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December 27   - Day 361
* SCRIPTURES, history, and commentary below
* Introduction to the book of Revelation
* BOOKS on Revelation and Amazon.com
* Study Index: Revelation
* BIBLE DICTIONARY - Church | Fulfill | Reveal
* Scriptural requirements of Messiah, MessiahRevealed.org
* MAPS * OUTLINE BIBLE * TIMELINES
* Chart: Kings of Judah and Israel
* Charts: Israel history | Crucifixion
* Timeline: Some prophets of Judah and Israel
* Timelines: New Testament * Dates of NT books, BibleStudy.org
* Biography of author: John the Apostle | John of Patmos, wikipedia
* Map of Early church travel and events
* Map of the rise and fall of Roman Empire, 753 BC- 1453 AD
Commentary:
Angels, The Sealed, The Unsealed, and 2 Witnesses
Rev 9-11

Local History:
Patmos is a small Greek island in the Aegean Sea.

The book of Revelation "has generally been fixed at A.D. 96, in the reign of Domitian" most likely by John the Apostle and evangelist. (EBD) "Eusebius also records that, in the persecution under Domitian, John the apostle and evangelist was banished to the Island Patmos for his testimony of the divine word." (SBD)

Wikipedia:
Apostle John | Revelation | Roman emperor Domitian reigned from 81 to his 96 assassination


* Timelines: Emperors of Rome
* Timelines of events of the apostles and of the reigns of emporers of Rome
* The Roman Empire and Israel [Judea]
* Rulers of Rome and Israel when Jesus was crucified

Scriptures: (51vs)
* Revelation 9 (21vs) * 10 (11vs) * 11 (19vs)


  John sees angels instructed according to God's plans

  Revelation 9 (21vs)
  * 5th angel with trumpet: a star fallen to Earth; the pit of the abyss opened; smoke and locusts attack people without God's seal
  * The 5th angel's work completes the 1st woe; 2 more coming
  * 6th angel with trumpet: told to release 4 angels bound at Euphrates River
  * The 200,000,000 armies of the 4 unbound angels would kill 1/3 of mankind with plagues
  * Most survivors won't repent worshipping false gods, murdering, sorceries, sexual immorality, stealing

  Revelation 10 (11vs)
  * The angel who stands on the sea and on the land speaks secrets, carries a book
  * John told to eat the book: sweet in mouth, sour in stomach
  * John to prophesy again over many peoples, nations, languages, and kings

  Revelation 11 (19vs)
  * John told to measure God's temple, altar, worshippers
  * Court outside is given to the nations
  * Gentiles walk on holy city 42 months
  * God has appointed 2 witnesses in sackcloth to prophesy 1260 days
  * 2 witnesses are the two olive trees and two lampstands standing before the Lord of the earth.
  * 2 witnesses can protect themselves and cause strange things to happen
  * When their testimony is done, the beast of the abyss kills these 2 witnesses, leaving their bodies in great city spiritually called Sodom and Egypt
  * People view bodies 3 1/2 days, give gifts, glad these "tormentors" are dead
  * God resurrects them, terrifies onlookers, calls them up
  * Earthquake destroys 1/10th of Jerusalem, killing 7000
  * Survivors in Jerusalem glorified the God of Heaven
  * End of 2nd woe
  * 7th angel with trumpet: declared victory
  * "The kingdom of the world has become the Kingdom of our Lord, and of his Christ. He will reign forever and ever!"
  * 24 elders praised God
  * Ark of the Covenant seen in God's temple in heaven
  * Flashes, noise, thunders, earthquake, hail

"During those days men will seek death,
but will not find it;
they will long to die,
but death will elude them." (9:6)
Today's Bible Commentary: Revelation 9-11

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Map of some early church events - click to enlarge


Local HISTORY charts:

Timelines of apostles work during reigns of Roman emporers

History of the Dispersed Jews from Judea area around Jerusalem:
  * Diaspora, wikipedia * Dispersed Jews of Africa and Asia et al
  * FAQ.org - "After being conquered and dispersed by the Babylonians, Persians, and Greeks, Judea again became independent under the Hasmonean Jewish Kingdom from 165 to 63 B.CE."

