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October 31   - Day 304 - New Testament reading day 32 of 99
* Study Indexes on: Matthew, Mark, Luke, John
* Online Bible DICTIONARY - Gospel, Messiah, Parables
* Introduction to the books of Matthew, Mark, Luke, John
* BOOKS on Gospel, Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, Amazon.com
* Scriptural requirements of Messiah, MessiahRevealed.org
* MAPS * OUTLINE BIBLE * TIMELINES * Map of Galilee
Commentary:
Getting Ready to Meet the Messiah Mt 23:27-25:46

Local History: (The Roman Empire and Israel)

Scriptures: (98vs)
* Matthew 26:14-29 (16vs)   * Mark 14:10-25 (16vs)   * Luke 22:3-38 (36vs)   * John 13:1-30 (30vs)  

  Satan entered Judas Iscariot   Luke 22:3-6 (4vs)

Satan entered into Judas, who was surnamed Iscariot,
who was numbered with the twelve.
He went away, and talked with the chief priests and captains
about how he might deliver him to them.
They were glad, and agreed to give him money.
He consented, and sought an opportunity to deliver him to them
in the absence of the multitude.

  Judas Iscariot went to the chief priests:   Matthew 26:14-16 (3vs)

Then one of the twelve, who was called Judas Iscariot, went to the chief priests, and said,

"What are you willing to give me, that I should deliver him to you?"
They weighed out for him thirty pieces of silver. [Zechariah 11:12]

From that time he sought opportunity to betray him.

  Judas Iscariot went to the chief priests:   Mark 14:10-11 (2vs)

Judas Iscariot, who was one of the twelve,
went away to the chief priests, that he might deliver him to them.

They, when they heard it, were glad,
and promised to give him money.
He sought how he might conveniently deliver him.


  1st day of unleavened bread: disciples prepared the Passover meal
  The Passover meal prepared:   Luke 22:7-13 (7vs)

The day of unleavened bread came, on which the Passover must be sacrificed.

He sent Peter and John, saying,

"Go and prepare the Passover for us, that we may eat."
They said to him,
"Where do you want us to prepare?"
He said to them,
"Behold, when you have entered into the city, a man carrying a pitcher of water will meet you. Follow him into the house which he enters.

Tell the master of the house,

'The Teacher says to you,
"Where is the guest room, where I may eat the Passover with my disciples?"
He will show you a large, furnished upper room. Make preparations there. "
They went, found things as he had told them, and they prepared the Passover.

  The Passover meal prepared:   Matthew 26:17-19 (3vs)

Now on the first day of unleavened bread, the disciples came to Jesus, saying to him,

"Where do you want us to prepare for you to eat the Passover?"
He said,
"Go into the city to a certain person, and tell him,
'The Teacher says,
"My time is at hand.
I will keep the Passover at your house with my disciples."'"
The disciples did as Jesus commanded them, and they prepared the Passover.

  The Passover meal prepared:   Mark 14:12-16 (5vs)

On the first day of unleavened bread, when they sacrificed the Passover,
his disciples asked him,

"Where do you want us to go and make ready
that you may eat the Passover?"
He sent two of his disciples, and said to them,
"Go into the city, and there you will meet a man carrying a pitcher of water. Follow him,
and wherever he enters in, tell the master of the house,
'The Teacher says,
"Where is the guest room, where I may eat the Passover with my disciples?"'
He will himself show you a large upper room furnished and ready.
Make ready for us there."
His disciples went out, and came into the city, and found things as he had said to them,
and they prepared the Passover.


  1st day of unleavened bread: they ate the Passover meal
  While eating the Passover meal, they talked of betrayal:   Matthew 26:20-29 (10vs)

Now when evening had come, he was reclining at the table with the twelve disciples.

As they were eating, he said,

"Most certainly I tell you that one of you will betray me."
They were exceedingly sorrowful, and each began to ask him,
"It isnít me, is it, Lord?"
He answered,
"He who dipped his hand with me in the dish, the same will betray me.

