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December 29   - Day 363
* SCRIPTURES, history, and commentary below
* Introduction to the book of Revelation
* BOOKS on Revelation and
* Study Index: Revelation
* BIBLE DICTIONARY - God | Angel | Judgment | Last Days
* Scriptural requirements of Messiah,
* Chart: Kings of Judah and Israel
* Charts: Israel history | Crucifixion
* Timeline: Some prophets of Judah and Israel
* Timelines: New Testament * Dates of NT books,
* Biography of author: John the Apostle | John of Patmos, wikipedia
* Map of Early church travel and events
* Map of the rise and fall of Roman Empire, 753 BC- 1453 AD
Seven Judgements and Political Prostitution
Rev 15-17

Local History:
Patmos is a small Greek island in the Aegean Sea.

The book of Revelation "has generally been fixed at A.D. 96, in the reign of Domitian" most likely by John the Apostle and evangelist. (EBD) "Eusebius also records that, in the persecution under Domitian, John the apostle and evangelist was banished to the Island Patmos for his testimony of the divine word." (SBD)

Apostle John | Revelation | Roman emperor Domitian reigned from 81 to his 96 assassination

* Timelines: Emperors of Rome
* Timelines of events of the apostles and of the reigns of emporers of Rome
* The Roman Empire and Israel [Judea]
* Rulers of Rome and Israel when Jesus was crucified

Scriptures: (47vs)
* Revelation 15 (8vs) * 16 (21vs) * 17 (18vs)

  John sees angels instructed according to God's plans

  Revelation 15 (8vs)
  * Another sign in sky: 7 angels with 7 plagues which will finish God's wrath
  * Those who overcome the beast stand on something like a sea of glass mixed with fire, singing the song of Moses
  * Temple opened, 7 angels came out
  * 1 of the 4 living beasts gave bowls of wrath to each of the 7 angels
  * The temple filled with smoke so none could enter until after the 7 plagues finished

  Revelation 16 (21vs)
  * Commanded to go, the 1st angel's bowl onto earth causes awful sores on people with the mark of the beast
  * Commanded to go, the 2nd angel's bowl turns sea to blood, killing what had lived in the sea
  * Commanded to go, the 3rd angel's bowl turns rivers and springs to blood, killing what had lived in the sea
  * The angel of the waters declared God righteous to judge this way
  * Commanded to go, the 4th angel's bowl poured onto the sun scorches people
  * These people don't think the judgment is righteous; they don't repent, they don't glorify God
  * Commanded to go, the 5th angel's bowl poured where the beast governs causes darkness throughout his kingdom
  * People in his kingdom have sores and pain, and don't think the judgment is righteous; they don't repent
  * Commanded to go, the 6th angel's bowl poured onto the Euphrates River
  * Unclean spirits come out of the dragon, the beast, and the false prophet to do signs
  * They call the kings of Earth to come from the east across the dry Euphrates to gather at Megiddo
  * Commanded to go, the 7th angel's final bowl poured onto the air
  * Lightnings, sounds, thunders, and a huge earthquake split Jerusalem into thirds, and destroyed cities of Gentiles including Babylon
  * The earth's surface is flattened and after the earthquake, hailstones fall as surviving people blasphemed God

  Revelation 17 (18vs)
  * Come see the judgment against the abominations and impurities of sexual immorality of the earth
  * A woman sitting on a red animal with 7 heads, 10 horns over many waters
  * She is drunk with the blood of the saints, the martyrs of Jesus
  * The woman and the beast have a mystery - the beast was, then wasn't, then comes up out of the abyss to go into destruction
  * The 7 heads are 7 mountains on which the woman sits; they are 7 kings
  * The 10 horns are 10 kings who will receive authority as kings with the beast for a short time
  * They are as one with the beast
  * They go to war against the Lamb who overcomes
  * The waters the prostitute sits on are peoples, multitudes, nations, languages
  * The 10 horn kings and the beast hate the prostitute and totally distroy her
  * They do what God has in mind, even giving their kingdom to the beast
  * The woman is the great city which reigns over the kings of the earth

"The final attack in the air brings an electrical storm
with the worst earthquake ever, flattening the earth.
Jerusalem splits into 3 parts, and other cities collapse.
Babylon is demolished.
Hailstones flattening people cause cursing,
not repentance.
Today's Bible Commentary: Revelation 15-17

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Map of some early church events - click to enlarge

Local HISTORY charts:

Timelines of apostles work during reigns of Roman emporers

History of the Dispersed Jews from Judea area around Jerusalem:
  * Diaspora, wikipedia * Dispersed Jews of Africa and Asia et al
  * - "After being conquered and dispersed by the Babylonians, Persians, and Greeks, Judea again became independent under the Hasmonean Jewish Kingdom from 165 to 63 B.CE."

