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November 12   - Day 316
  NOTE: Peter's 1st Gentile report to Jerusalem; Apostle James killed, Peter's arrest & escape
  NOTE: If written by James the Great (son of Zebedee), the Epistle of James would have been written before he was killed ca 45 AD.
  NOTE: If written by James the Just (relative of Jesus & 1st Bishop of Jerusalem), it would have been before he was killed ca 62 AD.

Scriptures: (80vs)
* Acts 11:1-30 (30vs)   12:1-23 (23vs) * James 1:1-27 (27vs)

* Study Indexes: Acts
* Introduction to the book of Acts
* BOOKS on Acts, Amazon.com
* BIBLE DICTIONARY - as Faith, Gospel, Messiah
* Scriptural requirements of Messiah, MessiahRevealed.org
* MAPS * OUTLINE BIBLE * TIMELINES of New Testament
* Dates of NT books, BibleStudy.org
* Map of Early church travel and events
* Map of the rise and fall of Roman Empire, 753 BC- 1453 AD
Commentary:
Early Believers Spread the Word
Acts 11:19-13:52

Local History: (The Roman Empire and Israel)
Rulers of Rome and Israel when Jesus was crucified

Scriptures: (80vs)
* Acts 11:1-30 (30vs)   12:1-23 (23vs) * James 1:1-27 (27vs)


  ca 30-33 AD: The word expanded through Jews and Gentiles

  11:1-18 (18vs)   When Peter returned to Jerusalem, he was asked about giving Gentiles the word of God

  ca 33-44 AD:The word expanded through government objection
DATE: ca 4 BC-39 AD - Tetrarch Herod Antipas was exiled from Galilee and Perea by his nephew Agrippa I who took over Galilee and Perea

DATE: ca 10 BC-44 AD - Agrippa I was called Herod in the book of Acts

  ca 33 AD: Believers had left Judean persecution after Stephen's death to settle in Phoenicia, Cyprus, Antioch

  11:19-30 (12vs) believers explained the way to their new neighbors

  ca 39-44 AD:   Jerusalem during a later Passover
  12:1-2 (2vs) King Herod Agrippa I killed James, the apostle

  12:3-11 (9vs) King Herod Agrippa I had Peter the apostle arrested

  12:12-16 (5vs) Released, Peter went to John Mark's mother Mary's house

  12:17-19 (3vs)Peter finally convinced believers of his escape, left message for another James, and moved to Caesarea

  12:20-23 (4vs) Herod Agrippa I's death

  About 40-41 AD - James wrote the Book of James

  1:1-27 (27vs)Guidance to the twelve tribes in the dispersion, sent from James (continued)

"Before deciding that trials and temptations - yours or any other believer's - are a punishment or a judgment from the LORD... WHAT IF your trials and temptations make you glad - ok, even joyful - for the chance to exercise your perseverance and faith?" (James, Today's Bible Commentary)


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Map of some early church events - click to enlarge


Local HISTORY charts:
Dispersed (from Judea area around Jerusalem) Jewish history:
  * Diaspora, wikipedia * Dispersed Jews of Africa and Asia et al
  * FAQ.org - "After being conquered and dispersed by the Babylonians, Persians, and Greeks, Judea again became independent under the Hasmonean Jewish Kingdom from 165 to 63 B.CE."

Roman Empire and the Messiah in Israel

Harmony reading 1: Messiah, the Christ - promised throughout scripture (Sept 30)

DATE: ca 51 BC - Quirinius, became governor of Syria
DATE: 44 BC - Julius Caesar was murdered; last Caesar of the Roman Republic. Civil war followed.
DATE: ca 37 (or 40) BC - Herod the Great began his reign in Judea, killing off the Hasmonean Dynasty and the Maccabees of the Kingdom of Israel (ca 140-37 BC). Map of the Kingdom of Herod.
DATE: ca 30 BC - Cleopatra of Egypt died
DATE: ca 30-27 BC - Caesar Augustus began ruling as first Emperor of the Roman Empire