The Son of Man goes, even as it is written of him,
but woe to that man through whom the Son of Man is betrayed!
It would be better for that man if he had not been born."

Judas, who betrayed him, answered,
"It isnít me, is it, Rabbi?"
He said to him,
"You said it."
As they were eating, Jesus took bread,
gave thanks for it, and broke it.
He gave to the disciples, and said,
"Take, eat; this is my body."
He took the cup, gave thanks, and gave to them, saying,
"All of you drink it,
for this is my blood of the new covenant,
which is poured out for many for the remission of sins.

But I tell you that I will not drink of this fruit of the vine from now on,
until that day when I drink it anew with you in my Fatherís Kingdom."

  While eating Passover meal, they talked of betrayal:   Mark 14:17-25 (9vs)

When it was evening he came with the twelve.
As they sat and were eating, Jesus said,

"Most certainly I tell you, one of you will betray me ó he who eats with me."
They began to be sorrowful, and to ask him one by one,
"Surely not I?"
And another said,
"Surely not I?"
He answered them,
"It is one of the twelve, he who dips with me in the dish.
For the Son of Man goes, even as it is written about him,
but woe to that man by whom the Son of Man is betrayed!
It would be better for that man if he had not been born."
As they were eating, Jesus took bread,
and when he had blessed, he broke it, and gave to them, and said,
"Take, eat. This is my body."
He took the cup, and when he had given thanks, he gave to them.
They all drank of it.
He said to them,
"This is my blood of the new covenant, which is poured out for many.

Most certainly I tell you, I will no more drink of the fruit of the vine,
until that day when I drink it anew in the Kingdom of God."


  1st day of unleavened bread: they ate the Passover meal continued
  While eating Passover meal, they talked of betrayal
    and the Lord's Supper:
(continued)
  Luke 22:14-23 (10vs)

When the hour had come, he sat down with the twelve apostles.
He said to them,

"I have earnestly desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer,
for I tell you, I will no longer by any means eat of it until it is fulfilled in the Kingdom of God."
He received a cup, and when he had given thanks, he said,
"Take this, and share it among yourselves,
for I tell you, I will not drink at all again from the fruit of the vine,
until the Kingdom of God comes."
He took bread, and when he had given thanks, he broke it, and gave to them, saying,
"This is my body which is given for you.
Do this in memory of me."
Likewise, he took the cup after supper, saying,
"This cup is the new covenant
in my blood, which is poured out for you.

But behold, the hand of him who betrays me is with me on the table.

The Son of Man indeed goes, as it has been determined,
but woe to that man through whom he is betrayed!"

They began to question among themselves, which of them it was who would do this thing.

  Passover meal conversation: status   Luke 22:24-30 (7vs)

There arose also a contention among them, which of them was considered to be greatest.

He said to them,

"The kings of the nations lord it over them,
and those who have authority over them are called 'benefactors.'

But not so with you. But one who is the greater among you,
let him become as the younger,
and one who is governing, as one who serves.

For who is greater, one who sits at the table, or one who serves?
Isnít it he who sits at the table?
But I am in the midst of you as one who serves.
But you are those who have continued with me in my trials.

I confer on you a kingdom, even as my Father conferred on me,
that you may eat and drink at my table in my Kingdom.

You will sit on thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel."


  Passover: Why did Jesus wash disciples' feet?
  As Lord and Teacher, Jesus washed His disciples' feet:   John 13:1-17 (17vs)

Now before the feast of the Passover, Jesus, knowing that his time had come
that he would depart from this world to the Father,
having loved his own who were in the world,
he loved them to the end.

During supper, the devil having already put into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simonís son, to betray him,
Jesus, knowing that the Father had given all things into his hands,
and that he came forth from God, and was going to God,
arose from supper, and laid aside his outer garments.

