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November 1   - Day 305 - New Testament reading day 33 of 99
* Study Indexes: Matthew, Mark, Luke, John
* Introduction to the books of Matthew, Mark, Luke, John
* BOOKS on Gospel, Matthew, Mark, Luke, John,
* On-line BIBLE DICTIONARY - Gospel | Messiah | Passover
* Scriptural requirements of Messiah,
Taking His Word For It Jo 14:22-17:26

Local History: (The Roman Empire and Israel)

Scriptures: (95vs)
* John 13:31-38 (8vs)   14:1-31 (31vs)   15:1-27 (27vs)   16:5-33 (29vs)  

  Some final information foreseen to encourage:
  Where is Jesus going, why, and what way will He go?   John 13:31-38 (8vs)

When he [Judas Iscariot] had gone out, Jesus said,

"Now the Son of Man has been glorified, and God has been glorified in him.

If God has been glorified in him, God will also glorify him in himself,
and he will glorify him immediately.

Little children, I will be with you a little while longer.

You will seek me, and as I said to the Jews,

'Where I am going, you can’t come,'
so now I tell you.

A new commandment I give to you, that you love one another,
just like I have loved you; that you also love one another.
By this everyone will know that you are my disciples,
if you have love for one another."

Simon Peter said to him,
"Lord, where are you going?"
Jesus answered,
"Where I am going, you can’t follow now,
but you will follow afterwards."
Peter said to him,
"Lord, why can’t I follow you now?
I will lay down my life for you."
Jesus answered him,
"Will you lay down your life for me?
Most certainly I tell you, the rooster won’t crow until you have denied me three times."

  Be encouraged, believers:   John 14:1-12 (12vs)

"Don’t let your heart be troubled. Believe in God. Believe also in me.

In my Father’s house are many homes. If it weren’t so, I would have told you.
I am going to prepare a place for you.

If I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again, and will receive you to myself;
that where I am, you may be there also.

Where I go, you know, and you know the way."

Thomas said to him,

"Lord, we don’t know where you are going. How can we know the way?"
Jesus said to him,
“I am the way, [Isaiah 35:8]
the truth, and the life.
No one comes to the Father, except through me.

If you had known me, you would have known my Father also.
From now on, you know him, and have seen him.”

Philip said to him,
“Lord, show us the Father, and that will be enough for us.”
Jesus said to him,
“Have I been with you such a long time, and do you not know me, Philip?
He who has seen me has seen the Father. How do you say,
‘Show us the Father?’
Don’t you believe that I am in the Father, and the Father in me?
The words that I tell you, I speak not from myself;
but the Father who lives in me does his works.

Believe me that I am in the Father, and the Father in me;
or else believe me for the very works’ sake.

Most certainly I tell you, he who believes in me,
the works that I do, he will do also;
and he will do greater works than these,
because I am going to my Father."

  Ask the Father:   John 14:13-15 (3vs)

"Whatever you will ask in my name, that will I do,
that the Father may be glorified in the Son.

If you will ask anything in my name, I will do it.

If you love me, keep my commandments."

  Receive another Counselor, the Spirit of truth:   John 14:16-31 (16vs)

"I will pray to the Father,
and he will give you another Counselor, that he may be with you forever, —
the Spirit of truth, whom the world can’t receive;
for it doesn’t see him, neither knows him.
You know him, for he lives with you, and will be in you.

I will not leave you orphans.
I will come to you.

Yet a little while, and the world will see me no more;
but you will see me.
Because I live, you will live also.

In that day you will know that I am in my Father,
and you in me, and I in you.

One who has my commandments, and keeps them,
that person is one who loves me.
One who loves me will be loved by my Father,
and I will love him, and will reveal myself to him."

Judas (not Iscariot) said to him,

"Lord, what has happened
that you are about to reveal yourself to us, and not to the world?"
Jesus answered him,
"If a man loves me, he will keep my word.
My Father will love him, and we will come to him,
and make our home with him.

He who doesn’t love me doesn’t keep my words.

The word which you hear isn’t mine,
but the Father’s who sent me.

I have said these things to you, while still living with you.

But the Counselor, the Holy Spirit,
whom the Father will send in my name,
he will teach you all things,
and will remind you of all that I said to you.

Peace I leave with you.
My peace I give to you;
not as the world gives, give I to you.
Don’t let your heart be troubled, neither let it be fearful.

You heard how I told you,

'I go away, and I come to you.'
If you loved me, you would have rejoiced, because I said
'I am going to my Father;'
for the Father is greater than I.

Now I have told you before it happens so that,
when it happens, you may believe.

I will no more speak much with you,
for the prince of the world comes, and he has nothing in me.

But that the world may know that I love the Father,
and as the Father commanded me, even so I do.

Arise, let us go from here."

  More final information taught before the Lord prayed for all of us:
  Pruned vine: Our union together as one, in Messiah:   John 15:1-17 (17vs)
"I am the true vine, and my Father is the farmer.
Every branch in me that doesn’t bear fruit, he takes away.
Every branch that bears fruit, he prunes, that it may bear more fruit.

