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December 22   - Day 356
* SCRIPTURES, history, and commentary below
* Introduction to the book of 1John
* BOOKS on 1 John, Amazon.com
* Study Indexes: 1,2,3 John & Jude
* BIBLE DICTIONARY - Gospel | Love | Jews
* Scriptural requirements of Messiah, MessiahRevealed.org
* MAPS * OUTLINE BIBLE * TIMELINES
* Chart: Kings of Judah and Israel
* Charts: Israel history | Crucifixion
* Timeline: Some prophets of Judah and Israel
* Timelines: New Testament * Dates of NT books, BibleStudy.org
* Biography of author: John the Apostle, wikipedia
* Map of Early church travel and events
* Map of the rise and fall of Roman Empire, 753 BC- 1453 AD
Commentary:
The Apostle John Explains and Answers Questions
1 John 1-5

Local History:
1 John "was evidently written by John the evangelist,
and probably also at Ephesus,
and when the writer was in advanced age." (EBD)
"..most likely at the close of the first century." (SBD)
Apostle John | 1st epistle of John (wikipedia)

* Timelines of events of the apostles and of the reigns of emporers of Rome
* The Roman Empire and Israel [Judea]
* Rulers of Rome and Israel when Jesus was crucified

Scriptures: (105vs)
* 1st John   1 (10vs)   2 (29vs)   3 (24vs)   4 (21vs)   5 (21vs)


  Do you have questions about fellowship
  with Christ, each other, or how
  to deal with sin? John's letter is for us.

  (more on 1John at wikipedia)

  1John 1 (10vs)
  * Looking for an eye witness who lived with Jesus to answer some questions about the Christian life?
  * People who have fellowship with Jesus now, live differently from people more attracted to the world

  1John 2 (29vs)
  * What about sin?
  * How do we know we know Jesus?
  * Do we know his commandments, and obey them?
  * How do we treat other believers?

  1John 3 (24vs)
  * Why doesn't the world recognize children of God?
  * What will happen when Jesus is revealed?
  * Love vs hate - words and actions
  * Have you received the Spirit since you believed?

  1John 4 (21vs)
  * Test the spirits: false prophets have different spirits and fruits
  * Who listens to people like John?
  * Why do we love each other?
  * Why and how do we love God?

  1John 5 (21vs)
  * Do you recognize God in Jesus Christ?
  * How do the Spirit, the water, and the blood agree together?
  * "God gave to us eternal life, and this life is in his Son"
  * John wrote these things to people who believe in the name of the Son of God, to know that we have eternal life, and that we may continue to believe in the name of the Son of God.
  * What about praying to God?
  * Why is there so much evil in the world?

"For everything in the world -
the cravings of sinful man,
the lust of his eyes,
and the boasting of what he has and does -
comes not from the Father but from the world."
Today's Bible Commentary: 1John

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Map of some early church events - click to enlarge


Local HISTORY charts:

Timelines of apostles work during reigns of Roman emporers

History of the Dispersed Jews from Judea area around Jerusalem:
  * Diaspora, wikipedia * Dispersed Jews of Africa and Asia et al
  * FAQ.org - "After being conquered and dispersed by the Babylonians, Persians, and Greeks, Judea again became independent under the Hasmonean Jewish Kingdom from 165 to 63 B.CE."