Roman Empire citizens begin to hear about the Messiah in Israel

Approximate dates of various events of the apostles

* NT Introduction and The Book of Acts, Baruch Smith

* ca 30 AD - Jesus was crucified in Judea just outside of Jerusalem
* ca 30 AD - Witnesses saw Jesus alive, resurrected in Judea
* ca 32 AD - Stephen preached and was stoned to death
* ca 32-36 AD - Jesus converted Saul (aka Paul) on the road to Damascus (Acts 9:1-31, 22:1-22, 26:9-24)
* ca 44-46 AD - Paul's 1st missionary journey with Barnabas (Acts 13-14)
* ca 49 or 50 AD - Jerusalem Conference for circumcision controversy (Acts 15; Gal 2:1)
* ca 50-52 AD - Paul's 2nd mission journey (Acts 16, 17, 18)
* ca 52 AD - Paul, Silas, Timothy spent about 18 months in Corinth (Acts 18)
* ca 53-57 AD - Paul's 3rd mission journey (Acts 18,19,20,21)
* ca 53-57 AD - Paul's 3rd mission journey: Ephesus (Acts 19)
* ca 61 AD - Barnabas was stoned to death in his home country Cyprus
    (per "Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church" at wikipedia)
* More on Paul's trips
* more about Paul
* mid-60s (67?) - Paul died, killed in Rome wikipedia
* ca 64 or 67 - Peter died, killed in Rome (Wikipedia: 67 or 64)
* ca 100 - John the apostle (ca 6-100) died
* 306-337 - Constantine 1 was the first Christian Roman Emperor, over 250 years after Peter and Paul's deaths.

Roman Empire - secular dates of reign list of the Emperors of Rome

* Map of the rise and fall of Roman Empire, 753 BC-1453 AD

REIGNED: 81-96 AD - Caesar Domitian, emperor of the Roman Empire for ca 15 years. Ending the Flavian dynasty, he was assassinated.
REIGNED: 79-81 AD - Caesar Titus, emperor of the Roman Empire for ca 2 years, dying of a fever.
79 AD: Mt Vesuvius erupted, following a disasterous earthquake around Pompeii in 62 AD.
REIGNED: 69-79 AD - Caesar Vespasian, emperor of the Roman Empire for about 10 years. Having been a military leader, he conquered Britain in 43 AD, was at the Judea Rebellion (66-73), and was reigning when Jerusalem fell (70AD). Construction on the Colosseum (ca 71-80 AD) began during his reign.
REIGNED: 69 AD - Caesar Vitellius, emperor of the Roman Empire for 8 months.
REIGNED: 69 AD - Caesar Otho, emperor of the Roman Empire for 3 months.
REIGNED: 68-69 AD - Caesar Galba, emperor of the Roman Empire
REIGNED: 56-68 AD - Caesar Nero, emperor of the Roman Empire ruled during the great fire of Rome (64AD). The Judea Rebellion began (66 AD) during his reign. He committed suicide rather than be assasinated, aged 30.
REIGNED: 41-56 AD - Caesar Claudius, emperor of the Roman Empire conquered Britain, Judea, Phamphylia, Lycia.
Aquila and Priscilla moved to Corinth because Claudius exiled all Jews from Rome.
REIGNED: 37-41 AD - Caesar Caligula, emperor of the Roman Empire
REIGNED: 14-37 AD - Caesar Tiberius, emperor of the Roman Empire
REIGNED: 27 BC - 14 AD - Caesar Augustus, emperor of the Roman Empire, ordered a census of the entire empire ca 6-4 BC; Luke 2:1.

Rulers of Rome and Israel when Jesus was crucified

Harmony reading 4: Jesus was crucified in Judea (Nov 4)

DATE: ca 30 AD - around the age of 33, Jesus was crucified after being tried by Pontius Pilate and High Priest Annas
DATE: ca 6 AD - Annas High Priest officially from 6-15 AD, but who lived until assasinated in 66 AD
DATE: ca 14-37 AD - Tiberius Caesar, Emperor of the Roman Empire, began his reign
DATE: ca 18-36 AD - Caiaphas High Priest from 18-36 AD (John 18:13 - son-in-law of Annas)
DATE: ca 4 BC-34 AD - Philip the Tetrarch of Ituraea and Trachonitis, son of Herod the Great, died
DATE: ca 26-36 AD - after ruling about 10 years, Pontius Pilate was exiled to Gaul, perhaps by the cruel and insane Caligula who ruled Rome from 3741 AD
DATE: ca 37 AD - Tiberius, Emperor of the Roman Empire, died and was followed by Caligula (AD 3741) who claimed divinity
DATE: ca 39 AD - Tetrarch Herod Antipas was exiled from Galilee and Perea by his nephew Agrippa I who took over Galilee and Perea

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