He took a towel, and wrapped a towel around his waist.
Then he poured water into the basin, and began to wash the disciplesí feet,
and to wipe them with the towel that was wrapped around him.

Then he came to Simon Peter. He said to him,

"Lord, do you wash my feet?"
Jesus answered him,
"You donít know what I am doing now, but you will understand later."
Peter said to him,
"You will never wash my feet!"
Jesus answered him,
"If I donít wash you, you have no part with me."
Simon Peter said to him,
"Lord, not my feet only, but also my hands and my head!"
Jesus said to him,
"Someone who has bathed only needs to have his feet washed, but is completely clean. You are clean, but not all of you."
For he knew him who would betray him, therefore he said,
"You are not all clean."
So when he had washed their feet, put his outer garment back on, and sat down again, he said to them,
"Do you know what I have done to you?

You call me, ĎTeacherí and ĎLord.í You say so correctly, for so I am.

If I then, the Lord and the Teacher, have washed your feet,
you also ought to wash one anotherís feet.

For I have given you an example,
that you also should do as I have done to you.

Most certainly I tell you, a servant is not greater than his lord,
neither one who is sent greater than he who sent him.

If you know these things, blessed are you if you do them."

  Passover meal conversation - denial, money, and swords:   Luke 22:31-38 (8vs)

The Lord said,

"Simon, Simon, behold, Satan asked to have you,
that he might sift you as wheat,
but I prayed for you,
that your faith wouldnít fail.
You, when once you have turned again, establish your brothers."
He said to him,
"Lord, I am ready to go with you both to prison and to death!"
He said,
"I tell you, Peter, the rooster will by no means crow today
until you deny that you know me three times."
He said to them,
"When I sent you out without purse, and wallet, and shoes,
did you lack anything?"
They said,
"Nothing."
Then he said to them,
"But now, whoever has a purse, let him take it, and likewise a wallet.
Whoever has none, let him sell his cloak, and buy a sword.

For I tell you that this which is written must still be fulfilled in me:

'He was counted with transgressors.' [Isaiah 53:12]
For that which concerns me has an end."
They said,
"Lord, behold, here are two swords."
He said to them,
"That is enough. "


  Betrayal by a friend (Ps 41:9) promise fulfilled:
  Jesus spoke to Judas about his betrayal plan:   John 13:18-30 (13vs)

"I donít speak concerning all of you. I know whom I have chosen. But that the Scripture may be fulfilled,
'He who eats bread with me has lifted up his heel against me.' [Psalm 41:9]
From now on, I tell you before it happens, that when it happens, you may believe that I am he.

Most certainly I tell you, he who receives whomever I send, receives me;
and he who receives me, receives him who sent me."

When Jesus had said this, he was troubled in spirit, and testified,
"Most certainly I tell you that one of you will betray me."

The disciples looked at one another, perplexed about whom he spoke.
One of his disciples, whom Jesus loved, was at the table, leaning against Jesusí breast.

Simon Peter therefore beckoned to him, and said to him,

"Tell us who it is of whom he speaks."
He, leaning back, as he was, on Jesusí breast, asked him,
"Lord, who is it?"
Jesus therefore answered,
"It is he to whom I will give this piece of bread when I have dipped it."
So when he had dipped the piece of bread, he gave it to Judas, the son of Simon Iscariot.

After the piece of bread, then Satan entered into him.

Then Jesus said to him,

"What you do, do quickly."
Now no man at the table knew why he said this to him.
For some thought, because Judas had the money box, that Jesus said to him,
"Buy what things we need for the feast,"
or that he should give something to the poor.

Therefore, having received that morsel, he went out immediately.
It was night.


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Map of Palestine Israel during Jesus' life


Local HISTORY charts: Roman Empire and the Messiah in Israel
DATE: ca 51 BC - Quirinius, became governor of Syria
DATE: 44 BC - Julius Caesar was murdered; last Caesar of the Roman Republic. Civil war followed.

