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November 2   - Day 306 - New Testament reading day 34 of 99
* Study Indexes: Matthew, Mark, Luke, John
* Introduction to the books of Matthew, Mark, Luke, John
* BOOKS on Gospel, Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, Amazon.com
* On-line BIBLE DICTIONARY - Glorify | Messiah | Prayer |
* Scriptural requirements of Messiah, MessiahRevealed.org
* MAPS * OUTLINE BIBLE * TIMELINES * Map of Galilee
Commentary:
Signs of Jesus' Impending Death Mt 26:1-27:26

Local History: (The Roman Empire and Israel)

Scriptures: (103vs)
* Matthew 26:30-55 (26vs)   * Mark 14:26-50 (25vs)   * Luke 22:39-53 (15vs)   * John 17:1-26 (26vs),   18:1-11 (11vs)  

  The Lord prayed plainly:   John 17:1-26 (26vs)

Jesus said these things, and lifting up his eyes to heaven, he said,

Father, the time has come.
Glorify your Son, that your Son may also glorify you;
even as you gave him authority over all flesh,
he will give eternal life to all whom you have given him.

This is eternal life, that they should know you,
the only true God, and him whom you sent, Jesus Christ.

I glorified you on the earth.
I have accomplished the work which you have given me to do.

Now, Father, glorify me with your own self
with the glory which I had with you before the world existed.

I revealed your name to the people whom you have given me out of the world.
They were yours, and you have given them to me.
They have kept your word.

Now they have known that all things whatever you have given me are from you,
for the words which you have given me I have given to them,
and they received them,
and knew for sure that I came forth from you,
and they have believed that you sent me.

I pray for them.
I don’t pray for the world,
but for those whom you have given me, for they are yours.

All things that are mine are yours, and yours are mine, and I am glorified in them.

I am no more in the world, but these are in the world, and I am coming to you.
Holy Father, keep them through your name which you have given me,
that they may be one, even as we are.

While I was with them in the world, I kept them in your name.
Those whom you have given me I have kept.
None of them is lost, except the son of destruction,
that the Scripture might be fulfilled.

But now I come to you, and I say these things in the world,
that they may have my joy made full in themselves.

I have given them your word.
The world hated them, because they are not of the world, even as I am not of the world.

I pray not that you would take them from the world,
but that you would keep them from the evil one.

They are not of the world even as I am not of the world.

Sanctify them in your truth.
Your word is truth. [Psa 119:142]

As you sent me into the world, even so I have sent them into the world.

For their sakes I sanctify myself,
that they themselves also may be sanctified in truth.

Not for these only do I pray,
but for those also who believe in me through their word,
that they may all be one;
even as you, Father, are in me, and I in you,
that they also may be one in us;
that the world may believe that you sent me.

The glory which you have given me, I have given to them;
that they may be one, even as we are one;

I in them, and you in me, that they may be perfected into one;
that the world may know that you sent me, and loved them,
even as you loved me.

Father, I desire that they also whom you have given me be with me where I am,
that they may see my glory, which you have given me,
for you loved me before the foundation of the world.

Righteous Father, the world hasn’t known you, but I knew you;
and these knew that you sent me.

I made known to them your name, and will make it known;
that the love with which you loved me may be in them, and I in them.”

  To the Mount of Olives - all will stumble:   Matthew 26:30-35 (6vs)

When they had sung a hymn, they went out to the Mount of Olives.

Then Jesus said to them,

"All of you will be made to stumble because of me tonight, for it is written,
'I will strike the shepherd, and the sheep of the flock will be scattered..' [Zechariah 13:7]
But after I am raised up, I will go before you into Galilee."
But Peter answered him,
"Even if all will be made to stumble because of you, I will never be made to stumble."
Jesus said to him,
"Most certainly I tell you that tonight, before the rooster crows, you will deny me three times."
Peter said to him,
"Even if I must die with you, I will not deny you."
All of the disciples also said likewise.

  To the Mount of Olives - all will stumble:   Mark 14:26-31 (6vs)

When they had sung a hymn, they went out to the Mount of Olives.

