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November 16   - Day 320
First of two letters from Paul written in Corinth (ca 52 AD) during his 2nd mission trip
Scriptures: (89vs)
* 1 Thessalonians 1 (10vs)   2 (20vs)   3 (13vs)   4 (18vs)   5 (28vs)

* Study Indexes: 1 Thessalonians
* Introduction to the book of 1 Thessalonians
* BOOKS on 1Thessalonians, Amazon.com
* BIBLE DICTIONARY - as Gospel | Messiah
* Scriptural requirements of Messiah, MessiahRevealed.org
* MAPS * OUTLINE BIBLE * TIMELINES of New Testament
* Dates of NT books, BibleStudy.org
* Biography: St Paul, wikipedia
* Map of Early church travel and events
* Map of the rise and fall of Roman Empire, 753 BC-1453 AD
Commentary:
From Paul, with Encouragement
1Thessalonians 1-5

Local History: * The Roman Empire and Israel [Judea]
* Timelines of events of the apostles and of the reigns of emporers of Rome

Scriptures: (89vs)
* 1 Thessalonians 1 (10vs)   2 (20vs)   3 (13vs)   4 (18vs)   5 (28vs)  

  Paul began corresponding with the new believers' churches
  This 1st letter from Paul, Silvanus, and Timothy was probably written on the 2nd journey from Corinth ca 52 AD - see more

  1 Thessalonians 1 (10vs)
  The Thessalonias were serving the living God while waiting for His son's return. They had received the word in much affliction, with joy of the Holy Spirit
  1 Thessalonians 2 (20vs)
  Remember how the gospel was brought to the Thessalonians (see yesterday's reading)
  1 Thessalonians 3 (13vs)
  Believers in Jesus don't consider suffering affliction surprising, but expected.
  1 Thessalonians 4 (18vs)
  We have a lifestyle that turns hatred to love. We even know some unexpected things about death.
  1 Thessalonians 5 (28vs)
  While watching for signs of Jesus' return, we have this lifestyle to live.

"Who is chosen? Those who have heard the gospel with words, seen the gospel with power, with the Holy Spirit, and with deep conviction, and those who imitate the Lord through suffering with joy from the Holy Spirit, modeling the gospel message yourselves." (1Thessalonians, Today's Bible Commentary)


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Map of 2nd Mission Trip - click to enlarge


Local HISTORY charts:
History of the Dispersed Jews from Judea area around Jerusalem:
  * Diaspora, wikipedia * Dispersed Jews of Africa and Asia et al
  * FAQ.org - "After being conquered and dispersed by the Babylonians, Persians, and Greeks, Judea again became independent under the Hasmonean Jewish Kingdom from 165 to 63 B.CE."

Roman Empire citizens begin to hear about the Messiah in Israel

TIMELINES:
Approximate dates of various events of the apostles

* NT Introduction and The Book of Acts, Baruch Smith

* ca 30 AD - Jesus was crucified in Judea just outside of Jerusalem
* ca 30 AD - Witnesses saw Jesus alive, resurrected in Judea
* ca 32 AD - Stephen preached and was stoned
* ca 32-36 AD - Jesus converted Saul (aka Paul) on the road to Damascus (Acts 9:1-31, 22:1-22, and 26:9-24)
* ca 44-46 AD - Paul's 1st missionary journey (Acts 13-14)
* ca 49 or 50 AD - Jerusalem Conference (Acts 15,16; Gal 2:1)
* ca 50-52 AD - Paul, Silas, Timothy spent about 18 months in Corinth (Acts ??)
* ca 52 AD - Paul's 2nd mission journey (Acts 15-18)
* ca ? AD - Paul's 3rd mission journey (Acts 18-21)

* more

Roman Empire - secular dates of reign list of the Emperors of Rome

* Map of the rise and fall of Roman Empire, 753 BC- 1453 AD

REIGNED: 81-96 AD - Caesar Domitian, emperor of the Roman Empire for ca 15 years. Ending the Flavian dynasty, he was assassinated.
REIGNED: 79-81 AD - Caesar Titus, emperor of the Roman Empire for ca 2 years, dying of a fever.
79 AD: Mt Vesuvius erupted, following a disasterous earthquake around Pompeii in 62 AD.
REIGNED: 69-79 AD - Caesar Vespasian, emperor of the Roman Empire for about 10 years. Having been a military leader, he conquered Britain in 43 AD, was at the Judea Rebellion (66-73), and was reigning when Jerusalem fell (70AD). Construction on the Colosseum (ca 71-80 AD) began during his reign.
REIGNED: 69 AD - Caesar Vitellius, emperor of the Roman Empire for 8 months.
REIGNED: 69 AD - Caesar Otho, emperor of the Roman Empire for 3 months.
REIGNED: 68-69 AD - Caesar Galba, emperor of the Roman Empire
REIGNED: 56-68 AD - Caesar Nero, emperor of the Roman Empire ruled during the great fire of Rome (64AD). The Judea Rebellion began (66 AD) during his reign. He committed suicide rather than be assasinated, aged 30.
REIGNED: 41-56 AD - Caesar Claudius, emperor of the Roman Empire conquered Britain, Judea, Phamphylia, Lycia.
Aquila and Priscilla moved to Corinth because Claudius exiled all Jews from Rome.
REIGNED: 37-41 AD - Caesar Caligula, emperor of the Roman Empire
REIGNED: 14-37 AD - Caesar Tiberius, emperor of the Roman Empire
REIGNED: 27 BC - 14 AD - Caesar Augustus, emperor of the Roman Empire, ordered a census of the entire empire ca 6-4 BC; Luke 2:1.


Rulers of Rome and Israel when Jesus was crucified


Harmony reading 4: Jesus was crucified in Judea (Nov 4)

DATE: ca 30 AD - around the age of 33, Jesus was crucified after being tried by Pontius Pilate and High Priest Annas
DATE: ca 6 AD - Annas High Priest officially from 6-15 AD, but who lived until assasinated in 66 AD
DATE: ca 14-37 AD - Tiberius Caesar, Emperor of the Roman Empire, began his reign
DATE: ca 18-36 AD - Caiaphas High Priest from 18-36 AD (John 18:13 - son-in-law of Annas)
DATE: ca 4 BC-34 AD - Philip the Tetrarch of Ituraea and Trachonitis, son of Herod the Great, died
DATE: ca 26-36 AD - after ruling about 10 years, Pontius Pilate was exiled to Gaul, perhaps by the cruel and insane Caligula who ruled Rome from 3741 AD
DATE: ca 37 AD - Tiberius, Emperor of the Roman Empire, died and was followed by Caligula (AD 3741) who claimed divinity
DATE: ca 39 AD - Tetrarch Herod Antipas was exiled from Galilee and Perea by his nephew Agrippa I who took over Galilee and Perea

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