Harmony reading: 1 (Sept 30)

DATE: ca 37 (or 40) BC - Herod the Great began his reign in Judea, killing off the Hasmonean Dynasty and the Maccabees of the Kingdom of Israel (ca 140-37 BC). Map of the Kingdom of Herod.
DATE: ca 30 BC - Cleopatra of Egypt died
DATE: ca 30-27 BC - Caesar Augustus began ruling as first Emperor of the Roman Empire

Harmony reading: 2 (Oct 1)

DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Caesar Augustus, emperor of the Roman Empire, ordered a census of the entire empire; Luke 2:1.
DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Quirinius, governor of Syria ordered a census in Judea (Luke 2:2)
DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Jesus was born in Bethlehem
DATE: ca   4 BC - in Judea Herod the Great died. He had rebuilt the 2nd Temple in Jerusalem, calling it Herod's Temple.
DATE: ca 4 BC - Herod "Archelaus" replaced his father Herod as king of Judea until banished in 6 AD. (See Iudaea Province). (Matt 2:13-23)
DATE: ca 4 BC - Herod Antipas replaced his father Herod as the tetrarch of Roman province of Galilee and Perea
DATE: ca 4 BC - Philip the Tetrarch replaced his father Herod as Tetrarch of Ituraea and Trachonitis 4 BC Ė 34 AD
DATE: ca 6 BC - Herod "Archelaus" was exiled to Gaul and Augustus made Samaria, Judea, and Idumea a Roman province Iudaea.
DATE: ca 6 AD - Annas High Priest officially from 6-15 AD, but who lived until assasinated in 66 AD
DATE: ca 14 AD - Caesar Augustus, emperor of the Roman Empire, died.

Harmony reading: 3 (Oct 2)

DATE: ca 14 AD - Tiberius Caesar, Emperor of the Roman Empire, began his reign
DATE: ca 18 AD - Caiaphas High Priest from 18-36 AD (John 18:13 - son-in-law of Annas)
DATE: ca 21 AD - Quirinius, governor of Syria died
DATE: ca 26 AD - Pontius Pilate became the fifth Prefect of the Roman province of Judaea
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - Tiberius Caesar, Emperor of the Roman Empire is mentioned in his 15th year (Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 29 AD - Lysanias, tetrarch of Abilene (Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - John the Baptist began his ministry (Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - Jesus began his ministry around the age of 30, soon after John

Harmony reading: later (Oct ?)

DATE: ca ? AD - around the age of 33, Jesus was crucified after being tried by Pontius Pilate and High Priest Annas
DATE: ca 34 AD - Philip the Tetrarch of Ituraea and Trachonitis died
DATE: ca 36 AD - Pontius Pilate was exiled to Gaul, perhaps by the cruel and insane Caligula who ruled Rome from 37Ė41 AD
DATE: ca 37 AD - Tiberius, Emperor of the Roman Empire, died and was followed by Caligula (AD 37Ė41) who claimed divinity
DATE: ca 39 AD - Tetrarch Herod Antipas was exiled from Galilee and Perea by his nephew Agrippa I who took over Galilee and Perea

Next harmony chart

Persia and Judah - Persia (Persian Empire) aka Achaemenid Empire c 550-330 BC; with maps; included what had been Babylon, 539 BC

more before:
DATE: ca 430-420 BC - Some think late in the reign of Artaxerxes I Longimanus or early in the reign of Darius II (ca 423-404 BC), Malachi wrote warnings and promises from the LORD.

Persian Empire kings - links to Wikipedia for information on kings of the Persian Empire from 559-330 BC

Empires governing the Israel in the Middle East - from 746 BC to current; lists of empires

Assyria - Second Empire of ASSYRIA with maps; 746-609 BC

Babylonia - NEO BABYLONIAN Empire with maps; ca. 627-539 BC

Egypt & Judah - Egypt neighbored Israel to the southwest

Final prophets and kings of Judah

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