Today's Bible A One-Year
Daily Reading
Chronological Bible

November 3 | Calendar Index | Search | November 5

Share with friends at:

November 4   - Day 308 - New Testament reading day 36 of 99
* Study Indexes: Matthew, Mark, Luke, John
* Introduction to the books of Matthew, Mark, Luke, John
* BOOKS on Gospel, Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, Amazon.com
* BIBLE DICTIONARY - as Crucify | Messiah
* Scriptural requirements of Messiah, MessiahRevealed.org
* MAPS * OUTLINE BIBLE * TIMELINES * Map of Galilee
Commentary:
Jesus Died and Rose Again Lk 23-24

Local History: (The Roman Empire and Israel)
Rulers of Rome and Israel when Jesus was crucified

Scriptures: (90vs)
* Matthew 27:3-26 (24vs)   * Mark 15:2-15 (14vs)   * Luke 23:2-25 (24vs)   * John 18:29-40 (12vs), 19:1-16 (16vs)  


  Judas Iscariot didn't expect the death penalty:
  and didn't know Zechariah 11:12-13 anticipated and applied to his plan
  Judas:   Matthew 27:3-10 (8vs)

Then Judas, who betrayed him, when he saw that Jesus was condemned,
felt remorse, and brought back the thirty pieces of silver [Zech 11:12-13]
to the chief priests and elders, saying,

"I have sinned in that I betrayed innocent blood."
But they said,
"What is that to us? You see to it."

He threw down the pieces of silver in the sanctuary, and departed.
He went away and hanged himself.

The chief priests took the pieces of silver, and said,

"It’s not lawful to put them into the treasury, since it is the price of blood."
They took counsel, and bought the potter’s field with them, to bury strangers in.

Therefore that field was called “The Field of Blood” to this day.

Then that which was spoken through Jeremiah the prophet was fulfilled, saying,

“They took the thirty pieces of silver,
the price of him upon whom a price had been set,
whom some of the children of Israel priced,
and they gave them for the potter’s field,
as the Lord commanded me." [Jer 32:6-9; Zech 11:12-13]


  Jesus met with Pontius Pilate:
DATE: ca 26 AD - Pontius Pilate became the fifth Prefect of the Roman province of Judaea
  Pilate met Jesus:   John 18:29-38 (10vs)

Pilate therefore went out to them, and said,

“What accusation do you bring against this man?”
They answered him,
“If this man weren’t an evildoer,
we wouldn’t have delivered him up to you.”
Pilate therefore said to them,
“Take him yourselves, and judge him according to your law.”
Therefore the Jews said to him,
“It is not lawful for us to put anyone to death,”
that the word of Jesus might be fulfilled, which he spoke,
signifying by what kind of death he should die.

Pilate therefore entered again into the Praetorium,
called Jesus, and said to him,

“Are you the King of the Jews?”

Jesus answered him,

“Do you say this by yourself,
or did others tell you about me?”
Pilate answered,
“I’m not a Jew, am I?
Your own nation and the chief priests delivered you to me.
What have you done?”
Jesus answered,
“My Kingdom is not of this world.
If my Kingdom were of this world,
then my servants would fight,
that I wouldn’t be delivered to the Jews.
But now my Kingdom is not from here.”
Pilate therefore said to him,
“Are you a king then?”
Jesus answered,
“You say that I am a king. For this reason I have been born,
and for this reason I have come into the world,
that I should testify to the truth.
Everyone who is of the truth listens to my voice.”
Pilate said to him,
“What is truth?”
When he had said this, he went out again to the Jews, and said to them,
“I find no basis for a charge against him."

  Pilate met Jesus:   Matthew 27:11-14 (4vs)
Now Jesus stood before the governor: and the governor asked him, saying,

“Are you the King of the Jews?”
Jesus said to him,
“So you say.”
When he was accused by the chief priests and elders, he answered nothing.

Then Pilate said to him,

“Don’t you hear how many things they testify against you?”
He gave him no answer, not even one word, so that the governor marveled greatly.