You are already pruned clean because of the word which I have spoken to you.
Remain in me, and I in you.
As the branch can’t bear fruit by itself, unless it remains in the vine,
so neither can you, unless you remain in me.

I am the vine. You are the branches.
He who remains in me, and I in him, the same bears much fruit,
for apart from me you can do nothing.
If a man doesn’t remain in me,
he is thrown out as a branch, and is withered;
and they gather them, throw them into the fire, and they are burned.

If you remain in me, and my words remain in you,
you will ask whatever you desire, and it will be done for you.

"In this is my Father glorified, that you bear much fruit;
and so you will be my disciples.

Even as the Father has loved me, I also have loved you.
Remain in my love.
If you keep my commandments, you will remain in my love;
even as I have kept my Father’s commandments, and remain in his love.

I have spoken these things to you, that my joy may remain in you,
and that your joy may be made full.

"This is my commandment, that you love one another, even as I have loved you.
Greater love has no one than this, that someone lay down his life for his friends.
You are my friends, if you do whatever I command you.

No longer do I call you servants,
for the servant doesn’t know what his lord does.
But I have called you friends, for everything that I heard from my Father,
I have made known to you.

You didn’t choose me, but I chose you, and appointed you,
that you should go and bear fruit,
and that your fruit should remain;
that whatever you will ask of the Father in my name, he may give it to you.

"I command these things to you, that you may love one another.

  The world hates you and Jesus:   John 15:18-25 (8vs)
If the world hates you, you know that it has hated me before it hated you.
If you were of the world, the world would love its own.
But because you are not of the world,
since I chose you out of the world,
therefore the world hates you.

Remember the word that I said to you:

‘A servant is not greater than his lord.’ [John 13:16]
If they persecuted me, they will also persecute you.
If they kept my word, they will keep yours also.

But all these things will they do to you for my name’s sake,
because they don’t know him who sent me.

If I had not come and spoken to them, they would not have had sin;
but now they have no excuse for their sin.

He who hates me, hates my Father also.

If I hadn’t done among them the works which no one else did,
they wouldn’t have had sin.
But now have they seen
and also hated both me and my Father.

15:25 But this happened so that the word may be fulfilled which was written in their law,

‘They hated me without a cause.’ [Psa 35:19, Psa 69:4]
  Who will testify about Jesus?   John 15:26-27 (2vs)
"When the Counselor has come, whom I will send to you from the Father,
the Spirit of truth, who proceeds from the Father, he will testify about me.

You will also testify, because you have been with me from the beginning."

  What are the benefits of Jesus' leaving?   John 16:5-22 (18vs)

But now I am going to him who sent me, and none of you asks me,
‘Where are you going?’
But because I have told you these things, sorrow has filled your heart.

Nevertheless I tell you the truth:
It is to your advantage that I go away,
for if I don’t go away, the Counselor won’t come to you.
But if I go, I will send him to you.

When he has come, he will convict the world about sin, about righteousness, and about judgment;

* about sin, because they don’t believe in me;
* about righteousness, because I am going to my Father, and you won’t see me any more;
* about judgment, because the prince of this world has been judged.
“I have yet many things to tell you, but you can’t bear them now.

However when he, the Spirit of truth, has come,

* he will guide you into all truth, for
* he will not speak from himself; but whatever he hears, he will speak.
* He will declare to you things that are coming.
* He will glorify me, for
* he will take from what is mine, and will declare it to you.
All things whatever the Father has are mine;
therefore I said that he takes of mine, and will declare it to you.

A little while, and you will not see me. Again a little while, and you will see me.”

Some of his disciples therefore said to one another,
“What is this that he says to us,
‘A little while, and you won’t see me,
and again a little while, and you will see me;’
‘Because I go to the Father?’”
They said therefore,
“What is this that he says,
‘A little while?’
We don’t know what he is saying.”
Therefore Jesus perceived that they wanted to ask him, and he said to them,
“Do you inquire among yourselves concerning this, that I said,
‘A little while, and you won’t see me,
and again a little while, and you will see me?’
Most certainly I tell you, that you will weep and lament,
but the world will rejoice.
You will be sorrowful, but your sorrow will be turned into joy.

A woman, when she gives birth, has sorrow, because her time has come.
But when she has delivered the child,
she doesn’t remember the anguish any more,
for the joy that a human being is born into the world.

Therefore you now have sorrow,
but I will see you again, and your heart will rejoice, [Lk 24:32,41,52]
and no one will take your joy away from you.

  Pray to the Father in Jesus' name, believers:   John 16:23-33 (11vs)
“In that day you will ask me no questions.
Most certainly I tell you, whatever you may ask of the Father in my name,
he will give it to you.

Until now, you have asked nothing in my name.
Ask, and you will receive, that your joy may be made full.

I have spoken these things to you in figures of speech.
But the time is coming when I will no more speak to you in figures of speech,
but will tell you plainly about the Father.