Harmony reading 2: Jesus' background and ministry (Oct 1)

DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Caesar Augustus, emperor of the Roman Empire, ordered a census of the entire empire; Luke 2:1.
DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Quirinius, governor of Syria ordered a census in Judea (Luke 2:2)
DATE: ca 6-4 BC - Jesus was born in Bethlehem
DATE: ca   4 BC - in Judea Herod the Great died. He had rebuilt the 2nd Temple in Jerusalem, calling it Herod's Temple.
DATE: ca 4 BC - Herod "Archelaus" replaced his father Herod as king of Judea until banished in 6 AD. (See Iudaea Province). (Matt 2:13-23)
DATE: ca 4 BC - Herod Antipas replaced his father Herod as the tetrarch of Roman province of Galilee and Perea
DATE: ca 4 BC - Philip the Tetrarch replaced his father Herod as Tetrarch of Ituraea and Trachonitis 4 BC 34 AD
DATE: ca 6 BC - Herod "Archelaus" was exiled to Gaul and Augustus made Samaria, Judea, and Idumea a Roman province Iudaea.
DATE: ca 6 AD - Annas High Priest officially from 6-15 AD, but who lived until assasinated in 66 AD
DATE: ca 14 AD - Caesar Augustus, emperor of the Roman Empire, died.

Harmony reading 3: John the Baptist's and Jesus' impact (Oct 2)

DATE: ca 14 AD - Tiberius Caesar, Emperor of the Roman Empire, began his reign
DATE: ca 18 AD - Caiaphas High Priest from 18-36 AD (John 18:13 - son-in-law of Annas)
DATE: ca 21 AD - Quirinius, governor of Syria died
DATE: ca 26 AD - Pontius Pilate became the fifth Prefect of the Roman province of Judaea
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - Tiberius Caesar, Emperor of the Roman Empire is mentioned in his 15th year (Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 29 AD - Lysanias, tetrarch of Abilene (Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - John the Baptist began his ministry (Luke 3:1)
DATE: ca 28-29 AD - Jesus began his ministry around the age of 30, soon after John

Harmony reading 4: Crucified (Nov 4)

DATE: ca 30 AD - around the age of 33, Jesus was crucified after being tried by Pontius Pilate and High Priest Annas
DATE: ca 6 AD - Annas High Priest officially from 6-15 AD, but who lived until assasinated in 66 AD
DATE: ca 14-37 AD - Tiberius Caesar, Emperor of the Roman Empire, began his reign
DATE: ca 18-36 AD - Caiaphas High Priest from 18-36 AD (John 18:13 - son-in-law of Annas)
DATE: ca 4 BC-34 AD - Philip the Tetrarch of Ituraea and Trachonitis, son of Herod the Great, died
DATE: ca 26-36 AD - after ruling about 10 years, Pontius Pilate was exiled to Gaul, perhaps by the cruel and insane Caligula who ruled Rome from 3741 AD
DATE: ca 37 AD - Tiberius, Emperor of the Roman Empire, died and was followed by Caligula (AD 3741) who claimed divinity
DATE: ca 39 AD - Tetrarch Herod Antipas was exiled from Galilee and Perea by his nephew Agrippa I who took over Galilee and Perea


Earlier Kingdoms of the Area

Persia and Judah - Persia (Persian Empire) aka Achaemenid Empire c 550-330 BC; with maps; included what had been Babylon, 539 BC

more before:
DATE: ca 430-420 BC - Some think late in the reign of Artaxerxes I Longimanus or early in the reign of Darius II (ca 423-404 BC), Malachi wrote warnings and promises from the LORD.

Persian Empire kings - links to Wikipedia for information on kings of the Persian Empire from 559-330 BC

Empires governing the Israel in the Middle East - from 746 BC to current; lists of empires

Assyria - Second Empire of ASSYRIA with maps; 746-609 BC

Babylonia - NEO BABYLONIAN Empire with maps; ca. 627-539 BC

Egypt & Judah - Egypt neighbored Israel to the southwest

Final prophets and kings of Judah

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