  Pilate met Jesus:   Mark 15:2-5 (4vs)

Pilate asked him,

“Are you the King of the Jews?”
He answered,
“So you say.”
The chief priests accused him of many things.

Pilate again asked him,

“Have you no answer? See how many things they testify against you!”

But Jesus made no further answer, so that Pilate marveled.

  Pilate and Herod met Jesus:   Luke 23:2-5 (4vs)

They began to accuse him, saying,

"We found this man perverting the nation,
forbidding paying taxes to Caesar,
and saying that he himself is Christ, a king."
Pilate asked him,
"Are you the King of the Jews? "
He answered him,
"So you say."
Pilate said to the chief priests and the multitudes,
"I find no basis for a charge against this man."
But they insisted, saying,
"He stirs up the people, teaching throughout all Judea,
beginning from Galilee even to this place."

  Pilate sends Jesus to Herod:   Luke 23:6-16 (11vs)

But when Pilate heard Galilee mentioned, he asked if the man was a Galilean.

When he found out that he was in Herod’s jurisdiction, he sent him to Herod, who was also in Jerusalem during those days.

Now when Herod saw Jesus, he was exceedingly glad, for he had wanted to see him for a long time, because he had heard many things about him.

He hoped to see some miracle done by him.

He questioned him with many words, but he gave no answers.

The chief priests and the scribes stood, vehemently accusing him.

Herod with his soldiers humiliated him and mocked him.
Dressing him in luxurious clothing, they sent him back to Pilate.

Herod and Pilate became friends with each other that very day, for before that they were enemies with each other.

Pilate called together the chief priests and the rulers and the people, and said to them,

"You brought this man to me as one that perverts the people, and see, I have examined him before you, and found no basis for a charge against this man concerning those things of which you accuse him.

Neither has Herod, for I sent you to him, and see, nothing worthy of death has been done by him.

I will therefore chastise him and release him."


  Release-a-prisoner program:
  Pilate -and wife- wanted to release Jesus:   Matthew 27:15-19 (5vs)

Now at the feast, the governor was accustomed to release to the multitude one prisoner, whom they desired.

They had then a notable prisoner, called Barabbas.
When therefore they were gathered together, Pilate said to them,

“Whom do you want me to release to you?
Barabbas, or Jesus, who is called Christ?”
For he knew that because of envy they had delivered him up.

While he was sitting on the judgment seat, his wife sent to him, saying,

“Have nothing to do with that righteous man,
for I have suffered many things this day in a dream because of him.”
  Chief priests, elders stirred up crowd:   Matthew 27:20-26 (7vs)

Now the chief priests and the elders persuaded the multitudes to ask for Barabbas,
and destroy Jesus.

But the governor answered them,

“Which of the two do you want me to release to you?”
They said,
“Barabbas!”
Pilate said to them,
“What then shall I do to Jesus, who is called Christ?”
They all said to him,
“Let him be crucified!”
But the governor said,
“Why? What evil has he done?”
But they cried out exceedingly, saying,
“Let him be crucified!”
So when Pilate saw that nothing was being gained,
but rather that a disturbance was starting,
he took water, and washed his hands before the multitude, saying,
“I am innocent of the blood of this righteous person.
You see to it.”
All the people answered,
“May his blood be on us, and on our children!”
Then he released to them Barabbas,
but Jesus he flogged and delivered to be crucified.

  Pilate wanted to release Jesus:   Mark 15:6-15 (10vs)

Now at the feast he used to release to them one prisoner, whom they asked of him.

There was one called Barabbas, bound with those who had made insurrection,
men who in the insurrection had committed murder.

The multitude, crying aloud, began to ask him to do as he always did for them.

Pilate answered them, saying,

"Do you want me to release to you the King of the Jews?"
For he perceived that for envy the chief priests had delivered him up.

But the chief priests stirred up the multitude, that he should release Barabbas to them instead.

Pilate again asked them,

"What then should I do to him whom you call the King of the Jews?"
They cried out again,
"Crucify him!"
Pilate said to them,
"Why, what evil has he done?"
But they cried out exceedingly,
"Crucify him!"
Pilate, wishing to please the multitude, released Barabbas to them, and handed over Jesus, when he had flogged him, to be crucified.