In that day you will ask in my name;
and I don’t say to you, that I will pray to the Father for you,
for the Father himself loves you, because you have loved me,
and have believed that I came forth from God.

I came out from the Father, and have come into the world.
Again, I leave the world, and go to the Father.”

His disciples said to him,
“Behold, now you speak plainly, and speak no figures of speech.

Now we know that you know all things, and don’t need for anyone to question you.
By this we believe that you came forth from God.”

Jesus answered them,
“Do you now believe?
Behold, the time is coming, yes, and has now come,
that you will be scattered, everyone to his own place,
and you will leave me alone.
Yet I am not alone, because the Father is with me.

I have told you these things, that in me you may have peace.
In the world you have oppression; but cheer up!
I have overcome the world.”

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Map of Palestine Israel during Jesus' life

Local HISTORY charts: Roman Empire and the Messiah in Israel
DATE: ca 51 BC - Quirinius, became governor of Syria
DATE: 44 BC - Julius Caesar was murdered; last Caesar of the Roman Republic. Civil war followed.

Harmony reading: 1 (Sept 30)

DATE: ca 37 (or 40) BC - Herod the Great began his reign in Judea, killing off the Hasmonean Dynasty and the Maccabees of the Kingdom of Israel (ca 140-37 BC). Map of the Kingdom of Herod.
DATE: ca 30 BC - Cleopatra of Egypt died
DATE: ca 30-27 BC - Caesar Augustus began ruling as first Emperor of the Roman Empire

Harmony reading: 2 (Oct 1)

DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Caesar Augustus, emperor of the Roman Empire, ordered a census of the entire empire; Luke 2:1.
DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Quirinius, governor of Syria ordered a census in Judea (Luke 2:2)
DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Jesus was born in Bethlehem
DATE: ca   4 BC - in Judea Herod the Great died. He had rebuilt the 2nd Temple in Jerusalem, calling it Herod's Temple.
DATE: ca 4 BC - Herod "Archelaus" replaced his father Herod as king of Judea until banished in 6 AD. (See Iudaea Province). (Matt 2:13-23)
DATE: ca 4 BC - Herod Antipas replaced his father Herod as the tetrarch of Roman province of Galilee and Perea
DATE: ca 4 BC - Philip the Tetrarch replaced his father Herod as Tetrarch of Ituraea and Trachonitis 4 BC – 34 AD
DATE: ca 6 BC - Herod "Archelaus" was exiled to Gaul and Augustus made Samaria, Judea, and Idumea a Roman province Iudaea.
DATE: ca 6 AD - Annas High Priest officially from 6-15 AD, but who lived until assasinated in 66 AD
DATE: ca 14 AD - Caesar Augustus, emperor of the Roman Empire, died.

Harmony reading: 3 (Oct 2)

DATE: ca 14 AD - Tiberius Caesar, Emperor of the Roman Empire, began his reign
DATE: ca 18 AD - Caiaphas High Priest from 18-36 AD (John 18:13 - son-in-law of Annas)
DATE: ca 21 AD - Quirinius, governor of Syria died
DATE: ca 26 AD - Pontius Pilate became the fifth Prefect of the Roman province of Judaea
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - Tiberius Caesar, Emperor of the Roman Empire is mentioned in his 15th year (Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 29 AD - Lysanias, tetrarch of Abilene (Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - John the Baptist began his ministry (Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - Jesus began his ministry around the age of 30, soon after John

Harmony reading: later (Oct ?)

DATE: ca ? AD - around the age of 33, Jesus was crucified after being tried by Pontius Pilate and High Priest Annas
DATE: ca 34 AD - Philip the Tetrarch of Ituraea and Trachonitis died
DATE: ca 36 AD - Pontius Pilate was exiled to Gaul, perhaps by the cruel and insane Caligula who ruled Rome from 37–41 AD
DATE: ca 37 AD - Tiberius, Emperor of the Roman Empire, died and was followed by Caligula (AD 37–41) who claimed divinity
DATE: ca 39 AD - Tetrarch Herod Antipas was exiled from Galilee and Perea by his nephew Agrippa I who took over Galilee and Perea

Next harmony chart

Persia and Judah - Persia (Persian Empire) aka Achaemenid Empire c 550-330 BC; with maps; included what had been Babylon, 539 BC

more before:
DATE: ca 430-420 BC - Some think late in the reign of Artaxerxes I Longimanus or early in the reign of Darius II (ca 423-404 BC), Malachi wrote warnings and promises from the LORD.

Persian Empire kings - links to Wikipedia for information on kings of the Persian Empire from 559-330 BC

Empires governing the Israel in the Middle East - from 746 BC to current; lists of empires

Assyria - Second Empire of ASSYRIA with maps; 746-609 BC

Babylonia - NEO BABYLONIAN Empire with maps; ca. 627-539 BC

Egypt & Judah - Egypt neighbored Israel to the southwest

Final prophets and kings of Judah

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