Roman Empire citizens begin to hear about the Messiah in Israel

TIMELINE:
Approximate dates of various events of the apostles

* NT Introduction and The Book of Acts, Baruch Smith

* ca 30 AD - Jesus was crucified in Judea just outside of Jerusalem
* ca 30 AD - Witnesses saw Jesus alive, resurrected in Judea
* ca 32 AD - Stephen preached and was stoned to death
* ca 32-36 AD - Jesus converted Saul (aka Paul) on the road to Damascus (Acts 9:1-31, 22:1-22, 26:9-24)
* ca 44-46 AD - Paul's 1st missionary journey with Barnabas (Acts 13-14)
* ca 49 or 50 AD - Jerusalem Conference for circumcision controversy (Acts 15; Gal 2:1)
* ca 50-52 AD - Paul's 2nd mission journey (Acts 16, 17, 18)
* ca 52 AD - Paul, Silas, Timothy spent about 18 months in Corinth (Acts 18)
* ca 53-57 AD - Paul's 3rd mission journey (Acts 18,19,20,21)
* ca 53-57 AD - Paul's 3rd mission journey: Ephesus (Acts 19)
* ca 61 AD - Barnabas was stoned to death in his home country Cyprus
    (per "Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church" at wikipedia)
* More on Paul's trips
* more about Paul
* mid-60s (67?) - Paul died, killed in Rome wikipedia
* ca 64 or 67 - Peter died, killed in Rome (Wikipedia: 67 or 64)
* ca 100 - John the apostle (ca 6-100) died
* 306-337 - Constantine 1 was the first Christian Roman Emperor, over 250 years after Peter and Paul's deaths.

Roman Empire - secular dates of reign list of the Emperors of Rome

* Map of the rise and fall of Roman Empire, 753 BC-1453 AD

REIGNED: 81-96 AD - Caesar Domitian, emperor of the Roman Empire for ca 15 years. Ending the Flavian dynasty, he was assassinated.
REIGNED: 79-81 AD - Caesar Titus, emperor of the Roman Empire for ca 2 years, dying of a fever.
79 AD: Mt Vesuvius erupted, following a disasterous earthquake around Pompeii in 62 AD.
REIGNED: 69-79 AD - Caesar Vespasian, emperor of the Roman Empire for about 10 years. Having been a military leader, he conquered Britain in 43 AD, was at the Judea Rebellion (66-73), and was reigning when Jerusalem fell (70AD). Construction on the Colosseum (ca 71-80 AD) began during his reign.
REIGNED: 69 AD - Caesar Vitellius, emperor of the Roman Empire for 8 months.
REIGNED: 69 AD - Caesar Otho, emperor of the Roman Empire for 3 months.
REIGNED: 68-69 AD - Caesar Galba, emperor of the Roman Empire
REIGNED: 56-68 AD - Caesar Nero, emperor of the Roman Empire ruled during the great fire of Rome (64AD). The Judea Rebellion began (66 AD) during his reign. He committed suicide rather than be assasinated, aged 30.
REIGNED: 41-56 AD - Caesar Claudius, emperor of the Roman Empire conquered Britain, Judea, Phamphylia, Lycia.
Aquila and Priscilla moved to Corinth because Claudius exiled all Jews from Rome.
REIGNED: 37-41 AD - Caesar Caligula, emperor of the Roman Empire
REIGNED: 14-37 AD - Caesar Tiberius, emperor of the Roman Empire
REIGNED: 27 BC - 14 AD - Caesar Augustus, emperor of the Roman Empire, ordered a census of the entire empire ca 6-4 BC; Luke 2:1.


Rulers of Rome and Israel when Jesus was crucified


Harmony reading 4: Jesus was crucified in Judea (Nov 4)

DATE: ca 30 AD - around the age of 33, Jesus was crucified after being tried by Pontius Pilate and High Priest Annas
DATE: ca 6 AD - Annas High Priest officially from 6-15 AD, but who lived until assasinated in 66 AD
DATE: ca 14-37 AD - Tiberius Caesar, Emperor of the Roman Empire, began his reign
DATE: ca 18-36 AD - Caiaphas High Priest from 18-36 AD (John 18:13 - son-in-law of Annas)
DATE: ca 4 BC-34 AD - Philip the Tetrarch of Ituraea and Trachonitis, son of Herod the Great, died
DATE: ca 26-36 AD - after ruling about 10 years, Pontius Pilate was exiled to Gaul, perhaps by the cruel and insane Caligula who ruled Rome from 3741 AD
DATE: ca 37 AD - Tiberius, Emperor of the Roman Empire, died and was followed by Caligula (AD 3741) who claimed divinity
DATE: ca 39 AD - Tetrarch Herod Antipas was exiled from Galilee and Perea by his nephew Agrippa I who took over Galilee and Perea

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