Roman Empire citizens begin to hear about the Messiah in Israel

TIMELINE:
Approximate dates of various events of the apostles

* NT Introduction and The Book of Acts, Baruch Smith

* ca 30 AD - Jesus was crucified in Judea just outside of Jerusalem
* ca 30 AD - Witnesses saw Jesus alive, resurrected in Judea
* ca 32 AD - Stephen preached and was stoned to death
* ca 32-36 AD - Jesus converted Saul (aka Paul) on the road to Damascus (Acts 9:1-31, 22:1-22, 26:9-24)
* ca 44-46 AD - Paul's 1st missionary journey with Barnabas (Acts 13-14)
* ca 49 or 50 AD - Jerusalem Conference for circumcision controversy (Acts 15; Gal 2:1)
* ca 50-52 AD - Paul's 2nd mission journey (Acts 16, 17, 18)
* ca 52 AD - Paul, Silas, Timothy spent about 18 months in Corinth (Acts 18)
* ca 53-57 AD - Paul's 3rd mission journey (Acts 18,19,20,21)
* ca 53-57 AD - Paul's 3rd mission journey: Ephesus (Acts 19)
* ca 61 AD - Barnabas was stoned to death in his home country Cyprus
    (per "Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church" at wikipedia)
* More on Paul's trips
* more about Paul
* mid-60s (67?) - Paul died, killed in Rome wikipedia
* ca 64 or 67 - Peter died, killed in Rome (Wikipedia: 67 or 64)
* ca 100 - John the apostle (ca 6-100) died
* 306-337 - Constantine 1 was the first Christian Roman Emperor, over 250 years after Peter and Paul's deaths.

Roman Empire - secular dates of reign list of the Emperors of Rome

* Map of the rise and fall of Roman Empire, 753 BC-1453 AD

REIGNED: 81-96 AD - Caesar Domitian, emperor of the Roman Empire for ca 15 years. Ending the Flavian dynasty, he was assassinated.
REIGNED: 79-81 AD - Caesar Titus, emperor of the Roman Empire for ca 2 years, dying of a fever.
79 AD: Mt Vesuvius erupted, following a disasterous earthquake around Pompeii in 62 AD.
REIGNED: 69-79 AD - Caesar Vespasian, emperor of the Roman Empire for about 10 years. Having been a military leader, he conquered Britain in 43 AD, was at the Judea Rebellion (66-73), and was reigning when Jerusalem fell (70AD). Construction on the Colosseum (ca 71-80 AD) began during his reign.
REIGNED: 69 AD - Caesar Vitellius, emperor of the Roman Empire for 8 months.
REIGNED: 69 AD - Caesar Otho, emperor of the Roman Empire for 3 months.
REIGNED: 68-69 AD - Caesar Galba, emperor of the Roman Empire
REIGNED: 56-68 AD - Caesar Nero, emperor of the Roman Empire ruled during the great fire of Rome (64AD). The Judea Rebellion began (66 AD) during his reign. He committed suicide rather than be assasinated, aged 30.
REIGNED: 41-56 AD - Caesar Claudius, emperor of the Roman Empire conquered Britain, Judea, Phamphylia, Lycia.
Aquila and Priscilla moved to Corinth because Claudius exiled all Jews from Rome.
REIGNED: 37-41 AD - Caesar Caligula, emperor of the Roman Empire
REIGNED: 14-37 AD - Caesar Tiberius, emperor of the Roman Empire
REIGNED: 27 BC - 14 AD - Caesar Augustus, emperor of the Roman Empire, ordered a census of the entire empire ca 6-4 BC; Luke 2:1.


Rulers of Rome and Israel when Jesus was crucified


Harmony reading 4: Jesus was crucified in Judea (Nov 4)

DATE: ca 30 AD - around the age of 33, Jesus was crucified after being tried by Pontius Pilate and High Priest Annas
DATE: ca 6 AD - Annas High Priest officially from 6-15 AD, but who lived until assasinated in 66 AD
DATE: ca 14-37 AD - Tiberius Caesar, Emperor of the Roman Empire, began his reign
DATE: ca 18-36 AD - Caiaphas High Priest from 18-36 AD (John 18:13 - son-in-law of Annas)
DATE: ca 4 BC-34 AD - Philip the Tetrarch of Ituraea and Trachonitis, son of Herod the Great, died
DATE: ca 26-36 AD - after ruling about 10 years, Pontius Pilate was exiled to Gaul, perhaps by the cruel and insane Caligula who ruled Rome from 3741 AD
DATE: ca 37 AD - Tiberius, Emperor of the Roman Empire, died and was followed by Caligula (AD 3741) who claimed divinity
DATE: ca 39 AD - Tetrarch Herod Antipas was exiled from Galilee and Perea by his nephew Agrippa I who took over Galilee and Perea

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