  Pilate wanted to release Jesus:   Luke 23:17-25 (9vs)

Now he had to release one prisoner to them at the feast. But they all cried out together, saying,

"Away with this man! Release to us Barabbas!" —
one who was thrown into prison for a certain revolt in the city, and for murder.

Then Pilate spoke to them again, wanting to release Jesus, but they shouted, saying,

"Crucify! Crucify him!"
He said to them the third time,
"Why? What evil has this man done?
I have found no capital crime in him.

I will therefore chastise him and release him."

But they were urgent with loud voices, asking that he might be crucified.

Their voices and the voices of the chief priests prevailed.

Pilate decreed that what they asked for should be done.

He released him who had been thrown into prison for insurrection and murder, for whom they asked, but he delivered Jesus up to their will.

  Pilate wanted to release Jesus:   John 18:39-40 (2vs)

"But you have a custom, that I should release someone to you at the Passover.

Therefore do you want me to release to you the King of the Jews?"

Then they all shouted again, saying,
"Not this man, but Barabbas!"
Now Barabbas was a robber.

  Jewish leaders defeated Pilate's further efforts:   John 19:1-16 (16vs)

So Pilate then took Jesus, and flogged him.

The soldiers twisted thorns into a crown, and put it on his head, and dressed him in a purple garment.

They kept saying,

"Hail, King of the Jews!"
and they kept slapping him.

Then Pilate went out again, and said to them,

"Behold, I bring him out to you,
that you may know that I find no basis for a charge against him."
Jesus therefore came out, wearing the crown of thorns and the purple garment.

Pilate said to them,

“Behold, the man!"
When therefore the chief priests and the officers saw him, they shouted, saying,
Crucify! Crucify!"
Pilate said to them,
“Take him yourselves, and crucify him,
for I find no basis for a charge against him."
The Jews answered him,
"We have a law,
and by our law he ought to die,
because he made himself the Son of God."
When therefore Pilate heard this saying, he was more afraid.

He entered into the Praetorium again, and said to Jesus,

"Where are you from?"
But Jesus gave him no answer.

Pilate therefore said to him,

"Aren’t you speaking to me?
Don’t you know that I have power to release you,
and have power to crucify you?"
Jesus answered,
"You would have no power at all against me,
unless it were given to you from above.
Therefore he who delivered me to you has greater sin."
At this, Pilate was seeking to release him,
but the Jews cried out, saying,
"If you release this man, you aren’t Caesar’s friend!

Everyone who makes himself a king speaks against Caesar!"

When Pilate therefore heard these words,
he brought Jesus out, and sat down on the judgment seat
at a place called “The Pavement,” but in Hebrew, “Gabbatha.”

Now it was the Preparation Day of the Passover, at about the sixth hour.

He said to the Jews,

"Behold, your King!"
They cried out,
“Away with him! Away with him!
Crucify him!"
Pilate said to them,
"Shall I crucify your King?"
The chief priests answered,
"We have no king but Caesar!"
So then he delivered him to them to be crucified.

So they took Jesus and led him away.


Next       Top
Map of Palestine Israel during Jesus' life


Local HISTORY charts:
* Timelines of apostles work during reigns of Roman emporers

* Roman Empire and the Messiah in Israel

Harmony reading 1: Messiah, the Christ - promised throughout scripture (Sept 30)

DATE: ca 51 BC - Quirinius, became governor of Syria
DATE: 44 BC - Julius Caesar was murdered; last Caesar of the Roman Republic. Civil war followed.
DATE: ca 37 (or 40) BC - Herod the Great began his reign in Judea, killing off the Hasmonean Dynasty and the Maccabees of the Kingdom of Israel (ca 140-37 BC). Map of the Kingdom of Herod.
DATE: ca 30 BC - Cleopatra of Egypt died
DATE: ca 30-27 BC - Caesar Augustus began ruling as first Emperor of the Roman Empire