Jesus said to them,

"All of you will be made to stumble because of me tonight, for it is written,
'I will strike the shepherd, and the sheep will be scattered.' * Zechariah 13:7
However, after I am raised up,
I will go before you into Galilee."
But Peter said to him,
"Although all will be offended, yet I will not."
Jesus said to him,
"Most certainly I tell you, that you today, even this night, before the rooster crows twice, you will deny me three times."
But he spoke all the more,
"If I must die with you, I will not deny you."
They all said the same thing.

  To the Mount of Olives - all will stumble:   Luke 22:39 (1vs)

He came out, and went, as his custom was, to the Mount of Olives.
His disciples also followed him.


  Last night prayers of Jesus on the Mount of Olives, at Gethsemane:
  Jesus prayed at Gethsemane:   Matthew 26:36-46 (11vs)

Then Jesus came with them to a place called Gethsemane, and said to his disciples,

"Sit here, while I go there and pray."
He took with him Peter and the two sons of Zebedee,
and began to be sorrowful and severely troubled.

Then he said to them,

"My soul is exceedingly sorrowful, even to death.
Stay here, and watch with me."
He went forward a little, fell on his face, and prayed, saying,
"My Father, if it is possible,
let this cup pass away from me;
nevertheless, not what I desire, but what you desire."
He came to the disciples, and found them sleeping, and said to Peter,
"What, couldn’t you watch with me for one hour? Watch and pray, that you don’t enter into temptation.
The spirit indeed is willing, but the flesh is weak."
Again, a second time he went away, and prayed, saying,
"My Father, if this cup can’t pass away from me unless I drink it,
your desire be done."
He came again and found them sleeping, for their eyes were heavy.

He left them again, went away, and prayed a third time,
saying the same words.

Then he came to his disciples, and said to them,

"Sleep on now, and take your rest.
Behold, the hour is at hand,
and the Son of Man is betrayed into the hands of sinners.

Arise, let’s be going. Behold, he who betrays me is at hand."

  Jesus prayed:   Mark 14:32-42 (11vs)

They came to a place which was named Gethsemane.
He said to his disciples,

“Sit here, while I pray.”
He took with him Peter, James, and John, and began to be greatly troubled and distressed.

He said to them,

“My soul is exceedingly sorrowful, even to death. Stay here, and watch.”
He went forward a little, and fell on the ground, and prayed that, if it were possible, the hour might pass away from him.

He said,

“Abba, Father, all things are possible to you.
Please remove this cup from me.
However, not what I desire, but what you desire.”
He came and found them sleeping, and said to Peter,
“Simon, are you sleeping? Couldn’t you watch one hour?
Watch and pray, that you may not enter into temptation.
The spirit indeed is willing, but the flesh is weak.”
Again he went away, and prayed, saying the same words.

Again he returned, and found them sleeping, for their eyes were very heavy, and they didn’t know what to answer him.

He came the third time, and said to them,

“Sleep on now, and take your rest.
It is enough. The hour has come.
Behold, the Son of Man is betrayed into the hands of sinners.
Arise, let us be going. Behold, he who betrays me is at hand.”

  Jesus prayed:   Luke 22:40-46 (7vs)

When he was at the place, he said to them,

“Pray that you don’t enter into temptation.”

He was withdrawn from them about a stone’s throw, and he knelt down and prayed,
saying,

“Father, if you are willing, remove this cup from me.
Nevertheless, not my will, but yours, be done.”

An angel from heaven appeared to him, strengthening him.

Being in agony he prayed more earnestly.
His sweat became like great drops of blood falling down on the ground.

When he rose up from his prayer, he came to the disciples,
and found them sleeping because of grief,
and said to them,

“Why do you sleep? Rise and pray that you may not enter into temptation.”
  Jesus prayed:   John 18:1 (1vs)

When Jesus had spoken these words, he went out with his disciples
over the brook Kidron, where there was a garden,
into which he and his disciples entered.


