local HISTORY charts: Roman Empire and the Messiah in Israel
DATE: ca 51 BC - Quirinius, became governor of Syria
DATE: 44 BC - Julius Caesar was murdered; last Caesar of the Roman Republic. Civil war followed.

Harmony reading: 1 (Sept 30)

DATE: ca 37 (or 40) BC - Herod the Great began his reign in Judea, killing off the Hasmonean Dynasty and the Maccabees of the Kingdom of Israel (ca 140-37 BC). Map of the Kingdom of Herod.
DATE: ca 30 BC - Cleopatra of Egypt died
DATE: ca 30-27 BC - Caesar Augustus began ruling as first Emperor of the Roman Empire

Harmony reading: 2 (Oct 1)

DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Caesar Augustus, emperor of the Roman Empire, ordered a census of the entire empire; Luke 2:1.
DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Quirinius, governor of Syria ordered a census in Judea (Luke 2:2)
DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Jesus was born in Bethlehem
DATE: ca   4 BC - in Judea Herod the Great died. He had rebuilt the 2nd Temple in Jerusalem, calling it Herod's Temple.
DATE: ca 4 BC - Herod "Archelaus" replaced his father Herod as king of Judea until banished in 6 AD. (See Iudaea Province). (Matt 2:13-23)
DATE: ca 4 BC - Herod Antipas replaced his father Herod as the tetrarch of Roman province of Galilee and Perea
DATE: ca 4 BC - Philip the Tetrarch replaced his father Herod as Tetrarch of Ituraea and Trachonitis 4 BC Ė 34 AD
DATE: ca 6 BC - Herod "Archelaus" was exiled to Gaul and Augustus made Samaria, Judea, and Idumea a Roman province Iudaea.
DATE: ca 6 AD - Annas High Priest officially from 6-15 AD, but who lived until assasinated in 66 AD
DATE: ca 14 AD - Caesar Augustus, emperor of the Roman Empire, died.

Harmony reading: 3 (Oct 2)

DATE: ca 14 AD - Tiberius Caesar, Emperor of the Roman Empire, began his reign
DATE: ca 18 AD - Caiaphas High Priest from 18-36 AD (John 18:13 - son-in-law of Annas)
DATE: ca 21 AD - Quirinius, governor of Syria died
DATE: ca 26 AD - Pontius Pilate became the fifth Prefect of the Roman province of Judaea
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - Tiberius Caesar, Emperor of the Roman Empire is mentioned in his 15th year (Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 29 AD - Lysanias, tetrarch of Abilene (Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - John the Baptist began his ministry (Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - Jesus began his ministry around the age of 30, soon after John

Harmony reading: later

DATE: ca 30 AD - around the age of 33, Jesus was crucified after being tried by Pontius Pilate and High Priest Annas
DATE: ca 34 AD - Philip the Tetrarch of Ituraea and Trachonitis died
DATE: ca 36 AD - Pontius Pilate was exiled to Gaul, perhaps by the cruel, insane Caligula who ruled Rome from 37Ė41 AD
DATE: ca 37 AD - Tiberius, Emperor of the Roman Empire, died; followed by Caligula (AD 37Ė41) who claimed divinity
DATE: ca 39 AD - Tetrarch Herod Antipas was exiled from Galilee and Perea by his nephew Agrippa I who took over Galilee and Perea

Next harmony chart

Persia and Judah - Persia (Persian Empire) aka Achaemenid Empire c 550-330 BC; with maps; included what had been Babylon, 539 BC

more before:
DATE: ca 430-420 BC - Some think late in the reign of Artaxerxes I Longimanus or early in the reign of Darius II (ca 423-404 BC), Malachi wrote warnings and promises from the LORD.

Persian Empire kings - links to Wikipedia for information on kings of the Persian Empire from 559-330 BC

Empires governing the Israel in the Middle East - from 746 BC to current; lists of empires

Assyria - Second Empire of ASSYRIA with maps; 746-609 BC

Babylonia - NEO BABYLONIAN Empire with maps; ca. 627-539 BC

Egypt & Judah - Egypt neighbored Israel to the southwest

Final prophets and kings of Judah

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