Harmony reading 2: Jesus' background and ministry (Oct 1)

DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Caesar Augustus, emperor of the Roman Empire, ordered a census of the entire empire; Luke 2:1.
DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Quirinius, governor of Syria ordered a census in Judea (Luke 2:2)
DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Jesus was born in Bethlehem
DATE: ca   4 BC - in Judea Herod the Great died. He had rebuilt the 2nd Temple in Jerusalem, calling it Herod's Temple.
DATE: ca 4 BC - Herod "Archelaus" replaced his father Herod as king of Judea until banished in 6 AD. (See Iudaea Province). (Matt 2:13-23)
DATE: ca 4 BC - Herod Antipas replaced his father Herod as the tetrarch of Roman province of Galilee and Perea
DATE: ca 4 BC - Philip the Tetrarch replaced his father Herod as Tetrarch of Ituraea and Trachonitis 4 BC – 34 AD
DATE: ca 6 BC - Herod "Archelaus" was exiled to Gaul and Augustus made Samaria, Judea, and Idumea a Roman province Iudaea.
DATE: ca 6 AD - Annas High Priest officially from 6-15 AD, but who lived until assasinated in 66 AD
DATE: ca 14 AD - Caesar Augustus, emperor of the Roman Empire, died.

Harmony reading 3: John the Baptist's and Jesus' impact (Oct 2)

DATE: ca 14 AD - Tiberius Caesar, Emperor of the Roman Empire, began his reign
DATE: ca 18 AD - Caiaphas High Priest from 18-36 AD (John 18:13 - son-in-law of Annas)
DATE: ca 21 AD - Quirinius, governor of Syria died
DATE: ca 26 AD - Pontius Pilate became the fifth Prefect of the Roman province of Judaea
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - Tiberius Caesar, Emperor of the Roman Empire is mentioned in his 15th year (Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 29 AD - Lysanias, tetrarch of Abilene (Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - John the Baptist began his ministry (Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - Jesus began his ministry around the age of 30, soon after John

Harmony reading 4: Crucified (Nov 4)

DATE: ca 30 AD - around the age of 33, Jesus was crucified after being tried by Pontius Pilate and High Priest Annas
DATE: ca 6 AD - Annas High Priest officially from 6-15 AD, but who lived until assasinated in 66 AD
DATE: ca 14-37 AD - Tiberius Caesar, Emperor of the Roman Empire, began his reign
DATE: ca 18-36 AD - Caiaphas High Priest from 18-36 AD (John 18:13 - son-in-law of Annas)
DATE: ca 4 BC-34 AD - Philip the Tetrarch of Ituraea and Trachonitis, son of Herod the Great, died
DATE: ca 26-36 AD - after ruling about 10 years, Pontius Pilate was exiled to Gaul, perhaps by the cruel and insane Caligula who ruled Rome from 37–41 AD
DATE: ca 37 AD - Tiberius, Emperor of the Roman Empire, died and was followed by Caligula (AD 37–41) who claimed divinity
DATE: ca 39 AD - Tetrarch Herod Antipas was exiled from Galilee and Perea by his nephew Agrippa I who took over Galilee and Perea


Earlier Kingdoms of the Area

Persia and Judah - Persia (Persian Empire) aka Achaemenid Empire c 550-330 BC; with maps; included what had been Babylon, 539 BC

more before:
DATE: ca 430-420 BC - Some think late in the reign of Artaxerxes I Longimanus or early in the reign of Darius II (ca 423-404 BC), Malachi wrote warnings and promises from the LORD.

Persian Empire kings - links to Wikipedia for information on kings of the Persian Empire from 559-330 BC

Empires governing the Israel in the Middle East - from 746 BC to current; lists of empires

Assyria - Second Empire of ASSYRIA with maps; 746-609 BC

Babylonia - NEO BABYLONIAN Empire with maps; ca. 627-539 BC

Egypt & Judah - Egypt neighbored Israel to the southwest

Final prophets and kings of Judah

Index | Next | Reading reminders

readers currently online