  Jesus was betrayed and arrested:
  Jesus betrayed, arrested:   Matthew 26:47-55 (9vs)

While he was still speaking, behold, Judas, one of the twelve, came,
and with him a great multitude with swords and clubs,
from the chief priest and elders of the people.

Now he who betrayed him gave them a sign, saying,

“Whoever I kiss, he is the one. Seize him.”
Immediately he came to Jesus, and said,
“Hail, Rabbi!”
and kissed him.
Jesus said to him,
“Friend, why are you here?”
Then they came and laid hands on Jesus, and took him.

Behold, one of those who were with Jesus stretched out his hand, and drew his sword,
and struck the servant of the high priest, and struck off his ear.

Then Jesus said to him,

“Put your sword back into its place,
for all those who take the sword will die by the sword.
Or do you think that I couldn’t ask my Father,
and he would even now send me more than twelve legions of angels?
How then would the Scriptures be fulfilled that it must be so?”
In that hour Jesus said to the multitudes,
“Have you come out as against a robber with swords and clubs to seize me?
I sat daily in the temple teaching, and you didn’t arrest me.

  Jesus betrayed, arrested:   Mark 14:43-50 (8vs)

Immediately, while he was still speaking, Judas, one of the twelve, came —
and with him a multitude with swords and clubs,
from the chief priests, the scribes, and the elders.

Now he who betrayed him had given them a sign, saying,

“Whoever I will kiss, that is he. Seize him, and lead him away safely.”

When he had come, immediately he came to him, and said,

“Rabbi! Rabbi!”
and kissed him.

They laid their hands on him, and seized him.
But a certain one of those who stood by drew his sword,
and struck the servant of the high priest, and cut off his ear.

Jesus answered them,

“Have you come out, as against a robber,
with swords and clubs to seize me?
I was daily with you in the temple teaching, and you didn’t arrest me.
But this is so that the Scriptures might be fulfilled.”
They all left him, and fled.

  Jesus betrayed, arrested:   Luke 22:47-53 (7vs)

While he was still speaking, behold, a multitude,
and he who was called Judas, one of the twelve, was leading them.
He came near to Jesus to kiss him.

But Jesus said to him,

"Judas, do you betray the Son of Man with a kiss?"
When those who were around him saw what was about to happen,
they said to him,
"Lord, shall we strike with the sword?"
A certain one of them struck the servant of the high priest,
and cut off his right ear.

But Jesus answered,

"Let me at least do this"
— and he touched his ear, and healed him.

Jesus said to the chief priests, captains of the temple, and elders, who had come against him,

"Have you come out as against a robber, with swords and clubs?

When I was with you in the temple daily,
you didn’t stretch out your hands against me.

But this is your hour, and the power of darkness."

  Jesus betrayed, arrested:   John 18:2-11 (10vs)

Now Judas, who betrayed him, also knew the place, for Jesus often met there with his disciples.

Judas then, having taken a detachment of soldiers and officers
from the chief priests and the Pharisees,
came there with lanterns, torches, and weapons.

Jesus therefore, knowing all the things that were happening to him, went forth, and said to them,

"Who are you looking for?"
They answered him,
"Jesus of Nazareth."
Jesus said to them,
"I am he."
Judas also, who betrayed him, was standing with them.

When therefore he said to them,

"I am he,"
they went backward, and fell to the ground.

Again therefore he asked them,

"Who are you looking for?"
They said,
"Jesus of Nazareth."
Jesus answered,
"I told you that I am he.
If therefore you seek me, let these go their way,"
that the word might be fulfilled which he spoke,
"Of those whom you have given me, I have lost none." *
Simon Peter therefore, having a sword, drew it,
and struck the high priest’s servant, and cut off his right ear.
The servant’s name was Malchus.

Jesus therefore said to Peter,

"Put the sword into its sheath.
The cup which the Father has given me, shall I not surely drink it?"


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Map of Palestine Israel during Jesus' life


Local HISTORY charts: Roman Empire and the Messiah in Israel
DATE: ca 51 BC - Quirinius, became governor of Syria
DATE: 44 BC - Julius Caesar was murdered; last Caesar of the Roman Republic. Civil war followed.

Harmony reading: 1 (Sept 30)

DATE: ca 37 (or 40) BC - Herod the Great began his reign in Judea, killing off the Hasmonean Dynasty and the Maccabees of the Kingdom of Israel (ca 140-37 BC). Map of the Kingdom of Herod.
DATE: ca 30 BC - Cleopatra of Egypt died
DATE: ca 30-27 BC - Caesar Augustus began ruling as first Emperor of the Roman Empire

Harmony reading: 2 (Oct 1)

DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Caesar Augustus, emperor of the Roman Empire, ordered a census of the entire empire; Luke 2:1.
DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Quirinius, governor of Syria ordered a census in Judea (Luke 2:2)
DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Jesus was born in Bethlehem
DATE: ca   4 BC - in Judea Herod the Great died. He had rebuilt the 2nd Temple in Jerusalem, calling it Herod's Temple.
DATE: ca 4 BC - Herod "Archelaus" replaced his father Herod as king of Judea until banished in 6 AD. (See Iudaea Province). (Matt 2:13-23)
DATE: ca 4 BC - Herod Antipas replaced his father Herod as the tetrarch of Roman province of Galilee and Perea
DATE: ca 4 BC - Philip the Tetrarch replaced his father Herod as Tetrarch of Ituraea and Trachonitis 4 BC – 34 AD
DATE: ca 6 BC - Herod "Archelaus" was exiled to Gaul and Augustus made Samaria, Judea, and Idumea a Roman province Iudaea.
DATE: ca 6 AD - Annas High Priest officially from 6-15 AD, but who lived until assasinated in 66 AD
DATE: ca 14 AD - Caesar Augustus, emperor of the Roman Empire, died.

Harmony reading: 3 (Oct 2)

DATE: ca 14 AD - Tiberius Caesar, Emperor of the Roman Empire, began his reign
DATE: ca 18 AD - Caiaphas High Priest from 18-36 AD (John 18:13 - son-in-law of Annas)
DATE: ca 21 AD - Quirinius, governor of Syria died
DATE: ca 26 AD - Pontius Pilate became the fifth Prefect of the Roman province of Judaea
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - Tiberius Caesar, Emperor of the Roman Empire is mentioned in his 15th year (Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 29 AD - Lysanias, tetrarch of Abilene (Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - John the Baptist began his ministry (Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - Jesus began his ministry around the age of 30, soon after John

Harmony reading: later (Oct ?)

DATE: ca ? AD - around the age of 33, Jesus was crucified after being tried by Pontius Pilate and High Priest Annas
DATE: ca 34 AD - Philip the Tetrarch of Ituraea and Trachonitis died
DATE: ca 36 AD - Pontius Pilate was exiled to Gaul, perhaps by the cruel and insane Caligula who ruled Rome from 37–41 AD
DATE: ca 37 AD - Tiberius, Emperor of the Roman Empire, died and was followed by Caligula (AD 37–41) who claimed divinity
DATE: ca 39 AD - Tetrarch Herod Antipas was exiled from Galilee and Perea by his nephew Agrippa I who took over Galilee and Perea

Next harmony chart

Persia and Judah - Persia (Persian Empire) aka Achaemenid Empire c 550-330 BC; with maps; included what had been Babylon, 539 BC

more before:
DATE: ca 430-420 BC - Some think late in the reign of Artaxerxes I Longimanus or early in the reign of Darius II (ca 423-404 BC), Malachi wrote warnings and promises from the LORD.

Persian Empire kings - links to Wikipedia for information on kings of the Persian Empire from 559-330 BC

Empires governing the Israel in the Middle East - from 746 BC to current; lists of empires

Assyria - Second Empire of ASSYRIA with maps; 746-609 BC

Babylonia - NEO BABYLONIAN Empire with maps; ca. 627-539 BC

Egypt & Judah - Egypt neighbored Israel to the southwest

Final prophets and kings of Judah

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